Commit 2af238e4 authored by Randy Dunlap's avatar Randy Dunlap Committed by Sam Ravnborg

kbuild: make *config usage docs

Create a kconfig user assistance guide, with a few tips and hints
about using menuconfig, xconfig, and gconfig.

Mostly contains user interface, environment variables, and search topics,
along with mini.config/custom.config usage.
Signed-off-by: 's avatarRandy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarSam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
parent 80a7d1d9
......@@ -4,5 +4,7 @@ kconfig-language.txt
- specification of Config Language, the language in Kconfig files
makefiles.txt
- developer information for linux kernel makefiles
kconfig.txt
- usage help for make *config
modules.txt
- how to build modules and to install them
This file contains some assistance for using "make *config".
Use "make help" to list all of the possible configuration targets.
The xconfig ('qconf') and menuconfig ('mconf') programs also
have embedded help text. Be sure to check it for navigation,
search, and other general help text.
======================================================================
General
--------------------------------------------------
New kernel releases often introduce new config symbols. Often more
important, new kernel releases may rename config symbols. When
this happens, using a previously working .config file and running
"make oldconfig" won't necessarily produce a working new kernel
for you, so you may find that you need to see what NEW kernel
symbols have been introduced.
To see a list of new config symbols when using "make oldconfig", use
cp user/some/old.config .config
yes "" | make oldconfig >conf.new
and the config program will list as (NEW) any new symbols that have
unknown values. Of course, the .config file is also updated with
new (default) values, so you can use:
grep "(NEW)" conf.new
to see the new config symbols or you can 'diff' the previous and
new .config files to see the differences:
diff .config.old .config | less
(Yes, we need something better here.)
======================================================================
menuconfig
--------------------------------------------------
SEARCHING for CONFIG symbols
Searching in menuconfig:
The Search function searches for kernel configuration symbol
names, so you have to know something close to what you are
looking for.
Example:
/hotplug
This lists all config symbols that contain "hotplug",
e.g., HOTPLUG, HOTPLUG_CPU, MEMORY_HOTPLUG.
For search help, enter / followed TAB-TAB-TAB (to highlight
<Help>) and Enter. This will tell you that you can also use
regular expressions (regexes) in the search string, so if you
are not interested in MEMORY_HOTPLUG, you could try
/^hotplug
______________________________________________________________________
Color Themes for 'menuconfig'
It is possible to select different color themes using the variable
MENUCONFIG_COLOR. To select a theme use:
make MENUCONFIG_COLOR=<theme> menuconfig
Available themes are:
mono => selects colors suitable for monochrome displays
blackbg => selects a color scheme with black background
classic => theme with blue background. The classic look
bluetitle => a LCD friendly version of classic. (default)
______________________________________________________________________
Environment variables in 'menuconfig'
KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG
--------------------------------------------------
(partially based on lkml email from/by Rob Landley, re: miniconfig)
--------------------------------------------------
The allyesconfig/allmodconfig/allnoconfig/randconfig variants can
also use the environment variable KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG as a flag or a
filename that contains config symbols that the user requires to be
set to a specific value. If KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG is used without a
filename, "make *config" checks for a file named
"all{yes/mod/no/random}.config" (corresponding to the *config command
that was used) for symbol values that are to be forced. If this file
is not found, it checks for a file named "all.config" to contain forced
values.
This enables you to create "miniature" config (miniconfig) or custom
config files containing just the config symbols that you are interested
in. Then the kernel config system generates the full .config file,
including dependencies of your miniconfig file, based on the miniconfig
file.
This 'KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG' file is a config file which contains
(usually a subset of all) preset config symbols. These variable
settings are still subject to normal dependency checks.
Examples:
KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG=custom-notebook.config make allnoconfig
or
KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG=mini.config make allnoconfig
or
make KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG=mini.config allnoconfig
These examples will disable most options (allnoconfig) but enable or
disable the options that are explicitly listed in the specified
mini-config files.
KCONFIG_NOSILENTUPDATE
--------------------------------------------------
If this variable has a non-blank value, it prevents silent kernel
config udpates (requires explicit updates).
KCONFIG_CONFIG
--------------------------------------------------
This environment variable can be used to specify a default kernel config
file name to override the default name of ".config".
KCONFIG_OVERWRITECONFIG
--------------------------------------------------
If you set KCONFIG_OVERWRITECONFIG in the environment, Kconfig will not
break symlinks when .config is a symlink to somewhere else.
KCONFIG_NOTIMESTAMP
--------------------------------------------------
If this environment variable exists and is non-null, the timestamp line
in generated .config files is omitted.
KCONFIG_AUTOCONFIG
--------------------------------------------------
This environment variable can be set to specify the path & name of the
"auto.conf" file. Its default value is "include/config/auto.conf".
KCONFIG_AUTOHEADER
--------------------------------------------------
This environment variable can be set to specify the path & name of the
"autoconf.h" (header) file. Its default value is "include/linux/autoconf.h".
______________________________________________________________________
menuconfig User Interface Options
----------------------------------------------------------------------
MENUCONFIG_MODE
--------------------------------------------------
This mode shows all sub-menus in one large tree.
Example:
MENUCONFIG_MODE=single_menu make menuconfig
======================================================================
xconfig
--------------------------------------------------
Searching in xconfig:
The Search function searches for kernel configuration symbol
names, so you have to know something close to what you are
looking for.
Example:
Ctrl-F hotplug
or
Menu: File, Search, hotplug
lists all config symbol entries that contain "hotplug" in
the symbol name. In this Search dialog, you may change the
config setting for any of the entries that are not grayed out.
You can also enter a different search string without having
to return to the main menu.
======================================================================
gconfig
--------------------------------------------------
Searching in gconfig:
None (gconfig isn't maintained as well as xconfig or menuconfig);
however, gconfig does have a few more viewing choices than
xconfig does.
###
......@@ -52,11 +52,11 @@ DOCUMENTATION:
- The Documentation/DocBook/ subdirectory contains several guides for
kernel developers and users. These guides can be rendered in a
number of formats: PostScript (.ps), PDF, and HTML, among others.
After installation, "make psdocs", "make pdfdocs", or "make htmldocs"
will render the documentation in the requested format.
number of formats: PostScript (.ps), PDF, HTML, & man-pages, among others.
After installation, "make psdocs", "make pdfdocs", "make htmldocs",
or "make mandocs" will render the documentation in the requested format.
INSTALLING the kernel:
INSTALLING the kernel source:
- If you install the full sources, put the kernel tarball in a
directory where you have permissions (eg. your home directory) and
......@@ -187,14 +187,9 @@ CONFIGURING the kernel:
"make randconfig" Create a ./.config file by setting symbol
values to random values.
The allyesconfig/allmodconfig/allnoconfig/randconfig variants can
also use the environment variable KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG to specify a
filename that contains config options that the user requires to be
set to a specific value. If KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG=filename is not used,
"make *config" checks for a file named "all{yes/mod/no/random}.config"
for symbol values that are to be forced. If this file is not found,
it checks for a file named "all.config" to contain forced values.
You can find more information on using the Linux kernel config tools
in Documentation/kbuild/make-configs.txt.
NOTES on "make config":
- having unnecessary drivers will make the kernel bigger, and can
under some circumstances lead to problems: probing for a
......@@ -231,6 +226,19 @@ COMPILING the kernel:
- If you configured any of the parts of the kernel as `modules', you
will also have to do "make modules_install".
- Verbose kernel compile/build output:
Normally the kernel build system runs in a fairly quiet mode (but not
totally silent). However, sometimes you or other kernel developers need
to see compile, link, or other commands exactly as they are executed.
For this, use "verbose" build mode. This is done by inserting
"V=1" in the "make" command. E.g.:
make V=1 all
To have the build system also tell the reason for the rebuild of each
target, use "V=2". The default is "V=0".
- Keep a backup kernel handy in case something goes wrong. This is
especially true for the development releases, since each new release
contains new code which has not been debugged. Make sure you keep a
......
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