Commit 13389010 authored by Davide Libenzi's avatar Davide Libenzi Committed by Linus Torvalds

eventfd: revised interface and cleanups

Change the eventfd interface to de-couple the eventfd memory context, from
the file pointer instance.

Without such change, there is no clean way to racely free handle the
POLLHUP event sent when the last instance of the file* goes away.  Also,
now the internal eventfd APIs are using the eventfd context instead of the
file*.

This patch is required by KVM's IRQfd code, which is still under
development.
Signed-off-by: 's avatarDavide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org>
Cc: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent f7c2df9b
......@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ struct lg_cpu {
struct lg_eventfd {
unsigned long addr;
struct file *event;
struct eventfd_ctx *event;
};
struct lg_eventfd_map {
......
......@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ static int add_eventfd(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long addr, int fd)
/* Now append new entry. */
new->map[new->num].addr = addr;
new->map[new->num].event = eventfd_fget(fd);
new->map[new->num].event = eventfd_ctx_fdget(fd);
if (IS_ERR(new->map[new->num].event)) {
kfree(new);
return PTR_ERR(new->map[new->num].event);
......@@ -357,7 +357,7 @@ static int close(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
/* Release any eventfds they registered. */
for (i = 0; i < lg->eventfds->num; i++)
fput(lg->eventfds->map[i].event);
eventfd_ctx_put(lg->eventfds->map[i].event);
kfree(lg->eventfds);
/* If lg->dead doesn't contain an error code it will be NULL or a
......
......@@ -485,6 +485,8 @@ static inline void really_put_req(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *req)
{
assert_spin_locked(&ctx->ctx_lock);
if (req->ki_eventfd != NULL)
eventfd_ctx_put(req->ki_eventfd);
if (req->ki_dtor)
req->ki_dtor(req);
if (req->ki_iovec != &req->ki_inline_vec)
......@@ -509,8 +511,6 @@ static void aio_fput_routine(struct work_struct *data)
/* Complete the fput(s) */
if (req->ki_filp != NULL)
__fput(req->ki_filp);
if (req->ki_eventfd != NULL)
__fput(req->ki_eventfd);
/* Link the iocb into the context's free list */
spin_lock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
......@@ -528,8 +528,6 @@ static void aio_fput_routine(struct work_struct *data)
*/
static int __aio_put_req(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *req)
{
int schedule_putreq = 0;
dprintk(KERN_DEBUG "aio_put(%p): f_count=%ld\n",
req, atomic_long_read(&req->ki_filp->f_count));
......@@ -549,24 +547,16 @@ static int __aio_put_req(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *req)
* we would not be holding the last reference to the file*, so
* this function will be executed w/out any aio kthread wakeup.
*/
if (unlikely(atomic_long_dec_and_test(&req->ki_filp->f_count)))
schedule_putreq++;
else
req->ki_filp = NULL;
if (req->ki_eventfd != NULL) {
if (unlikely(atomic_long_dec_and_test(&req->ki_eventfd->f_count)))
schedule_putreq++;
else
req->ki_eventfd = NULL;
}
if (unlikely(schedule_putreq)) {
if (unlikely(atomic_long_dec_and_test(&req->ki_filp->f_count))) {
get_ioctx(ctx);
spin_lock(&fput_lock);
list_add(&req->ki_list, &fput_head);
spin_unlock(&fput_lock);
queue_work(aio_wq, &fput_work);
} else
} else {
req->ki_filp = NULL;
really_put_req(ctx, req);
}
return 1;
}
......@@ -1622,7 +1612,7 @@ static int io_submit_one(struct kioctx *ctx, struct iocb __user *user_iocb,
* an eventfd() fd, and will be signaled for each completed
* event using the eventfd_signal() function.
*/
req->ki_eventfd = eventfd_fget((int) iocb->aio_resfd);
req->ki_eventfd = eventfd_ctx_fdget((int) iocb->aio_resfd);
if (IS_ERR(req->ki_eventfd)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(req->ki_eventfd);
req->ki_eventfd = NULL;
......
......@@ -14,35 +14,44 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/eventfd.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kref.h>
#include <linux/eventfd.h>
struct eventfd_ctx {
struct kref kref;
wait_queue_head_t wqh;
/*
* Every time that a write(2) is performed on an eventfd, the
* value of the __u64 being written is added to "count" and a
* wakeup is performed on "wqh". A read(2) will return the "count"
* value to userspace, and will reset "count" to zero. The kernel
* size eventfd_signal() also, adds to the "count" counter and
* side eventfd_signal() also, adds to the "count" counter and
* issue a wakeup.
*/
__u64 count;
unsigned int flags;
};
/*
* Adds "n" to the eventfd counter "count". Returns "n" in case of
* success, or a value lower then "n" in case of coutner overflow.
* This function is supposed to be called by the kernel in paths
* that do not allow sleeping. In this function we allow the counter
* to reach the ULLONG_MAX value, and we signal this as overflow
* condition by returining a POLLERR to poll(2).
/**
* eventfd_signal - Adds @n to the eventfd counter.
* @ctx: [in] Pointer to the eventfd context.
* @n: [in] Value of the counter to be added to the eventfd internal counter.
* The value cannot be negative.
*
* This function is supposed to be called by the kernel in paths that do not
* allow sleeping. In this function we allow the counter to reach the ULLONG_MAX
* value, and we signal this as overflow condition by returining a POLLERR
* to poll(2).
*
* Returns @n in case of success, a non-negative number lower than @n in case
* of overflow, or the following error codes:
*
* -EINVAL : The value of @n is negative.
*/
int eventfd_signal(struct file *file, int n)
int eventfd_signal(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, int n)
{
struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = file->private_data;
unsigned long flags;
if (n < 0)
......@@ -59,9 +68,45 @@ int eventfd_signal(struct file *file, int n)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(eventfd_signal);
static void eventfd_free(struct kref *kref)
{
struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = container_of(kref, struct eventfd_ctx, kref);
kfree(ctx);
}
/**
* eventfd_ctx_get - Acquires a reference to the internal eventfd context.
* @ctx: [in] Pointer to the eventfd context.
*
* Returns: In case of success, returns a pointer to the eventfd context.
*/
struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_get(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx)
{
kref_get(&ctx->kref);
return ctx;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(eventfd_ctx_get);
/**
* eventfd_ctx_put - Releases a reference to the internal eventfd context.
* @ctx: [in] Pointer to eventfd context.
*
* The eventfd context reference must have been previously acquired either
* with eventfd_ctx_get() or eventfd_ctx_fdget()).
*/
void eventfd_ctx_put(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx)
{
kref_put(&ctx->kref, eventfd_free);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(eventfd_ctx_put);
static int eventfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
kfree(file->private_data);
struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = file->private_data;
wake_up_poll(&ctx->wqh, POLLHUP);
eventfd_ctx_put(ctx);
return 0;
}
......@@ -185,6 +230,16 @@ static const struct file_operations eventfd_fops = {
.write = eventfd_write,
};
/**
* eventfd_fget - Acquire a reference of an eventfd file descriptor.
* @fd: [in] Eventfd file descriptor.
*
* Returns a pointer to the eventfd file structure in case of success, or the
* following error pointer:
*
* -EBADF : Invalid @fd file descriptor.
* -EINVAL : The @fd file descriptor is not an eventfd file.
*/
struct file *eventfd_fget(int fd)
{
struct file *file;
......@@ -201,6 +256,48 @@ struct file *eventfd_fget(int fd)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(eventfd_fget);
/**
* eventfd_ctx_fdget - Acquires a reference to the internal eventfd context.
* @fd: [in] Eventfd file descriptor.
*
* Returns a pointer to the internal eventfd context, otherwise the error
* pointers returned by the following functions:
*
* eventfd_fget
*/
struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fdget(int fd)
{
struct file *file;
struct eventfd_ctx *ctx;
file = eventfd_fget(fd);
if (IS_ERR(file))
return (struct eventfd_ctx *) file;
ctx = eventfd_ctx_get(file->private_data);
fput(file);
return ctx;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(eventfd_ctx_fdget);
/**
* eventfd_ctx_fileget - Acquires a reference to the internal eventfd context.
* @file: [in] Eventfd file pointer.
*
* Returns a pointer to the internal eventfd context, otherwise the error
* pointer:
*
* -EINVAL : The @fd file descriptor is not an eventfd file.
*/
struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fileget(struct file *file)
{
if (file->f_op != &eventfd_fops)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
return eventfd_ctx_get(file->private_data);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(eventfd_ctx_fileget);
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(eventfd2, unsigned int, count, int, flags)
{
int fd;
......@@ -217,6 +314,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(eventfd2, unsigned int, count, int, flags)
if (!ctx)
return -ENOMEM;
kref_init(&ctx->kref);
init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->wqh);
ctx->count = count;
ctx->flags = flags;
......
......@@ -121,9 +121,9 @@ struct kiocb {
/*
* If the aio_resfd field of the userspace iocb is not zero,
* this is the underlying file* to deliver event to.
* this is the underlying eventfd context to deliver events to.
*/
struct file *ki_eventfd;
struct eventfd_ctx *ki_eventfd;
};
#define is_sync_kiocb(iocb) ((iocb)->ki_key == KIOCB_SYNC_KEY)
......
......@@ -8,10 +8,8 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_EVENTFD_H
#define _LINUX_EVENTFD_H
#ifdef CONFIG_EVENTFD
/* For O_CLOEXEC and O_NONBLOCK */
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
/*
* CAREFUL: Check include/asm-generic/fcntl.h when defining
......@@ -27,16 +25,37 @@
#define EFD_SHARED_FCNTL_FLAGS (O_CLOEXEC | O_NONBLOCK)
#define EFD_FLAGS_SET (EFD_SHARED_FCNTL_FLAGS | EFD_SEMAPHORE)
#ifdef CONFIG_EVENTFD
struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_get(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx);
void eventfd_ctx_put(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx);
struct file *eventfd_fget(int fd);
int eventfd_signal(struct file *file, int n);
struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fdget(int fd);
struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fileget(struct file *file);
int eventfd_signal(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, int n);
#else /* CONFIG_EVENTFD */
#define eventfd_fget(fd) ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS)
static inline int eventfd_signal(struct file *file, int n)
{ return 0; }
/*
* Ugly ugly ugly error layer to support modules that uses eventfd but
* pretend to work in !CONFIG_EVENTFD configurations. Namely, AIO.
*/
static inline struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fdget(int fd)
{
return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS);
}
static inline int eventfd_signal(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, int n)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
static inline void eventfd_ctx_put(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_EVENTFD */
#endif
#endif /* _LINUX_EVENTFD_H */
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