Commit c7b61de5 authored by Alan Stern's avatar Alan Stern Committed by Rafael J. Wysocki

PM / Runtime: Add synchronous runtime interface for interrupt handlers (v3)

This patch (as1431c) makes the synchronous runtime-PM interface
suitable for use in interrupt handlers.  Subsystems can call the new
pm_runtime_irq_safe() function to tell the PM core that a device's
runtime_suspend and runtime_resume callbacks should be invoked with
interrupts disabled and the spinlock held.  This permits the
pm_runtime_get_sync() and the new pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend()
routines to be called from within interrupt handlers.

When a device is declared irq-safe in this way, the PM core increments
the parent's usage count, so the parent will never be runtime
suspended.  This prevents difficult situations in which an irq-safe
device can't resume because it is forced to wait for its non-irq-safe
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlan Stern <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRafael J. Wysocki <>
parent 5262a475
......@@ -50,6 +50,15 @@ type's callbacks are not defined) of given device. The bus type, device type
and device class callbacks are referred to as subsystem-level callbacks in what
By default, the callbacks are always invoked in process context with interrupts
enabled. However, subsystems can use the pm_runtime_irq_safe() helper function
to tell the PM core that a device's ->runtime_suspend() and ->runtime_resume()
callbacks should be invoked in atomic context with interrupts disabled
(->runtime_idle() is still invoked the default way). This implies that these
callback routines must not block or sleep, but it also means that the
synchronous helper functions listed at the end of Section 4 can be used within
an interrupt handler or in an atomic context.
The subsystem-level suspend callback is _entirely_ _responsible_ for handling
the suspend of the device as appropriate, which may, but need not include
executing the device driver's own ->runtime_suspend() callback (from the
......@@ -237,6 +246,10 @@ defined in include/linux/pm.h:
Section 8); it may be modified only by the pm_runtime_no_callbacks()
helper function
unsigned int irq_safe;
- indicates that the ->runtime_suspend() and ->runtime_resume() callbacks
will be invoked with the spinlock held and interrupts disabled
unsigned int use_autosuspend;
- indicates that the device's driver supports delayed autosuspend (see
Section 9); it may be modified only by the
......@@ -344,6 +357,10 @@ drivers/base/power/runtime.c and include/linux/pm_runtime.h:
- decrement the device's usage counter; if the result is 0 then run
pm_runtime_idle(dev) and return its result
int pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend(struct device *dev);
- decrement the device's usage counter; if the result is 0 then run
pm_runtime_suspend(dev) and return its result
int pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend(struct device *dev);
- decrement the device's usage counter; if the result is 0 then run
pm_runtime_autosuspend(dev) and return its result
......@@ -397,6 +414,11 @@ drivers/base/power/runtime.c and include/linux/pm_runtime.h:
PM attributes from /sys/devices/.../power (or prevent them from being
added when the device is registered)
void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev);
- set the power.irq_safe flag for the device, causing the runtime-PM
suspend and resume callbacks (but not the idle callback) to be invoked
with interrupts disabled
void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev);
- set the power.last_busy field to the current time
......@@ -438,6 +460,15 @@ pm_runtime_suspended()
If pm_runtime_irq_safe() has been called for a device then the following helper
functions may also be used in interrupt context:
5. Run-time PM Initialization, Device Probing and Removal
Initially, the run-time PM is disabled for all devices, which means that the
......@@ -250,13 +250,16 @@ static int rpm_callback(int (*cb)(struct device *), struct device *dev)
if (!cb)
return -ENOSYS;
if (dev->power.irq_safe) {
retval = cb(dev);
} else {
retval = cb(dev);
retval = cb(dev);
dev->power.runtime_error = retval;
return retval;
......@@ -404,7 +407,7 @@ static int rpm_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags)
goto out;
if (parent && !parent->power.ignore_children) {
if (parent && !parent->power.ignore_children && !dev->power.irq_safe) {
......@@ -527,10 +530,13 @@ static int rpm_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags)
if (!parent && dev->parent) {
* Increment the parent's resume counter and resume it if
* necessary.
* Increment the parent's usage counter and resume it if
* necessary. Not needed if dev is irq-safe; then the
* parent is permanently resumed.
parent = dev->parent;
if (dev->power.irq_safe)
goto skip_parent;
......@@ -553,6 +559,7 @@ static int rpm_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags)
goto out;
goto repeat;
if (dev->power.no_callbacks)
goto no_callback; /* Assume success. */
......@@ -584,7 +591,7 @@ static int rpm_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags)
rpm_idle(dev, RPM_ASYNC);
if (parent) {
if (parent && !dev->power.irq_safe) {
......@@ -1065,7 +1072,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_runtime_allow);
* Set the power.no_callbacks flag, which tells the PM core that this
* device is power-managed through its parent and has no run-time PM
* callbacks of its own. The run-time sysfs attributes will be removed.
void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev)
......@@ -1077,6 +1083,27 @@ void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev)
* pm_runtime_irq_safe - Leave interrupts disabled during callbacks.
* @dev: Device to handle
* Set the power.irq_safe flag, which tells the PM core that the
* ->runtime_suspend() and ->runtime_resume() callbacks for this device should
* always be invoked with the spinlock held and interrupts disabled. It also
* causes the parent's usage counter to be permanently incremented, preventing
* the parent from runtime suspending -- otherwise an irq-safe child might have
* to wait for a non-irq-safe parent.
void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev)
if (dev->parent)
dev->power.irq_safe = 1;
* update_autosuspend - Handle a change to a device's autosuspend settings.
* @dev: Device to handle.
......@@ -1199,4 +1226,6 @@ void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev)
/* Change the status back to 'suspended' to match the initial status. */
if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_ACTIVE)
if (dev->power.irq_safe && dev->parent)
......@@ -486,6 +486,7 @@ struct dev_pm_info {
unsigned int run_wake:1;
unsigned int runtime_auto:1;
unsigned int no_callbacks:1;
unsigned int irq_safe:1;
unsigned int use_autosuspend:1;
unsigned int timer_autosuspends:1;
enum rpm_request request;
......@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ extern int pm_generic_runtime_idle(struct device *dev);
extern int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev);
extern int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev);
extern void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev);
extern void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev);
extern void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use);
extern void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay);
extern unsigned long pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration(struct device *dev);
......@@ -124,6 +125,7 @@ static inline int pm_generic_runtime_idle(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
static inline int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
static inline int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
static inline void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) {}
static inline void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev) {}
static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) {}
static inline void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev,
......@@ -196,6 +198,11 @@ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync(struct device *dev)
return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT);
static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend(struct device *dev)
return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT);
static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend(struct device *dev)
return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_AUTO);
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