1. 18 Jun, 2018 1 commit
  2. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      How this work was done:
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
  3. 16 May, 2017 1 commit
  4. 05 Oct, 2016 1 commit
  5. 17 Mar, 2016 1 commit
    • Joonsoo Kim's avatar
      mm/page_ref: add tracepoint to track down page reference manipulation · 95813b8f
      Joonsoo Kim authored
      CMA allocation should be guaranteed to succeed by definition, but,
      unfortunately, it would be failed sometimes.  It is hard to track down
      the problem, because it is related to page reference manipulation and we
      don't have any facility to analyze it.
      This patch adds tracepoints to track down page reference manipulation.
      With it, we can find exact reason of failure and can fix the problem.
      Following is an example of tracepoint output.  (note: this example is
      stale version that printing flags as the number.  Recent version will
      print it as human readable string.)
      <...>-9018  [004]    92.678375: page_ref_set:         pfn=0x17ac9 flags=0x0 count=1 mapcount=0 mapping=(nil) mt=4 val=1
      <...>-9018  [004]    92.678378: kernel_stack:
       => get_page_from_freelist (ffffffff81176659)
       => __alloc_pages_nodemask (ffffffff81176d22)
       => alloc_pages_vma (ffffffff811bf675)
       => handle_mm_fault (ffffffff8119e693)
       => __do_page_fault (ffffffff810631ea)
       => trace_do_page_fault (ffffffff81063543)
       => do_async_page_fault (ffffffff8105c40a)
       => async_page_fault (ffffffff817581d8)
      <...>-9018  [004]    92.678379: page_ref_mod:         pfn=0x17ac9 flags=0x40048 count=2 mapcount=1 mapping=0xffff880015a78dc1 mt=4 val=1
      <...>-9131  [001]    93.174468: test_pages_isolated:  start_pfn=0x17800 end_pfn=0x17c00 fin_pfn=0x17ac9 ret=fail
      <...>-9018  [004]    93.174843: page_ref_mod_and_test: pfn=0x17ac9 flags=0x40068 count=0 mapcount=0 mapping=0xffff880015a78dc1 mt=4 val=-1 ret=1
       => release_pages (ffffffff8117c9e4)
       => free_pages_and_swap_cache (ffffffff811b0697)
       => tlb_flush_mmu_free (ffffffff81199616)
       => tlb_finish_mmu (ffffffff8119a62c)
       => exit_mmap (ffffffff811a53f7)
       => mmput (ffffffff81073f47)
       => do_exit (ffffffff810794e9)
       => do_group_exit (ffffffff81079def)
       => SyS_exit_group (ffffffff81079e74)
       => entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath (ffffffff817560b6)
      This output shows that problem comes from exit path.  In exit path, to
      improve performance, pages are not freed immediately.  They are gathered
      and processed by batch.  During this process, migration cannot be
      possible and CMA allocation is failed.  This problem is hard to find
      without this page reference tracepoint facility.
      Enabling this feature bloat kernel text 30 KB in my configuration.
         text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
      12127327        2243616 1507328 15878271         f2487f vmlinux_disabled
      12157208        2258880 1507328 15923416         f2f8d8 vmlinux_enabled
      Note that, due to header file dependency problem between mm.h and
      tracepoint.h, this feature has to open code the static key functions for
      tracepoints.  Proposed by Steven Rostedt in following link.
      [arnd@arndb.de: crypto/async_pq: use __free_page() instead of put_page()]
      [iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com: fix build failure for xtensa]
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak Kconfig text, per Vlastimil]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJoonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarMichal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarVlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
      Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@gmail.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  6. 07 Jan, 2016 1 commit
  7. 21 Apr, 2015 1 commit
    • Markus Stockhausen's avatar
      md/raid5: activate raid6 rmw feature · 584acdd4
      Markus Stockhausen authored
      Glue it altogehter. The raid6 rmw path should work the same as the
      already existing raid5 logic. So emulate the prexor handling/flags
      and split functions as needed.
      1) Enable xor_syndrome() in the async layer.
      2) Split ops_run_prexor() into RAID4/5 and RAID6 logic. Xor the syndrome
      at the start of a rmw run as we did it before for the single parity.
      3) Take care of rmw run in ops_run_reconstruct6(). Again process only
      the changed pages to get syndrome back into sync.
      4) Enhance set_syndrome_sources() to fill NULL pages if we are in a rmw
      run. The lower layers will calculate start & end pages from that and
      call the xor_syndrome() correspondingly.
      5) Adapt the several places where we ignored Q handling up to now.
      Performance numbers for a single E5630 system with a mix of 10 7200k
      desktop/server disks. 300 seconds random write with 8 threads onto a
      3,2TB (10*400GB) RAID6 64K chunk without spare (group_thread_cnt=4)
      bsize   rmw_level=1   rmw_level=0   rmw_level=1   rmw_level=0
              skip_copy=1   skip_copy=1   skip_copy=0   skip_copy=0
         4K      115 KB/s      141 KB/s      165 KB/s      140 KB/s
         8K      225 KB/s      275 KB/s      324 KB/s      274 KB/s
        16K      434 KB/s      536 KB/s      640 KB/s      534 KB/s
        32K      751 KB/s    1,051 KB/s    1,234 KB/s    1,045 KB/s
        64K    1,339 KB/s    1,958 KB/s    2,282 KB/s    1,962 KB/s
       128K    2,673 KB/s    3,862 KB/s    4,113 KB/s    3,898 KB/s
       256K    7,685 KB/s    7,539 KB/s    7,557 KB/s    7,638 KB/s
       512K   19,556 KB/s   19,558 KB/s   19,652 KB/s   19,688 Kb/s
      Signed-off-by: default avatarMarkus Stockhausen <stockhausen@collogia.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>
  8. 21 Aug, 2014 1 commit
  9. 14 Nov, 2013 8 commits
  10. 25 Oct, 2013 1 commit
  11. 03 Jul, 2013 1 commit
  12. 30 Apr, 2013 1 commit
  13. 08 Jan, 2013 4 commits
  14. 20 Mar, 2012 1 commit
  15. 31 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  16. 22 Jun, 2011 1 commit
    • Alexey Dobriyan's avatar
      net: remove mm.h inclusion from netdevice.h · b7f080cf
      Alexey Dobriyan authored
      Remove linux/mm.h inclusion from netdevice.h -- it's unused (I've checked manually).
      To prevent mm.h inclusion via other channels also extract "enum dma_data_direction"
      definition into separate header. This tiny piece is what gluing netdevice.h with mm.h
      via "netdevice.h => dmaengine.h => dma-mapping.h => scatterlist.h => mm.h".
      Removal of mm.h from scatterlist.h was tried and was found not feasible
      on most archs, so the link was cutoff earlier.
      Hope people are OK with tiny include file.
      Note, that mm_types.h is still dragged in, but it is a separate story.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
  17. 31 Mar, 2011 1 commit
  18. 26 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  19. 07 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • Dan Williams's avatar
      move async raid6 test to lib/Kconfig.debug · 400fb7f6
      Dan Williams authored
      The prompt for "Self test for hardware accelerated raid6 recovery" does not
      belong in the top level configuration menu.  All the options in
      crypto/async_tx/Kconfig are selected and do not depend on CRYPTO.
      Kconfig.debug seems like a reasonable fit.
      Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
      Cc: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
  20. 17 May, 2010 1 commit
  21. 05 May, 2010 1 commit
  22. 30 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking... · 5a0e3ad6
      Tejun Heo authored
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h
      percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
      included when building most .c files.  percpu.h includes slab.h which
      in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
      universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.
      percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed.  Prepare for
      this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
      headers directly instead of assuming availability.  As this conversion
      needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
      used as the basis of conversion.
      The script does the followings.
      * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
        only the necessary includes are there.  ie. if only gfp is used,
        gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.
      * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
        blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
        to its surrounding.  It's put in the include block which contains
        core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
        alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
        doesn't seem to be any matching order.
      * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
        because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
        an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the
      The conversion was done in the following steps.
      1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
         over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
         and ~3000 slab.h inclusions.  The script emitted errors for ~400
      2. Each error was manually checked.  Some didn't need the inclusion,
         some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
         embedding .c file was more appropriate for others.  This step added
         inclusions to around 150 files.
      3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
         from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.
      4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
         e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
         APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.
      5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
         editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
         files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell.  Most gfp.h
         inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
         wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros.  Each
         slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as
      6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.
      7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
         were fixed.  CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
         distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
         more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
         build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).
         * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
         * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * ia64 SMP allmodconfig
         * s390 SMP allmodconfig
         * alpha SMP allmodconfig
         * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig
      8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
         a separate patch and serve as bisection point.
      Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
      6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
      If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
      headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
      the specific arch.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Guess-its-ok-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
  23. 17 Dec, 2009 1 commit
  24. 20 Nov, 2009 1 commit
    • Dan Williams's avatar
      async_tx: build-time toggling of async_{syndrome,xor}_val dma support · 7b3cc2b1
      Dan Williams authored
      ioat3.2 does not support asynchronous error notifications which makes
      the driver experience latencies when non-zero pq validate results are
      expected.  Provide a mechanism for turning off async_xor_val and
      async_syndrome_val via Kconfig.  This approach is generally useful for
      any driver that specifies ASYNC_TX_DISABLE_CHANNEL_SWITCH and would like
      to force the async_tx api to fall back to the synchronous path for
      certain operations.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
  25. 29 Oct, 2009 1 commit
  26. 20 Oct, 2009 3 commits
    • Dan Williams's avatar
      async_tx: fix asynchronous raid6 recovery for ddf layouts · da17bf43
      Dan Williams authored
      The raid6 recovery code currently requires special handling of the
      4-disk and 5-disk recovery scenarios for the native layout.  Quoting
      from commit 0a82a623:
           In these situations the default N-disk algorithm will present
           0-source or 1-source operations to dma devices.  To cover for
           dma devices where the minimum source count is 2 we implement
           4-disk and 5-disk handling in the recovery code.
      The ddf layout presents disks=6 and disks=7 to the recovery code in
      these situations.  Instead of looking at the number of disks count the
      number of non-zero sources in the list and call the special case code
      when the number of non-failed sources is 0 or 1.
      [neilb@suse.de: replace 'ddf' flag with counting good sources]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
    • Dan Williams's avatar
      async_pq: rename scribble page · 030b0772
      Dan Williams authored
      The global scribble page is used as a temporary destination buffer when
      disabling the P or Q result is requested.  The local scribble buffer
      contains memory for performing address conversions.  Rename the global
      variable to avoid confusion.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
    • Dan Williams's avatar
      async_pq: kill a stray dma_map() call and other cleanups · 5676470f
      Dan Williams authored
      - update the kernel doc for async_syndrome to indicate what NULL in the
        source list means
      - whitespace fixups
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
  27. 16 Oct, 2009 2 commits
    • NeilBrown's avatar
      raid6/async_tx: handle holes in block list in async_syndrome_val · b2141e69
      NeilBrown authored
      async_syndrome_val check the P and Q blocks used for RAID6
      With DDF raid6, some of the data blocks might be NULL, so
      this needs to be handled in the same way that async_gen_syndrome
      handles it.
      As async_syndrome_val calls async_xor, also enhance async_xor
      to detect and skip NULL blocks in the list.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>
    • NeilBrown's avatar
      md/async: don't pass a memory pointer as a page pointer. · 5dd33c9a
      NeilBrown authored
      md/raid6 passes a list of 'struct page *' to the async_tx routines,
      which then either DMA map them for offload, or take the page_address
      for CPU based calculations.
      For RAID6 we sometime leave 'blanks' in the list of pages.
      For CPU based calcs, we want to treat theses as a page of zeros.
      For offloaded calculations, we simply don't pass a page to the
      Currently the 'blanks' are encoded as a pointer to
      raid6_empty_zero_page.  This is a 4096 byte memory region, not a
      'struct page'.  This is mostly handled correctly but is rather ugly.
      So change the code to pass and expect a NULL pointer for the blanks.
      When taking page_address of a page, we need to check for a NULL and
      in that case use raid6_empty_zero_page.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>