notification.c 10.5 KB
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/*
 *  Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 *  any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
 *  the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

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/*
 * Basic idea behind the notification queue: An fsnotify group (like inotify)
 * sends the userspace notification about events asyncronously some time after
 * the event happened.  When inotify gets an event it will need to add that
 * event to the group notify queue.  Since a single event might need to be on
 * multiple group's notification queues we can't add the event directly to each
 * queue and instead add a small "event_holder" to each queue.  This event_holder
 * has a pointer back to the original event.  Since the majority of events are
 * going to end up on one, and only one, notification queue we embed one
 * event_holder into each event.  This means we have a single allocation instead
 * of always needing two.  If the embedded event_holder is already in use by
 * another group a new event_holder (from fsnotify_event_holder_cachep) will be
 * allocated and used.
 */

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#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/path.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>

#include <asm/atomic.h>

#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
#include "fsnotify.h"

static struct kmem_cache *fsnotify_event_cachep;
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static struct kmem_cache *fsnotify_event_holder_cachep;
/*
 * This is a magic event we send when the q is too full.  Since it doesn't
 * hold real event information we just keep one system wide and use it any time
 * it is needed.  It's refcnt is set 1 at kernel init time and will never
 * get set to 0 so it will never get 'freed'
 */
static struct fsnotify_event q_overflow_event;
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static atomic_t fsnotify_sync_cookie = ATOMIC_INIT(0);

/**
 * fsnotify_get_cookie - return a unique cookie for use in synchronizing events.
 * Called from fsnotify_move, which is inlined into filesystem modules.
 */
u32 fsnotify_get_cookie(void)
{
	return atomic_inc_return(&fsnotify_sync_cookie);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsnotify_get_cookie);
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/* return true if the notify queue is empty, false otherwise */
bool fsnotify_notify_queue_is_empty(struct fsnotify_group *group)
{
	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&group->notification_mutex));
	return list_empty(&group->notification_list) ? true : false;
}
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void fsnotify_get_event(struct fsnotify_event *event)
{
	atomic_inc(&event->refcnt);
}

void fsnotify_put_event(struct fsnotify_event *event)
{
	if (!event)
		return;

	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&event->refcnt)) {
		if (event->data_type == FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH)
			path_put(&event->path);

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		kfree(event->file_name);
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		kmem_cache_free(fsnotify_event_cachep, event);
	}
}

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struct fsnotify_event_holder *fsnotify_alloc_event_holder(void)
{
	return kmem_cache_alloc(fsnotify_event_holder_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
}

void fsnotify_destroy_event_holder(struct fsnotify_event_holder *holder)
{
	kmem_cache_free(fsnotify_event_holder_cachep, holder);
}

/*
 * check if 2 events contain the same information.
 */
static bool event_compare(struct fsnotify_event *old, struct fsnotify_event *new)
{
	if ((old->mask == new->mask) &&
	    (old->to_tell == new->to_tell) &&
	    (old->data_type == new->data_type)) {
		switch (old->data_type) {
		case (FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE):
			if (old->inode == new->inode)
				return true;
			break;
		case (FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH):
			if ((old->path.mnt == new->path.mnt) &&
			    (old->path.dentry == new->path.dentry))
				return true;
		case (FSNOTIFY_EVENT_NONE):
			return true;
		};
	}
	return false;
}

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/*
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 * Add an event to the group notification queue.  The group can later pull this
 * event off the queue to deal with.  If the event is successfully added to the
 * group's notification queue, a reference is taken on event.
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 */
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int fsnotify_add_notify_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event)
{
	struct fsnotify_event_holder *holder = NULL;
	struct list_head *list = &group->notification_list;
	struct fsnotify_event_holder *last_holder;
	struct fsnotify_event *last_event;

	/*
	 * There is one fsnotify_event_holder embedded inside each fsnotify_event.
	 * Check if we expect to be able to use that holder.  If not alloc a new
	 * holder.
	 * For the overflow event it's possible that something will use the in
	 * event holder before we get the lock so we may need to jump back and
	 * alloc a new holder, this can't happen for most events...
	 */
	if (!list_empty(&event->holder.event_list)) {
alloc_holder:
		holder = fsnotify_alloc_event_holder();
		if (!holder)
			return -ENOMEM;
	}

	mutex_lock(&group->notification_mutex);

	if (group->q_len >= group->max_events)
		event = &q_overflow_event;

	spin_lock(&event->lock);

	if (list_empty(&event->holder.event_list)) {
		if (unlikely(holder))
			fsnotify_destroy_event_holder(holder);
		holder = &event->holder;
	} else if (unlikely(!holder)) {
		/* between the time we checked above and got the lock the in
		 * event holder was used, go back and get a new one */
		spin_unlock(&event->lock);
		mutex_unlock(&group->notification_mutex);
		goto alloc_holder;
	}

	if (!list_empty(list)) {
		last_holder = list_entry(list->prev, struct fsnotify_event_holder, event_list);
		last_event = last_holder->event;
		if (event_compare(last_event, event)) {
			spin_unlock(&event->lock);
			mutex_unlock(&group->notification_mutex);
			if (holder != &event->holder)
				fsnotify_destroy_event_holder(holder);
			return 0;
		}
	}

	group->q_len++;
	holder->event = event;

	fsnotify_get_event(event);
	list_add_tail(&holder->event_list, list);
	spin_unlock(&event->lock);
	mutex_unlock(&group->notification_mutex);

	wake_up(&group->notification_waitq);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Remove and return the first event from the notification list.  There is a
 * reference held on this event since it was on the list.  It is the responsibility
 * of the caller to drop this reference.
 */
struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_remove_notify_event(struct fsnotify_group *group)
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{
	struct fsnotify_event *event;
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	struct fsnotify_event_holder *holder;
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	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&group->notification_mutex));
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	holder = list_first_entry(&group->notification_list, struct fsnotify_event_holder, event_list);

	event = holder->event;

	spin_lock(&event->lock);
	holder->event = NULL;
	list_del_init(&holder->event_list);
	spin_unlock(&event->lock);

	/* event == holder means we are referenced through the in event holder */
	if (holder != &event->holder)
		fsnotify_destroy_event_holder(holder);

	group->q_len--;

	return event;
}

/*
 * This will not remove the event, that must be done with fsnotify_remove_notify_event()
 */
struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_peek_notify_event(struct fsnotify_group *group)
{
	struct fsnotify_event *event;
	struct fsnotify_event_holder *holder;

	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&group->notification_mutex));

	holder = list_first_entry(&group->notification_list, struct fsnotify_event_holder, event_list);
	event = holder->event;

	return event;
}

/*
 * Called when a group is being torn down to clean up any outstanding
 * event notifications.
 */
void fsnotify_flush_notify(struct fsnotify_group *group)
{
	struct fsnotify_event *event;

	mutex_lock(&group->notification_mutex);
	while (!fsnotify_notify_queue_is_empty(group)) {
		event = fsnotify_remove_notify_event(group);
		fsnotify_put_event(event); /* matches fsnotify_add_notify_event */
	}
	mutex_unlock(&group->notification_mutex);
}

static void initialize_event(struct fsnotify_event *event)
{
	event->holder.event = NULL;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&event->holder.event_list);
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	atomic_set(&event->refcnt, 1);

	spin_lock_init(&event->lock);

	event->path.dentry = NULL;
	event->path.mnt = NULL;
	event->inode = NULL;
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	event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_NONE;
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	event->to_tell = NULL;
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	event->file_name = NULL;
	event->name_len = 0;
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	event->sync_cookie = 0;
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}

/*
 * fsnotify_create_event - Allocate a new event which will be sent to each
 * group's handle_event function if the group was interested in this
 * particular event.
 *
 * @to_tell the inode which is supposed to receive the event (sometimes a
 *	parent of the inode to which the event happened.
 * @mask what actually happened.
 * @data pointer to the object which was actually affected
 * @data_type flag indication if the data is a file, path, inode, nothing...
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 * @name the filename, if available
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 */
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struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_create_event(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data,
					     int data_type, const char *name, u32 cookie)
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{
	struct fsnotify_event *event;

	event = kmem_cache_alloc(fsnotify_event_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!event)
		return NULL;

	initialize_event(event);
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	if (name) {
		event->file_name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!event->file_name) {
			kmem_cache_free(fsnotify_event_cachep, event);
			return NULL;
		}
		event->name_len = strlen(event->file_name);
	}
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	event->sync_cookie = cookie;
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	event->to_tell = to_tell;

	switch (data_type) {
	case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_FILE: {
		struct file *file = data;
		struct path *path = &file->f_path;
		event->path.dentry = path->dentry;
		event->path.mnt = path->mnt;
		path_get(&event->path);
		event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH;
		break;
	}
	case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH: {
		struct path *path = data;
		event->path.dentry = path->dentry;
		event->path.mnt = path->mnt;
		path_get(&event->path);
		event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH;
		break;
	}
	case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE:
		event->inode = data;
		event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE;
		break;
	case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_NONE:
		event->inode = NULL;
		event->path.dentry = NULL;
		event->path.mnt = NULL;
		break;
	default:
		BUG();
	}

	event->mask = mask;

	return event;
}

__init int fsnotify_notification_init(void)
{
	fsnotify_event_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(fsnotify_event, SLAB_PANIC);
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	fsnotify_event_holder_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(fsnotify_event_holder, SLAB_PANIC);

	initialize_event(&q_overflow_event);
	q_overflow_event.mask = FS_Q_OVERFLOW;
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	return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(fsnotify_notification_init);