Commit f59be6e8 authored by Stephen Warren's avatar Stephen Warren Committed by Tom Rini

net: BOOTP retry timeout improvements

Currently, the BOOTP code sends out its initial request as soon as the
Ethernet driver indicates "link up". If this packet is lost or not
replied to for some reason, the code waits for a 1s timeout before
retrying. For some reason, such early packets are often lost on my
system, so this causes an annoying delay.

To optimize this, modify the BOOTP code to have very short timeouts for
the first packet transmitted, but gradually increase the timeout each
time a timeout occurs. This way, if the first packet is lost, the second
packet is transmitted quite quickly and hence the overall delay is low.
However, if there's still no response, we don't keep spewing out packets
at an insane speed.

It's arguably more correct to try and find out why the first packet is
lost. However, it seems to disappear inside my Ethenet chip; the TX chip
indicates no error during TX (not that it has much in the way of
reporting...), yet wireshark on the RX side doesn't see any packet.
FWIW, I'm using an ASIX USB Ethernet adapter. Perhaps "link up" is
reported too early or based on the wrong condition in HW, and we should
add some fixed extra delay into the driver. However, this would slow down
every link up event even if it ends up not being needed in some cases.
Having BOOTP retry quickly applies the fix/WAR to every possible
Ethernet device, and is quite simple to implement, so seems a better
Signed-off-by: default avatarStephen Warren <>
Acked-by: default avatarJoe Hershberger <>
parent 194c1ed4
......@@ -23,12 +23,22 @@
#define BOOTP_VENDOR_MAGIC 0x63825363 /* RFC1048 Magic Cookie */
#define TIMEOUT 5000UL /* Milliseconds before trying BOOTP again */
* The timeout for the initial BOOTP/DHCP request used to be described by a
* counter of fixed-length timeout periods. TIMEOUT_COUNT represents
* that counter
* Now that the timeout periods are variable (exponential backoff and retry)
* we convert the timeout count to the absolute time it would have take to
* execute that many retries, and keep sending retry packets until that time
* is reached.
# define TIMEOUT_COUNT 5 /* # of timeouts before giving up */
#define TIMEOUT_MS ((3 + (TIMEOUT_COUNT * 5)) * 1000)
#define PORT_BOOTPS 67 /* BOOTP server UDP port */
#define PORT_BOOTPC 68 /* BOOTP client UDP port */
......@@ -39,6 +49,8 @@
ulong BootpID;
int BootpTry;
ulong bootp_start;
ulong bootp_timeout;
#if defined(CONFIG_CMD_DHCP)
static dhcp_state_t dhcp_state = INIT;
......@@ -327,16 +339,21 @@ BootpHandler(uchar *pkt, unsigned dest, IPaddr_t sip, unsigned src,
static void
if (BootpTry >= TIMEOUT_COUNT) {
ulong time_taken = get_timer(bootp_start);
if (time_taken >= TIMEOUT_MS) {
puts("\nRetry count exceeded\n");
puts("\nRetry time exceeded\n");
puts("\nRetry count exceeded; starting again\n");
puts("\nRetry time exceeded; starting again\n");
} else {
NetSetTimeout(TIMEOUT, BootpTimeout);
bootp_timeout *= 2;
if (bootp_timeout > 1000)
bootp_timeout = 1000;
NetSetTimeout(bootp_timeout, BootpTimeout);
......@@ -597,6 +614,13 @@ static int BootpExtended(u8 *e)
void BootpReset(void)
BootpTry = 0;
bootp_start = get_timer(0);
bootp_timeout = 10;
......@@ -685,7 +709,7 @@ BootpRequest(void)
iplen = BOOTP_HDR_SIZE - OPT_FIELD_SIZE + extlen;
pktlen = eth_hdr_size + IP_UDP_HDR_SIZE + iplen;
net_set_udp_header(iphdr, 0xFFFFFFFFL, PORT_BOOTPS, PORT_BOOTPC, iplen);
NetSetTimeout(SELECT_TIMEOUT, BootpTimeout);
NetSetTimeout(bootp_timeout, BootpTimeout);
#if defined(CONFIG_CMD_DHCP)
dhcp_state = SELECTING;
......@@ -918,7 +942,7 @@ DhcpHandler(uchar *pkt, unsigned dest, IPaddr_t sip, unsigned src,
DhcpOptionsProcess((u8 *)&bp->bp_vend[4], bp);
NetSetTimeout(TIMEOUT, BootpTimeout);
NetSetTimeout(5000, BootpTimeout);
......@@ -65,6 +65,7 @@ extern int BootpTry;
/* Send a BOOTP request */
extern void BootpReset(void);
extern void BootpRequest(void);
/****************** DHCP Support *********************/
......@@ -88,8 +89,6 @@ typedef enum { INIT,
#define DHCP_NAK 6
#define DHCP_RELEASE 7
#define SELECT_TIMEOUT 3000UL /* Milliseconds to wait for offers */
#endif /* __BOOTP_H__ */
......@@ -385,14 +385,14 @@ restart:
#if defined(CONFIG_CMD_DHCP)
case DHCP:
BootpTry = 0;
NetOurIP = 0;
DhcpRequest(); /* Basically same as BOOTP */
case BOOTP:
BootpTry = 0;
NetOurIP = 0;
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