Commit d1389403 authored by Simon Glass's avatar Simon Glass
Browse files

Add a dhrystone benchmark command



Drystone provides a convenient sanity check that the CPU is running at full
speed. Add this as a command which can be enabled as needed.

Note: I investigated using Coremark for this but there was a license
agreement and I could not work out if it was GPL-compatible.
Signed-off-by: default avatarSimon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>
parent b217c89e
......@@ -50,6 +50,8 @@ config LIB_RAND
help
This library provides pseudo-random number generator functions.
source lib/dhry/Kconfig
source lib/rsa/Kconfig
menu "Hashing Support"
......
......@@ -15,6 +15,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BZIP2) += bzip2/
obj-$(CONFIG_TIZEN) += tizen/
obj-$(CONFIG_OF_LIBFDT) += libfdt/
obj-$(CONFIG_FIT) += libfdt/
obj-$(CONFIG_FIT) += libfdt/
obj-$(CONFIG_CMD_DHRYSTONE) += dhry/
obj-$(CONFIG_AES) += aes.o
obj-$(CONFIG_USB_TTY) += circbuf.o
......
config CMD_DHRYSTONE
bool "Support the 'dhry' command to run the dhrystone benchmark"
help
Dhrystone is an old benchmark in the public domain that gives a
rough idea of CPU performance. This enables a 'dhry' command
which runs this benchmark within U-Boot and reports the performance.
The number of 'Dhrystone MIPS' is also reported.
#
# Copyright (c) 2015 Google, Inc
#
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
#
obj-y += cmd_dhry.o dhry_1.o dhry_2.o
/*
* (C) Copyright 2015 Google, Inc
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
#include <common.h>
#include <command.h>
#include "dhry.h"
static int do_dhry(cmd_tbl_t *cmdtp, int flag, int argc, char * const argv[])
{
ulong start, duration, dhry_per_sec, vax_mips;
int iterations = 1000000;
if (argc > 1)
iterations = simple_strtoul(argv[1], NULL, 10);
start = get_timer(0);
dhry(iterations);
duration = get_timer(start);
dhry_per_sec = iterations * 1000 / duration;
vax_mips = dhry_per_sec / 1757;
printf("%d iterations in %lu ms: %lu/s, %lu DMIPS\n", iterations,
duration, dhry_per_sec, vax_mips);
return 0;
}
U_BOOT_CMD(
dhry, 2, 1, do_dhry,
"[iterations] - run dhrystone benchmark",
"\n - run the Dhrystone 2.1 benchmark, a rough measure of CPU speed\n"
);
/*
* (C) Copyright 2015 Google, Inc
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*
* Dhrystone is widely available in the public domain. A GPL license is
* chosen for U-Boot.
*/
/*****************************************************************************
* The BYTE UNIX Benchmarks - Release 3
* Module: dhry.h SID: 3.4 5/15/91 19:30:21
*
*****************************************************************************
* Bug reports, patches, comments, suggestions should be sent to:
*
* Ben Smith, Rick Grehan or Tom Yager
* ben@bytepb.byte.com rick_g@bytepb.byte.com tyager@bytepb.byte.com
*
*****************************************************************************
* Modification Log:
* addapted from:
*
*
* "DHRYSTONE" Benchmark Program
* -----------------------------
*
* Version: C, Version 2.1
*
* File: dhry.h (part 1 of 3)
*
* Date: May 25, 1988
*
* Author: Reinhold P. Weicker
* Siemens AG, AUT E 51
* Postfach 3220
* 8520 Erlangen
* Germany (West)
* Phone: [+49]-9131-7-20330
* (8-17 Central European Time)
* Usenet: ..!mcvax!unido!estevax!weicker
*
* Original Version (in Ada) published in
* "Communications of the ACM" vol. 27., no. 10 (Oct. 1984),
* pp. 1013 - 1030, together with the statistics
* on which the distribution of statements etc. is based.
*
* In this C version, the following C library functions are used:
* - strcpy, strcmp (inside the measurement loop)
* - printf, scanf (outside the measurement loop)
* In addition, Berkeley UNIX system calls "times ()" or "time ()"
* are used for execution time measurement. For measurements
* on other systems, these calls have to be changed.
*
* Collection of Results:
* Reinhold Weicker (address see above) and
*
* Rick Richardson
* PC Research. Inc.
* 94 Apple Orchard Drive
* Tinton Falls, NJ 07724
* Phone: (201) 834-1378 (9-17 EST)
* Usenet: ...!seismo!uunet!pcrat!rick
*
* Please send results to Rick Richardson and/or Reinhold Weicker.
* Complete information should be given on hardware and software used.
* Hardware information includes: Machine type, CPU, type and size
* of caches; for microprocessors: clock frequency, memory speed
* (number of wait states).
* Software information includes: Compiler (and runtime library)
* manufacturer and version, compilation switches, OS version.
* The Operating System version may give an indication about the
* compiler; Dhrystone itself performs no OS calls in the measurement loop.
*
* The complete output generated by the program should be mailed
* such that at least some checks for correctness can be made.
*
***************************************************************************
*
* History: This version C/2.1 has been made for two reasons:
*
* 1) There is an obvious need for a common C version of
* Dhrystone, since C is at present the most popular system
* programming language for the class of processors
* (microcomputers, minicomputers) where Dhrystone is used most.
* There should be, as far as possible, only one C version of
* Dhrystone such that results can be compared without
* restrictions. In the past, the C versions distributed
* by Rick Richardson (Version 1.1) and by Reinhold Weicker
* had small (though not significant) differences.
*
* 2) As far as it is possible without changes to the Dhrystone
* statistics, optimizing compilers should be prevented from
* removing significant statements.
*
* This C version has been developed in cooperation with
* Rick Richardson (Tinton Falls, NJ), it incorporates many
* ideas from the "Version 1.1" distributed previously by
* him over the UNIX network Usenet.
* I also thank Chaim Benedelac (National Semiconductor),
* David Ditzel (SUN), Earl Killian and John Mashey (MIPS),
* Alan Smith and Rafael Saavedra-Barrera (UC at Berkeley)
* for their help with comments on earlier versions of the
* benchmark.
*
* Changes: In the initialization part, this version follows mostly
* Rick Richardson's version distributed via Usenet, not the
* version distributed earlier via floppy disk by Reinhold Weicker.
* As a concession to older compilers, names have been made
* unique within the first 8 characters.
* Inside the measurement loop, this version follows the
* version previously distributed by Reinhold Weicker.
*
* At several places in the benchmark, code has been added,
* but within the measurement loop only in branches that
* are not executed. The intention is that optimizing compilers
* should be prevented from moving code out of the measurement
* loop, or from removing code altogether. Since the statements
* that are executed within the measurement loop have NOT been
* changed, the numbers defining the "Dhrystone distribution"
* (distribution of statements, operand types and locality)
* still hold. Except for sophisticated optimizing compilers,
* execution times for this version should be the same as
* for previous versions.
*
* Since it has proven difficult to subtract the time for the
* measurement loop overhead in a correct way, the loop check
* has been made a part of the benchmark. This does have
* an impact - though a very minor one - on the distribution
* statistics which have been updated for this version.
*
* All changes within the measurement loop are described
* and discussed in the companion paper "Rationale for
* Dhrystone version 2".
*
* Because of the self-imposed limitation that the order and
* distribution of the executed statements should not be
* changed, there are still cases where optimizing compilers
* may not generate code for some statements. To a certain
* degree, this is unavoidable for small synthetic benchmarks.
* Users of the benchmark are advised to check code listings
* whether code is generated for all statements of Dhrystone.
*
* Version 2.1 is identical to version 2.0 distributed via
* the UNIX network Usenet in March 1988 except that it corrects
* some minor deficiencies that were found by users of version 2.0.
* The only change within the measurement loop is that a
* non-executed "else" part was added to the "if" statement in
* Func_3, and a non-executed "else" part removed from Proc_3.
*
***************************************************************************
*
* Defines: The following "Defines" are possible:
* -DREG=register (default: Not defined)
* As an approximation to what an average C programmer
* might do, the "register" storage class is applied
* (if enabled by -DREG=register)
* - for local variables, if they are used (dynamically)
* five or more times
* - for parameters if they are used (dynamically)
* six or more times
* Note that an optimal "register" strategy is
* compiler-dependent, and that "register" declarations
* do not necessarily lead to faster execution.
* -DNOSTRUCTASSIGN (default: Not defined)
* Define if the C compiler does not support
* assignment of structures.
* -DNOENUMS (default: Not defined)
* Define if the C compiler does not support
* enumeration types.
* -DTIMES (default)
* -DTIME
* The "times" function of UNIX (returning process times)
* or the "time" function (returning wallclock time)
* is used for measurement.
* For single user machines, "time ()" is adequate. For
* multi-user machines where you cannot get single-user
* access, use the "times ()" function. If you have
* neither, use a stopwatch in the dead of night.
* "printf"s are provided marking the points "Start Timer"
* and "Stop Timer". DO NOT use the UNIX "time(1)"
* command, as this will measure the total time to
* run this program, which will (erroneously) include
* the time to allocate storage (malloc) and to perform
* the initialization.
* -DHZ=nnn
* In Berkeley UNIX, the function "times" returns process
* time in 1/HZ seconds, with HZ = 60 for most systems.
* CHECK YOUR SYSTEM DESCRIPTION BEFORE YOU JUST APPLY
* A VALUE.
*
***************************************************************************
*
* Compilation model and measurement (IMPORTANT):
*
* This C version of Dhrystone consists of three files:
* - dhry.h (this file, containing global definitions and comments)
* - dhry_1.c (containing the code corresponding to Ada package Pack_1)
* - dhry_2.c (containing the code corresponding to Ada package Pack_2)
*
* The following "ground rules" apply for measurements:
* - Separate compilation
* - No procedure merging
* - Otherwise, compiler optimizations are allowed but should be indicated
* - Default results are those without register declarations
* See the companion paper "Rationale for Dhrystone Version 2" for a more
* detailed discussion of these ground rules.
*
* For 16-Bit processors (e.g. 80186, 80286), times for all compilation
* models ("small", "medium", "large" etc.) should be given if possible,
* together with a definition of these models for the compiler system used.
*
**************************************************************************
*
* Dhrystone (C version) statistics:
*
* [Comment from the first distribution, updated for version 2.
* Note that because of language differences, the numbers are slightly
* different from the Ada version.]
*
* The following program contains statements of a high level programming
* language (here: C) in a distribution considered representative:
*
* assignments 52 (51.0 %)
* control statements 33 (32.4 %)
* procedure, function calls 17 (16.7 %)
*
* 103 statements are dynamically executed. The program is balanced with
* respect to the three aspects:
*
* - statement type
* - operand type
* - operand locality
* operand global, local, parameter, or constant.
*
* The combination of these three aspects is balanced only approximately.
*
* 1. Statement Type:
* ----------------- number
*
* V1 = V2 9
* (incl. V1 = F(..)
* V = Constant 12
* Assignment, 7
* with array element
* Assignment, 6
* with record component
* --
* 34 34
*
* X = Y +|-|"&&"|"|" Z 5
* X = Y +|-|"==" Constant 6
* X = X +|- 1 3
* X = Y *|/ Z 2
* X = Expression, 1
* two operators
* X = Expression, 1
* three operators
* --
* 18 18
*
* if .... 14
* with "else" 7
* without "else" 7
* executed 3
* not executed 4
* for ... 7 | counted every time
* while ... 4 | the loop condition
* do ... while 1 | is evaluated
* switch ... 1
* break 1
* declaration with 1
* initialization
* --
* 34 34
*
* P (...) procedure call 11
* user procedure 10
* library procedure 1
* X = F (...)
* function call 6
* user function 5
* library function 1
* --
* 17 17
* ---
* 103
*
* The average number of parameters in procedure or function calls
* is 1.82 (not counting the function values as implicit parameters).
*
*
* 2. Operators
* ------------
* number approximate
* percentage
*
* Arithmetic 32 50.8
*
* + 21 33.3
* - 7 11.1
* * 3 4.8
* / (int div) 1 1.6
*
* Comparison 27 42.8
*
* == 9 14.3
* /= 4 6.3
* > 1 1.6
* < 3 4.8
* >= 1 1.6
* <= 9 14.3
*
* Logic 4 6.3
*
* && (AND-THEN) 1 1.6
* | (OR) 1 1.6
* ! (NOT) 2 3.2
*
* -- -----
* 63 100.1
*
*
* 3. Operand Type (counted once per operand reference):
* ---------------
* number approximate
* percentage
*
* Integer 175 72.3 %
* Character 45 18.6 %
* Pointer 12 5.0 %
* String30 6 2.5 %
* Array 2 0.8 %
* Record 2 0.8 %
* --- -------
* 242 100.0 %
*
* When there is an access path leading to the final operand (e.g. a record
* component), only the final data type on the access path is counted.
*
*
* 4. Operand Locality:
* -------------------
* number approximate
* percentage
*
* local variable 114 47.1 %
* global variable 22 9.1 %
* parameter 45 18.6 %
* value 23 9.5 %
* reference 22 9.1 %
* function result 6 2.5 %
* constant 55 22.7 %
* --- -------
* 242 100.0 %
*
*
* The program does not compute anything meaningful, but it is syntactically
* and semantically correct. All variables have a value assigned to them
* before they are used as a source operand.
*
* There has been no explicit effort to account for the effects of a
* cache, or to balance the use of long or short displacements for code or
* data.
*
***************************************************************************
*/
/* Compiler and system dependent definitions: */
#ifndef TIME
#define TIMES
#endif
/* Use times(2) time function unless */
/* explicitly defined otherwise */
#define Mic_secs_Per_Second 1000000.0
/* Berkeley UNIX C returns process times in seconds/HZ */
#ifdef NOSTRUCTASSIGN
#define structassign(d, s) memcpy(&(d), &(s), sizeof(d))
#else
#define structassign(d, s) d = s
#endif
#ifdef NOENUM
#define Ident_1 0
#define Ident_2 1
#define Ident_3 2
#define Ident_4 3
#define Ident_5 4
typedef int Enumeration;
#else
typedef enum {Ident_1, Ident_2, Ident_3, Ident_4, Ident_5}
Enumeration;
#endif
/* for boolean and enumeration types in Ada, Pascal */
/* General definitions: */
#define Null 0
/* Value of a Null pointer */
#define true 1
#define false 0
typedef int One_Thirty;
typedef int One_Fifty;
typedef char Capital_Letter;
typedef int Boolean;
typedef char Str_30 [31];
typedef int Arr_1_Dim [50];
typedef int Arr_2_Dim [50] [50];
typedef struct record
{
struct record *Ptr_Comp;
Enumeration Discr;
union {
struct {
Enumeration Enum_Comp;
int Int_Comp;
char Str_Comp [31];
} var_1;
struct {
Enumeration E_Comp_2;
char Str_2_Comp [31];
} var_2;
struct {
char Ch_1_Comp;
char Ch_2_Comp;
} var_3;
} variant;
} Rec_Type, *Rec_Pointer;
/*
* dhry() - run dhrystone for a given number of iterations
*
* @iterations: Number of iterations to run
*/
void dhry(int iterations);
/*
* (C) Copyright 2015 Google, Inc
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*
* Dhrystone is widely available in the public domain. A GPL license is
* chosen for U-Boot.
*/
/*****************************************************************************
* The BYTE UNIX Benchmarks - Release 3
* Module: dhry_1.c SID: 3.4 5/15/91 19:30:21
*
*****************************************************************************
* Bug reports, patches, comments, suggestions should be sent to:
*
* Ben Smith, Rick Grehan or Tom Yager
* ben@bytepb.byte.com rick_g@bytepb.byte.com tyager@bytepb.byte.com
*
*****************************************************************************
*
* *** WARNING **** With BYTE's modifications applied, results obtained with
* ******* this version of the Dhrystone program may not be applicable
* to other versions.
*
* Modification Log:
* 10/22/97 - code cleanup to remove ANSI C compiler warnings
* Andy Kahn <kahn@zk3.dec.com>
*
* Adapted from:
*
* "DHRYSTONE" Benchmark Program
* -----------------------------
*
* Version: C, Version 2.1
*
* File: dhry_1.c (part 2 of 3)
*
* Date: May 25, 1988
*
* Author: Reinhold P. Weicker
*
***************************************************************************/
char SCCSid[] = "@(#) @(#)dhry_1.c:3.4 -- 5/15/91 19:30:21";
#include <common.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include "dhry.h"
unsigned long Run_Index;
void report(void)
{
printf("%ld loops\n", Run_Index);
}
/* Global Variables: */
Rec_Pointer Ptr_Glob,
Next_Ptr_Glob;
int Int_Glob;
Boolean Bool_Glob;
char Ch_1_Glob,
Ch_2_Glob;
int Arr_1_Glob [50];
int Arr_2_Glob [50] [50];
Enumeration Func_1 (Capital_Letter Ch_1_Par_Val, Capital_Letter Ch_2_Par_Val);
/* forward declaration necessary since Enumeration may not simply be int */
#ifndef REG
Boolean Reg = false;
#define REG
/* REG becomes defined as empty */
/* i.e. no register variables */
#else
Boolean Reg = true;
#endif
/* variables for time measurement: */
#ifdef TIMES
#define Too_Small_Time 120
/* Measurements should last at least about 2 seconds */
#endif
#ifdef TIME
extern long time();
/* see library function "time" */
#define Too_Small_Time 2
/* Measurements should last at least 2 seconds */
#endif
long Begin_Time,
End_Time,
User_Time;
/* end of variables for time measurement */
void Proc_1 (REG Rec_Pointer Ptr_Val_Par);
void Proc_2 (One_Fifty *Int_Par_Ref);
void Proc_3 (Rec_Pointer *Ptr_Ref_Par);
void Proc_4 (void);
void Proc_5 (void);
extern Boolean Func_2(Str_30, Str_30);
extern void Proc_6(Enumeration, Enumeration *);
extern void Proc_7(One_Fifty, One_Fifty, One_Fifty *);
extern void Proc_8(Arr_1_Dim, Arr_2_Dim, int, int);
void dhry(int Number_Of_Runs)
/* main program, corresponds to procedures */
/* Main and Proc_0 in the Ada version */
{
One_Fifty Int_1_Loc;
REG One_Fifty Int_2_Loc;
One_Fifty Int_3_Loc;
REG char Ch_Index;
Enumeration Enum_Loc;
Str_30 Str_1_Loc;
Str_30 Str_2_Loc;
/* Initializations */
Next_Ptr_Glob = (Rec_Pointer) malloc (sizeof (Rec_Type));
Ptr_Glob = (Rec_Pointer) malloc (sizeof (Rec_Type));
Ptr_Glob->Ptr_Comp = Next_Ptr_Glob;
Ptr_Glob->Discr = Ident_1;
Ptr_Glob->variant.var_1.Enum_Comp = Ident_3;