Commit acce292c authored by Cedric Le Goater's avatar Cedric Le Goater Committed by Linus Torvalds

user namespace: add the framework

Basically, it will allow a process to unshare its user_struct table,
resetting at the same time its own user_struct and all the associated
accounting.

A new root user (uid == 0) is added to the user namespace upon creation.
Such root users have full privileges and it seems that theses privileges
should be controlled through some means (process capabilities ?)

The unshare is not included in this patch.

Changes since [try #4]:
	- Updated get_user_ns and put_user_ns to accept NULL, and
	  get_user_ns to return the namespace.

Changes since [try #3]:
	- moved struct user_namespace to files user_namespace.{c,h}

Changes since [try #2]:
	- removed struct user_namespace* argument from find_user()

Changes since [try #1]:
	- removed struct user_namespace* argument from find_user()
	- added a root_user per user namespace
Signed-off-by: default avatarCedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarSerge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: default avatarPavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org>
Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at>
Cc: Kirill Korotaev <dev@sw.ru>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Andrew Morgan <agm@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 7d69a1f4
......@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/ipc.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#define INIT_FDTABLE \
{ \
......@@ -78,6 +79,7 @@ extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy;
.uts_ns = &init_uts_ns, \
.mnt_ns = NULL, \
INIT_IPC_NS(ipc_ns) \
.user_ns = &init_user_ns, \
}
#define INIT_SIGHAND(sighand) { \
......
......@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ struct nsproxy {
struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns;
struct pid_namespace *pid_ns;
struct user_namespace *user_ns;
};
extern struct nsproxy init_nsproxy;
......
......@@ -287,6 +287,7 @@ extern signed long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(signed long timeout);
asmlinkage void schedule(void);
struct nsproxy;
struct user_namespace;
/* Maximum number of active map areas.. This is a random (large) number */
#define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT 65536
......@@ -1408,7 +1409,7 @@ extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_type(int type, int pid);
extern void __set_special_pids(pid_t session, pid_t pgrp);
/* per-UID process charging. */
extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t);
extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(struct user_namespace *, uid_t);
static inline struct user_struct *get_uid(struct user_struct *u)
{
atomic_inc(&u->__count);
......
#ifndef _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H
#define _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H
#include <linux/kref.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#define UIDHASH_BITS (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 3 : 8)
#define UIDHASH_SZ (1 << UIDHASH_BITS)
struct user_namespace {
struct kref kref;
struct list_head uidhash_table[UIDHASH_SZ];
struct user_struct *root_user;
};
extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns;
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
{
if (ns)
kref_get(&ns->kref);
return ns;
}
extern struct user_namespace *copy_user_ns(int flags,
struct user_namespace *old_ns);
extern void free_user_ns(struct kref *kref);
static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
{
if (ns)
kref_put(&ns->kref, free_user_ns);
}
#else
static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
{
return &init_user_ns;
}
static inline struct user_namespace *copy_user_ns(int flags,
struct user_namespace *old_ns)
{
return NULL;
}
static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
{
}
#endif
#endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */
......@@ -209,6 +209,15 @@ config TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
Say N if unsure.
config USER_NS
bool "User Namespaces (EXPERIMENTAL)"
default n
depends on EXPERIMENTAL
help
Support user namespaces. This allows containers, i.e.
vservers, to use user namespaces to provide different
user info for different servers. If unsure, say N.
config AUDIT
bool "Auditing support"
depends on NET
......
......@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
obj-y = sched.o fork.o exec_domain.o panic.o printk.o profile.o \
exit.o itimer.o time.o softirq.o resource.o \
sysctl.o capability.o ptrace.o timer.o user.o \
sysctl.o capability.o ptrace.o timer.o user.o user_namespace.o \
signal.o sys.o kmod.o workqueue.o pid.o \
rcupdate.o extable.o params.o posix-timers.o \
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o mutex.o \
......
......@@ -1002,7 +1002,7 @@ static struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
if (atomic_read(&p->user->processes) >=
p->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur) {
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) &&
p->user != &root_user)
p->user != current->nsproxy->user_ns->root_user)
goto bad_fork_free;
}
......
......@@ -79,8 +79,15 @@ static struct nsproxy *create_new_namespaces(int flags, struct task_struct *tsk,
if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->pid_ns))
goto out_pid;
new_nsp->user_ns = copy_user_ns(flags, tsk->nsproxy->user_ns);
if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->user_ns))
goto out_user;
return new_nsp;
out_user:
if (new_nsp->pid_ns)
put_pid_ns(new_nsp->pid_ns);
out_pid:
if (new_nsp->ipc_ns)
put_ipc_ns(new_nsp->ipc_ns);
......@@ -140,6 +147,8 @@ void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns)
put_ipc_ns(ns->ipc_ns);
if (ns->pid_ns)
put_pid_ns(ns->pid_ns);
if (ns->user_ns)
put_user_ns(ns->user_ns);
kfree(ns);
}
......
......@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
......@@ -1078,13 +1079,13 @@ static int set_user(uid_t new_ruid, int dumpclear)
{
struct user_struct *new_user;
new_user = alloc_uid(new_ruid);
new_user = alloc_uid(current->nsproxy->user_ns, new_ruid);
if (!new_user)
return -EAGAIN;
if (atomic_read(&new_user->processes) >=
current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur &&
new_user != &root_user) {
new_user != current->nsproxy->user_ns->root_user) {
free_uid(new_user);
return -EAGAIN;
}
......
......@@ -14,20 +14,19 @@
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
/*
* UID task count cache, to get fast user lookup in "alloc_uid"
* when changing user ID's (ie setuid() and friends).
*/
#define UIDHASH_BITS (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 3 : 8)
#define UIDHASH_SZ (1 << UIDHASH_BITS)
#define UIDHASH_MASK (UIDHASH_SZ - 1)
#define __uidhashfn(uid) (((uid >> UIDHASH_BITS) + uid) & UIDHASH_MASK)
#define uidhashentry(uid) (uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))
#define uidhashentry(ns, uid) ((ns)->uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))
static struct kmem_cache *uid_cachep;
static struct list_head uidhash_table[UIDHASH_SZ];
/*
* The uidhash_lock is mostly taken from process context, but it is
......@@ -94,9 +93,10 @@ struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t uid)
{
struct user_struct *ret;
unsigned long flags;
struct user_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->user_ns;
spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(uid));
ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(ns, uid));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
return ret;
}
......@@ -120,9 +120,9 @@ void free_uid(struct user_struct *up)
}
}
struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t uid)
struct user_struct * alloc_uid(struct user_namespace *ns, uid_t uid)
{
struct list_head *hashent = uidhashentry(uid);
struct list_head *hashent = uidhashentry(ns, uid);
struct user_struct *up;
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
......@@ -211,11 +211,11 @@ static int __init uid_cache_init(void)
0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(uidhash_table + n);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(init_user_ns.uidhash_table + n);
/* Insert the root user immediately (init already runs as root) */
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(0));
uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(&init_user_ns, 0));
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
return 0;
......
/*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2 of the
* License.
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/version.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
struct user_namespace init_user_ns = {
.kref = {
.refcount = ATOMIC_INIT(2),
},
.root_user = &root_user,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_user_ns);
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
struct user_namespace * copy_user_ns(int flags, struct user_namespace *old_ns)
{
struct user_namespace *new_ns;
BUG_ON(!old_ns);
get_user_ns(old_ns);
new_ns = old_ns;
return new_ns;
}
void free_user_ns(struct kref *kref)
{
struct user_namespace *ns;
ns = container_of(kref, struct user_namespace, kref);
kfree(ns);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */
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