Commit cfd35514 authored by Prasad Sodagudi's avatar Prasad Sodagudi Committed by Thomas Gleixner

stop_machine: Atomically queue and wake stopper threads

When cpu_stop_queue_work() releases the lock for the stopper
thread that was queued into its wake queue, preemption is
enabled, which leads to the following deadlock:

CPU0                              CPU1
sched_setaffinity(0, ...)
stop_one_cpu(0, ...)              stop_two_cpus(0, 1, ...)
cpu_stop_queue_work(0, ...)       cpu_stop_queue_two_works(0, ..., 1, ...)

-grabs lock for migration/0-
                                  -spins with preemption disabled,
                                   waiting for migration/0's lock to be

-adds work items for migration/0
and queues migration/0 to its

-releases lock for migration/0
 and preemption is enabled-

-current thread is preempted,
and __set_cpus_allowed_ptr
has changed the thread's
cpu allowed mask to CPU1 only-

                                  -acquires migration/0 and migration/1's

                                  -adds work for migration/0 but does not
                                   add migration/0 to wake_q, since it is
                                   already in a wake_q-

                                  -adds work for migration/1 and adds
                                   migration/1 to its wake_q-

                                  -releases migration/0 and migration/1's
                                   locks, wakes migration/1, and enables

                                  -since migration/1 is requested to run,
                                   migration/1 begins to run and waits on
                                   migration/0, but migration/0 will never
                                   be able to run, since the thread that
                                   can wake it is affine to CPU1-

Disable preemption in cpu_stop_queue_work() before queueing works for
stopper threads, and queueing the stopper thread in the wake queue, to
ensure that the operation of queueing the works and waking the stopper
threads is atomic.

Fixes: 0b26351b ("stop_machine, sched: Fix migrate_swap() vs. active_balance() deadlock")
Signed-off-by: 's avatarPrasad Sodagudi <>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarIsaac J. Manjarres <>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarThomas Gleixner <>
Link: 's avatarIsaac J. Manjarres <>
parent 1ffaddd0
......@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ static bool cpu_stop_queue_work(unsigned int cpu, struct cpu_stop_work *work)
unsigned long flags;
bool enabled;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&stopper->lock, flags);
enabled = stopper->enabled;
if (enabled)
......@@ -90,6 +91,7 @@ static bool cpu_stop_queue_work(unsigned int cpu, struct cpu_stop_work *work)
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stopper->lock, flags);
return enabled;
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