1. 31 Mar, 2011 1 commit
  2. 10 Mar, 2011 1 commit
  3. 07 Jan, 2011 1 commit
    • Nick Piggin's avatar
      fs: icache RCU free inodes · fa0d7e3d
      Nick Piggin authored
      RCU free the struct inode. This will allow:
      
      - Subsequent store-free path walking patch. The inode must be consulted for
        permissions when walking, so an RCU inode reference is a must.
      - sb_inode_list_lock to be moved inside i_lock because sb list walkers who want
        to take i_lock no longer need to take sb_inode_list_lock to walk the list in
        the first place. This will simplify and optimize locking.
      - Could remove some nested trylock loops in dcache code
      - Could potentially simplify things a bit in VM land. Do not need to take the
        page lock to follow page->mapping.
      
      The downsides of this is the performance cost of using RCU. In a simple
      creat/unlink microbenchmark, performance drops by about 10% due to inability to
      reuse cache-hot slab objects. As iterations increase and RCU freeing starts
      kicking over, this increases to about 20%.
      
      In cases where inode lifetimes are longer (ie. many inodes may be allocated
      during the average life span of a single inode), a lot of this cache reuse is
      not applicable, so the regression caused by this patch is smaller.
      
      The cache-hot regression could largely be avoided by using SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU,
      however this adds some complexity to list walking and store-free path walking,
      so I prefer to implement this at a later date, if it is shown to be a win in
      real situations. I haven't found a regression in any non-micro benchmark so I
      doubt it will be a problem.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
      fa0d7e3d
  4. 29 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  5. 26 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • Christoph Hellwig's avatar
      fs: do not assign default i_ino in new_inode · 85fe4025
      Christoph Hellwig authored
      Instead of always assigning an increasing inode number in new_inode
      move the call to assign it into those callers that actually need it.
      For now callers that need it is estimated conservatively, that is
      the call is added to all filesystems that do not assign an i_ino
      by themselves.  For a few more filesystems we can avoid assigning
      any inode number given that they aren't user visible, and for others
      it could be done lazily when an inode number is actually needed,
      but that's left for later patches.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      85fe4025
  6. 21 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • Arnd Bergmann's avatar
      BKL: remove BKL from freevxfs · 6d7bccc2
      Arnd Bergmann authored
      All uses of the BKL in freevxfs were the result of a pushdown into
      code that doesn't really need it. As Christoph points out, this
      is a read-only file system, which eliminates most of the races in
      readdir/lookup.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
      6d7bccc2
  7. 04 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • Jan Blunck's avatar
      BKL: Explicitly add BKL around get_sb/fill_super · db719222
      Jan Blunck authored
      This patch is a preparation necessary to remove the BKL from do_new_mount().
      It explicitly adds calls to lock_kernel()/unlock_kernel() around
      get_sb/fill_super operations for filesystems that still uses the BKL.
      
      I've read through all the code formerly covered by the BKL inside
      do_kern_mount() and have satisfied myself that it doesn't need the BKL
      any more.
      
      do_kern_mount() is already called without the BKL when mounting the rootfs
      and in nfsctl. do_kern_mount() calls vfs_kern_mount(), which is called
      from various places without BKL: simple_pin_fs(), nfs_do_clone_mount()
      through nfs_follow_mountpoint(), afs_mntpt_do_automount() through
      afs_mntpt_follow_link(). Both later functions are actually the filesystems
      follow_link inode operation. vfs_kern_mount() is calling the specified
      get_sb function and lets the filesystem do its job by calling the given
      fill_super function.
      
      Therefore I think it is safe to push down the BKL from the VFS to the
      low-level filesystems get_sb/fill_super operation.
      
      [arnd: do not add the BKL to those file systems that already
             don't use it elsewhere]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Blunck <jblunck@infradead.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
      db719222
  8. 09 Aug, 2010 1 commit
  9. 16 Jun, 2010 1 commit
  10. 27 May, 2010 1 commit
    • jan Blunck's avatar
      fs/: do not fallback to default_llseek() when readdir() uses BKL · ca572727
      jan Blunck authored
      Do not use the fallback default_llseek() if the readdir operation of the
      filesystem still uses the big kernel lock.
      
      Since llseek() modifies
      file->f_pos of the directory directly it may need locking to not confuse
      readdir which usually uses file->f_pos directly as well
      
      Since the special characteristics of the BKL (unlocked on schedule) are
      not necessary in this case, the inode mutex can be used for locking as
      provided by generic_file_llseek().  This is only possible since all
      filesystems, except reiserfs, either use a directory as a flat file or
      with disk address offsets.  Reiserfs on the other hand uses a 32bit hash
      off the filename as the offset so generic_file_llseek() can get used as
      well since the hash is always smaller than sb->s_maxbytes (= (512 << 32) -
      blocksize).
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Blunck <jblunck@suse.de>
      Acked-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Acked-by: default avatarAnders Larsen <al@alarsen.net>
      Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      ca572727
  11. 30 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking... · 5a0e3ad6
      Tejun Heo authored
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h
      
      percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
      included when building most .c files.  percpu.h includes slab.h which
      in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
      universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.
      
      percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed.  Prepare for
      this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
      headers directly instead of assuming availability.  As this conversion
      needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
      used as the basis of conversion.
      
        http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py
      
      The script does the followings.
      
      * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
        only the necessary includes are there.  ie. if only gfp is used,
        gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.
      
      * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
        blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
        to its surrounding.  It's put in the include block which contains
        core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
        alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
        doesn't seem to be any matching order.
      
      * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
        because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
        an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the
        file.
      
      The conversion was done in the following steps.
      
      1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
         over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
         and ~3000 slab.h inclusions.  The script emitted errors for ~400
         files.
      
      2. Each error was manually checked.  Some didn't need the inclusion,
         some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
         embedding .c file was more appropriate for others.  This step added
         inclusions to around 150 files.
      
      3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
         from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.
      
      4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
         e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
         APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.
      
      5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
         editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
         files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell.  Most gfp.h
         inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
         wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros.  Each
         slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as
         necessary.
      
      6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.
      
      7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
         were fixed.  CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
         distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
         more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
         build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).
      
         * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
         * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * ia64 SMP allmodconfig
         * s390 SMP allmodconfig
         * alpha SMP allmodconfig
         * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig
      
      8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
         a separate patch and serve as bisection point.
      
      Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
      6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
      If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
      headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
      the specific arch.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Guess-its-ok-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
      5a0e3ad6
  12. 12 Jul, 2009 1 commit
  13. 12 Jun, 2009 1 commit
    • Christoph Hellwig's avatar
      push BKL down into ->put_super · 6cfd0148
      Christoph Hellwig authored
      Move BKL into ->put_super from the only caller.  A couple of
      filesystems had trivial enough ->put_super (only kfree and NULLing of
      s_fs_info + stuff in there) to not get any locking: coda, cramfs, efs,
      hugetlbfs, omfs, qnx4, shmem, all others got the full treatment.  Most
      of them probably don't need it, but I'd rather sort that out individually.
      Preferably after all the other BKL pushdowns in that area.
      
      [AV: original used to move lock_super() down as well; these changes are
      removed since we don't do lock_super() at all in generic_shutdown_super()
      now]
      [AV: fuse, btrfs and xfs are known to need no damn BKL, exempt]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      6cfd0148
  14. 22 Jan, 2009 1 commit
  15. 31 Dec, 2008 1 commit
  16. 29 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  17. 07 Feb, 2008 1 commit
  18. 03 Feb, 2008 1 commit
  19. 20 Jul, 2007 1 commit
    • Paul Mundt's avatar
      mm: Remove slab destructors from kmem_cache_create(). · 20c2df83
      Paul Mundt authored
      Slab destructors were no longer supported after Christoph's
      c59def9f change. They've been
      BUGs for both slab and slub, and slob never supported them
      either.
      
      This rips out support for the dtor pointer from kmem_cache_create()
      completely and fixes up every single callsite in the kernel (there were
      about 224, not including the slab allocator definitions themselves,
      or the documentation references).
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPaul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
      20c2df83
  20. 16 Jul, 2007 1 commit
  21. 08 May, 2007 1 commit
  22. 07 May, 2007 1 commit
  23. 12 Feb, 2007 2 commits
  24. 08 Dec, 2006 1 commit
  25. 07 Dec, 2006 2 commits
  26. 29 Sep, 2006 1 commit
  27. 27 Sep, 2006 2 commits
    • Theodore Ts'o's avatar
      [PATCH] inode-diet: Eliminate i_blksize from the inode structure · ba52de12
      Theodore Ts'o authored
      This eliminates the i_blksize field from struct inode.  Filesystems that want
      to provide a per-inode st_blksize can do so by providing their own getattr
      routine instead of using the generic_fillattr() function.
      
      Note that some filesystems were providing pretty much random (and incorrect)
      values for i_blksize.
      
      [bunk@stusta.de: cleanup]
      [akpm@osdl.org: generic_fillattr() fix]
      Signed-off-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAdrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      ba52de12
    • Theodore Ts'o's avatar
      [PATCH] inode_diet: Replace inode.u.generic_ip with inode.i_private · 8e18e294
      Theodore Ts'o authored
      The following patches reduce the size of the VFS inode structure by 28 bytes
      on a UP x86.  (It would be more on an x86_64 system).  This is a 10% reduction
      in the inode size on a UP kernel that is configured in a production mode
      (i.e., with no spinlock or other debugging functions enabled; if you want to
      save memory taken up by in-core inodes, the first thing you should do is
      disable the debugging options; they are responsible for a huge amount of bloat
      in the VFS inode structure).
      
      This patch:
      
      The filesystem or device-specific pointer in the inode is inside a union,
      which is pretty pointless given that all 30+ users of this field have been
      using the void pointer.  Get rid of the union and rename it to i_private, with
      a comment to explain who is allowed to use the void pointer.  This is just a
      cleanup, but it allows us to reuse the union 'u' for something something where
      the union will actually be used.
      
      [judith@osdl.org: powerpc build fix]
      Signed-off-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJudith Lebzelter <judith@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      8e18e294
  28. 31 Jul, 2006 1 commit
  29. 28 Jun, 2006 1 commit
  30. 25 Jun, 2006 1 commit
  31. 23 Jun, 2006 3 commits
    • Pekka Enberg's avatar
      [PATCH] read_mapping_page for address space · 090d2b18
      Pekka Enberg authored
      Add read_mapping_page() which is used for callers that pass
      mapping->a_ops->readpage as the filler for read_cache_page.  This removes
      some duplication from filesystem code.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      090d2b18
    • David Howells's avatar
      [PATCH] VFS: Permit filesystem to perform statfs with a known root dentry · 726c3342
      David Howells authored
      Give the statfs superblock operation a dentry pointer rather than a superblock
      pointer.
      
      This complements the get_sb() patch.  That reduced the significance of
      sb->s_root, allowing NFS to place a fake root there.  However, NFS does
      require a dentry to use as a target for the statfs operation.  This permits
      the root in the vfsmount to be used instead.
      
      linux/mount.h has been added where necessary to make allyesconfig build
      successfully.
      
      Interest has also been expressed for use with the FUSE and XFS filesystems.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      726c3342
    • David Howells's avatar
      [PATCH] VFS: Permit filesystem to override root dentry on mount · 454e2398
      David Howells authored
      Extend the get_sb() filesystem operation to take an extra argument that
      permits the VFS to pass in the target vfsmount that defines the mountpoint.
      
      The filesystem is then required to manually set the superblock and root dentry
      pointers.  For most filesystems, this should be done with simple_set_mnt()
      which will set the superblock pointer and then set the root dentry to the
      superblock's s_root (as per the old default behaviour).
      
      The get_sb() op now returns an integer as there's now no need to return the
      superblock pointer.
      
      This patch permits a superblock to be implicitly shared amongst several mount
      points, such as can be done with NFS to avoid potential inode aliasing.  In
      such a case, simple_set_mnt() would not be called, and instead the mnt_root
      and mnt_sb would be set directly.
      
      The patch also makes the following changes:
      
       (*) the get_sb_*() convenience functions in the core kernel now take a vfsmount
           pointer argument and return an integer, so most filesystems have to change
           very little.
      
       (*) If one of the convenience function is not used, then get_sb() should
           normally call simple_set_mnt() to instantiate the vfsmount. This will
           always return 0, and so can be tail-called from get_sb().
      
       (*) generic_shutdown_super() now calls shrink_dcache_sb() to clean up the
           dcache upon superblock destruction rather than shrink_dcache_anon().
      
           This is required because the superblock may now have multiple trees that
           aren't actually bound to s_root, but that still need to be cleaned up. The
           currently called functions assume that the whole tree is rooted at s_root,
           and that anonymous dentries are not the roots of trees which results in
           dentries being left unculled.
      
           However, with the way NFS superblock sharing are currently set to be
           implemented, these assumptions are violated: the root of the filesystem is
           simply a dummy dentry and inode (the real inode for '/' may well be
           inaccessible), and all the vfsmounts are rooted on anonymous[*] dentries
           with child trees.
      
           [*] Anonymous until discovered from another tree.
      
       (*) The documentation has been adjusted, including the additional bit of
           changing ext2_* into foo_* in the documentation.
      
      [akpm@osdl.org: convert ipath_fs, do other stuff]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
      Cc: Roland Dreier <rolandd@cisco.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      454e2398
  32. 02 Apr, 2006 1 commit
  33. 28 Mar, 2006 1 commit
  34. 24 Mar, 2006 1 commit
    • Paul Jackson's avatar
      [PATCH] cpuset memory spread: slab cache filesystems · 4b6a9316
      Paul Jackson authored
      Mark file system inode and similar slab caches subject to SLAB_MEM_SPREAD
      memory spreading.
      
      If a slab cache is marked SLAB_MEM_SPREAD, then anytime that a task that's
      in a cpuset with the 'memory_spread_slab' option enabled goes to allocate
      from such a slab cache, the allocations are spread evenly over all the
      memory nodes (task->mems_allowed) allowed to that task, instead of favoring
      allocation on the node local to the current cpu.
      
      The following inode and similar caches are marked SLAB_MEM_SPREAD:
      
          file                               cache
          ====                               =====
          fs/adfs/super.c                    adfs_inode_cache
          fs/affs/super.c                    affs_inode_cache
          fs/befs/linuxvfs.c                 befs_inode_cache
          fs/bfs/inode.c                     bfs_inode_cache
          fs/block_dev.c                     bdev_cache
          fs/cifs/cifsfs.c                   cifs_inode_cache
          fs/coda/inode.c                    coda_inode_cache
          fs/dquot.c                         dquot
          fs/efs/super.c                     efs_inode_cache
          fs/ext2/super.c                    ext2_inode_cache
          fs/ext2/xattr.c (fs/mbcache.c)     ext2_xattr
          fs/ext3/super.c                    ext3_inode_cache
          fs/ext3/xattr.c (fs/mbcache.c)     ext3_xattr
          fs/fat/cache.c                     fat_cache
          fs/fat/inode.c                     fat_inode_cache
          fs/freevxfs/vxfs_super.c           vxfs_inode
          fs/hpfs/super.c                    hpfs_inode_cache
          fs/isofs/inode.c                   isofs_inode_cache
          fs/jffs/inode-v23.c                jffs_fm
          fs/jffs2/super.c                   jffs2_i
          fs/jfs/super.c                     jfs_ip
          fs/minix/inode.c                   minix_inode_cache
          fs/ncpfs/inode.c                   ncp_inode_cache
          fs/nfs/direct.c                    nfs_direct_cache
          fs/nfs/inode.c                     nfs_inode_cache
          fs/ntfs/super.c                    ntfs_big_inode_cache_name
          fs/ntfs/super.c                    ntfs_inode_cache
          fs/ocfs2/dlm/dlmfs.c               dlmfs_inode_cache
          fs/ocfs2/super.c                   ocfs2_inode_cache
          fs/proc/inode.c                    proc_inode_cache
          fs/qnx4/inode.c                    qnx4_inode_cache
          fs/reiserfs/super.c                reiser_inode_cache
          fs/romfs/inode.c                   romfs_inode_cache
          fs/smbfs/inode.c                   smb_inode_cache
          fs/sysv/inode.c                    sysv_inode_cache
          fs/udf/super.c                     udf_inode_cache
          fs/ufs/super.c                     ufs_inode_cache
          net/socket.c                       sock_inode_cache
          net/sunrpc/rpc_pipe.c              rpc_inode_cache
      
      The choice of which slab caches to so mark was quite simple.  I marked
      those already marked SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT, except for fs/xfs, dentry_cache,
      inode_cache, and buffer_head, which were marked in a previous patch.  Even
      though SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT is for a different purpose, it marks the same
      potentially large file system i/o related slab caches as we need for memory
      spreading.
      
      Given that the rule now becomes "wherever you would have used a
      SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT slab cache flag before (usually the inode cache), use
      the SLAB_MEM_SPREAD flag too", this should be easy enough to maintain.
      Future file system writers will just copy one of the existing file system
      slab cache setups and tend to get it right without thinking.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPaul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      4b6a9316
  35. 09 Jan, 2006 1 commit
    • Andrew Morton's avatar
      [PATCH] fix possible PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT overflows · 54b21a79
      Andrew Morton authored
      We've had two instances recently of overflows when doing
      
      	64_bit_value = (32_bit_value << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT)
      
      I did a tree-wide grep of `<<.*PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT' and this is the result.
      
      - afs_rxfs_fetch_descriptor.offset is of type off_t, which seems broken.
      
      - jfs and jffs are limited to 4GB anyway.
      
      - reiserfs map_block_for_writepage() takes an unsigned long for the block -
        it should take sector_t.  (It'll fail for huge filesystems with
        blocksize<PAGE_CACHE_SIZE)
      
      - cramfs_read() needs to use sector_t (I think cramsfs is busted on large
        filesystems anyway)
      
      - affs is limited in file size anyway.
      
      - I generally didn't fix 32-bit overflows in directory operations.
      
      - arm's __flush_dcache_page() is peculiar.  What if the page lies beyond 4G?
      
      - gss_wrap_req_priv() needs checking (snd_buf->page_base)
      
      Cc: Oleg Drokin <green@linuxhacker.ru>
      Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
      Cc: <reiserfs-dev@namesys.com>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net>
      Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>
      Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it>
      Cc: Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org>
      Cc: <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>
      Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>
      Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no>
      Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@cse.unsw.edu.au>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      54b21a79