Commit 85f2b082 authored by Tom Zanussi's avatar Tom Zanussi Committed by Steven Rostedt
Browse files

tracing: Add basic event trigger framework

Add a 'trigger' file for each trace event, enabling 'trace event
triggers' to be set for trace events.

'trace event triggers' are patterned after the existing 'ftrace
function triggers' implementation except that triggers are written to
per-event 'trigger' files instead of to a single file such as the
'set_ftrace_filter' used for ftrace function triggers.

The implementation is meant to be entirely separate from ftrace
function triggers, in order to keep the respective implementations
relatively simple and to allow them to diverge.

The event trigger functionality is built on top of SOFT_DISABLE
functionality.  It adds a TRIGGER_MODE bit to the ftrace_event_file
flags which is checked when any trace event fires.  Triggers set for a
particular event need to be checked regardless of whether that event
is actually enabled or not - getting an event to fire even if it's not
enabled is what's already implemented by SOFT_DISABLE mode, so trigger
mode directly reuses that.  Event trigger essentially inherit the soft
disable logic in __ftrace_event_enable_disable() while adding a bit of
logic and trigger reference counting via tm_ref on top of that in a
new trace_event_trigger_enable_disable() function.  Because the base
__ftrace_event_enable_disable() code now needs to be invoked from
outside trace_events.c, a wrapper is also added for those usages.

The triggers for an event are actually invoked via a new function,
event_triggers_call(), and code is also added to invoke them for
ftrace_raw_event calls as well as syscall events.

The main part of the patch creates a new trace_events_trigger.c file
to contain the trace event triggers implementation.

The standard open, read, and release file operations are implemented

The open() implementation sets up for the various open modes of the
'trigger' file.  It creates and attaches the trigger iterator and sets
up the command parser.  If opened for reading set up the trigger

The read() implementation parses the event trigger written to the
'trigger' file, looks up the trigger command, and passes it along to
that event_command's func() implementation for command-specific

The release() implementation does whatever cleanup is needed to
release the 'trigger' file, like releasing the parser and trigger
iterator, etc.

A couple of functions for event command registration and
unregistration are added, along with a list to add them to and a mutex
to protect them, as well as an (initially empty) registration function
to add the set of commands that will be added by future commits, and
call to it from the trace event initialization code.

also added are a couple trigger-specific data structures needed for
these implementations such as a trigger iterator and a struct for
trigger-specific data.

A couple structs consisting mostly of function meant to be implemented
in command-specific ways, event_command and event_trigger_ops, are
used by the generic event trigger command implementations.  They're
being put into trace.h alongside the other trace_event data structures
and functions, in the expectation that they'll be needed in several
trace_event-related files such as trace_events_trigger.c and

The event_command.func() function is meant to be called by the trigger
parsing code in order to add a trigger instance to the corresponding
event.  It essentially coordinates adding a live trigger instance to
the event, and arming the triggering the event.

Every event_command func() implementation essentially does the
same thing for any command:

   - choose ops - use the value of param to choose either a number or
     count version of event_trigger_ops specific to the command
   - do the register or unregister of those ops
   - associate a filter, if specified, with the triggering event

The reg() and unreg() ops allow command-specific implementations for
event_trigger_op registration and unregistration, and the
get_trigger_ops() op allows command-specific event_trigger_ops
selection to be parameterized.  When a trigger instance is added, the
reg() op essentially adds that trigger to the triggering event and
arms it, while unreg() does the opposite.  The set_filter() function
is used to associate a filter with the trigger - if the command
doesn't specify a set_filter() implementation, the command will ignore

Each command has an associated trigger_type, which serves double duty,
both as a unique identifier for the command as well as a value that
can be used for setting a trigger mode bit during trigger invocation.

The signature of func() adds a pointer to the event_command struct,
used to invoke those functions, along with a command_data param that
can be passed to the reg/unreg functions.  This allows func()
implementations to use command-specific blobs and supports code

The event_trigger_ops.func() command corrsponds to the trigger 'probe'
function that gets called when the triggering event is actually
invoked.  The other functions are used to list the trigger when
needed, along with a couple mundane book-keeping functions.

This also moves event_file_data() into trace.h so it can be used
outside of trace_events.c.


Signed-off-by: default avatarTom Zanussi <>
Idea-by: default avatarSteve Rostedt <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <>
parent 319e2e3f
......@@ -264,6 +264,7 @@ enum {
......@@ -275,6 +276,7 @@ enum {
* SOFT_MODE - The event is enabled/disabled by SOFT_DISABLED
* SOFT_DISABLED - When set, do not trace the event (even though its
* tracepoint may be enabled)
* TRIGGER_MODE - When set, invoke the triggers associated with the event
enum {
......@@ -283,6 +285,7 @@ enum {
struct ftrace_event_file {
......@@ -292,6 +295,7 @@ struct ftrace_event_file {
struct dentry *dir;
struct trace_array *tr;
struct ftrace_subsystem_dir *system;
struct list_head triggers;
* 32 bit flags:
......@@ -299,6 +303,7 @@ struct ftrace_event_file {
* bit 1: enabled cmd record
* bit 2: enable/disable with the soft disable bit
* bit 3: soft disabled
* bit 4: trigger enabled
* Note: The bits must be set atomically to prevent races
* from other writers. Reads of flags do not need to be in
......@@ -310,6 +315,7 @@ struct ftrace_event_file {
unsigned long flags;
atomic_t sm_ref; /* soft-mode reference counter */
atomic_t tm_ref; /* trigger-mode reference counter */
#define __TRACE_EVENT_FLAGS(name, value) \
......@@ -337,6 +343,10 @@ struct ftrace_event_file {
#define MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL 256 /* Should handle KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */
enum event_trigger_type {
ETT_NONE = (0),
extern void destroy_preds(struct ftrace_event_file *file);
extern void destroy_call_preds(struct ftrace_event_call *call);
extern int filter_match_preds(struct event_filter *filter, void *rec);
......@@ -347,6 +357,7 @@ extern int filter_check_discard(struct ftrace_event_file *file, void *rec,
extern int call_filter_check_discard(struct ftrace_event_call *call, void *rec,
struct ring_buffer *buffer,
struct ring_buffer_event *event);
extern void event_triggers_call(struct ftrace_event_file *file);
enum {
......@@ -539,6 +539,10 @@ ftrace_raw_event_##call(void *__data, proto) \
int __data_size; \
int pc; \
&ftrace_file->flags)) \
event_triggers_call(ftrace_file); \
&ftrace_file->flags)) \
return; \
......@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS),y)
obj-$(CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING) += trace_event_perf.o
obj-$(CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING) += trace_events_filter.o
obj-$(CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING) += trace_events_trigger.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENT) += trace_kprobe.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS) += power-traces.o
......@@ -1028,9 +1028,190 @@ extern void trace_event_enable_cmd_record(bool enable);
extern int event_trace_add_tracer(struct dentry *parent, struct trace_array *tr);
extern int event_trace_del_tracer(struct trace_array *tr);
static inline void *event_file_data(struct file *filp)
return ACCESS_ONCE(file_inode(filp)->i_private);
extern struct mutex event_mutex;
extern struct list_head ftrace_events;
extern const struct file_operations event_trigger_fops;
extern int register_trigger_cmds(void);
extern void clear_event_triggers(struct trace_array *tr);
struct event_trigger_data {
unsigned long count;
int ref;
struct event_trigger_ops *ops;
struct event_command *cmd_ops;
struct event_filter *filter;
char *filter_str;
void *private_data;
struct list_head list;
* struct event_trigger_ops - callbacks for trace event triggers
* The methods in this structure provide per-event trigger hooks for
* various trigger operations.
* All the methods below, except for @init() and @free(), must be
* implemented.
* @func: The trigger 'probe' function called when the triggering
* event occurs. The data passed into this callback is the data
* that was supplied to the event_command @reg() function that
* registered the trigger (see struct event_command).
* @init: An optional initialization function called for the trigger
* when the trigger is registered (via the event_command reg()
* function). This can be used to perform per-trigger
* initialization such as incrementing a per-trigger reference
* count, for instance. This is usually implemented by the
* generic utility function @event_trigger_init() (see
* trace_event_triggers.c).
* @free: An optional de-initialization function called for the
* trigger when the trigger is unregistered (via the
* event_command @reg() function). This can be used to perform
* per-trigger de-initialization such as decrementing a
* per-trigger reference count and freeing corresponding trigger
* data, for instance. This is usually implemented by the
* generic utility function @event_trigger_free() (see
* trace_event_triggers.c).
* @print: The callback function invoked to have the trigger print
* itself. This is usually implemented by a wrapper function
* that calls the generic utility function @event_trigger_print()
* (see trace_event_triggers.c).
struct event_trigger_ops {
void (*func)(struct event_trigger_data *data);
int (*init)(struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
struct event_trigger_data *data);
void (*free)(struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
struct event_trigger_data *data);
int (*print)(struct seq_file *m,
struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
struct event_trigger_data *data);
* struct event_command - callbacks and data members for event commands
* Event commands are invoked by users by writing the command name
* into the 'trigger' file associated with a trace event. The
* parameters associated with a specific invocation of an event
* command are used to create an event trigger instance, which is
* added to the list of trigger instances associated with that trace
* event. When the event is hit, the set of triggers associated with
* that event is invoked.
* The data members in this structure provide per-event command data
* for various event commands.
* All the data members below, except for @post_trigger, must be set
* for each event command.
* @name: The unique name that identifies the event command. This is
* the name used when setting triggers via trigger files.
* @trigger_type: A unique id that identifies the event command
* 'type'. This value has two purposes, the first to ensure that
* only one trigger of the same type can be set at a given time
* for a particular event e.g. it doesn't make sense to have both
* a traceon and traceoff trigger attached to a single event at
* the same time, so traceon and traceoff have the same type
* though they have different names. The @trigger_type value is
* also used as a bit value for deferring the actual trigger
* action until after the current event is finished. Some
* commands need to do this if they themselves log to the trace
* buffer (see the @post_trigger() member below). @trigger_type
* values are defined by adding new values to the trigger_type
* enum in include/linux/ftrace_event.h.
* @post_trigger: A flag that says whether or not this command needs
* to have its action delayed until after the current event has
* been closed. Some triggers need to avoid being invoked while
* an event is currently in the process of being logged, since
* the trigger may itself log data into the trace buffer. Thus
* we make sure the current event is committed before invoking
* those triggers. To do that, the trigger invocation is split
* in two - the first part checks the filter using the current
* trace record; if a command has the @post_trigger flag set, it
* sets a bit for itself in the return value, otherwise it
* directly invokes the trigger. Once all commands have been
* either invoked or set their return flag, the current record is
* either committed or discarded. At that point, if any commands
* have deferred their triggers, those commands are finally
* invoked following the close of the current event. In other
* words, if the event_trigger_ops @func() probe implementation
* itself logs to the trace buffer, this flag should be set,
* otherwise it can be left unspecified.
* All the methods below, except for @set_filter(), must be
* implemented.
* @func: The callback function responsible for parsing and
* registering the trigger written to the 'trigger' file by the
* user. It allocates the trigger instance and registers it with
* the appropriate trace event. It makes use of the other
* event_command callback functions to orchestrate this, and is
* usually implemented by the generic utility function
* @event_trigger_callback() (see trace_event_triggers.c).
* @reg: Adds the trigger to the list of triggers associated with the
* event, and enables the event trigger itself, after
* initializing it (via the event_trigger_ops @init() function).
* This is also where commands can use the @trigger_type value to
* make the decision as to whether or not multiple instances of
* the trigger should be allowed. This is usually implemented by
* the generic utility function @register_trigger() (see
* trace_event_triggers.c).
* @unreg: Removes the trigger from the list of triggers associated
* with the event, and disables the event trigger itself, after
* initializing it (via the event_trigger_ops @free() function).
* This is usually implemented by the generic utility function
* @unregister_trigger() (see trace_event_triggers.c).
* @set_filter: An optional function called to parse and set a filter
* for the trigger. If no @set_filter() method is set for the
* event command, filters set by the user for the command will be
* ignored. This is usually implemented by the generic utility
* function @set_trigger_filter() (see trace_event_triggers.c).
* @get_trigger_ops: The callback function invoked to retrieve the
* event_trigger_ops implementation associated with the command.
struct event_command {
struct list_head list;
char *name;
enum event_trigger_type trigger_type;
bool post_trigger;
int (*func)(struct event_command *cmd_ops,
struct ftrace_event_file *file,
char *glob, char *cmd, char *params);
int (*reg)(char *glob,
struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
struct event_trigger_data *data,
struct ftrace_event_file *file);
void (*unreg)(char *glob,
struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
struct event_trigger_data *data,
struct ftrace_event_file *file);
int (*set_filter)(char *filter_str,
struct event_trigger_data *data,
struct ftrace_event_file *file);
struct event_trigger_ops *(*get_trigger_ops)(char *cmd, char *param);
extern int trace_event_enable_disable(struct ftrace_event_file *file,
int enable, int soft_disable);
extern const char *__start___trace_bprintk_fmt[];
extern const char *__stop___trace_bprintk_fmt[];
......@@ -342,6 +342,12 @@ static int __ftrace_event_enable_disable(struct ftrace_event_file *file,
return ret;
int trace_event_enable_disable(struct ftrace_event_file *file,
int enable, int soft_disable)
return __ftrace_event_enable_disable(file, enable, soft_disable);
static int ftrace_event_enable_disable(struct ftrace_event_file *file,
int enable)
......@@ -421,11 +427,6 @@ static void remove_subsystem(struct ftrace_subsystem_dir *dir)
static void *event_file_data(struct file *filp)
return ACCESS_ONCE(file_inode(filp)->i_private);
static void remove_event_file_dir(struct ftrace_event_file *file)
struct dentry *dir = file->dir;
......@@ -1549,6 +1550,9 @@ event_create_dir(struct dentry *parent, struct ftrace_event_file *file)
trace_create_file("filter", 0644, file->dir, file,
trace_create_file("trigger", 0644, file->dir, file,
trace_create_file("format", 0444, file->dir, call,
......@@ -1645,6 +1649,8 @@ trace_create_new_event(struct ftrace_event_call *call,
file->event_call = call;
file->tr = tr;
atomic_set(&file->sm_ref, 0);
atomic_set(&file->tm_ref, 0);
list_add(&file->list, &tr->events);
return file;
......@@ -2311,6 +2317,9 @@ int event_trace_del_tracer(struct trace_array *tr)
/* Disable any event triggers and associated soft-disabled events */
/* Disable any running events */
__ftrace_set_clr_event_nolock(tr, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0);
......@@ -2377,6 +2386,8 @@ static __init int event_trace_enable(void)
return 0;
* trace_events_trigger - trace event triggers
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
* Copyright (C) 2013 Tom Zanussi <>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "trace.h"
static LIST_HEAD(trigger_commands);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(trigger_cmd_mutex);
* event_triggers_call - Call triggers associated with a trace event
* @file: The ftrace_event_file associated with the event
* For each trigger associated with an event, invoke the trigger
* function registered with the associated trigger command.
* Called from tracepoint handlers (with rcu_read_lock_sched() held).
* Return: an enum event_trigger_type value containing a set bit for
* any trigger that should be deferred, ETT_NONE if nothing to defer.
void event_triggers_call(struct ftrace_event_file *file)
struct event_trigger_data *data;
if (list_empty(&file->triggers))
list_for_each_entry_rcu(data, &file->triggers, list)
static void *trigger_next(struct seq_file *m, void *t, loff_t *pos)
struct ftrace_event_file *event_file = event_file_data(m->private);
return seq_list_next(t, &event_file->triggers, pos);
static void *trigger_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
struct ftrace_event_file *event_file;
/* ->stop() is called even if ->start() fails */
event_file = event_file_data(m->private);
if (unlikely(!event_file))
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
return seq_list_start(&event_file->triggers, *pos);
static void trigger_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *t)
static int trigger_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
struct event_trigger_data *data;
data = list_entry(v, struct event_trigger_data, list);
data->ops->print(m, data->ops, data);
return 0;
static const struct seq_operations event_triggers_seq_ops = {
.start = trigger_start,
.next = trigger_next,
.stop = trigger_stop,
.show = trigger_show,
static int event_trigger_regex_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
int ret = 0;
if (unlikely(!event_file_data(file))) {
return -ENODEV;
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
ret = seq_open(file, &event_triggers_seq_ops);
if (!ret) {
struct seq_file *m = file->private_data;
m->private = file;
return ret;
static int trigger_process_regex(struct ftrace_event_file *file, char *buff)
char *command, *next = buff;
struct event_command *p;
int ret = -EINVAL;
command = strsep(&next, ": \t");
command = (command[0] != '!') ? command : command + 1;
list_for_each_entry(p, &trigger_commands, list) {
if (strcmp(p->name, command) == 0) {
ret = p->func(p, file, buff, command, next);
goto out_unlock;
return ret;
static ssize_t event_trigger_regex_write(struct file *file,
const char __user *ubuf,
size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
struct ftrace_event_file *event_file;
ssize_t ret;
char *buf;
if (!cnt)
return 0;
if (cnt >= PAGE_SIZE)
return -EINVAL;
buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
if (!buf)
return -ENOMEM;
if (copy_from_user(buf, ubuf, cnt)) {
free_page((unsigned long)buf);
return -EFAULT;
buf[cnt] = '\0';
event_file = event_file_data(file);
if (unlikely(!event_file)) {
free_page((unsigned long)buf);
return -ENODEV;
ret = trigger_process_regex(event_file, buf);
free_page((unsigned long)buf);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
*ppos += cnt;
ret = cnt;
return ret;
static int event_trigger_regex_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ)
seq_release(inode, file);
return 0;
static ssize_t
event_trigger_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
return event_trigger_regex_write(filp, ubuf, cnt, ppos);
static int
event_trigger_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
return event_trigger_regex_open(inode, filp);
static int
event_trigger_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
return event_trigger_regex_release(inode, file);
const struct file_operations event_trigger_fops = {
.open = event_trigger_open,
.read = seq_read,
.write = event_trigger_write,
.llseek = ftrace_filter_lseek,
.release = event_trigger_release,
static int trace_event_trigger_enable_disable(struct ftrace_event_file *file,
int trigger_enable)
int ret = 0;
if (trigger_enable) {
if (atomic_inc_return(&file->tm_ref) > 1)
return ret;
set_bit(FTRACE_EVENT_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT, &file->flags);
ret = trace_event_enable_disable(file, 1, 1);
} else {
if (atomic_dec_return(&file->tm_ref) > 0)
return ret;
clear_bit(FTRACE_EVENT_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT, &file->flags);
ret = trace_event_enable_disable(file, 0, 1);
return ret;
* clear_event_triggers - Clear all triggers associated with a trace array
* @tr: The trace array to clear
* For each trigger, the triggering event has its tm_ref decremented
* via trace_event_trigger_enable_disable(), and any associated event
* (in the case of enable/disable_event triggers) will have its sm_ref
* decremented via free()->trace_event_enable_disable(). That
* combination effectively reverses the soft-mode/trigger state added
* by trigger registration.
* Must be called with event_mutex held.
clear_event_triggers(struct trace_array *tr)
struct ftrace_event_file *file;
list_for_each_entry(file, &tr->events, list) {
struct event_trigger_data *data;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(data, &file->triggers, list) {
trace_event_trigger_enable_disable(file, 0);
if (data->ops->free)
data->ops->free(data->ops, data);
__init int register_trigger_cmds(void)
return 0;
......@@ -321,6 +321,8 @@ static void ftrace_syscall_enter(void *data, struct pt_regs *regs, long id)
if (!ftrace_file)