bfq-cgroup.c 33.5 KB
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/*
 * cgroups support for the BFQ I/O scheduler.
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 *  published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
 *  License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  General Public License for more details.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/elevator.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/ioprio.h>
#include <linux/sbitmap.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>

#include "bfq-iosched.h"

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#if defined(CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED) &&  defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP)
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/* bfqg stats flags */
enum bfqg_stats_flags {
	BFQG_stats_waiting = 0,
	BFQG_stats_idling,
	BFQG_stats_empty,
};

#define BFQG_FLAG_FNS(name)						\
static void bfqg_stats_mark_##name(struct bfqg_stats *stats)	\
{									\
	stats->flags |= (1 << BFQG_stats_##name);			\
}									\
static void bfqg_stats_clear_##name(struct bfqg_stats *stats)	\
{									\
	stats->flags &= ~(1 << BFQG_stats_##name);			\
}									\
static int bfqg_stats_##name(struct bfqg_stats *stats)		\
{									\
	return (stats->flags & (1 << BFQG_stats_##name)) != 0;		\
}									\

BFQG_FLAG_FNS(waiting)
BFQG_FLAG_FNS(idling)
BFQG_FLAG_FNS(empty)
#undef BFQG_FLAG_FNS

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/* This should be called with the scheduler lock held. */
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static void bfqg_stats_update_group_wait_time(struct bfqg_stats *stats)
{
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	u64 now;
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	if (!bfqg_stats_waiting(stats))
		return;

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	now = ktime_get_ns();
	if (now > stats->start_group_wait_time)
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		blkg_stat_add(&stats->group_wait_time,
			      now - stats->start_group_wait_time);
	bfqg_stats_clear_waiting(stats);
}

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/* This should be called with the scheduler lock held. */
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static void bfqg_stats_set_start_group_wait_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg,
						 struct bfq_group *curr_bfqg)
{
	struct bfqg_stats *stats = &bfqg->stats;

	if (bfqg_stats_waiting(stats))
		return;
	if (bfqg == curr_bfqg)
		return;
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	stats->start_group_wait_time = ktime_get_ns();
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	bfqg_stats_mark_waiting(stats);
}

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/* This should be called with the scheduler lock held. */
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static void bfqg_stats_end_empty_time(struct bfqg_stats *stats)
{
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	u64 now;
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	if (!bfqg_stats_empty(stats))
		return;

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	now = ktime_get_ns();
	if (now > stats->start_empty_time)
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		blkg_stat_add(&stats->empty_time,
			      now - stats->start_empty_time);
	bfqg_stats_clear_empty(stats);
}

void bfqg_stats_update_dequeue(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	blkg_stat_add(&bfqg->stats.dequeue, 1);
}

void bfqg_stats_set_start_empty_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfqg_stats *stats = &bfqg->stats;

	if (blkg_rwstat_total(&stats->queued))
		return;

	/*
	 * group is already marked empty. This can happen if bfqq got new
	 * request in parent group and moved to this group while being added
	 * to service tree. Just ignore the event and move on.
	 */
	if (bfqg_stats_empty(stats))
		return;

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	stats->start_empty_time = ktime_get_ns();
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	bfqg_stats_mark_empty(stats);
}

void bfqg_stats_update_idle_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfqg_stats *stats = &bfqg->stats;

	if (bfqg_stats_idling(stats)) {
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		u64 now = ktime_get_ns();
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		if (now > stats->start_idle_time)
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			blkg_stat_add(&stats->idle_time,
				      now - stats->start_idle_time);
		bfqg_stats_clear_idling(stats);
	}
}

void bfqg_stats_set_start_idle_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfqg_stats *stats = &bfqg->stats;

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	stats->start_idle_time = ktime_get_ns();
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	bfqg_stats_mark_idling(stats);
}

void bfqg_stats_update_avg_queue_size(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfqg_stats *stats = &bfqg->stats;

	blkg_stat_add(&stats->avg_queue_size_sum,
		      blkg_rwstat_total(&stats->queued));
	blkg_stat_add(&stats->avg_queue_size_samples, 1);
	bfqg_stats_update_group_wait_time(stats);
}

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void bfqg_stats_update_io_add(struct bfq_group *bfqg, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,
			      unsigned int op)
{
	blkg_rwstat_add(&bfqg->stats.queued, op, 1);
	bfqg_stats_end_empty_time(&bfqg->stats);
	if (!(bfqq == ((struct bfq_data *)bfqg->bfqd)->in_service_queue))
		bfqg_stats_set_start_group_wait_time(bfqg, bfqq_group(bfqq));
}

void bfqg_stats_update_io_remove(struct bfq_group *bfqg, unsigned int op)
{
	blkg_rwstat_add(&bfqg->stats.queued, op, -1);
}

void bfqg_stats_update_io_merged(struct bfq_group *bfqg, unsigned int op)
{
	blkg_rwstat_add(&bfqg->stats.merged, op, 1);
}

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void bfqg_stats_update_completion(struct bfq_group *bfqg, u64 start_time_ns,
				  u64 io_start_time_ns, unsigned int op)
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{
	struct bfqg_stats *stats = &bfqg->stats;
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	u64 now = ktime_get_ns();
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	if (now > io_start_time_ns)
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		blkg_rwstat_add(&stats->service_time, op,
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				now - io_start_time_ns);
	if (io_start_time_ns > start_time_ns)
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		blkg_rwstat_add(&stats->wait_time, op,
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				io_start_time_ns - start_time_ns);
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}

#else /* CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED && CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP */

void bfqg_stats_update_io_add(struct bfq_group *bfqg, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,
			      unsigned int op) { }
void bfqg_stats_update_io_remove(struct bfq_group *bfqg, unsigned int op) { }
void bfqg_stats_update_io_merged(struct bfq_group *bfqg, unsigned int op) { }
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void bfqg_stats_update_completion(struct bfq_group *bfqg, u64 start_time_ns,
				  u64 io_start_time_ns, unsigned int op) { }
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void bfqg_stats_update_dequeue(struct bfq_group *bfqg) { }
void bfqg_stats_set_start_empty_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg) { }
void bfqg_stats_update_idle_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg) { }
void bfqg_stats_set_start_idle_time(struct bfq_group *bfqg) { }
void bfqg_stats_update_avg_queue_size(struct bfq_group *bfqg) { }

#endif /* CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED && CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP */

#ifdef CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED

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/*
 * blk-cgroup policy-related handlers
 * The following functions help in converting between blk-cgroup
 * internal structures and BFQ-specific structures.
 */

static struct bfq_group *pd_to_bfqg(struct blkg_policy_data *pd)
{
	return pd ? container_of(pd, struct bfq_group, pd) : NULL;
}

struct blkcg_gq *bfqg_to_blkg(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	return pd_to_blkg(&bfqg->pd);
}

static struct bfq_group *blkg_to_bfqg(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
{
	return pd_to_bfqg(blkg_to_pd(blkg, &blkcg_policy_bfq));
}

/*
 * bfq_group handlers
 * The following functions help in navigating the bfq_group hierarchy
 * by allowing to find the parent of a bfq_group or the bfq_group
 * associated to a bfq_queue.
 */

static struct bfq_group *bfqg_parent(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct blkcg_gq *pblkg = bfqg_to_blkg(bfqg)->parent;

	return pblkg ? blkg_to_bfqg(pblkg) : NULL;
}

struct bfq_group *bfqq_group(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
{
	struct bfq_entity *group_entity = bfqq->entity.parent;

	return group_entity ? container_of(group_entity, struct bfq_group,
					   entity) :
			      bfqq->bfqd->root_group;
}

/*
 * The following two functions handle get and put of a bfq_group by
 * wrapping the related blk-cgroup hooks.
 */

static void bfqg_get(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
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	bfqg->ref++;
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}

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static void bfqg_put(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
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{
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	bfqg->ref--;

	if (bfqg->ref == 0)
		kfree(bfqg);
}

static void bfqg_and_blkg_get(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	/* see comments in bfq_bic_update_cgroup for why refcounting bfqg */
	bfqg_get(bfqg);

	blkg_get(bfqg_to_blkg(bfqg));
}

void bfqg_and_blkg_put(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	bfqg_put(bfqg);

	blkg_put(bfqg_to_blkg(bfqg));
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}

/* @stats = 0 */
static void bfqg_stats_reset(struct bfqg_stats *stats)
{
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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
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	/* queued stats shouldn't be cleared */
	blkg_rwstat_reset(&stats->merged);
	blkg_rwstat_reset(&stats->service_time);
	blkg_rwstat_reset(&stats->wait_time);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->time);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->avg_queue_size_sum);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->avg_queue_size_samples);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->dequeue);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->group_wait_time);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->idle_time);
	blkg_stat_reset(&stats->empty_time);
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#endif
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}

/* @to += @from */
static void bfqg_stats_add_aux(struct bfqg_stats *to, struct bfqg_stats *from)
{
	if (!to || !from)
		return;

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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
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	/* queued stats shouldn't be cleared */
	blkg_rwstat_add_aux(&to->merged, &from->merged);
	blkg_rwstat_add_aux(&to->service_time, &from->service_time);
	blkg_rwstat_add_aux(&to->wait_time, &from->wait_time);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&from->time, &from->time);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&to->avg_queue_size_sum, &from->avg_queue_size_sum);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&to->avg_queue_size_samples,
			  &from->avg_queue_size_samples);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&to->dequeue, &from->dequeue);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&to->group_wait_time, &from->group_wait_time);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&to->idle_time, &from->idle_time);
	blkg_stat_add_aux(&to->empty_time, &from->empty_time);
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#endif
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}

/*
 * Transfer @bfqg's stats to its parent's aux counts so that the ancestors'
 * recursive stats can still account for the amount used by this bfqg after
 * it's gone.
 */
static void bfqg_stats_xfer_dead(struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfq_group *parent;

	if (!bfqg) /* root_group */
		return;

	parent = bfqg_parent(bfqg);

	lockdep_assert_held(bfqg_to_blkg(bfqg)->q->queue_lock);

	if (unlikely(!parent))
		return;

	bfqg_stats_add_aux(&parent->stats, &bfqg->stats);
	bfqg_stats_reset(&bfqg->stats);
}

void bfq_init_entity(struct bfq_entity *entity, struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfq_queue *bfqq = bfq_entity_to_bfqq(entity);

	entity->weight = entity->new_weight;
	entity->orig_weight = entity->new_weight;
	if (bfqq) {
		bfqq->ioprio = bfqq->new_ioprio;
		bfqq->ioprio_class = bfqq->new_ioprio_class;
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		/*
		 * Make sure that bfqg and its associated blkg do not
		 * disappear before entity.
		 */
		bfqg_and_blkg_get(bfqg);
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	}
	entity->parent = bfqg->my_entity; /* NULL for root group */
	entity->sched_data = &bfqg->sched_data;
}

static void bfqg_stats_exit(struct bfqg_stats *stats)
{
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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
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	blkg_rwstat_exit(&stats->merged);
	blkg_rwstat_exit(&stats->service_time);
	blkg_rwstat_exit(&stats->wait_time);
	blkg_rwstat_exit(&stats->queued);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->time);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->avg_queue_size_sum);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->avg_queue_size_samples);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->dequeue);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->group_wait_time);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->idle_time);
	blkg_stat_exit(&stats->empty_time);
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#endif
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}

static int bfqg_stats_init(struct bfqg_stats *stats, gfp_t gfp)
{
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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
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	if (blkg_rwstat_init(&stats->merged, gfp) ||
	    blkg_rwstat_init(&stats->service_time, gfp) ||
	    blkg_rwstat_init(&stats->wait_time, gfp) ||
	    blkg_rwstat_init(&stats->queued, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->time, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->avg_queue_size_sum, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->avg_queue_size_samples, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->dequeue, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->group_wait_time, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->idle_time, gfp) ||
	    blkg_stat_init(&stats->empty_time, gfp)) {
		bfqg_stats_exit(stats);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
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#endif
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	return 0;
}

static struct bfq_group_data *cpd_to_bfqgd(struct blkcg_policy_data *cpd)
{
	return cpd ? container_of(cpd, struct bfq_group_data, pd) : NULL;
}

static struct bfq_group_data *blkcg_to_bfqgd(struct blkcg *blkcg)
{
	return cpd_to_bfqgd(blkcg_to_cpd(blkcg, &blkcg_policy_bfq));
}

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static struct blkcg_policy_data *bfq_cpd_alloc(gfp_t gfp)
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{
	struct bfq_group_data *bgd;

	bgd = kzalloc(sizeof(*bgd), gfp);
	if (!bgd)
		return NULL;
	return &bgd->pd;
}

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static void bfq_cpd_init(struct blkcg_policy_data *cpd)
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{
	struct bfq_group_data *d = cpd_to_bfqgd(cpd);

	d->weight = cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(io_cgrp_subsys) ?
		CGROUP_WEIGHT_DFL : BFQ_WEIGHT_LEGACY_DFL;
}

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static void bfq_cpd_free(struct blkcg_policy_data *cpd)
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{
	kfree(cpd_to_bfqgd(cpd));
}

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static struct blkg_policy_data *bfq_pd_alloc(gfp_t gfp, int node)
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{
	struct bfq_group *bfqg;

	bfqg = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*bfqg), gfp, node);
	if (!bfqg)
		return NULL;

	if (bfqg_stats_init(&bfqg->stats, gfp)) {
		kfree(bfqg);
		return NULL;
	}

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	/* see comments in bfq_bic_update_cgroup for why refcounting */
	bfqg_get(bfqg);
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	return &bfqg->pd;
}

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static void bfq_pd_init(struct blkg_policy_data *pd)
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{
	struct blkcg_gq *blkg = pd_to_blkg(pd);
	struct bfq_group *bfqg = blkg_to_bfqg(blkg);
	struct bfq_data *bfqd = blkg->q->elevator->elevator_data;
	struct bfq_entity *entity = &bfqg->entity;
	struct bfq_group_data *d = blkcg_to_bfqgd(blkg->blkcg);

	entity->orig_weight = entity->weight = entity->new_weight = d->weight;
	entity->my_sched_data = &bfqg->sched_data;
	bfqg->my_entity = entity; /*
				   * the root_group's will be set to NULL
				   * in bfq_init_queue()
				   */
	bfqg->bfqd = bfqd;
	bfqg->active_entities = 0;
	bfqg->rq_pos_tree = RB_ROOT;
}

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static void bfq_pd_free(struct blkg_policy_data *pd)
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{
	struct bfq_group *bfqg = pd_to_bfqg(pd);

	bfqg_stats_exit(&bfqg->stats);
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	bfqg_put(bfqg);
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}

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static void bfq_pd_reset_stats(struct blkg_policy_data *pd)
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{
	struct bfq_group *bfqg = pd_to_bfqg(pd);

	bfqg_stats_reset(&bfqg->stats);
}

static void bfq_group_set_parent(struct bfq_group *bfqg,
					struct bfq_group *parent)
{
	struct bfq_entity *entity;

	entity = &bfqg->entity;
	entity->parent = parent->my_entity;
	entity->sched_data = &parent->sched_data;
}

static struct bfq_group *bfq_lookup_bfqg(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
					 struct blkcg *blkcg)
{
	struct blkcg_gq *blkg;

	blkg = blkg_lookup(blkcg, bfqd->queue);
	if (likely(blkg))
		return blkg_to_bfqg(blkg);
	return NULL;
}

struct bfq_group *bfq_find_set_group(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
				     struct blkcg *blkcg)
{
	struct bfq_group *bfqg, *parent;
	struct bfq_entity *entity;

	bfqg = bfq_lookup_bfqg(bfqd, blkcg);

	if (unlikely(!bfqg))
		return NULL;

	/*
	 * Update chain of bfq_groups as we might be handling a leaf group
	 * which, along with some of its relatives, has not been hooked yet
	 * to the private hierarchy of BFQ.
	 */
	entity = &bfqg->entity;
	for_each_entity(entity) {
		bfqg = container_of(entity, struct bfq_group, entity);
		if (bfqg != bfqd->root_group) {
			parent = bfqg_parent(bfqg);
			if (!parent)
				parent = bfqd->root_group;
			bfq_group_set_parent(bfqg, parent);
		}
	}

	return bfqg;
}

/**
 * bfq_bfqq_move - migrate @bfqq to @bfqg.
 * @bfqd: queue descriptor.
 * @bfqq: the queue to move.
 * @bfqg: the group to move to.
 *
 * Move @bfqq to @bfqg, deactivating it from its old group and reactivating
 * it on the new one.  Avoid putting the entity on the old group idle tree.
 *
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 * Must be called under the scheduler lock, to make sure that the blkg
 * owning @bfqg does not disappear (see comments in
 * bfq_bic_update_cgroup on guaranteeing the consistency of blkg
 * objects).
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 */
void bfq_bfqq_move(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,
		   struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfq_entity *entity = &bfqq->entity;

	/* If bfqq is empty, then bfq_bfqq_expire also invokes
	 * bfq_del_bfqq_busy, thereby removing bfqq and its entity
	 * from data structures related to current group. Otherwise we
	 * need to remove bfqq explicitly with bfq_deactivate_bfqq, as
	 * we do below.
	 */
	if (bfqq == bfqd->in_service_queue)
		bfq_bfqq_expire(bfqd, bfqd->in_service_queue,
				false, BFQQE_PREEMPTED);

	if (bfq_bfqq_busy(bfqq))
		bfq_deactivate_bfqq(bfqd, bfqq, false, false);
	else if (entity->on_st)
		bfq_put_idle_entity(bfq_entity_service_tree(entity), entity);
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	bfqg_and_blkg_put(bfqq_group(bfqq));
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	entity->parent = bfqg->my_entity;
	entity->sched_data = &bfqg->sched_data;
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	/* pin down bfqg and its associated blkg  */
	bfqg_and_blkg_get(bfqg);
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	if (bfq_bfqq_busy(bfqq)) {
		bfq_pos_tree_add_move(bfqd, bfqq);
		bfq_activate_bfqq(bfqd, bfqq);
	}

	if (!bfqd->in_service_queue && !bfqd->rq_in_driver)
		bfq_schedule_dispatch(bfqd);
}

/**
 * __bfq_bic_change_cgroup - move @bic to @cgroup.
 * @bfqd: the queue descriptor.
 * @bic: the bic to move.
 * @blkcg: the blk-cgroup to move to.
 *
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 * Move bic to blkcg, assuming that bfqd->lock is held; which makes
 * sure that the reference to cgroup is valid across the call (see
 * comments in bfq_bic_update_cgroup on this issue)
598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654
 *
 * NOTE: an alternative approach might have been to store the current
 * cgroup in bfqq and getting a reference to it, reducing the lookup
 * time here, at the price of slightly more complex code.
 */
static struct bfq_group *__bfq_bic_change_cgroup(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
						struct bfq_io_cq *bic,
						struct blkcg *blkcg)
{
	struct bfq_queue *async_bfqq = bic_to_bfqq(bic, 0);
	struct bfq_queue *sync_bfqq = bic_to_bfqq(bic, 1);
	struct bfq_group *bfqg;
	struct bfq_entity *entity;

	bfqg = bfq_find_set_group(bfqd, blkcg);

	if (unlikely(!bfqg))
		bfqg = bfqd->root_group;

	if (async_bfqq) {
		entity = &async_bfqq->entity;

		if (entity->sched_data != &bfqg->sched_data) {
			bic_set_bfqq(bic, NULL, 0);
			bfq_log_bfqq(bfqd, async_bfqq,
				     "bic_change_group: %p %d",
				     async_bfqq, async_bfqq->ref);
			bfq_put_queue(async_bfqq);
		}
	}

	if (sync_bfqq) {
		entity = &sync_bfqq->entity;
		if (entity->sched_data != &bfqg->sched_data)
			bfq_bfqq_move(bfqd, sync_bfqq, bfqg);
	}

	return bfqg;
}

void bfq_bic_update_cgroup(struct bfq_io_cq *bic, struct bio *bio)
{
	struct bfq_data *bfqd = bic_to_bfqd(bic);
	struct bfq_group *bfqg = NULL;
	uint64_t serial_nr;

	rcu_read_lock();
	serial_nr = bio_blkcg(bio)->css.serial_nr;

	/*
	 * Check whether blkcg has changed.  The condition may trigger
	 * spuriously on a newly created cic but there's no harm.
	 */
	if (unlikely(!bfqd) || likely(bic->blkcg_serial_nr == serial_nr))
		goto out;

	bfqg = __bfq_bic_change_cgroup(bfqd, bic, bio_blkcg(bio));
655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705
	/*
	 * Update blkg_path for bfq_log_* functions. We cache this
	 * path, and update it here, for the following
	 * reasons. Operations on blkg objects in blk-cgroup are
	 * protected with the request_queue lock, and not with the
	 * lock that protects the instances of this scheduler
	 * (bfqd->lock). This exposes BFQ to the following sort of
	 * race.
	 *
	 * The blkg_lookup performed in bfq_get_queue, protected
	 * through rcu, may happen to return the address of a copy of
	 * the original blkg. If this is the case, then the
	 * bfqg_and_blkg_get performed in bfq_get_queue, to pin down
	 * the blkg, is useless: it does not prevent blk-cgroup code
	 * from destroying both the original blkg and all objects
	 * directly or indirectly referred by the copy of the
	 * blkg.
	 *
	 * On the bright side, destroy operations on a blkg invoke, as
	 * a first step, hooks of the scheduler associated with the
	 * blkg. And these hooks are executed with bfqd->lock held for
	 * BFQ. As a consequence, for any blkg associated with the
	 * request queue this instance of the scheduler is attached
	 * to, we are guaranteed that such a blkg is not destroyed, and
	 * that all the pointers it contains are consistent, while we
	 * are holding bfqd->lock. A blkg_lookup performed with
	 * bfqd->lock held then returns a fully consistent blkg, which
	 * remains consistent until this lock is held.
	 *
	 * Thanks to the last fact, and to the fact that: (1) bfqg has
	 * been obtained through a blkg_lookup in the above
	 * assignment, and (2) bfqd->lock is being held, here we can
	 * safely use the policy data for the involved blkg (i.e., the
	 * field bfqg->pd) to get to the blkg associated with bfqg,
	 * and then we can safely use any field of blkg. After we
	 * release bfqd->lock, even just getting blkg through this
	 * bfqg may cause dangling references to be traversed, as
	 * bfqg->pd may not exist any more.
	 *
	 * In view of the above facts, here we cache, in the bfqg, any
	 * blkg data we may need for this bic, and for its associated
	 * bfq_queue. As of now, we need to cache only the path of the
	 * blkg, which is used in the bfq_log_* functions.
	 *
	 * Finally, note that bfqg itself needs to be protected from
	 * destruction on the blkg_free of the original blkg (which
	 * invokes bfq_pd_free). We use an additional private
	 * refcounter for bfqg, to let it disappear only after no
	 * bfq_queue refers to it any longer.
	 */
	blkg_path(bfqg_to_blkg(bfqg), bfqg->blkg_path, sizeof(bfqg->blkg_path));
706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768
	bic->blkcg_serial_nr = serial_nr;
out:
	rcu_read_unlock();
}

/**
 * bfq_flush_idle_tree - deactivate any entity on the idle tree of @st.
 * @st: the service tree being flushed.
 */
static void bfq_flush_idle_tree(struct bfq_service_tree *st)
{
	struct bfq_entity *entity = st->first_idle;

	for (; entity ; entity = st->first_idle)
		__bfq_deactivate_entity(entity, false);
}

/**
 * bfq_reparent_leaf_entity - move leaf entity to the root_group.
 * @bfqd: the device data structure with the root group.
 * @entity: the entity to move.
 */
static void bfq_reparent_leaf_entity(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
				     struct bfq_entity *entity)
{
	struct bfq_queue *bfqq = bfq_entity_to_bfqq(entity);

	bfq_bfqq_move(bfqd, bfqq, bfqd->root_group);
}

/**
 * bfq_reparent_active_entities - move to the root group all active
 *                                entities.
 * @bfqd: the device data structure with the root group.
 * @bfqg: the group to move from.
 * @st: the service tree with the entities.
 */
static void bfq_reparent_active_entities(struct bfq_data *bfqd,
					 struct bfq_group *bfqg,
					 struct bfq_service_tree *st)
{
	struct rb_root *active = &st->active;
	struct bfq_entity *entity = NULL;

	if (!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&st->active))
		entity = bfq_entity_of(rb_first(active));

	for (; entity ; entity = bfq_entity_of(rb_first(active)))
		bfq_reparent_leaf_entity(bfqd, entity);

	if (bfqg->sched_data.in_service_entity)
		bfq_reparent_leaf_entity(bfqd,
			bfqg->sched_data.in_service_entity);
}

/**
 * bfq_pd_offline - deactivate the entity associated with @pd,
 *		    and reparent its children entities.
 * @pd: descriptor of the policy going offline.
 *
 * blkio already grabs the queue_lock for us, so no need to use
 * RCU-based magic
 */
769
static void bfq_pd_offline(struct blkg_policy_data *pd)
770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777
{
	struct bfq_service_tree *st;
	struct bfq_group *bfqg = pd_to_bfqg(pd);
	struct bfq_data *bfqd = bfqg->bfqd;
	struct bfq_entity *entity = bfqg->my_entity;
	unsigned long flags;
	int i;

778 779
	spin_lock_irqsave(&bfqd->lock, flags);

780
	if (!entity) /* root group */
781
		goto put_async_queues;
782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792

	/*
	 * Empty all service_trees belonging to this group before
	 * deactivating the group itself.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < BFQ_IOPRIO_CLASSES; i++) {
		st = bfqg->sched_data.service_tree + i;

		/*
		 * The idle tree may still contain bfq_queues belonging
		 * to exited task because they never migrated to a different
793
		 * cgroup from the one being destroyed now.
794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812
		 */
		bfq_flush_idle_tree(st);

		/*
		 * It may happen that some queues are still active
		 * (busy) upon group destruction (if the corresponding
		 * processes have been forced to terminate). We move
		 * all the leaf entities corresponding to these queues
		 * to the root_group.
		 * Also, it may happen that the group has an entity
		 * in service, which is disconnected from the active
		 * tree: it must be moved, too.
		 * There is no need to put the sync queues, as the
		 * scheduler has taken no reference.
		 */
		bfq_reparent_active_entities(bfqd, bfqg, st);
	}

	__bfq_deactivate_entity(entity, false);
813 814

put_async_queues:
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	bfq_put_async_queues(bfqd, bfqg);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bfqd->lock, flags);
	/*
	 * @blkg is going offline and will be ignored by
	 * blkg_[rw]stat_recursive_sum().  Transfer stats to the parent so
	 * that they don't get lost.  If IOs complete after this point, the
	 * stats for them will be lost.  Oh well...
	 */
	bfqg_stats_xfer_dead(bfqg);
}

void bfq_end_wr_async(struct bfq_data *bfqd)
{
	struct blkcg_gq *blkg;

	list_for_each_entry(blkg, &bfqd->queue->blkg_list, q_node) {
		struct bfq_group *bfqg = blkg_to_bfqg(blkg);

		bfq_end_wr_async_queues(bfqd, bfqg);
	}
	bfq_end_wr_async_queues(bfqd, bfqd->root_group);
}

static int bfq_io_show_weight(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	struct blkcg *blkcg = css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf));
	struct bfq_group_data *bfqgd = blkcg_to_bfqgd(blkcg);
	unsigned int val = 0;

	if (bfqgd)
		val = bfqgd->weight;

	seq_printf(sf, "%u\n", val);

	return 0;
}

static int bfq_io_set_weight_legacy(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
				    struct cftype *cftype,
				    u64 val)
{
	struct blkcg *blkcg = css_to_blkcg(css);
	struct bfq_group_data *bfqgd = blkcg_to_bfqgd(blkcg);
	struct blkcg_gq *blkg;
	int ret = -ERANGE;

	if (val < BFQ_MIN_WEIGHT || val > BFQ_MAX_WEIGHT)
		return ret;

	ret = 0;
	spin_lock_irq(&blkcg->lock);
	bfqgd->weight = (unsigned short)val;
	hlist_for_each_entry(blkg, &blkcg->blkg_list, blkcg_node) {
		struct bfq_group *bfqg = blkg_to_bfqg(blkg);

		if (!bfqg)
			continue;
		/*
		 * Setting the prio_changed flag of the entity
		 * to 1 with new_weight == weight would re-set
		 * the value of the weight to its ioprio mapping.
		 * Set the flag only if necessary.
		 */
		if ((unsigned short)val != bfqg->entity.new_weight) {
			bfqg->entity.new_weight = (unsigned short)val;
			/*
			 * Make sure that the above new value has been
			 * stored in bfqg->entity.new_weight before
			 * setting the prio_changed flag. In fact,
			 * this flag may be read asynchronously (in
			 * critical sections protected by a different
			 * lock than that held here), and finding this
			 * flag set may cause the execution of the code
			 * for updating parameters whose value may
			 * depend also on bfqg->entity.new_weight (in
			 * __bfq_entity_update_weight_prio).
			 * This barrier makes sure that the new value
			 * of bfqg->entity.new_weight is correctly
			 * seen in that code.
			 */
			smp_wmb();
			bfqg->entity.prio_changed = 1;
		}
	}
	spin_unlock_irq(&blkcg->lock);

	return ret;
}

static ssize_t bfq_io_set_weight(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
				 char *buf, size_t nbytes,
				 loff_t off)
{
	u64 weight;
	/* First unsigned long found in the file is used */
	int ret = kstrtoull(strim(buf), 0, &weight);

	if (ret)
		return ret;

	return bfq_io_set_weight_legacy(of_css(of), NULL, weight);
}

919
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023
static int bfqg_print_stat(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)), blkg_prfill_stat,
			  &blkcg_policy_bfq, seq_cft(sf)->private, false);
	return 0;
}

static int bfqg_print_rwstat(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)), blkg_prfill_rwstat,
			  &blkcg_policy_bfq, seq_cft(sf)->private, true);
	return 0;
}

static u64 bfqg_prfill_stat_recursive(struct seq_file *sf,
				      struct blkg_policy_data *pd, int off)
{
	u64 sum = blkg_stat_recursive_sum(pd_to_blkg(pd),
					  &blkcg_policy_bfq, off);
	return __blkg_prfill_u64(sf, pd, sum);
}

static u64 bfqg_prfill_rwstat_recursive(struct seq_file *sf,
					struct blkg_policy_data *pd, int off)
{
	struct blkg_rwstat sum = blkg_rwstat_recursive_sum(pd_to_blkg(pd),
							   &blkcg_policy_bfq,
							   off);
	return __blkg_prfill_rwstat(sf, pd, &sum);
}

static int bfqg_print_stat_recursive(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)),
			  bfqg_prfill_stat_recursive, &blkcg_policy_bfq,
			  seq_cft(sf)->private, false);
	return 0;
}

static int bfqg_print_rwstat_recursive(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)),
			  bfqg_prfill_rwstat_recursive, &blkcg_policy_bfq,
			  seq_cft(sf)->private, true);
	return 0;
}

static u64 bfqg_prfill_sectors(struct seq_file *sf, struct blkg_policy_data *pd,
			       int off)
{
	u64 sum = blkg_rwstat_total(&pd->blkg->stat_bytes);

	return __blkg_prfill_u64(sf, pd, sum >> 9);
}

static int bfqg_print_stat_sectors(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)),
			  bfqg_prfill_sectors, &blkcg_policy_bfq, 0, false);
	return 0;
}

static u64 bfqg_prfill_sectors_recursive(struct seq_file *sf,
					 struct blkg_policy_data *pd, int off)
{
	struct blkg_rwstat tmp = blkg_rwstat_recursive_sum(pd->blkg, NULL,
					offsetof(struct blkcg_gq, stat_bytes));
	u64 sum = atomic64_read(&tmp.aux_cnt[BLKG_RWSTAT_READ]) +
		atomic64_read(&tmp.aux_cnt[BLKG_RWSTAT_WRITE]);

	return __blkg_prfill_u64(sf, pd, sum >> 9);
}

static int bfqg_print_stat_sectors_recursive(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)),
			  bfqg_prfill_sectors_recursive, &blkcg_policy_bfq, 0,
			  false);
	return 0;
}

static u64 bfqg_prfill_avg_queue_size(struct seq_file *sf,
				      struct blkg_policy_data *pd, int off)
{
	struct bfq_group *bfqg = pd_to_bfqg(pd);
	u64 samples = blkg_stat_read(&bfqg->stats.avg_queue_size_samples);
	u64 v = 0;

	if (samples) {
		v = blkg_stat_read(&bfqg->stats.avg_queue_size_sum);
		v = div64_u64(v, samples);
	}
	__blkg_prfill_u64(sf, pd, v);
	return 0;
}

/* print avg_queue_size */
static int bfqg_print_avg_queue_size(struct seq_file *sf, void *v)
{
	blkcg_print_blkgs(sf, css_to_blkcg(seq_css(sf)),
			  bfqg_prfill_avg_queue_size, &blkcg_policy_bfq,
			  0, false);
	return 0;
}
1024
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP */
1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071

struct bfq_group *bfq_create_group_hierarchy(struct bfq_data *bfqd, int node)
{
	int ret;

	ret = blkcg_activate_policy(bfqd->queue, &blkcg_policy_bfq);
	if (ret)
		return NULL;

	return blkg_to_bfqg(bfqd->queue->root_blkg);
}

struct blkcg_policy blkcg_policy_bfq = {
	.dfl_cftypes		= bfq_blkg_files,
	.legacy_cftypes		= bfq_blkcg_legacy_files,

	.cpd_alloc_fn		= bfq_cpd_alloc,
	.cpd_init_fn		= bfq_cpd_init,
	.cpd_bind_fn	        = bfq_cpd_init,
	.cpd_free_fn		= bfq_cpd_free,

	.pd_alloc_fn		= bfq_pd_alloc,
	.pd_init_fn		= bfq_pd_init,
	.pd_offline_fn		= bfq_pd_offline,
	.pd_free_fn		= bfq_pd_free,
	.pd_reset_stats_fn	= bfq_pd_reset_stats,
};

struct cftype bfq_blkcg_legacy_files[] = {
	{
		.name = "bfq.weight",
		.flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,
		.seq_show = bfq_io_show_weight,
		.write_u64 = bfq_io_set_weight_legacy,
	},

	/* statistics, covers only the tasks in the bfqg */
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_service_bytes",
		.private = (unsigned long)&blkcg_policy_bfq,
		.seq_show = blkg_print_stat_bytes,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_serviced",
		.private = (unsigned long)&blkcg_policy_bfq,
		.seq_show = blkg_print_stat_ios,
	},
1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
	{
		.name = "bfq.time",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.sectors",
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat_sectors,
	},
1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_service_time",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.service_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_wait_time",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.wait_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_merged",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.merged),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_queued",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.queued),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat,
	},
1102
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP */
1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114

	/* the same statictics which cover the bfqg and its descendants */
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_service_bytes_recursive",
		.private = (unsigned long)&blkcg_policy_bfq,
		.seq_show = blkg_print_stat_bytes_recursive,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_serviced_recursive",
		.private = (unsigned long)&blkcg_policy_bfq,
		.seq_show = blkg_print_stat_ios_recursive,
	},
1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
	{
		.name = "bfq.time_recursive",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat_recursive,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.sectors_recursive",
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat_sectors_recursive,
	},
1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_service_time_recursive",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.service_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat_recursive,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_wait_time_recursive",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.wait_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat_recursive,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_merged_recursive",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.merged),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat_recursive,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.io_queued_recursive",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.queued),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_rwstat_recursive,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.avg_queue_size",
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_avg_queue_size,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.group_wait_time",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.group_wait_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.idle_time",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.idle_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.empty_time",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.empty_time),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat,
	},
	{
		.name = "bfq.dequeue",
		.private = offsetof(struct bfq_group, stats.dequeue),
		.seq_show = bfqg_print_stat,
	},
1169
#endif	/* CONFIG_DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP */
1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232
	{ }	/* terminate */
};

struct cftype bfq_blkg_files[] = {
	{
		.name = "bfq.weight",
		.flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT,
		.seq_show = bfq_io_show_weight,
		.write = bfq_io_set_weight,
	},
	{} /* terminate */
};

#else	/* CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED */

void bfq_bfqq_move(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct bfq_queue *bfqq,
		   struct bfq_group *bfqg) {}

void bfq_init_entity(struct bfq_entity *entity, struct bfq_group *bfqg)
{
	struct bfq_queue *bfqq = bfq_entity_to_bfqq(entity);

	entity->weight = entity->new_weight;
	entity->orig_weight = entity->new_weight;
	if (bfqq) {
		bfqq->ioprio = bfqq->new_ioprio;
		bfqq->ioprio_class = bfqq->new_ioprio_class;
	}
	entity->sched_data = &bfqg->sched_data;
}

void bfq_bic_update_cgroup(struct bfq_io_cq *bic, struct bio *bio) {}

void bfq_end_wr_async(struct bfq_data *bfqd)
{
	bfq_end_wr_async_queues(bfqd, bfqd->root_group);
}

struct bfq_group *bfq_find_set_group(struct bfq_data *bfqd, struct blkcg *blkcg)
{
	return bfqd->root_group;
}

struct bfq_group *bfqq_group(struct bfq_queue *bfqq)
{
	return bfqq->bfqd->root_group;
}

struct bfq_group *bfq_create_group_hierarchy(struct bfq_data *bfqd, int node)
{
	struct bfq_group *bfqg;
	int i;

	bfqg = kmalloc_node(sizeof(*bfqg), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, node);
	if (!bfqg)
		return NULL;

	for (i = 0; i < BFQ_IOPRIO_CLASSES; i++)
		bfqg->sched_data.service_tree[i] = BFQ_SERVICE_TREE_INIT;

	return bfqg;
}
#endif	/* CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED */