cmd_elf.c 9.28 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001 William L. Pitts
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are freely
 * permitted provided that the above copyright notice and this
 * paragraph and the following disclaimer are duplicated in all
 * such forms.
 *
 * This software is provided "AS IS" and without any express or
 * implied warranties, including, without limitation, the implied
 * warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
 * purpose.
 */

#include <common.h>
#include <command.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <net.h>
#include <elf.h>

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#if defined(CONFIG_WALNUT) || defined(CFG_VXWORKS_MAC_PTR)
DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR;
#endif
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#ifndef MAX
#define MAX(a,b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
#endif

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int valid_elf_image (unsigned long addr);
unsigned long load_elf_image (unsigned long addr);

/* Allow ports to override the default behavior */
__attribute__((weak))
unsigned long do_bootelf_exec (ulong (*entry)(int, char *[]), int argc, char *argv[])
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{
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	unsigned long ret;

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	/*
	 * QNX images require the data cache is disabled.
	 * Data cache is already flushed, so just turn it off.
	 */
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	int dcache = dcache_status ();
	if (dcache)
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		dcache_disable ();

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	/*
	 * pass address parameter as argv[0] (aka command name),
	 * and all remaining args
	 */
	ret = entry (argc, argv);
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	if (dcache)
		dcache_enable ();

	return ret;
}
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/* ======================================================================
 * Interpreter command to boot an arbitrary ELF image from memory.
 * ====================================================================== */
int do_bootelf (cmd_tbl_t *cmdtp, int flag, int argc, char *argv[])
{
	unsigned long addr;		/* Address of the ELF image     */
	unsigned long rc;		/* Return value from user code  */

	/* -------------------------------------------------- */
	int rcode = 0;

	if (argc < 2)
		addr = load_addr;
	else
		addr = simple_strtoul (argv[1], NULL, 16);

	if (!valid_elf_image (addr))
		return 1;

	addr = load_elf_image (addr);

	printf ("## Starting application at 0x%08lx ...\n", addr);

	/*
	 * pass address parameter as argv[0] (aka command name),
	 * and all remaining args
	 */
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	rc = do_bootelf_exec ((void *)addr, argc - 1, argv + 1);
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	if (rc != 0)
		rcode = 1;

	printf ("## Application terminated, rc = 0x%lx\n", rc);
	return rcode;
}

/* ======================================================================
 * Interpreter command to boot VxWorks from a memory image.  The image can
 * be either an ELF image or a raw binary.  Will attempt to setup the
 * bootline and other parameters correctly.
 * ====================================================================== */
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int do_bootvx (cmd_tbl_t *cmdtp, int flag, int argc, char *argv[])
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{
	unsigned long addr;		/* Address of image            */
	unsigned long bootaddr;		/* Address to put the bootline */
	char *bootline;			/* Text of the bootline        */
	char *tmp;			/* Temporary char pointer      */

#if defined(CONFIG_4xx) || defined(CONFIG_IOP480)
	char build_buf[80];		/* Buffer for building the bootline */
#endif
	/* -------------------------------------------------- */

	/*
	 * Check the loadaddr variable.
	 * If we don't know where the image is then we're done.
	 */

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	if (argc < 2)
		addr = load_addr;
	else
		addr = simple_strtoul (argv[1], NULL, 16);
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#if defined(CONFIG_CMD_NET)
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	/* Check to see if we need to tftp the image ourselves before starting */

	if ((argc == 2) && (strcmp (argv[1], "tftp") == 0)) {
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		if (NetLoop (TFTP) <= 0)
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			return 1;
		printf ("Automatic boot of VxWorks image at address 0x%08lx ... \n", addr);
	}
#endif

	/* This should equate
	 * to NV_RAM_ADRS + NV_BOOT_OFFSET + NV_ENET_OFFSET
	 * from the VxWorks BSP header files.
	 * This will vary from board to board
	 */

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#if defined(CONFIG_WALNUT)
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	tmp = (char *) CFG_NVRAM_BASE_ADDR + 0x500;
	memcpy ((char *) tmp, (char *) &gd->bd->bi_enetaddr[3], 3);
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#elif defined(CFG_VXWORKS_MAC_PTR)
	tmp = (char *) CFG_VXWORKS_MAC_PTR;
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	memcpy ((char *) tmp, (char *) &gd->bd->bi_enetaddr[0], 6);
#else
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	puts ("## Ethernet MAC address not copied to NV RAM\n");
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#endif

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	/*
	 * Use bootaddr to find the location in memory that VxWorks
	 * will look for the bootline string. The default value for
	 * PowerPC is LOCAL_MEM_LOCAL_ADRS + BOOT_LINE_OFFSET which
	 * defaults to 0x4200
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	 */

	if ((tmp = getenv ("bootaddr")) == NULL)
		bootaddr = 0x4200;
	else
		bootaddr = simple_strtoul (tmp, NULL, 16);

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	/*
	 * Check to see if the bootline is defined in the 'bootargs'
	 * parameter. If it is not defined, we may be able to
	 * construct the info
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	 */

	if ((bootline = getenv ("bootargs")) != NULL) {
		memcpy ((void *) bootaddr, bootline, MAX(strlen(bootline), 255));
		flush_cache (bootaddr, MAX(strlen(bootline), 255));
	} else {
#if defined(CONFIG_4xx)
		sprintf (build_buf, "ibmEmac(0,0)");

		if ((tmp = getenv ("hostname")) != NULL) {
			sprintf (&build_buf[strlen (build_buf - 1)],
				"host:%s ", tmp);
		} else {
			sprintf (&build_buf[strlen (build_buf - 1)],
				": ");
		}

		if ((tmp = getenv ("ipaddr")) != NULL) {
			sprintf (&build_buf[strlen (build_buf - 1)],
				"e=%s ", tmp);
		}
		memcpy ((void *)bootaddr, build_buf, MAX(strlen(build_buf), 255));
		flush_cache (bootaddr, MAX(strlen(build_buf), 255));
#elif defined(CONFIG_IOP480)
		sprintf (build_buf, "dc(0,0)");

		if ((tmp = getenv ("hostname")) != NULL) {
			sprintf (&build_buf[strlen (build_buf - 1)],
				"host:%s ", tmp);
		} else {
			sprintf (&build_buf[strlen (build_buf - 1)],
				": ");
		}

		if ((tmp = getenv ("ipaddr")) != NULL) {
			sprintf (&build_buf[strlen (build_buf - 1)],
				"e=%s ", tmp);
		}
		memcpy ((void *) bootaddr, build_buf, MAX(strlen(build_buf), 255));
		flush_cache (bootaddr, MAX(strlen(build_buf), 255));
#else

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		/*
		 * I'm not sure what the device should be for other
		 * PPC flavors, the hostname and ipaddr should be ok
		 * to just copy
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		 */

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		puts ("No bootargs defined\n");
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		return 1;
#endif
	}

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	/*
	 * If the data at the load address is an elf image, then
	 * treat it like an elf image. Otherwise, assume that it is a
	 * binary image
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	 */

	if (valid_elf_image (addr)) {
		addr = load_elf_image (addr);
	} else {
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		puts ("## Not an ELF image, assuming binary\n");
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		/* leave addr as load_addr */
	}

	printf ("## Using bootline (@ 0x%lx): %s\n", bootaddr,
			(char *) bootaddr);
	printf ("## Starting vxWorks at 0x%08lx ...\n", addr);

	((void (*)(void)) addr) ();

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	puts ("## vxWorks terminated\n");
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	return 1;
}

/* ======================================================================
 * Determine if a valid ELF image exists at the given memory location.
 * First looks at the ELF header magic field, the makes sure that it is
 * executable and makes sure that it is for a PowerPC.
 * ====================================================================== */
int valid_elf_image (unsigned long addr)
{
	Elf32_Ehdr *ehdr;		/* Elf header structure pointer */

	/* -------------------------------------------------- */

	ehdr = (Elf32_Ehdr *) addr;

	if (!IS_ELF (*ehdr)) {
		printf ("## No elf image at address 0x%08lx\n", addr);
		return 0;
	}

	if (ehdr->e_type != ET_EXEC) {
		printf ("## Not a 32-bit elf image at address 0x%08lx\n",
			addr);
		return 0;
	}

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#if 0
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	if (ehdr->e_machine != EM_PPC) {
		printf ("## Not a PowerPC elf image at address 0x%08lx\n",
			addr);
		return 0;
	}
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#endif
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	return 1;
}


/* ======================================================================
 * A very simple elf loader, assumes the image is valid, returns the
 * entry point address.
 * ====================================================================== */
unsigned long load_elf_image (unsigned long addr)
{
	Elf32_Ehdr *ehdr;		/* Elf header structure pointer     */
	Elf32_Shdr *shdr;		/* Section header structure pointer */
	unsigned char *strtab = 0;	/* String table pointer             */
	unsigned char *image;		/* Binary image pointer             */
	int i;				/* Loop counter                     */

	/* -------------------------------------------------- */

	ehdr = (Elf32_Ehdr *) addr;

	/* Find the section header string table for output info */
	shdr = (Elf32_Shdr *) (addr + ehdr->e_shoff +
			       (ehdr->e_shstrndx * sizeof (Elf32_Shdr)));

	if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_STRTAB)
		strtab = (unsigned char *) (addr + shdr->sh_offset);

	/* Load each appropriate section */
	for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; ++i) {
		shdr = (Elf32_Shdr *) (addr + ehdr->e_shoff +
				       (i * sizeof (Elf32_Shdr)));

		if (!(shdr->sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC)
		   || shdr->sh_addr == 0 || shdr->sh_size == 0) {
			continue;
		}

		if (strtab) {
			printf ("%sing %s @ 0x%08lx (%ld bytes)\n",
				(shdr->sh_type == SHT_NOBITS) ?
					"Clear" : "Load",
				&strtab[shdr->sh_name],
				(unsigned long) shdr->sh_addr,
				(long) shdr->sh_size);
		}

		if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_NOBITS) {
			memset ((void *)shdr->sh_addr, 0, shdr->sh_size);
		} else {
			image = (unsigned char *) addr + shdr->sh_offset;
			memcpy ((void *) shdr->sh_addr,
				(const void *) image,
				shdr->sh_size);
		}
		flush_cache (shdr->sh_addr, shdr->sh_size);
	}

	return ehdr->e_entry;
}

/* ====================================================================== */
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U_BOOT_CMD(
	bootelf,      2,      0,      do_bootelf,
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	"bootelf - Boot from an ELF image in memory\n",
	" [address] - load address of ELF image.\n"
);

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U_BOOT_CMD(
	bootvx,      2,      0,      do_bootvx,
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	"bootvx  - Boot vxWorks from an ELF image\n",
	" [address] - load address of vxWorks ELF image.\n"
);