Commit d52ebf10 authored by Thomas Chou's avatar Thomas Chou Committed by Andy Fleming

mmc: add generic mmc spi driver

This patch supports mmc/sd card with spi interface. It is based on
the generic mmc framework. It works with SDHC and supports multi
blocks read/write.

The crc checksum on data packet is enabled with the def,

There is a subcomamnd "mmc_spi" to setup spi bus and cs at run time.
Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndy Fleming <afleming@freescale.com>
parent 5f837c2c
......@@ -118,6 +118,7 @@ COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_MII) += miiphyutil.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_MII) += cmd_mii.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_MISC) += cmd_misc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_MMC) += cmd_mmc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_MMC_SPI) += cmd_mmc_spi.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_MP) += cmd_mp.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_MTDPARTS) += cmd_mtdparts.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_CMD_NAND) += cmd_nand.o
......
/*
* Command for mmc_spi setup.
*
* Copyright (C) 2010 Thomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>
* Licensed under the GPL-2 or later.
*/
#include <common.h>
#include <mmc.h>
#include <spi.h>
#ifndef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_BUS
# define CONFIG_MMC_SPI_BUS 0
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_CS
# define CONFIG_MMC_SPI_CS 1
#endif
/* in SPI mode, MMC speed limit is 20MHz, while SD speed limit is 25MHz */
#ifndef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_SPEED
# define CONFIG_MMC_SPI_SPEED 25000000
#endif
/* MMC and SD specs only seem to care that sampling is on the
* rising edge ... meaning SPI modes 0 or 3. So either SPI mode
* should be legit. We'll use mode 0 since the steady state is 0,
* which is appropriate for hotplugging, unless the platform data
* specify mode 3 (if hardware is not compatible to mode 0).
*/
#ifndef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_MODE
# define CONFIG_MMC_SPI_MODE SPI_MODE_0
#endif
static int do_mmc_spi(cmd_tbl_t *cmdtp, int flag, int argc, char * const argv[])
{
uint bus = CONFIG_MMC_SPI_BUS;
uint cs = CONFIG_MMC_SPI_CS;
uint speed = CONFIG_MMC_SPI_SPEED;
uint mode = CONFIG_MMC_SPI_MODE;
char *endp;
struct mmc *mmc;
if (argc < 2)
goto usage;
cs = simple_strtoul(argv[1], &endp, 0);
if (*argv[1] == 0 || (*endp != 0 && *endp != ':'))
goto usage;
if (*endp == ':') {
if (endp[1] == 0)
goto usage;
bus = cs;
cs = simple_strtoul(endp + 1, &endp, 0);
if (*endp != 0)
goto usage;
}
if (argc >= 3) {
speed = simple_strtoul(argv[2], &endp, 0);
if (*argv[2] == 0 || *endp != 0)
goto usage;
}
if (argc >= 4) {
mode = simple_strtoul(argv[3], &endp, 16);
if (*argv[3] == 0 || *endp != 0)
goto usage;
}
if (!spi_cs_is_valid(bus, cs)) {
printf("Invalid SPI bus %u cs %u\n", bus, cs);
return 1;
}
mmc = mmc_spi_init(bus, cs, speed, mode);
if (!mmc) {
printf("Failed to create MMC Device\n");
return 1;
}
printf("%s: %d at %u:%u hz %u mode %u\n", mmc->name, mmc->block_dev.dev,
bus, cs, speed, mode);
return 0;
usage:
cmd_usage(cmdtp);
return 1;
}
U_BOOT_CMD(
mmc_spi, 4, 0, do_mmc_spi,
"mmc_spi setup",
"[bus:]cs [hz] [mode] - setup mmc_spi device"
);
......@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ COBJS-$(CONFIG_DAVINCI_MMC) += davinci_mmc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_FSL_ESDHC) += fsl_esdhc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_MMC) += mmc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ATMEL_MCI) += gen_atmel_mci.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_MMC_SPI) += mmc_spi.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_MXC_MMC) += mxcmmc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_OMAP3_MMC) += omap3_mmc.o
COBJS-$(CONFIG_OMAP_HSMMC) += omap_hsmmc.o
......
......@@ -117,7 +117,10 @@ mmc_write_blocks(struct mmc *mmc, ulong start, lbaint_t blkcnt, const void*src)
return 0;
}
if (blkcnt > 1) {
/* SPI multiblock writes terminate using a special
* token, not a STOP_TRANSMISSION request.
*/
if (!mmc_host_is_spi(mmc) && blkcnt > 1) {
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_STOP_TRANSMISSION;
cmd.cmdarg = 0;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R1b;
......@@ -279,7 +282,8 @@ sd_send_op_cond(struct mmc *mmc)
* how to manage low voltages SD card is not yet
* specified.
*/
cmd.cmdarg = mmc->voltages & 0xff8000;
cmd.cmdarg = mmc_host_is_spi(mmc) ? 0 :
(mmc->voltages & 0xff8000);
if (mmc->version == SD_VERSION_2)
cmd.cmdarg |= OCR_HCS;
......@@ -298,6 +302,18 @@ sd_send_op_cond(struct mmc *mmc)
if (mmc->version != SD_VERSION_2)
mmc->version = SD_VERSION_1_0;
if (mmc_host_is_spi(mmc)) { /* read OCR for spi */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SPI_READ_OCR;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R3;
cmd.cmdarg = 0;
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
if (err)
return err;
}
mmc->ocr = cmd.response[0];
mmc->high_capacity = ((mmc->ocr & OCR_HCS) == OCR_HCS);
......@@ -318,7 +334,8 @@ int mmc_send_op_cond(struct mmc *mmc)
do {
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SEND_OP_COND;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R3;
cmd.cmdarg = OCR_HCS | mmc->voltages;
cmd.cmdarg = OCR_HCS | (mmc_host_is_spi(mmc) ? 0 :
mmc->voltages);
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
......@@ -332,6 +349,18 @@ int mmc_send_op_cond(struct mmc *mmc)
if (timeout <= 0)
return UNUSABLE_ERR;
if (mmc_host_is_spi(mmc)) { /* read OCR for spi */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SPI_READ_OCR;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R3;
cmd.cmdarg = 0;
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
if (err)
return err;
}
mmc->version = MMC_VERSION_UNKNOWN;
mmc->ocr = cmd.response[0];
......@@ -387,6 +416,9 @@ int mmc_change_freq(struct mmc *mmc)
mmc->card_caps = 0;
if (mmc_host_is_spi(mmc))
return 0;
/* Only version 4 supports high-speed */
if (mmc->version < MMC_VERSION_4)
return 0;
......@@ -460,6 +492,9 @@ int sd_change_freq(struct mmc *mmc)
mmc->card_caps = 0;
if (mmc_host_is_spi(mmc))
return 0;
/* Read the SCR to find out if this card supports higher speeds */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_APP_CMD;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R1;
......@@ -610,8 +645,22 @@ int mmc_startup(struct mmc *mmc)
struct mmc_cmd cmd;
char ext_csd[512];
#ifdef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_CRC_ON
if (mmc_host_is_spi(mmc)) { /* enable CRC check for spi */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SPI_CRC_ON_OFF;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R1;
cmd.cmdarg = 1;
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
if (err)
return err;
}
#endif
/* Put the Card in Identify Mode */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_ALL_SEND_CID;
cmd.cmdidx = mmc_host_is_spi(mmc) ? MMC_CMD_SEND_CID :
MMC_CMD_ALL_SEND_CID; /* cmd not supported in spi */
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R2;
cmd.cmdarg = 0;
cmd.flags = 0;
......@@ -628,18 +677,20 @@ int mmc_startup(struct mmc *mmc)
* For SD cards, get the Relatvie Address.
* This also puts the cards into Standby State
*/
cmd.cmdidx = SD_CMD_SEND_RELATIVE_ADDR;
cmd.cmdarg = mmc->rca << 16;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R6;
cmd.flags = 0;
if (!mmc_host_is_spi(mmc)) { /* cmd not supported in spi */
cmd.cmdidx = SD_CMD_SEND_RELATIVE_ADDR;
cmd.cmdarg = mmc->rca << 16;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R6;
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
if (err)
return err;
if (err)
return err;
if (IS_SD(mmc))
mmc->rca = (cmd.response[0] >> 16) & 0xffff;
if (IS_SD(mmc))
mmc->rca = (cmd.response[0] >> 16) & 0xffff;
}
/* Get the Card-Specific Data */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SEND_CSD;
......@@ -715,14 +766,16 @@ int mmc_startup(struct mmc *mmc)
mmc->write_bl_len = 512;
/* Select the card, and put it into Transfer Mode */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SELECT_CARD;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R1b;
cmd.cmdarg = mmc->rca << 16;
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
if (!mmc_host_is_spi(mmc)) { /* cmd not supported in spi */
cmd.cmdidx = MMC_CMD_SELECT_CARD;
cmd.resp_type = MMC_RSP_R1b;
cmd.cmdarg = mmc->rca << 16;
cmd.flags = 0;
err = mmc_send_cmd(mmc, &cmd, NULL);
if (err)
return err;
if (err)
return err;
}
if (!IS_SD(mmc) && (mmc->version >= MMC_VERSION_4)) {
/* check ext_csd version and capacity */
......
/*
* generic mmc spi driver
*
* Copyright (C) 2010 Thomas Chou <thomas@wytron.com.tw>
* Licensed under the GPL-2 or later.
*/
#include <common.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <part.h>
#include <mmc.h>
#include <spi.h>
#include <crc.h>
#include <linux/crc7.h>
#include <linux/byteorder/swab.h>
/* MMC/SD in SPI mode reports R1 status always */
#define R1_SPI_IDLE (1 << 0)
#define R1_SPI_ERASE_RESET (1 << 1)
#define R1_SPI_ILLEGAL_COMMAND (1 << 2)
#define R1_SPI_COM_CRC (1 << 3)
#define R1_SPI_ERASE_SEQ (1 << 4)
#define R1_SPI_ADDRESS (1 << 5)
#define R1_SPI_PARAMETER (1 << 6)
/* R1 bit 7 is always zero, reuse this bit for error */
#define R1_SPI_ERROR (1 << 7)
/* Response tokens used to ack each block written: */
#define SPI_MMC_RESPONSE_CODE(x) ((x) & 0x1f)
#define SPI_RESPONSE_ACCEPTED ((2 << 1)|1)
#define SPI_RESPONSE_CRC_ERR ((5 << 1)|1)
#define SPI_RESPONSE_WRITE_ERR ((6 << 1)|1)
/* Read and write blocks start with these tokens and end with crc;
* on error, read tokens act like a subset of R2_SPI_* values.
*/
#define SPI_TOKEN_SINGLE 0xfe /* single block r/w, multiblock read */
#define SPI_TOKEN_MULTI_WRITE 0xfc /* multiblock write */
#define SPI_TOKEN_STOP_TRAN 0xfd /* terminate multiblock write */
/* MMC SPI commands start with a start bit "0" and a transmit bit "1" */
#define MMC_SPI_CMD(x) (0x40 | (x & 0x3f))
/* bus capability */
#define MMC_SPI_VOLTAGE (MMC_VDD_32_33 | MMC_VDD_33_34)
#define MMC_SPI_MIN_CLOCK 400000 /* 400KHz to meet MMC spec */
/* timeout value */
#define CTOUT 8
#define RTOUT 3000000 /* 1 sec */
#define WTOUT 3000000 /* 1 sec */
static uint mmc_spi_sendcmd(struct mmc *mmc, ushort cmdidx, u32 cmdarg)
{
struct spi_slave *spi = mmc->priv;
u8 cmdo[7];
u8 r1;
int i;
cmdo[0] = 0xff;
cmdo[1] = MMC_SPI_CMD(cmdidx);
cmdo[2] = cmdarg >> 24;
cmdo[3] = cmdarg >> 16;
cmdo[4] = cmdarg >> 8;
cmdo[5] = cmdarg;
cmdo[6] = (crc7(0, &cmdo[1], 5) << 1) | 0x01;
spi_xfer(spi, sizeof(cmdo) * 8, cmdo, NULL, 0);
for (i = 0; i < CTOUT; i++) {
spi_xfer(spi, 1 * 8, NULL, &r1, 0);
if (i && (r1 & 0x80) == 0) /* r1 response */
break;
}
debug("%s:cmd%d resp%d %x\n", __func__, cmdidx, i, r1);
return r1;
}
static uint mmc_spi_readdata(struct mmc *mmc, void *xbuf,
u32 bcnt, u32 bsize)
{
struct spi_slave *spi = mmc->priv;
u8 *buf = xbuf;
u8 r1;
u16 crc;
int i;
while (bcnt--) {
for (i = 0; i < RTOUT; i++) {
spi_xfer(spi, 1 * 8, NULL, &r1, 0);
if (r1 != 0xff) /* data token */
break;
}
debug("%s:tok%d %x\n", __func__, i, r1);
if (r1 == SPI_TOKEN_SINGLE) {
spi_xfer(spi, bsize * 8, NULL, buf, 0);
spi_xfer(spi, 2 * 8, NULL, &crc, 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_CRC_ON
if (swab16(cyg_crc16(buf, bsize)) != crc) {
debug("%s: CRC error\n", mmc->name);
r1 = R1_SPI_COM_CRC;
break;
}
#endif
r1 = 0;
} else {
r1 = R1_SPI_ERROR;
break;
}
buf += bsize;
}
return r1;
}
static uint mmc_spi_writedata(struct mmc *mmc, const void *xbuf,
u32 bcnt, u32 bsize, int multi)
{
struct spi_slave *spi = mmc->priv;
const u8 *buf = xbuf;
u8 r1;
u16 crc;
u8 tok[2];
int i;
tok[0] = 0xff;
tok[1] = multi ? SPI_TOKEN_MULTI_WRITE : SPI_TOKEN_SINGLE;
while (bcnt--) {
#ifdef CONFIG_MMC_SPI_CRC_ON
crc = swab16(cyg_crc16((u8 *)buf, bsize));
#endif
spi_xfer(spi, 2 * 8, tok, NULL, 0);
spi_xfer(spi, bsize * 8, buf, NULL, 0);
spi_xfer(spi, 2 * 8, &crc, NULL, 0);
for (i = 0; i < CTOUT; i++) {
spi_xfer(spi, 1 * 8, NULL, &r1, 0);
if ((r1 & 0x10) == 0) /* response token */
break;
}
debug("%s:tok%d %x\n", __func__, i, r1);
if (SPI_MMC_RESPONSE_CODE(r1) == SPI_RESPONSE_ACCEPTED) {
for (i = 0; i < WTOUT; i++) { /* wait busy */
spi_xfer(spi, 1 * 8, NULL, &r1, 0);
if (i && r1 == 0xff) {
r1 = 0;
break;
}
}
if (i == WTOUT) {
debug("%s:wtout %x\n", __func__, r1);
r1 = R1_SPI_ERROR;
break;
}
} else {
debug("%s: err %x\n", __func__, r1);
r1 = R1_SPI_COM_CRC;
break;
}
buf += bsize;
}
if (multi && bcnt == -1) { /* stop multi write */
tok[1] = SPI_TOKEN_STOP_TRAN;
spi_xfer(spi, 2 * 8, tok, NULL, 0);
for (i = 0; i < WTOUT; i++) { /* wait busy */
spi_xfer(spi, 1 * 8, NULL, &r1, 0);
if (i && r1 == 0xff) {
r1 = 0;
break;
}
}
if (i == WTOUT) {
debug("%s:wstop %x\n", __func__, r1);
r1 = R1_SPI_ERROR;
}
}
return r1;
}
static int mmc_spi_request(struct mmc *mmc, struct mmc_cmd *cmd,
struct mmc_data *data)
{
struct spi_slave *spi = mmc->priv;
u8 r1;
int i;
int ret = 0;
debug("%s:cmd%d %x %x %x\n", __func__,
cmd->cmdidx, cmd->resp_type, cmd->cmdarg, cmd->flags);
spi_claim_bus(spi);
spi_cs_activate(spi);
r1 = mmc_spi_sendcmd(mmc, cmd->cmdidx, cmd->cmdarg);
if (r1 == 0xff) { /* no response */
ret = NO_CARD_ERR;
goto done;
} else if (r1 & R1_SPI_COM_CRC) {
ret = COMM_ERR;
goto done;
} else if (r1 & ~R1_SPI_IDLE) { /* other errors */
ret = TIMEOUT;
goto done;
} else if (cmd->resp_type == MMC_RSP_R2) {
r1 = mmc_spi_readdata(mmc, cmd->response, 1, 16);
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
cmd->response[i] = swab32(cmd->response[i]);
debug("r128 %x %x %x %x\n", cmd->response[0], cmd->response[1],
cmd->response[2], cmd->response[3]);
} else if (!data) {
switch (cmd->cmdidx) {
case SD_CMD_APP_SEND_OP_COND:
case MMC_CMD_SEND_OP_COND:
cmd->response[0] = (r1 & R1_SPI_IDLE) ? 0 : OCR_BUSY;
break;
case SD_CMD_SEND_IF_COND:
case MMC_CMD_SPI_READ_OCR:
spi_xfer(spi, 4 * 8, NULL, cmd->response, 0);
cmd->response[0] = swab32(cmd->response[0]);
debug("r32 %x\n", cmd->response[0]);
break;
}
} else {
debug("%s:data %x %x %x\n", __func__,
data->flags, data->blocks, data->blocksize);
if (data->flags == MMC_DATA_READ)
r1 = mmc_spi_readdata(mmc, data->dest,
data->blocks, data->blocksize);
else if (data->flags == MMC_DATA_WRITE)
r1 = mmc_spi_writedata(mmc, data->src,
data->blocks, data->blocksize,
(cmd->cmdidx == MMC_CMD_WRITE_MULTIPLE_BLOCK));
if (r1 & R1_SPI_COM_CRC)
ret = COMM_ERR;
else if (r1) /* other errors */
ret = TIMEOUT;
}
done:
spi_cs_deactivate(spi);
spi_release_bus(spi);
return ret;
}
static void mmc_spi_set_ios(struct mmc *mmc)
{
struct spi_slave *spi = mmc->priv;
debug("%s: clock %u\n", __func__, mmc->clock);
if (mmc->clock)
spi_set_speed(spi, mmc->clock);
}
static int mmc_spi_init_p(struct mmc *mmc)
{
struct spi_slave *spi = mmc->priv;
mmc->clock = 0;
spi_set_speed(spi, MMC_SPI_MIN_CLOCK);
spi_claim_bus(spi);
/* cs deactivated for 100+ clock */
spi_xfer(spi, 18 * 8, NULL, NULL, 0);
spi_release_bus(spi);
return 0;
}
struct mmc *mmc_spi_init(uint bus, uint cs, uint speed, uint mode)
{
struct mmc *mmc;
mmc = malloc(sizeof(*mmc));
if (!mmc)
return NULL;
memset(mmc, 0, sizeof(*mmc));
mmc->priv = spi_setup_slave(bus, cs, speed, mode);
if (!mmc->priv) {
free(mmc);
return NULL;
}
sprintf(mmc->name, "MMC_SPI");
mmc->send_cmd = mmc_spi_request;
mmc->set_ios = mmc_spi_set_ios;
mmc->init = mmc_spi_init_p;
mmc->host_caps = MMC_MODE_SPI;
mmc->voltages = MMC_SPI_VOLTAGE;
mmc->f_max = speed;
mmc->f_min = MMC_SPI_MIN_CLOCK;
mmc->block_dev.part_type = PART_TYPE_DOS;
mmc_register(mmc);
return mmc;
}
......@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#define MMC_MODE_HS_52MHz 0x010
#define MMC_MODE_4BIT 0x100
#define MMC_MODE_8BIT 0x200
#define MMC_MODE_SPI 0x400
#define SD_DATA_4BIT 0x00040000
......@@ -75,6 +76,8 @@
#define MMC_CMD_WRITE_SINGLE_BLOCK 24
#define MMC_CMD_WRITE_MULTIPLE_BLOCK 25
#define MMC_CMD_APP_CMD 55
#define MMC_CMD_SPI_READ_OCR 58
#define MMC_CMD_SPI_CRC_ON_OFF 59
#define SD_CMD_SEND_RELATIVE_ADDR 3
#define SD_CMD_SWITCH_FUNC 6
......@@ -291,6 +294,8 @@ int board_mmc_getcd(u8 *cd, struct mmc *mmc);
#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MMC
int atmel_mci_init(void *regs);
#define mmc_host_is_spi(mmc) ((mmc)->host_caps & MMC_MODE_SPI)
struct mmc *mmc_spi_init(uint bus, uint cs, uint speed, uint mode);
#else
int mmc_legacy_init(int verbose);
#endif
......
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