Commit 261d2760 authored by Darwin Rambo's avatar Darwin Rambo Committed by Albert ARIBAUD

arm: Add support for semihosting for armv8 fastmodel targets.

The armv8 ARM Trusted Firmware (ATF) can be used to load various ATF
images and u-boot, and does this for virtual platforms by using
semihosting. This commit extends this idea by allowing u-boot to also
use semihosting to load the kernel/ramdisk/dtb. This eliminates the need
for a bootwrapper and produces a more realistic boot sequence with
virtual models.

Though the semihosting code is quite generic, support for armv7 in
fastmodel is less useful due to the wide range of available silicon
and the lack of a free armv7 fastmodel, so this change contains an
untested armv7 placeholder for the service trap opcode.

Please refer to doc/README.semihosting for a more detailed description
of semihosting and how it is used with the armv8 virtual platforms.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDarwin Rambo <drambo@broadcom.com>
Cc: trini@ti.com
Cc: fenghua@phytium.com.cn
Cc: bhupesh.sharma@freescale.com
parent fe8b3212
/*
* Copyright 2014 Broadcom Corporation
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
#ifndef __SEMIHOSTING_H__
#define __SEMIHOSTING_H__
/*
* ARM semihosting functions for loading images to memory. See the source
* code for more information.
*/
int smh_load(const char *fname, void *memp, int avail, int verbose);
int smh_read(int fd, void *memp, int len);
int smh_open(const char *fname, char *modestr);
int smh_close(int fd);
int smh_len_fd(int fd);
int smh_len(const char *fname);
#endif /* __SEMIHOSTING_H__ */
......@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_USE_ARCH_MEMCPY) += memcpy.o
else
obj-$(CONFIG_SPL_FRAMEWORK) += spl.o
endif
obj-$(CONFIG_SEMIHOSTING) += semihosting.o
obj-y += sections.o
ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
......
/*
* Copyright 2014 Broadcom Corporation
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
/*
* Minimal semihosting implementation for reading files into memory. If more
* features like writing files or console output are required they can be
* added later. This code has been tested on arm64/aarch64 fastmodel only.
* An untested placeholder exists for armv7 architectures, but since they
* are commonly available in silicon now, fastmodel usage makes less sense
* for them.
*/
#include <common.h>
#include <asm/semihosting.h>
#define SYSOPEN 0x01
#define SYSCLOSE 0x02
#define SYSREAD 0x06
#define SYSFLEN 0x0C
#define MODE_READ 0x0
#define MODE_READBIN 0x1
/*
* Call the handler
*/
static int smh_trap(unsigned int sysnum, void *addr)
{
register int result asm("r0");
#if defined(CONFIG_ARM64)
asm volatile ("hlt #0xf000" : "=r" (result) : "0"(sysnum), "r"(addr));
#else
/* Note - untested placeholder */
asm volatile ("svc #0x123456" : "=r" (result) : "0"(sysnum), "r"(addr));
#endif
return result;
}
/*
* Open, load a file into memory, and close it. Check that the available space
* is sufficient to store the entire file. Return the bytes actually read from
* the file as seen by the read function. The verbose flag enables some extra
* printing of successful read status.
*/
int smh_load(const char *fname, void *memp, int avail, int verbose)
{
int ret, fd, len;
ret = -1;
debug("%s: fname \'%s\', avail %u, memp %p\n", __func__, fname,
avail, memp);
/* Open the file */
fd = smh_open(fname, "rb");
if (fd == -1)
return ret;
/* Get the file length */
ret = smh_len_fd(fd);
if (ret == -1) {
smh_close(fd);
return ret;
}
/* Check that the file will fit in the supplied buffer */
if (ret > avail) {
printf("%s: ERROR ret %d, avail %u\n", __func__, ret,
avail);
smh_close(fd);
return ret;
}
len = ret;
/* Read the file into the buffer */
ret = smh_read(fd, memp, len);
if (ret == 0) {
/* Print successful load information if requested */
if (verbose) {
printf("\n%s\n", fname);
printf(" 0x%8p dest\n", memp);
printf(" 0x%08x size\n", len);
printf(" 0x%08x avail\n", avail);
}
}
/* Close the file */
smh_close(fd);
return ret;
}
/*
* Read 'len' bytes of file into 'memp'. Returns 0 on success, else failure
*/
int smh_read(int fd, void *memp, int len)
{
int ret;
struct smh_read_s {
int fd;
void *memp;
int len;
} read;
debug("%s: fd %d, memp %p, len %d\n", __func__, fd, memp, len);
read.fd = fd;
read.memp = memp;
read.len = len;
ret = smh_trap(SYSREAD, &read);
if (ret == 0) {
return 0;
} else {
/*
* The ARM handler allows for returning partial lengths,
* but in practice this never happens so rather than create
* hard to maintain partial read loops and such, just fail
* with an error message.
*/
printf("%s: ERROR ret %d, fd %d, len %u memp %p\n",
__func__, ret, fd, len, memp);
}
return ret;
}
/*
* Open a file on the host. Mode is "r" or "rb" currently. Returns a file
* descriptor or -1 on error.
*/
int smh_open(const char *fname, char *modestr)
{
int ret, fd, mode;
struct smh_open_s {
const char *fname;
unsigned int mode;
unsigned int len;
} open;
debug("%s: file \'%s\', mode \'%s\'\n", __func__, fname, modestr);
ret = -1;
/* Check the file mode */
if (!(strcmp(modestr, "r"))) {
mode = MODE_READ;
} else if (!(strcmp(modestr, "rb"))) {
mode = MODE_READBIN;
} else {
printf("%s: ERROR mode \'%s\' not supported\n", __func__,
modestr);
return ret;
}
open.fname = fname;
open.len = strlen(fname);
open.mode = mode;
/* Open the file on the host */
fd = smh_trap(SYSOPEN, &open);
if (fd == -1)
printf("%s: ERROR fd %d for file \'%s\'\n", __func__, fd,
fname);
return fd;
}
/*
* Close the file using the file descriptor
*/
int smh_close(int fd)
{
int ret;
long fdlong;
debug("%s: fd %d\n", __func__, fd);
fdlong = (long)fd;
ret = smh_trap(SYSCLOSE, &fdlong);
if (ret == -1)
printf("%s: ERROR fd %d\n", __func__, fd);
return ret;
}
/*
* Get the file length from the file descriptor
*/
int smh_len_fd(int fd)
{
int ret;
long fdlong;
debug("%s: fd %d\n", __func__, fd);
fdlong = (long)fd;
ret = smh_trap(SYSFLEN, &fdlong);
if (ret == -1)
printf("%s: ERROR ret %d\n", __func__, ret);
return ret;
}
/*
* Get the file length from the filename
*/
int smh_len(const char *fname)
{
int ret, fd, len;
debug("%s: file \'%s\'\n", __func__, fname);
/* Open the file */
fd = smh_open(fname, "rb");
if (fd == -1)
return fd;
/* Get the file length */
len = smh_len_fd(fd);
/* Close the file */
ret = smh_close(fd);
if (ret == -1)
return ret;
debug("%s: returning len %d\n", __func__, len);
/* Return the file length (or -1 error indication) */
return len;
}
......@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <netdev.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <asm/semihosting.h>
DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR;
......@@ -31,11 +32,6 @@ int dram_init(void)
return 0;
}
int timer_init(void)
{
return 0;
}
/*
* Board specific reset that is system reset.
*/
......@@ -43,6 +39,101 @@ void reset_cpu(ulong addr)
{
}
#ifdef CONFIG_BOARD_LATE_INIT
int board_late_init(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SEMIHOSTING
/*
* Please refer to doc/README.semihosting for a more complete
* description.
*
* We require that the board include file defines these env variables:
* - kernel_name
* - kernel_addr_r
* - initrd_name
* - initrd_addr_r
* - fdt_name
* - fdt_addr_r
*
* For the "fdt chosen" startup macro, this code will then define:
* - initrd_end (based on initrd_addr_r plus actual initrd_size)
*
* We will then load the kernel, initrd, and fdt into the specified
* locations in memory in a similar way that the ATF fastmodel code
* uses semihosting calls to load other boot stages and u-boot itself.
*/
/* Env variable strings */
char *kernel_name = getenv("kernel_name");
char *kernel_addr_str = getenv("kernel_addr_r");
char *initrd_name = getenv("initrd_name");
char *initrd_addr_str = getenv("initrd_addr_r");
char *fdt_name = getenv("fdt_name");
char *fdt_addr_str = getenv("fdt_addr_r");
char initrd_end_str[64];
/* Actual addresses converted from env variables */
void *kernel_addr_r;
void *initrd_addr_r;
void *fdt_addr_r;
/* Actual initrd base and size */
unsigned long initrd_base;
unsigned long initrd_size;
/* Space available */
int avail;
/* Make sure the environment variables needed are set */
if (!(kernel_addr_str && initrd_addr_str && fdt_addr_str)) {
printf("%s: Define {kernel/initrd/fdt}_addr_r\n", __func__);
return -1;
}
if (!(kernel_name && initrd_name && fdt_name)) {
printf("%s: Define {kernel/initrd/fdt}_name\n", __func__);
return -1;
}
/* Get exact initrd_size */
initrd_size = smh_len(initrd_name);
if (initrd_size == -1) {
printf("%s: Can't get file size for \'%s\'\n", __func__,
initrd_name);
return -1;
}
/* Set initrd_end */
initrd_base = simple_strtoul(initrd_addr_str, NULL, 16);
initrd_addr_r = (void *)initrd_base;
sprintf(initrd_end_str, "0x%lx", initrd_base + initrd_size - 1);
setenv("initrd_end", initrd_end_str);
/* Load kernel to memory */
fdt_addr_r = (void *)simple_strtoul(fdt_addr_str, NULL, 16);
kernel_addr_r = (void *)simple_strtoul(kernel_addr_str, NULL, 16);
/*
* The kernel must be lower in memory than fdt and loading the
* kernel must not trample the fdt or vice versa.
*/
avail = fdt_addr_r - kernel_addr_r;
if (avail < 0) {
printf("%s: fdt must be after kernel\n", __func__);
return -1;
}
smh_load(kernel_name, kernel_addr_r, avail, 1);
/* Load fdt to memory */
smh_load(fdt_name, fdt_addr_r, 0x20000, 1);
/* Load initrd to memory */
smh_load(initrd_name, initrd_addr_r, initrd_size, 1);
#endif /* CONFIG_SEMIHOSTING */
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_BOARD_LATE_INIT */
/*
* Board specific ethernet initialization routine.
*/
......
......@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
###########################################################################################################
Active aarch64 armv8 - armltd vexpress64 vexpress_aemv8a vexpress_aemv8a:ARM64 David Feng <fenghua@phytium.com.cn>
Active aarch64 armv8 - armltd vexpress64 vexpress_aemv8a_semi vexpress_aemv8a:ARM64,SEMIHOSTING,BASE_FVP Steve Rae <srae@broadcom.com>
Active arc arc700 - synopsys - axs101 - Alexey Brodkin <abrodkin@synopsys.com>
Active arc arc700 - synopsys <none> arcangel4 - Alexey Brodkin <abrodkin@synopsys.com>
Active arc arc700 - synopsys <none> arcangel4-be - Alexey Brodkin <abrodkin@synopsys.com>
......
/*
* Copyright 2014 Broadcom Corporation.
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
Semihosting is ARM's way of having a real or virtual target communicate
with a host or host debugger for basic operations such as file I/O,
console I/O, etc. Please see
http://infocenter.arm.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.arm.doc.dui0471c/Bgbjjgij.html for more information.
For developing on armv8 virtual fastmodel platforms, semihosting is a
valuable tool since it allows access to image/configuration files before
eMMC or other NV media are available.
There are two main ARM virtual Fixed Virtual Platform (FVP) models,
Versatile Express (VE) FVP and BASE FVP (See
http://www.arm.com/products/tools/models/fast-models/foundation-model.php)
The initial vexpress64 u-boot board created here runs on the VE virtual
platform using the license-free Foundation_v8 simulator. Fortunately,
the Foundation_v8 simulator also supports the BASE_FVP model which
companies can purchase licenses for and contain much more functionality.
So we can, in u-boot, run either model by either using the VE FVP (default),
or turning on CONFIG_BASE_FVP for the more full featured model.
Rather than create a new armv8 board similar to armltd/vexpress64, add
semihosting calls to the existing one, enabled with CONFIG_SEMIHOSTING
and CONFIG_BASE_FVP both set. Also reuse the existing board config file
vexpress_aemv8a.h but differentiate the two models by the presence or
absence of CONFIG_BASE_FVP. This change is tested and works on both the
Foundation and Base fastmodel simulators.
The level of semihosting support is minimal, restricted to just what it
takes to load images to memory. If more semihosting functionality is
required, such as file seek, outputting strings, reading characters, etc,
then it can be easily added later.
We require that the board include file define these env variables:
- kernel_name e.g. "uImage"
- kernel_addr_r e.g. "0x80000000"
- initrd_name e.g. "ramdisk.img"
- initrd_addr_r e.g. "0x88000000"
- fdt_name e.g. "devtree.dtb"
- fdt_addr_r e.g. "0x83000000"
Optionally, "fdt_high" and "initrd_high" can be specified as per
their rules for allowing or preventing copying of these images.
For the "fdt chosen" startup macro, this code will then define:
- initrd_end (based on retrieving initrd_addr_r plus actual initrd_size)
We will then load the kernel, initrd, and fdt into the specified
locations in memory in a similar way that the ATF fastmodel code
uses semihosting calls to load other boot stages and u-boot itself.
......@@ -10,9 +10,20 @@
#define DEBUG
#ifdef CONFIG_BASE_FVP
#ifndef CONFIG_SEMIHOSTING
#error CONFIG_BASE_FVP requires CONFIG_SEMIHOSTING
#endif
#define CONFIG_BOARD_LATE_INIT
#define CONFIG_ARMV8_SWITCH_TO_EL1
#endif
#define CONFIG_REMAKE_ELF
#ifndef CONFIG_BASE_FVP
/* Base FVP not using GICv3 yet */
#define CONFIG_GICV3
#endif
/*#define CONFIG_ARMV8_SWITCH_TO_EL1*/
......@@ -30,8 +41,14 @@
#define CONFIG_BOOTP_VCI_STRING "U-boot.armv8.vexpress_aemv8a"
/* Link Definitions */
#ifdef CONFIG_BASE_FVP
/* ATF loads u-boot here for BASE_FVP model */
#define CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE 0x88000000
#define CONFIG_SYS_INIT_SP_ADDR (CONFIG_SYS_SDRAM_BASE + 0x03f00000)
#else
#define CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE 0x80000000
#define CONFIG_SYS_INIT_SP_ADDR (CONFIG_SYS_SDRAM_BASE + 0x7fff0)
#endif
/* Flat Device Tree Definitions */
#define CONFIG_OF_LIBFDT
......@@ -39,7 +56,11 @@
#define CONFIG_DEFAULT_DEVICE_TREE vexpress64
/* SMP Spin Table Definitions */
#ifdef CONFIG_BASE_FVP
#define CPU_RELEASE_ADDR (CONFIG_SYS_SDRAM_BASE + 0x03f00000)
#else
#define CPU_RELEASE_ADDR (CONFIG_SYS_SDRAM_BASE + 0x7fff0)
#endif
/* CS register bases for the original memory map. */
#define V2M_PA_CS0 0x00000000
......@@ -99,9 +120,15 @@
#define GICD_BASE (0x2f000000)
#define GICR_BASE (0x2f100000)
#else
#ifdef CONFIG_BASE_FVP
#define GICD_BASE (0x2f000000)
#define GICC_BASE (0x2c000000)
#else
#define GICD_BASE (0x2C001000)
#define GICC_BASE (0x2C002000)
#endif
#endif
#define CONFIG_SYS_MEMTEST_START V2M_BASE
#define CONFIG_SYS_MEMTEST_END (V2M_BASE + 0x80000000)
......@@ -121,7 +148,6 @@
#define CONFIG_CONS_INDEX 0
#define CONFIG_BAUDRATE 115200
#define CONFIG_SYS_BAUDRATE_TABLE { 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200 }
#define CONFIG_SYS_SERIAL0 V2M_UART0
#define CONFIG_SYS_SERIAL1 V2M_UART1
......@@ -165,17 +191,41 @@
#define CONFIG_SYS_SDRAM_BASE PHYS_SDRAM_1
/* Initial environment variables */
#ifdef CONFIG_BASE_FVP
#define CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS \
"kernel_name=uImage\0" \
"kernel_addr_r=0x80000000\0" \
"initrd_name=ramdisk.img\0" \
"initrd_addr_r=0x88000000\0" \
"fdt_name=devtree.dtb\0" \
"fdt_addr_r=0x83000000\0" \
"fdt_high=0xffffffffffffffff\0" \
"initrd_high=0xffffffffffffffff\0"
#define CONFIG_BOOTARGS "console=ttyAMA0 earlyprintk=pl011,"\
"0x1c090000 debug user_debug=31 "\
"loglevel=9"
#define CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND "fdt addr $fdt_addr_r; fdt resize; " \
"fdt chosen $initrd_addr_r $initrd_end; " \
"bootm $kernel_addr_r - $fdt_addr_r"
#define CONFIG_BOOTDELAY 1
#else
#define CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS \
"kernel_addr=0x200000\0" \
"initrd_addr=0xa00000\0" \
"kernel_addr_r=0x200000\0" \
"initrd_addr_r=0xa00000\0" \
"initrd_size=0x2000000\0" \
"fdt_addr=0x100000\0" \
"fdt_addr_r=0x100000\0" \
"fdt_high=0xa0000000\0"
#define CONFIG_BOOTARGS "console=ttyAMA0 root=/dev/ram0"
#define CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND "bootm $kernel_addr " \
"$initrd_addr:$initrd_size $fdt_addr"
#define CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND "bootm $kernel_addr_r " \
"$initrd_addr_r:$initrd_size $fdt_addr_r"
#define CONFIG_BOOTDELAY -1
#endif
/* Do not preserve environment */
#define CONFIG_ENV_IS_NOWHERE 1
......@@ -187,7 +237,6 @@
#define CONFIG_SYS_PBSIZE (CONFIG_SYS_CBSIZE + \
sizeof(CONFIG_SYS_PROMPT) + 16)
#define CONFIG_SYS_HUSH_PARSER
#define CONFIG_SYS_PROMPT_HUSH_PS2 "> "
#define CONFIG_SYS_BARGSIZE CONFIG_SYS_CBSIZE
#define CONFIG_SYS_LONGHELP
#define CONFIG_CMDLINE_EDITING 1
......
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