bpf: Track alignment of register values in the verifier.
Currently if we add only constant values to pointers we can fully validate the alignment, and properly check if we need to reject the program on !CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS architectures. However, once an unknown value is introduced we only allow byte sized memory accesses which is too restrictive. Add logic to track the known minimum alignment of register values, and propagate this state into registers containing pointers. The most common paradigm that makes use of this new logic is computing the transport header using the IP header length field. For example: struct ethhdr *ep = skb->data; struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *) (ep + 1); struct tcphdr *th; ... n = iph->ihl; th = ((void *)iph + (n * 4)); port = th->dest; The existing code will reject the load of th->dest because it cannot validate that the alignment is at least 2 once "n * 4" is added the the packet pointer. In the new code, the register holding "n * 4" will have a reg->min_align value of 4, because any value multiplied by 4 will be at least 4 byte aligned. (actually, the eBPF code emitted by the compiler in this case is most likely to use a shift left by 2, but the end result is identical) At the critical addition: th = ((void *)iph + (n * 4)); The register holding 'th' will start with reg->off value of 14. The pointer addition will transform that reg into something that looks like: reg->aux_off = 14 reg->aux_off_align = 4 Next, the verifier will look at the th->dest load, and it will see a load offset of 2, and first check: if (reg->aux_off_align % size) which will pass because aux_off_align is 4. reg_off will be computed: reg_off = reg->off; ... reg_off += reg->aux_off; plus we have off==2, and it will thus check: if ((NET_IP_ALIGN + reg_off + off) % size != 0) which evaluates to: if ((NET_IP_ALIGN + 14 + 2) % size != 0) On strict alignment architectures, NET_IP_ALIGN is 2, thus: if ((2 + 14 + 2) % size != 0) which passes. These pointer transformations and checks work regardless of whether the constant offset or the variable with known alignment is added first to the pointer register. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <firstname.lastname@example.org> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <email@example.com>
Showing with 92 additions and 19 deletions