Commit cba4b180 authored by Aneesh V's avatar Aneesh V Committed by Albert ARIBAUD
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arm: do not force d-cache enable on all boards


 added dcache_enable()
to board_init_r(). This enables d-cache for all ARM boards.
As a result some of the arm boards that are not cache-ready
are broken. Revert this change and allow platform code to
take the decision on d-cache enabling.

Also add some documentation for cache usage in ARM.
Signed-off-by: default avatarAneesh V <>
parent 98a48c5d
......@@ -452,11 +452,9 @@ void board_init_r(gd_t *id, ulong dest_addr)
gd->flags |= GD_FLG_RELOC; /* tell others: relocation done */
monitor_flash_len = _end_ofs;
* Enable D$:
* I$, if needed, must be already enabled in start.S
/* Enable caches */
debug("monitor flash len: %08lX\n", monitor_flash_len);
board_init(); /* Setup chipselects */
......@@ -53,3 +53,15 @@ void __flush_dcache_all(void)
void flush_dcache_all(void)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__flush_dcache_all")));
* Default implementation of enable_caches()
* Real implementation should be in platform code
void __enable_caches(void)
puts("WARNING: Caches not enabled\n");
void enable_caches(void)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__enable_caches")));
Disabling I-cache:
Disabling D-cache:
Enabling I-cache:
- Make sure CONFIG_SYS_ICACHE_OFF is not set and call icache_enable().
Enabling D-cache:
- Make sure CONFIG_SYS_DCACHE_OFF is not set and call dcache_enable().
Enabling Caches at System Startup:
- Implement enable_caches() for your platform and enable the I-cache and
D-cache from this function. This function is called immediately
after relocation.
Guidelines for Working with D-cache:
Memory to Peripheral DMA:
- Flush the buffer after the MPU writes the data and before the DMA is
Peripheral to Memory DMA:
- Invalidate the buffer before starting the DMA. In case there are any dirty
lines from the DMA buffer in the cache, subsequent cache-line replacements
may corrupt the buffer in memory while the DMA is still going on. Cache-line
replacement can happen if the CPU tries to bring some other memory locations
into the cache while the DMA is going on.
- Invalidate the buffer after the DMA is complete and before the MPU reads
it. This may be needed in addition to the invalidation before the DMA
mentioned above, because in some processors memory contents can spontaneously
come to the cache due to speculative memory access by the CPU. If this
happens with the DMA buffer while DMA is going on we have a coherency problem.
Buffer Requirements:
- Any buffer that is invalidated(that is, typically the peripheral to
memory DMA buffer) should be aligned to cache-line boundary both at
at the beginning and at the end of the buffer.
- If the buffer is not cache-line aligned invalidation will be restricted
to the aligned part. That is, one cache-line at the respective boundary
may be left out while doing invalidation.
Cleanup Before Linux:
- cleanup_before_linux() should flush the D-cache, invalidate I-cache, and
disable MMU and caches.
- The following sequence is advisable while disabling d-cache:
1. disable_dcache() - flushes and disables d-cache
2. invalidate_dcache_all() - invalid any entry that came to the cache
in the short period after the cache was flushed but before the
cache got disabled.
......@@ -616,6 +616,7 @@ ulong lcd_setmem (ulong);
ulong video_setmem (ulong);
/* arch/$(ARCH)/lib/cache.c */
void enable_caches(void);
void flush_cache (unsigned long, unsigned long);
void flush_dcache_all(void);
void flush_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop);
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