Commit 749cf76c authored by Christoffer Dall's avatar Christoffer Dall
Browse files

KVM: ARM: Initial skeleton to compile KVM support



Targets KVM support for Cortex A-15 processors.

Contains all the framework components, make files, header files, some
tracing functionality, and basic user space API.

Only supported core is Cortex-A15 for now.

Most functionality is in arch/arm/kvm/* or arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_*.h.
Reviewed-by: default avatarWill Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMarcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMarc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
parent 9e9a367c
......@@ -293,7 +293,7 @@ kvm_run' (see below).
4.11 KVM_GET_REGS
Capability: basic
Architectures: all
Architectures: all except ARM
Type: vcpu ioctl
Parameters: struct kvm_regs (out)
Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
......@@ -314,7 +314,7 @@ struct kvm_regs {
4.12 KVM_SET_REGS
Capability: basic
Architectures: all
Architectures: all except ARM
Type: vcpu ioctl
Parameters: struct kvm_regs (in)
Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
......@@ -600,7 +600,7 @@ struct kvm_fpu {
4.24 KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP
Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
Architectures: x86, ia64
Architectures: x86, ia64, ARM
Type: vm ioctl
Parameters: none
Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
......@@ -608,7 +608,8 @@ Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
Creates an interrupt controller model in the kernel. On x86, creates a virtual
ioapic, a virtual PIC (two PICs, nested), and sets up future vcpus to have a
local APIC. IRQ routing for GSIs 0-15 is set to both PIC and IOAPIC; GSI 16-23
only go to the IOAPIC. On ia64, a IOSAPIC is created.
only go to the IOAPIC. On ia64, a IOSAPIC is created. On ARM, a GIC is
created.
4.25 KVM_IRQ_LINE
......@@ -1775,6 +1776,14 @@ registers, find a list below:
PPC | KVM_REG_PPC_VPA_DTL | 128
PPC | KVM_REG_PPC_EPCR | 32
ARM registers are mapped using the lower 32 bits. The upper 16 of that
is the register group type, or coprocessor number:
ARM core registers have the following id bit patterns:
0x4002 0000 0010 <index into the kvm_regs struct:16>
4.69 KVM_GET_ONE_REG
Capability: KVM_CAP_ONE_REG
......@@ -2127,6 +2136,46 @@ written, then `n_invalid' invalid entries, invalidating any previously
valid entries found.
4.77 KVM_ARM_VCPU_INIT
Capability: basic
Architectures: arm
Type: vcpu ioctl
Parameters: struct struct kvm_vcpu_init (in)
Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
Errors:
 EINVAL:    the target is unknown, or the combination of features is invalid.
 ENOENT:    a features bit specified is unknown.
This tells KVM what type of CPU to present to the guest, and what
optional features it should have.  This will cause a reset of the cpu
registers to their initial values.  If this is not called, KVM_RUN will
return ENOEXEC for that vcpu.
Note that because some registers reflect machine topology, all vcpus
should be created before this ioctl is invoked.
4.78 KVM_GET_REG_LIST
Capability: basic
Architectures: arm
Type: vcpu ioctl
Parameters: struct kvm_reg_list (in/out)
Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
Errors:
 E2BIG:     the reg index list is too big to fit in the array specified by
            the user (the number required will be written into n).
struct kvm_reg_list {
__u64 n; /* number of registers in reg[] */
__u64 reg[0];
};
This ioctl returns the guest registers that are supported for the
KVM_GET_ONE_REG/KVM_SET_ONE_REG calls.
5. The kvm_run structure
------------------------
......
......@@ -2322,3 +2322,5 @@ source "security/Kconfig"
source "crypto/Kconfig"
source "lib/Kconfig"
source "arch/arm/kvm/Kconfig"
......@@ -252,6 +252,7 @@ core-$(CONFIG_FPE_NWFPE) += arch/arm/nwfpe/
core-$(CONFIG_FPE_FASTFPE) += $(FASTFPE_OBJ)
core-$(CONFIG_VFP) += arch/arm/vfp/
core-$(CONFIG_XEN) += arch/arm/xen/
core-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += arch/arm/kvm/
# If we have a machine-specific directory, then include it in the build.
core-y += arch/arm/kernel/ arch/arm/mm/ arch/arm/common/
......
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __ARM_KVM_ARM_H__
#define __ARM_KVM_ARM_H__
#include <linux/types.h>
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_ARM_H__ */
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __ARM_KVM_ASM_H__
#define __ARM_KVM_ASM_H__
/* 0 is reserved as an invalid value. */
#define c0_MPIDR 1 /* MultiProcessor ID Register */
#define c0_CSSELR 2 /* Cache Size Selection Register */
#define c1_SCTLR 3 /* System Control Register */
#define c1_ACTLR 4 /* Auxilliary Control Register */
#define c1_CPACR 5 /* Coprocessor Access Control */
#define c2_TTBR0 6 /* Translation Table Base Register 0 */
#define c2_TTBR0_high 7 /* TTBR0 top 32 bits */
#define c2_TTBR1 8 /* Translation Table Base Register 1 */
#define c2_TTBR1_high 9 /* TTBR1 top 32 bits */
#define c2_TTBCR 10 /* Translation Table Base Control R. */
#define c3_DACR 11 /* Domain Access Control Register */
#define c5_DFSR 12 /* Data Fault Status Register */
#define c5_IFSR 13 /* Instruction Fault Status Register */
#define c5_ADFSR 14 /* Auxilary Data Fault Status R */
#define c5_AIFSR 15 /* Auxilary Instrunction Fault Status R */
#define c6_DFAR 16 /* Data Fault Address Register */
#define c6_IFAR 17 /* Instruction Fault Address Register */
#define c9_L2CTLR 18 /* Cortex A15 L2 Control Register */
#define c10_PRRR 19 /* Primary Region Remap Register */
#define c10_NMRR 20 /* Normal Memory Remap Register */
#define c12_VBAR 21 /* Vector Base Address Register */
#define c13_CID 22 /* Context ID Register */
#define c13_TID_URW 23 /* Thread ID, User R/W */
#define c13_TID_URO 24 /* Thread ID, User R/O */
#define c13_TID_PRIV 25 /* Thread ID, Privileged */
#define NR_CP15_REGS 26 /* Number of regs (incl. invalid) */
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_RESET 0
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_UNDEFINED 1
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_SOFTWARE 2
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_PREF_ABORT 3
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_DATA_ABORT 4
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_IRQ 5
#define ARM_EXCEPTION_FIQ 6
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_ASM_H__ */
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __ARM_KVM_COPROC_H__
#define __ARM_KVM_COPROC_H__
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
void kvm_reset_coprocs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_COPROC_H__ */
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __ARM_KVM_EMULATE_H__
#define __ARM_KVM_EMULATE_H__
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
u32 *vcpu_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 reg_num);
u32 *vcpu_spsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static inline u32 *vcpu_pc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return (u32 *)&vcpu->arch.regs.usr_regs.ARM_pc;
}
static inline u32 *vcpu_cpsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return (u32 *)&vcpu->arch.regs.usr_regs.ARM_cpsr;
}
static inline bool mode_has_spsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
unsigned long cpsr_mode = vcpu->arch.regs.usr_regs.ARM_cpsr & MODE_MASK;
return (cpsr_mode > USR_MODE && cpsr_mode < SYSTEM_MODE);
}
static inline bool vcpu_mode_priv(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
unsigned long cpsr_mode = vcpu->arch.regs.usr_regs.ARM_cpsr & MODE_MASK;
return cpsr_mode > USR_MODE;;
}
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_EMULATE_H__ */
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __ARM_KVM_HOST_H__
#define __ARM_KVM_HOST_H__
#include <asm/kvm.h>
#include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
#define KVM_MAX_VCPUS CONFIG_KVM_ARM_MAX_VCPUS
#define KVM_MEMORY_SLOTS 32
#define KVM_PRIVATE_MEM_SLOTS 4
#define KVM_COALESCED_MMIO_PAGE_OFFSET 1
#define KVM_VCPU_MAX_FEATURES 0
/* We don't currently support large pages. */
#define KVM_HPAGE_GFN_SHIFT(x) 0
#define KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES 1
#define KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(x) (1UL<<31)
struct kvm_vcpu;
u32 *kvm_vcpu_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 reg_num, u32 mode);
int kvm_target_cpu(void);
int kvm_reset_vcpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_reset_coprocs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
struct kvm_arch {
/* VTTBR value associated with below pgd and vmid */
u64 vttbr;
/*
* Anything that is not used directly from assembly code goes
* here.
*/
/* The VMID generation used for the virt. memory system */
u64 vmid_gen;
u32 vmid;
/* Stage-2 page table */
pgd_t *pgd;
};
#define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
/*
* We don't want allocation failures within the mmu code, so we preallocate
* enough memory for a single page fault in a cache.
*/
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache {
int nobjs;
void *objects[KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS];
};
struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
struct kvm_regs regs;
int target; /* Processor target */
DECLARE_BITMAP(features, KVM_VCPU_MAX_FEATURES);
/* System control coprocessor (cp15) */
u32 cp15[NR_CP15_REGS];
/* The CPU type we expose to the VM */
u32 midr;
/* Exception Information */
u32 hsr; /* Hyp Syndrome Register */
u32 hxfar; /* Hyp Data/Inst Fault Address Register */
u32 hpfar; /* Hyp IPA Fault Address Register */
/* Interrupt related fields */
u32 irq_lines; /* IRQ and FIQ levels */
/* Hyp exception information */
u32 hyp_pc; /* PC when exception was taken from Hyp mode */
/* Cache some mmu pages needed inside spinlock regions */
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache mmu_page_cache;
};
struct kvm_vm_stat {
u32 remote_tlb_flush;
};
struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
u32 halt_wakeup;
};
struct kvm_vcpu_init;
int kvm_vcpu_set_target(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct kvm_vcpu_init *init);
unsigned long kvm_arm_num_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_arm_copy_reg_indices(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 __user *indices);
struct kvm_one_reg;
int kvm_arm_get_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *reg);
int kvm_arm_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *reg);
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_HOST_H__ */
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __ARM_KVM_H__
#define __ARM_KVM_H__
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#define __KVM_HAVE_GUEST_DEBUG
#define KVM_REG_SIZE(id) \
(1U << (((id) & KVM_REG_SIZE_MASK) >> KVM_REG_SIZE_SHIFT))
/* Valid for svc_regs, abt_regs, und_regs, irq_regs in struct kvm_regs */
#define KVM_ARM_SVC_sp svc_regs[0]
#define KVM_ARM_SVC_lr svc_regs[1]
#define KVM_ARM_SVC_spsr svc_regs[2]
#define KVM_ARM_ABT_sp abt_regs[0]
#define KVM_ARM_ABT_lr abt_regs[1]
#define KVM_ARM_ABT_spsr abt_regs[2]
#define KVM_ARM_UND_sp und_regs[0]
#define KVM_ARM_UND_lr und_regs[1]
#define KVM_ARM_UND_spsr und_regs[2]
#define KVM_ARM_IRQ_sp irq_regs[0]
#define KVM_ARM_IRQ_lr irq_regs[1]
#define KVM_ARM_IRQ_spsr irq_regs[2]
/* Valid only for fiq_regs in struct kvm_regs */
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_r8 fiq_regs[0]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_r9 fiq_regs[1]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_r10 fiq_regs[2]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_fp fiq_regs[3]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_ip fiq_regs[4]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_sp fiq_regs[5]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_lr fiq_regs[6]
#define KVM_ARM_FIQ_spsr fiq_regs[7]
struct kvm_regs {
struct pt_regs usr_regs;/* R0_usr - R14_usr, PC, CPSR */
__u32 svc_regs[3]; /* SP_svc, LR_svc, SPSR_svc */
__u32 abt_regs[3]; /* SP_abt, LR_abt, SPSR_abt */
__u32 und_regs[3]; /* SP_und, LR_und, SPSR_und */
__u32 irq_regs[3]; /* SP_irq, LR_irq, SPSR_irq */
__u32 fiq_regs[8]; /* R8_fiq - R14_fiq, SPSR_fiq */
};
/* Supported Processor Types */
#define KVM_ARM_TARGET_CORTEX_A15 0
#define KVM_ARM_NUM_TARGETS 1
struct kvm_vcpu_init {
__u32 target;
__u32 features[7];
};
struct kvm_sregs {
};
struct kvm_fpu {
};
struct kvm_guest_debug_arch {
};
struct kvm_debug_exit_arch {
};
struct kvm_sync_regs {
};
struct kvm_arch_memory_slot {
};
/* If you need to interpret the index values, here is the key: */
#define KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_MASK 0x000000000FFF0000
#define KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT 16
#define KVM_REG_ARM_32_OPC2_MASK 0x0000000000000007
#define KVM_REG_ARM_32_OPC2_SHIFT 0
#define KVM_REG_ARM_OPC1_MASK 0x0000000000000078
#define KVM_REG_ARM_OPC1_SHIFT 3
#define KVM_REG_ARM_CRM_MASK 0x0000000000000780
#define KVM_REG_ARM_CRM_SHIFT 7
#define KVM_REG_ARM_32_CRN_MASK 0x0000000000007800
#define KVM_REG_ARM_32_CRN_SHIFT 11
/* Normal registers are mapped as coprocessor 16. */
#define KVM_REG_ARM_CORE (0x0010 << KVM_REG_ARM_COPROC_SHIFT)
#define KVM_REG_ARM_CORE_REG(name) (offsetof(struct kvm_regs, name) / 4)
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_H__ */
#
# KVM configuration
#
source "virt/kvm/Kconfig"
menuconfig VIRTUALIZATION
bool "Virtualization"
---help---
Say Y here to get to see options for using your Linux host to run
other operating systems inside virtual machines (guests).
This option alone does not add any kernel code.
If you say N, all options in this submenu will be skipped and
disabled.
if VIRTUALIZATION
config KVM
bool "Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) support"
select PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
select ANON_INODES
select KVM_MMIO
select KVM_ARM_HOST
depends on ARM_VIRT_EXT && ARM_LPAE
---help---
Support hosting virtualized guest machines. You will also
need to select one or more of the processor modules below.
This module provides access to the hardware capabilities through
a character device node named /dev/kvm.
If unsure, say N.
config KVM_ARM_HOST
bool "KVM host support for ARM cpus."
depends on KVM
depends on MMU
---help---
Provides host support for ARM processors.
config KVM_ARM_MAX_VCPUS
int "Number maximum supported virtual CPUs per VM"
depends on KVM_ARM_HOST
default 4
help
Static number of max supported virtual CPUs per VM.
If you choose a high number, the vcpu structures will be quite
large, so only choose a reasonable number that you expect to
actually use.
source drivers/virtio/Kconfig
endif # VIRTUALIZATION
#
# Makefile for Kernel-based Virtual Machine module
#
plus_virt := $(call as-instr,.arch_extension virt,+virt)
ifeq ($(plus_virt),+virt)
plus_virt_def := -DREQUIRES_VIRT=1
endif
ccflags-y += -Ivirt/kvm -Iarch/arm/kvm
CFLAGS_arm.o := -I. $(plus_virt_def)
CFLAGS_mmu.o := -I.
AFLAGS_init.o := -Wa,-march=armv7-a$(plus_virt)
AFLAGS_interrupts.o := -Wa,-march=armv7-a$(plus_virt)
kvm-arm-y = $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, kvm_main.o coalesced_mmio.o)
obj-y += kvm-arm.o init.o interrupts.o
obj-y += arm.o guest.o mmu.o emulate.o reset.o
obj-y += coproc.o
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <c.dall@virtualopensystems.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <trace/events/kvm.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include "trace.h"
#include <asm/unified.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/mman.h>
#include <asm/cputype.h>
#ifdef REQUIRES_VIRT
__asm__(".arch_extension virt");
#endif
int kvm_arch_hardware_enable(void *garbage)
{
return 0;
}
int kvm_arch_vcpu_should_kick(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return kvm_vcpu_exiting_guest_mode(vcpu) == IN_GUEST_MODE;
}
void kvm_arch_hardware_disable(void *garbage)
{
}
int kvm_arch_hardware_setup(void)
{
return 0;
}