decompress_bunzip2.c 23.5 KB
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/*	Small bzip2 deflate implementation, by Rob Landley (rob@landley.net).

	Based on bzip2 decompression code by Julian R Seward (jseward@acm.org),
	which also acknowledges contributions by Mike Burrows, David Wheeler,
	Peter Fenwick, Alistair Moffat, Radford Neal, Ian H. Witten,
	Robert Sedgewick, and Jon L. Bentley.

	This code is licensed under the LGPLv2:
		LGPL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/lgpl.html
*/

/*
	Size and speed optimizations by Manuel Novoa III  (mjn3@codepoet.org).

	More efficient reading of Huffman codes, a streamlined read_bunzip()
	function, and various other tweaks.  In (limited) tests, approximately
	20% faster than bzcat on x86 and about 10% faster on arm.

	Note that about 2/3 of the time is spent in read_unzip() reversing
	the Burrows-Wheeler transformation.  Much of that time is delay
	resulting from cache misses.

	I would ask that anyone benefiting from this work, especially those
	using it in commercial products, consider making a donation to my local
	non-profit hospice organization in the name of the woman I loved, who
	passed away Feb. 12, 2003.

		In memory of Toni W. Hagan

		Hospice of Acadiana, Inc.
		2600 Johnston St., Suite 200
		Lafayette, LA 70503-3240

		Phone (337) 232-1234 or 1-800-738-2226
		Fax   (337) 232-1297

		http://www.hospiceacadiana.com/

	Manuel
 */

/*
	Made it fit for running in Linux Kernel by Alain Knaff (alain@knaff.lu)
*/


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#ifdef STATIC
#define PREBOOT
#else
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#include <linux/decompress/bunzip2.h>
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#endif /* STATIC */
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#include <linux/decompress/mm.h>

#ifndef INT_MAX
#define INT_MAX 0x7fffffff
#endif

/* Constants for Huffman coding */
#define MAX_GROUPS		6
#define GROUP_SIZE   		50	/* 64 would have been more efficient */
#define MAX_HUFCODE_BITS 	20	/* Longest Huffman code allowed */
#define MAX_SYMBOLS 		258	/* 256 literals + RUNA + RUNB */
#define SYMBOL_RUNA		0
#define SYMBOL_RUNB		1

/* Status return values */
#define RETVAL_OK			0
#define RETVAL_LAST_BLOCK		(-1)
#define RETVAL_NOT_BZIP_DATA		(-2)
#define RETVAL_UNEXPECTED_INPUT_EOF	(-3)
#define RETVAL_UNEXPECTED_OUTPUT_EOF	(-4)
#define RETVAL_DATA_ERROR		(-5)
#define RETVAL_OUT_OF_MEMORY		(-6)
#define RETVAL_OBSOLETE_INPUT		(-7)

/* Other housekeeping constants */
#define BZIP2_IOBUF_SIZE		4096

/* This is what we know about each Huffman coding group */
struct group_data {
	/* We have an extra slot at the end of limit[] for a sentinal value. */
	int limit[MAX_HUFCODE_BITS+1];
	int base[MAX_HUFCODE_BITS];
	int permute[MAX_SYMBOLS];
	int minLen, maxLen;
};

/* Structure holding all the housekeeping data, including IO buffers and
   memory that persists between calls to bunzip */
struct bunzip_data {
	/* State for interrupting output loop */
	int writeCopies, writePos, writeRunCountdown, writeCount, writeCurrent;
	/* I/O tracking data (file handles, buffers, positions, etc.) */
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	long (*fill)(void*, unsigned long);
	long inbufCount, inbufPos /*, outbufPos*/;
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	unsigned char *inbuf /*,*outbuf*/;
	unsigned int inbufBitCount, inbufBits;
	/* The CRC values stored in the block header and calculated from the
	data */
	unsigned int crc32Table[256], headerCRC, totalCRC, writeCRC;
	/* Intermediate buffer and its size (in bytes) */
	unsigned int *dbuf, dbufSize;
	/* These things are a bit too big to go on the stack */
	unsigned char selectors[32768];		/* nSelectors = 15 bits */
	struct group_data groups[MAX_GROUPS];	/* Huffman coding tables */
	int io_error;			/* non-zero if we have IO error */
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	int byteCount[256];
	unsigned char symToByte[256], mtfSymbol[256];
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};


/* Return the next nnn bits of input.  All reads from the compressed input
   are done through this function.  All reads are big endian */
static unsigned int INIT get_bits(struct bunzip_data *bd, char bits_wanted)
{
	unsigned int bits = 0;

	/* If we need to get more data from the byte buffer, do so.
	   (Loop getting one byte at a time to enforce endianness and avoid
	   unaligned access.) */
	while (bd->inbufBitCount < bits_wanted) {
		/* If we need to read more data from file into byte buffer, do
		   so */
		if (bd->inbufPos == bd->inbufCount) {
			if (bd->io_error)
				return 0;
			bd->inbufCount = bd->fill(bd->inbuf, BZIP2_IOBUF_SIZE);
			if (bd->inbufCount <= 0) {
				bd->io_error = RETVAL_UNEXPECTED_INPUT_EOF;
				return 0;
			}
			bd->inbufPos = 0;
		}
		/* Avoid 32-bit overflow (dump bit buffer to top of output) */
		if (bd->inbufBitCount >= 24) {
			bits = bd->inbufBits&((1 << bd->inbufBitCount)-1);
			bits_wanted -= bd->inbufBitCount;
			bits <<= bits_wanted;
			bd->inbufBitCount = 0;
		}
		/* Grab next 8 bits of input from buffer. */
		bd->inbufBits = (bd->inbufBits << 8)|bd->inbuf[bd->inbufPos++];
		bd->inbufBitCount += 8;
	}
	/* Calculate result */
	bd->inbufBitCount -= bits_wanted;
	bits |= (bd->inbufBits >> bd->inbufBitCount)&((1 << bits_wanted)-1);

	return bits;
}

/* Unpacks the next block and sets up for the inverse burrows-wheeler step. */

static int INIT get_next_block(struct bunzip_data *bd)
{
	struct group_data *hufGroup = NULL;
	int *base = NULL;
	int *limit = NULL;
	int dbufCount, nextSym, dbufSize, groupCount, selector,
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		i, j, k, t, runPos, symCount, symTotal, nSelectors, *byteCount;
	unsigned char uc, *symToByte, *mtfSymbol, *selectors;
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	unsigned int *dbuf, origPtr;

	dbuf = bd->dbuf;
	dbufSize = bd->dbufSize;
	selectors = bd->selectors;
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	byteCount = bd->byteCount;
	symToByte = bd->symToByte;
	mtfSymbol = bd->mtfSymbol;
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	/* Read in header signature and CRC, then validate signature.
	   (last block signature means CRC is for whole file, return now) */
	i = get_bits(bd, 24);
	j = get_bits(bd, 24);
	bd->headerCRC = get_bits(bd, 32);
	if ((i == 0x177245) && (j == 0x385090))
		return RETVAL_LAST_BLOCK;
	if ((i != 0x314159) || (j != 0x265359))
		return RETVAL_NOT_BZIP_DATA;
	/* We can add support for blockRandomised if anybody complains.
	   There was some code for this in busybox 1.0.0-pre3, but nobody ever
	   noticed that it didn't actually work. */
	if (get_bits(bd, 1))
		return RETVAL_OBSOLETE_INPUT;
	origPtr = get_bits(bd, 24);
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	if (origPtr >= dbufSize)
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		return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
	/* mapping table: if some byte values are never used (encoding things
	   like ascii text), the compression code removes the gaps to have fewer
	   symbols to deal with, and writes a sparse bitfield indicating which
	   values were present.  We make a translation table to convert the
	   symbols back to the corresponding bytes. */
	t = get_bits(bd, 16);
	symTotal = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
		if (t&(1 << (15-i))) {
			k = get_bits(bd, 16);
			for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
				if (k&(1 << (15-j)))
					symToByte[symTotal++] = (16*i)+j;
		}
	}
	/* How many different Huffman coding groups does this block use? */
	groupCount = get_bits(bd, 3);
	if (groupCount < 2 || groupCount > MAX_GROUPS)
		return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
	/* nSelectors: Every GROUP_SIZE many symbols we select a new
	   Huffman coding group.  Read in the group selector list,
	   which is stored as MTF encoded bit runs.  (MTF = Move To
	   Front, as each value is used it's moved to the start of the
	   list.) */
	nSelectors = get_bits(bd, 15);
	if (!nSelectors)
		return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
	for (i = 0; i < groupCount; i++)
		mtfSymbol[i] = i;
	for (i = 0; i < nSelectors; i++) {
		/* Get next value */
		for (j = 0; get_bits(bd, 1); j++)
			if (j >= groupCount)
				return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
		/* Decode MTF to get the next selector */
		uc = mtfSymbol[j];
		for (; j; j--)
			mtfSymbol[j] = mtfSymbol[j-1];
		mtfSymbol[0] = selectors[i] = uc;
	}
	/* Read the Huffman coding tables for each group, which code
	   for symTotal literal symbols, plus two run symbols (RUNA,
	   RUNB) */
	symCount = symTotal+2;
	for (j = 0; j < groupCount; j++) {
		unsigned char length[MAX_SYMBOLS], temp[MAX_HUFCODE_BITS+1];
		int	minLen,	maxLen, pp;
		/* Read Huffman code lengths for each symbol.  They're
		   stored in a way similar to mtf; record a starting
		   value for the first symbol, and an offset from the
		   previous value for everys symbol after that.
		   (Subtracting 1 before the loop and then adding it
		   back at the end is an optimization that makes the
		   test inside the loop simpler: symbol length 0
		   becomes negative, so an unsigned inequality catches
		   it.) */
		t = get_bits(bd, 5)-1;
		for (i = 0; i < symCount; i++) {
			for (;;) {
				if (((unsigned)t) > (MAX_HUFCODE_BITS-1))
					return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;

				/* If first bit is 0, stop.  Else
				   second bit indicates whether to
				   increment or decrement the value.
				   Optimization: grab 2 bits and unget
				   the second if the first was 0. */

				k = get_bits(bd, 2);
				if (k < 2) {
					bd->inbufBitCount++;
					break;
				}
				/* Add one if second bit 1, else
				 * subtract 1.  Avoids if/else */
				t += (((k+1)&2)-1);
			}
			/* Correct for the initial -1, to get the
			 * final symbol length */
			length[i] = t+1;
		}
		/* Find largest and smallest lengths in this group */
		minLen = maxLen = length[0];

		for (i = 1; i < symCount; i++) {
			if (length[i] > maxLen)
				maxLen = length[i];
			else if (length[i] < minLen)
				minLen = length[i];
		}

		/* Calculate permute[], base[], and limit[] tables from
		 * length[].
		 *
		 * permute[] is the lookup table for converting
		 * Huffman coded symbols into decoded symbols.  base[]
		 * is the amount to subtract from the value of a
		 * Huffman symbol of a given length when using
		 * permute[].
		 *
		 * limit[] indicates the largest numerical value a
		 * symbol with a given number of bits can have.  This
		 * is how the Huffman codes can vary in length: each
		 * code with a value > limit[length] needs another
		 * bit.
		 */
		hufGroup = bd->groups+j;
		hufGroup->minLen = minLen;
		hufGroup->maxLen = maxLen;
		/* Note that minLen can't be smaller than 1, so we
		   adjust the base and limit array pointers so we're
		   not always wasting the first entry.  We do this
		   again when using them (during symbol decoding).*/
		base = hufGroup->base-1;
		limit = hufGroup->limit-1;
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		/* Calculate permute[].  Concurrently, initialize
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		 * temp[] and limit[]. */
		pp = 0;
		for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++) {
			temp[i] = limit[i] = 0;
			for (t = 0; t < symCount; t++)
				if (length[t] == i)
					hufGroup->permute[pp++] = t;
		}
		/* Count symbols coded for at each bit length */
		for (i = 0; i < symCount; i++)
			temp[length[i]]++;
		/* Calculate limit[] (the largest symbol-coding value
		 *at each bit length, which is (previous limit <<
		 *1)+symbols at this level), and base[] (number of
		 *symbols to ignore at each bit length, which is limit
		 *minus the cumulative count of symbols coded for
		 *already). */
		pp = t = 0;
		for (i = minLen; i < maxLen; i++) {
			pp += temp[i];
			/* We read the largest possible symbol size
			   and then unget bits after determining how
			   many we need, and those extra bits could be
			   set to anything.  (They're noise from
			   future symbols.)  At each level we're
			   really only interested in the first few
			   bits, so here we set all the trailing
			   to-be-ignored bits to 1 so they don't
			   affect the value > limit[length]
			   comparison. */
			limit[i] = (pp << (maxLen - i)) - 1;
			pp <<= 1;
			base[i+1] = pp-(t += temp[i]);
		}
		limit[maxLen+1] = INT_MAX; /* Sentinal value for
					    * reading next sym. */
		limit[maxLen] = pp+temp[maxLen]-1;
		base[minLen] = 0;
	}
	/* We've finished reading and digesting the block header.  Now
	   read this block's Huffman coded symbols from the file and
	   undo the Huffman coding and run length encoding, saving the
	   result into dbuf[dbufCount++] = uc */

	/* Initialize symbol occurrence counters and symbol Move To
	 * Front table */
	for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
		byteCount[i] = 0;
		mtfSymbol[i] = (unsigned char)i;
	}
	/* Loop through compressed symbols. */
	runPos = dbufCount = symCount = selector = 0;
	for (;;) {
		/* Determine which Huffman coding group to use. */
		if (!(symCount--)) {
			symCount = GROUP_SIZE-1;
			if (selector >= nSelectors)
				return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
			hufGroup = bd->groups+selectors[selector++];
			base = hufGroup->base-1;
			limit = hufGroup->limit-1;
		}
		/* Read next Huffman-coded symbol. */
		/* Note: It is far cheaper to read maxLen bits and
		   back up than it is to read minLen bits and then an
		   additional bit at a time, testing as we go.
		   Because there is a trailing last block (with file
		   CRC), there is no danger of the overread causing an
		   unexpected EOF for a valid compressed file.  As a
		   further optimization, we do the read inline
		   (falling back to a call to get_bits if the buffer
		   runs dry).  The following (up to got_huff_bits:) is
		   equivalent to j = get_bits(bd, hufGroup->maxLen);
		 */
		while (bd->inbufBitCount < hufGroup->maxLen) {
			if (bd->inbufPos == bd->inbufCount) {
				j = get_bits(bd, hufGroup->maxLen);
				goto got_huff_bits;
			}
			bd->inbufBits =
				(bd->inbufBits << 8)|bd->inbuf[bd->inbufPos++];
			bd->inbufBitCount += 8;
		};
		bd->inbufBitCount -= hufGroup->maxLen;
		j = (bd->inbufBits >> bd->inbufBitCount)&
			((1 << hufGroup->maxLen)-1);
got_huff_bits:
		/* Figure how how many bits are in next symbol and
		 * unget extras */
		i = hufGroup->minLen;
		while (j > limit[i])
			++i;
		bd->inbufBitCount += (hufGroup->maxLen - i);
		/* Huffman decode value to get nextSym (with bounds checking) */
		if ((i > hufGroup->maxLen)
			|| (((unsigned)(j = (j>>(hufGroup->maxLen-i))-base[i]))
				>= MAX_SYMBOLS))
			return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
		nextSym = hufGroup->permute[j];
		/* We have now decoded the symbol, which indicates
		   either a new literal byte, or a repeated run of the
		   most recent literal byte.  First, check if nextSym
		   indicates a repeated run, and if so loop collecting
		   how many times to repeat the last literal. */
		if (((unsigned)nextSym) <= SYMBOL_RUNB) { /* RUNA or RUNB */
			/* If this is the start of a new run, zero out
			 * counter */
			if (!runPos) {
				runPos = 1;
				t = 0;
			}
			/* Neat trick that saves 1 symbol: instead of
			   or-ing 0 or 1 at each bit position, add 1
			   or 2 instead.  For example, 1011 is 1 << 0
			   + 1 << 1 + 2 << 2.  1010 is 2 << 0 + 2 << 1
			   + 1 << 2.  You can make any bit pattern
			   that way using 1 less symbol than the basic
			   or 0/1 method (except all bits 0, which
			   would use no symbols, but a run of length 0
			   doesn't mean anything in this context).
			   Thus space is saved. */
			t += (runPos << nextSym);
			/* +runPos if RUNA; +2*runPos if RUNB */

			runPos <<= 1;
			continue;
		}
		/* When we hit the first non-run symbol after a run,
		   we now know how many times to repeat the last
		   literal, so append that many copies to our buffer
		   of decoded symbols (dbuf) now.  (The last literal
		   used is the one at the head of the mtfSymbol
		   array.) */
		if (runPos) {
			runPos = 0;
			if (dbufCount+t >= dbufSize)
				return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;

			uc = symToByte[mtfSymbol[0]];
			byteCount[uc] += t;
			while (t--)
				dbuf[dbufCount++] = uc;
		}
		/* Is this the terminating symbol? */
		if (nextSym > symTotal)
			break;
		/* At this point, nextSym indicates a new literal
		   character.  Subtract one to get the position in the
		   MTF array at which this literal is currently to be
		   found.  (Note that the result can't be -1 or 0,
		   because 0 and 1 are RUNA and RUNB.  But another
		   instance of the first symbol in the mtf array,
		   position 0, would have been handled as part of a
		   run above.  Therefore 1 unused mtf position minus 2
		   non-literal nextSym values equals -1.) */
		if (dbufCount >= dbufSize)
			return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
		i = nextSym - 1;
		uc = mtfSymbol[i];
		/* Adjust the MTF array.  Since we typically expect to
		 *move only a small number of symbols, and are bound
		 *by 256 in any case, using memmove here would
		 *typically be bigger and slower due to function call
		 *overhead and other assorted setup costs. */
		do {
			mtfSymbol[i] = mtfSymbol[i-1];
		} while (--i);
		mtfSymbol[0] = uc;
		uc = symToByte[uc];
		/* We have our literal byte.  Save it into dbuf. */
		byteCount[uc]++;
		dbuf[dbufCount++] = (unsigned int)uc;
	}
	/* At this point, we've read all the Huffman-coded symbols
	   (and repeated runs) for this block from the input stream,
	   and decoded them into the intermediate buffer.  There are
	   dbufCount many decoded bytes in dbuf[].  Now undo the
	   Burrows-Wheeler transform on dbuf.  See
	   http://dogma.net/markn/articles/bwt/bwt.htm
	 */
	/* Turn byteCount into cumulative occurrence counts of 0 to n-1. */
	j = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
		k = j+byteCount[i];
		byteCount[i] = j;
		j = k;
	}
	/* Figure out what order dbuf would be in if we sorted it. */
	for (i = 0; i < dbufCount; i++) {
		uc = (unsigned char)(dbuf[i] & 0xff);
		dbuf[byteCount[uc]] |= (i << 8);
		byteCount[uc]++;
	}
	/* Decode first byte by hand to initialize "previous" byte.
	   Note that it doesn't get output, and if the first three
	   characters are identical it doesn't qualify as a run (hence
	   writeRunCountdown = 5). */
	if (dbufCount) {
		if (origPtr >= dbufCount)
			return RETVAL_DATA_ERROR;
		bd->writePos = dbuf[origPtr];
		bd->writeCurrent = (unsigned char)(bd->writePos&0xff);
		bd->writePos >>= 8;
		bd->writeRunCountdown = 5;
	}
	bd->writeCount = dbufCount;

	return RETVAL_OK;
}

/* Undo burrows-wheeler transform on intermediate buffer to produce output.
   If start_bunzip was initialized with out_fd =-1, then up to len bytes of
   data are written to outbuf.  Return value is number of bytes written or
   error (all errors are negative numbers).  If out_fd!=-1, outbuf and len
   are ignored, data is written to out_fd and return is RETVAL_OK or error.
*/

static int INIT read_bunzip(struct bunzip_data *bd, char *outbuf, int len)
{
	const unsigned int *dbuf;
	int pos, xcurrent, previous, gotcount;

	/* If last read was short due to end of file, return last block now */
	if (bd->writeCount < 0)
		return bd->writeCount;

	gotcount = 0;
	dbuf = bd->dbuf;
	pos = bd->writePos;
	xcurrent = bd->writeCurrent;

	/* We will always have pending decoded data to write into the output
	   buffer unless this is the very first call (in which case we haven't
	   Huffman-decoded a block into the intermediate buffer yet). */

	if (bd->writeCopies) {
		/* Inside the loop, writeCopies means extra copies (beyond 1) */
		--bd->writeCopies;
		/* Loop outputting bytes */
		for (;;) {
			/* If the output buffer is full, snapshot
			 * state and return */
			if (gotcount >= len) {
				bd->writePos = pos;
				bd->writeCurrent = xcurrent;
				bd->writeCopies++;
				return len;
			}
			/* Write next byte into output buffer, updating CRC */
			outbuf[gotcount++] = xcurrent;
			bd->writeCRC = (((bd->writeCRC) << 8)
				^bd->crc32Table[((bd->writeCRC) >> 24)
				^xcurrent]);
			/* Loop now if we're outputting multiple
			 * copies of this byte */
			if (bd->writeCopies) {
				--bd->writeCopies;
				continue;
			}
decode_next_byte:
			if (!bd->writeCount--)
				break;
			/* Follow sequence vector to undo
			 * Burrows-Wheeler transform */
			previous = xcurrent;
			pos = dbuf[pos];
			xcurrent = pos&0xff;
			pos >>= 8;
			/* After 3 consecutive copies of the same
			   byte, the 4th is a repeat count.  We count
			   down from 4 instead *of counting up because
			   testing for non-zero is faster */
			if (--bd->writeRunCountdown) {
				if (xcurrent != previous)
					bd->writeRunCountdown = 4;
			} else {
				/* We have a repeated run, this byte
				 * indicates the count */
				bd->writeCopies = xcurrent;
				xcurrent = previous;
				bd->writeRunCountdown = 5;
				/* Sometimes there are just 3 bytes
				 * (run length 0) */
				if (!bd->writeCopies)
					goto decode_next_byte;
				/* Subtract the 1 copy we'd output
				 * anyway to get extras */
				--bd->writeCopies;
			}
		}
		/* Decompression of this block completed successfully */
		bd->writeCRC = ~bd->writeCRC;
		bd->totalCRC = ((bd->totalCRC << 1) |
				(bd->totalCRC >> 31)) ^ bd->writeCRC;
		/* If this block had a CRC error, force file level CRC error. */
		if (bd->writeCRC != bd->headerCRC) {
			bd->totalCRC = bd->headerCRC+1;
			return RETVAL_LAST_BLOCK;
		}
	}

	/* Refill the intermediate buffer by Huffman-decoding next
	 * block of input */
	/* (previous is just a convenient unused temp variable here) */
	previous = get_next_block(bd);
	if (previous) {
		bd->writeCount = previous;
		return (previous != RETVAL_LAST_BLOCK) ? previous : gotcount;
	}
	bd->writeCRC = 0xffffffffUL;
	pos = bd->writePos;
	xcurrent = bd->writeCurrent;
	goto decode_next_byte;
}

620
static long INIT nofill(void *buf, unsigned long len)
621 622 623 624 625 626 627
{
	return -1;
}

/* Allocate the structure, read file header.  If in_fd ==-1, inbuf must contain
   a complete bunzip file (len bytes long).  If in_fd!=-1, inbuf and len are
   ignored, and data is read from file handle into temporary buffer. */
628 629
static int INIT start_bunzip(struct bunzip_data **bdp, void *inbuf, long len,
			     long (*fill)(void*, unsigned long))
630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641
{
	struct bunzip_data *bd;
	unsigned int i, j, c;
	const unsigned int BZh0 =
		(((unsigned int)'B') << 24)+(((unsigned int)'Z') << 16)
		+(((unsigned int)'h') << 8)+(unsigned int)'0';

	/* Figure out how much data to allocate */
	i = sizeof(struct bunzip_data);

	/* Allocate bunzip_data.  Most fields initialize to zero. */
	bd = *bdp = malloc(i);
642 643
	if (!bd)
		return RETVAL_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670
	memset(bd, 0, sizeof(struct bunzip_data));
	/* Setup input buffer */
	bd->inbuf = inbuf;
	bd->inbufCount = len;
	if (fill != NULL)
		bd->fill = fill;
	else
		bd->fill = nofill;

	/* Init the CRC32 table (big endian) */
	for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
		c = i << 24;
		for (j = 8; j; j--)
			c = c&0x80000000 ? (c << 1)^0x04c11db7 : (c << 1);
		bd->crc32Table[i] = c;
	}

	/* Ensure that file starts with "BZh['1'-'9']." */
	i = get_bits(bd, 32);
	if (((unsigned int)(i-BZh0-1)) >= 9)
		return RETVAL_NOT_BZIP_DATA;

	/* Fourth byte (ascii '1'-'9'), indicates block size in units of 100k of
	   uncompressed data.  Allocate intermediate buffer for block. */
	bd->dbufSize = 100000*(i-BZh0);

	bd->dbuf = large_malloc(bd->dbufSize * sizeof(int));
671 672
	if (!bd->dbuf)
		return RETVAL_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
673 674 675 676 677
	return RETVAL_OK;
}

/* Example usage: decompress src_fd to dst_fd.  (Stops at end of bzip2 data,
   not end of file.) */
678 679 680
STATIC int INIT bunzip2(unsigned char *buf, long len,
			long (*fill)(void*, unsigned long),
			long (*flush)(void*, unsigned long),
681
			unsigned char *outbuf,
682
			long *pos,
683
			void(*error)(char *x))
684 685 686 687 688 689 690
{
	struct bunzip_data *bd;
	int i = -1;
	unsigned char *inbuf;

	if (flush)
		outbuf = malloc(BZIP2_IOBUF_SIZE);
691

692
	if (!outbuf) {
693
		error("Could not allocate output buffer");
694
		return RETVAL_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
695 696 697 698 699 700
	}
	if (buf)
		inbuf = buf;
	else
		inbuf = malloc(BZIP2_IOBUF_SIZE);
	if (!inbuf) {
701
		error("Could not allocate input buffer");
702
		i = RETVAL_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728
		goto exit_0;
	}
	i = start_bunzip(&bd, inbuf, len, fill);
	if (!i) {
		for (;;) {
			i = read_bunzip(bd, outbuf, BZIP2_IOBUF_SIZE);
			if (i <= 0)
				break;
			if (!flush)
				outbuf += i;
			else
				if (i != flush(outbuf, i)) {
					i = RETVAL_UNEXPECTED_OUTPUT_EOF;
					break;
				}
		}
	}
	/* Check CRC and release memory */
	if (i == RETVAL_LAST_BLOCK) {
		if (bd->headerCRC != bd->totalCRC)
			error("Data integrity error when decompressing.");
		else
			i = RETVAL_OK;
	} else if (i == RETVAL_UNEXPECTED_OUTPUT_EOF) {
		error("Compressed file ends unexpectedly");
	}
729 730
	if (!bd)
		goto exit_1;
731 732 733 734 735
	if (bd->dbuf)
		large_free(bd->dbuf);
	if (pos)
		*pos = bd->inbufPos;
	free(bd);
736
exit_1:
737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744
	if (!buf)
		free(inbuf);
exit_0:
	if (flush)
		free(outbuf);
	return i;
}

745
#ifdef PREBOOT
746
STATIC int INIT __decompress(unsigned char *buf, long len,
747 748
			long (*fill)(void*, unsigned long),
			long (*flush)(void*, unsigned long),
749
			unsigned char *outbuf, long olen,
750
			long *pos,
751
			void (*error)(char *x))
752
{
753
	return bunzip2(buf, len - 4, fill, flush, outbuf, pos, error);
754 755
}
#endif