Commit d6bc30af authored by Masahiro Yamada's avatar Masahiro Yamada

ARM: UniPhier: remove __packed that causes a problem on GCC 4.9

The DDR PHY training function, ddrphy_prepare_training() would not
work if compiled with GCC 4.9.

The struct ddrphy (arch/arm/include/asm/arch-uniphier/ddrphy-regs.h)
is specified with __packed because it represents a hardware register
mapping, but it turned out to cause a problem on GCC 4.9.

If -mno-unaligned-access is specified (yes, it is in
arch/arm/cpu/armv7/, GCC 4.9 is aware of the
__attribute__((packed)) and generates extra instructions to perform
the memory access in a way that does not cause unaligned access.
(Actually it is not need here because the register base, the first
argument of the ddrphy_prepare_training(), is always given with a
4-byte aligned address.)

Anyway, as a result, readl() / writel() is divided into byte-wise
accesses.  The problem is that this hardware only accepts 4-byte
register access.  Byte-wise accesses lead to unexpected behavior.

There are some options to avoid this problem.

[1] Remove -mno-unaligned-access
[2] Add __aligned(4) along with __packed to struct ddrphy
[3] Remove __packed from struct ddrphy

[1] solves the problem for ARMv7, but it does not for pre-ARMv6 and
ARMv6-M architectures where -mno-unaligned-access is default.
So, [1] does not seem reasonable in terms of code portability.

Both [2] and [3] work well, but [2] seems too much.  All the members
of struct ddrphy have the u32 type.  No padding would be inserted
even if __packed is dropped.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMasahiro Yamada <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarTom Rini <>
parent b56f6e2b
......@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ struct ddrphy {
u32 gtr; /* General Timing Register */
u32 rsv[3]; /* Reserved */
} dx[9];
} __packed;
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
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