Commit 76398425 authored by Jonathan Corbet's avatar Jonathan Corbet

Move FASYNC bit handling to f_op->fasync()

Removing the BKL from FASYNC handling ran into the challenge of keeping the
setting of the FASYNC bit in filp->f_flags atomic with regard to calls to
the underlying fasync() function.  Andi Kleen suggested moving the handling
of that bit into fasync(); this patch does exactly that.  As a result, we
have a couple of internal API changes: fasync() must now manage the FASYNC
bit, and it will be called without the BKL held.

As it happens, every fasync() implementation in the kernel with one
exception calls fasync_helper().  So, if we make fasync_helper() set the
FASYNC bit, we can avoid making any changes to the other fasync()
functions - as long as those functions, themselves, have proper locking.
Most fasync() implementations do nothing but call fasync_helper() - which
has its own lock - so they are easily verified as correct.  The BKL had
already been pushed down into the rest.

The networking code has its own version of fasync_helper(), so that code
has been augmented with explicit FASYNC bit handling.

Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Reviewed-by: 's avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarJonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
parent db1dd4d3
......@@ -437,8 +437,11 @@ grab BKL for cases when we close a file that had been opened r/w, but that
can and should be done using the internal locking with smaller critical areas).
Current worst offender is ext2_get_block()...
->fasync() is a mess. This area needs a big cleanup and that will probably
affect locking.
->fasync() is called without BKL protection, and is responsible for
maintaining the FASYNC bit in filp->f_flags. Most instances call
fasync_helper(), which does that maintenance, so it's not normally
something one needs to worry about. Return values > 0 will be mapped to
zero in the VFS layer.
->readdir() and ->ioctl() on directories must be changed. Ideally we would
move ->readdir() to inode_operations and use a separate method for directory
......
......@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(dup, unsigned int, fildes)
return ret;
}
#define SETFL_MASK (O_APPEND | O_NONBLOCK | O_NDELAY | FASYNC | O_DIRECT | O_NOATIME)
#define SETFL_MASK (O_APPEND | O_NONBLOCK | O_NDELAY | O_DIRECT | O_NOATIME)
static int setfl(int fd, struct file * filp, unsigned long arg)
{
......@@ -177,23 +177,19 @@ static int setfl(int fd, struct file * filp, unsigned long arg)
return error;
/*
* We still need a lock here for now to keep multiple FASYNC calls
* from racing with each other.
* ->fasync() is responsible for setting the FASYNC bit.
*/
lock_kernel();
if ((arg ^ filp->f_flags) & FASYNC) {
if (filp->f_op && filp->f_op->fasync) {
error = filp->f_op->fasync(fd, filp, (arg & FASYNC) != 0);
if (error < 0)
goto out;
}
if (((arg ^ filp->f_flags) & FASYNC) && filp->f_op &&
filp->f_op->fasync) {
error = filp->f_op->fasync(fd, filp, (arg & FASYNC) != 0);
if (error < 0)
goto out;
}
spin_lock(&filp->f_lock);
filp->f_flags = (arg & SETFL_MASK) | (filp->f_flags & ~SETFL_MASK);
spin_unlock(&filp->f_lock);
out:
unlock_kernel();
return error;
}
......@@ -518,7 +514,7 @@ static DEFINE_RWLOCK(fasync_lock);
static struct kmem_cache *fasync_cache __read_mostly;
/*
* fasync_helper() is used by some character device drivers (mainly mice)
* fasync_helper() is used by almost all character device drivers
* to set up the fasync queue. It returns negative on error, 0 if it did
* no changes and positive if it added/deleted the entry.
*/
......@@ -557,6 +553,13 @@ int fasync_helper(int fd, struct file * filp, int on, struct fasync_struct **fap
result = 1;
}
out:
/* Fix up FASYNC bit while still holding fasync_lock */
spin_lock(&filp->f_lock);
if (on)
filp->f_flags |= FASYNC;
else
filp->f_flags &= ~FASYNC;
spin_unlock(&filp->f_lock);
write_unlock_irq(&fasync_lock);
return result;
}
......
......@@ -427,19 +427,11 @@ static int ioctl_fioasync(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp,
/* Did FASYNC state change ? */
if ((flag ^ filp->f_flags) & FASYNC) {
if (filp->f_op && filp->f_op->fasync)
/* fasync() adjusts filp->f_flags */
error = filp->f_op->fasync(fd, filp, on);
else
error = -ENOTTY;
}
if (error)
return error;
spin_lock(&filp->f_lock);
if (on)
filp->f_flags |= FASYNC;
else
filp->f_flags &= ~FASYNC;
spin_unlock(&filp->f_lock);
return error;
}
......@@ -507,10 +499,7 @@ int do_vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd,
break;
case FIOASYNC:
/* BKL needed to avoid races tweaking f_flags */
lock_kernel();
error = ioctl_fioasync(fd, filp, argp);
unlock_kernel();
break;
case FIOQSIZE:
......
......@@ -1030,6 +1030,13 @@ static int sock_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on)
lock_sock(sk);
spin_lock(&filp->f_lock);
if (on)
filp->f_flags |= FASYNC;
else
filp->f_flags &= ~FASYNC;
spin_unlock(&filp->f_lock);
prev = &(sock->fasync_list);
for (fa = *prev; fa != NULL; prev = &fa->fa_next, fa = *prev)
......
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