Commit 3d1957f0 authored by Simon Glass's avatar Simon Glass

dm: i2c: Add support for multiplexed I2C buses

Add a new I2C_MUX uclass. Devices in this class can multiplex between
several I2C buses, selecting them one at a time for use by the system.
The multiplexing mechanism is left to the driver to decide - it may be
controlled by GPIOs, for example.

The uclass supports only two methods: select() and deselect().

The current mux state is expected to be stored in the mux itself since
it is the only thing that knows how to make things work. The mux can
record the current state and then avoid switching unless it is necessary.
So select() can be skipped if the mux is already in the correct state.
Also deselect() can be made a nop if required.
Signed-off-by: default avatarSimon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>
parent df358c6b
Common i2c bus multiplexer/switch properties.
An i2c bus multiplexer/switch will have several child busses that are
numbered uniquely in a device dependent manner. The nodes for an i2c bus
multiplexer/switch will have one child node for each child
bus.
Required properties:
- #address-cells = <1>;
- #size-cells = <0>;
Required properties for child nodes:
- #address-cells = <1>;
- #size-cells = <0>;
- reg : The sub-bus number.
Optional properties for child nodes:
- Other properties specific to the multiplexer/switch hardware.
- Child nodes conforming to i2c bus binding
Example :
/*
An NXP pca9548 8 channel I2C multiplexer at address 0x70
with two NXP pca8574 GPIO expanders attached, one each to
ports 3 and 4.
*/
mux@70 {
compatible = "nxp,pca9548";
reg = <0x70>;
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <0>;
i2c@3 {
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <0>;
reg = <3>;
gpio1: gpio@38 {
compatible = "nxp,pca8574";
reg = <0x38>;
#gpio-cells = <2>;
gpio-controller;
};
};
i2c@4 {
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <0>;
reg = <4>;
gpio2: gpio@38 {
compatible = "nxp,pca8574";
reg = <0x38>;
#gpio-cells = <2>;
gpio-controller;
};
};
};
......@@ -73,3 +73,5 @@ config SYS_I2C_UNIPHIER_F
help
Support for UniPhier FIFO-builtin I2C controller driver.
This I2C controller is used on PH1-Pro4 or newer UniPhier SoCs.
source "drivers/i2c/muxes/Kconfig"
......@@ -37,3 +37,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SYS_I2C_TEGRA) += tegra_i2c.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYS_I2C_UNIPHIER) += i2c-uniphier.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYS_I2C_UNIPHIER_F) += i2c-uniphier-f.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYS_I2C_ZYNQ) += zynq_i2c.o
obj-y += muxes/
config I2C_MUX
bool "Suport I2C multiplexers"
depends on DM_I2C
help
This enables I2C buses to be multiplexed, so that you can select
one of several buses using some sort of control mechanism. The
bus select is handled automatically when that bus is accessed,
using a suitable I2C MUX driver.
#
# Copyright (c) 2015 Google, Inc
#
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
#
obj-$(CONFIG_I2C_MUX) += i2c-mux-uclass.o
/*
* Copyright (c) 2015 Google, Inc
* Written by Simon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
#include <common.h>
#include <dm.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <i2c.h>
#include <dm/lists.h>
#include <dm/root.h>
DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR;
/**
* struct i2c_mux: Information the uclass stores about an I2C mux
*
* @selected: Currently selected mux, or -1 for none
* @i2c_bus: I2C bus to use for communcation
*/
struct i2c_mux {
int selected;
struct udevice *i2c_bus;
};
/**
* struct i2c_mux_bus: Information about each bus the mux controls
*
* @channel: Channel number used to select this bus
*/
struct i2c_mux_bus {
uint channel;
};
/* Find out the mux channel number */
static int i2c_mux_child_post_bind(struct udevice *dev)
{
struct i2c_mux_bus *plat = dev_get_parent_platdata(dev);
int channel;
channel = fdtdec_get_int(gd->fdt_blob, dev->of_offset, "reg", -1);
if (channel < 0)
return -EINVAL;
plat->channel = channel;
return 0;
}
/* Find the I2C buses selected by this mux */
static int i2c_mux_post_bind(struct udevice *mux)
{
const void *blob = gd->fdt_blob;
int ret;
int offset;
debug("%s: %s\n", __func__, mux->name);
/*
* There is no compatible string in the sub-nodes, so we must manually
* bind these
*/
for (offset = fdt_first_subnode(blob, mux->of_offset);
offset > 0;
offset = fdt_next_subnode(blob, offset)) {
struct udevice *dev;
const char *name;
name = fdt_get_name(blob, offset, NULL);
ret = device_bind_driver_to_node(mux, "i2c_mux_bus_drv", name,
offset, &dev);
debug(" - bind ret=%d, %s\n", ret, dev ? dev->name : NULL);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
/* Set up the mux ready for use */
static int i2c_mux_post_probe(struct udevice *mux)
{
struct i2c_mux *priv = dev_get_uclass_priv(mux);
int ret;
debug("%s: %s\n", __func__, mux->name);
priv->selected = -1;
ret = uclass_get_device_by_phandle(UCLASS_I2C, mux, "i2c-parent",
&priv->i2c_bus);
if (ret)
return ret;
debug("%s: bus=%p/%s\n", __func__, priv->i2c_bus, priv->i2c_bus->name);
return 0;
}
int i2c_mux_select(struct udevice *dev)
{
struct i2c_mux_bus *plat = dev_get_parent_platdata(dev);
struct udevice *mux = dev->parent;
struct i2c_mux_ops *ops = i2c_mux_get_ops(mux);
if (!ops->select)
return -ENOSYS;
return ops->select(mux, dev, plat->channel);
}
int i2c_mux_deselect(struct udevice *dev)
{
struct i2c_mux_bus *plat = dev_get_parent_platdata(dev);
struct udevice *mux = dev->parent;
struct i2c_mux_ops *ops = i2c_mux_get_ops(mux);
if (!ops->deselect)
return -ENOSYS;
return ops->deselect(mux, dev, plat->channel);
}
static int i2c_mux_bus_set_bus_speed(struct udevice *dev, unsigned int speed)
{
struct udevice *mux = dev->parent;
struct i2c_mux *priv = dev_get_uclass_priv(mux);
int ret, ret2;
ret = i2c_mux_select(dev);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = dm_i2c_set_bus_speed(priv->i2c_bus, speed);
ret2 = i2c_mux_deselect(dev);
return ret ? ret : ret2;
}
static int i2c_mux_bus_probe(struct udevice *dev, uint chip_addr,
uint chip_flags)
{
struct udevice *mux = dev->parent;
struct i2c_mux *priv = dev_get_uclass_priv(mux);
struct dm_i2c_ops *ops = i2c_get_ops(priv->i2c_bus);
int ret, ret2;
debug("%s: %s, bus %s\n", __func__, dev->name, priv->i2c_bus->name);
if (!ops->probe_chip)
return -ENOSYS;
ret = i2c_mux_select(dev);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = ops->probe_chip(priv->i2c_bus, chip_addr, chip_flags);
ret2 = i2c_mux_deselect(dev);
return ret ? ret : ret2;
}
static int i2c_mux_bus_xfer(struct udevice *dev, struct i2c_msg *msg,
int nmsgs)
{
struct udevice *mux = dev->parent;
struct i2c_mux *priv = dev_get_uclass_priv(mux);
struct dm_i2c_ops *ops = i2c_get_ops(priv->i2c_bus);
int ret, ret2;
debug("%s: %s, bus %s\n", __func__, dev->name, priv->i2c_bus->name);
if (!ops->xfer)
return -ENOSYS;
ret = i2c_mux_select(dev);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = ops->xfer(priv->i2c_bus, msg, nmsgs);
ret2 = i2c_mux_deselect(dev);
return ret ? ret : ret2;
}
static const struct dm_i2c_ops i2c_mux_bus_ops = {
.xfer = i2c_mux_bus_xfer,
.probe_chip = i2c_mux_bus_probe,
.set_bus_speed = i2c_mux_bus_set_bus_speed,
};
U_BOOT_DRIVER(i2c_mux_bus) = {
.name = "i2c_mux_bus_drv",
.id = UCLASS_I2C,
.per_child_auto_alloc_size = sizeof(struct dm_i2c_chip),
.ops = &i2c_mux_bus_ops,
};
UCLASS_DRIVER(i2c_mux) = {
.id = UCLASS_I2C_MUX,
.name = "i2c_mux",
.post_bind = i2c_mux_post_bind,
.post_probe = i2c_mux_post_probe,
.per_device_auto_alloc_size = sizeof(struct i2c_mux),
.per_child_platdata_auto_alloc_size = sizeof(struct i2c_mux_bus),
.child_post_bind = i2c_mux_child_post_bind,
};
......@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ enum uclass_id {
UCLASS_I2C, /* I2C bus */
UCLASS_I2C_EEPROM, /* I2C EEPROM device */
UCLASS_I2C_GENERIC, /* Generic I2C device */
UCLASS_I2C_MUX, /* I2C multiplexer */
UCLASS_LED, /* Light-emitting diode (LED) */
UCLASS_LPC, /* x86 'low pin count' interface */
UCLASS_MASS_STORAGE, /* Mass storage device */
......
......@@ -444,6 +444,45 @@ struct dm_i2c_ops {
#define i2c_get_ops(dev) ((struct dm_i2c_ops *)(dev)->driver->ops)
/**
* struct i2c_mux_ops - operations for an I2C mux
*
* The current mux state is expected to be stored in the mux itself since
* it is the only thing that knows how to make things work. The mux can
* record the current state and then avoid switching unless it is necessary.
* So select() can be skipped if the mux is already in the correct state.
* Also deselect() can be made a nop if required.
*/
struct i2c_mux_ops {
/**
* select() - select one of of I2C buses attached to a mux
*
* This will be called when there is no bus currently selected by the
* mux. This method does not need to deselect the old bus since
* deselect() will be already have been called if necessary.
*
* @mux: Mux device
* @bus: I2C bus to select
* @channel: Channel number correponding to the bus to select
* @return 0 if OK, -ve on error
*/
int (*select)(struct udevice *mux, struct udevice *bus, uint channel);
/**
* deselect() - select one of of I2C buses attached to a mux
*
* This is used to deselect the currently selected I2C bus.
*
* @mux: Mux device
* @bus: I2C bus to deselect
* @channel: Channel number correponding to the bus to deselect
* @return 0 if OK, -ve on error
*/
int (*deselect)(struct udevice *mux, struct udevice *bus, uint channel);
};
#define i2c_mux_get_ops(dev) ((struct i2c_mux_ops *)(dev)->driver->ops)
/**
* i2c_get_chip() - get a device to use to access a chip on a bus
*
......
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment