Commit 78ebc2f7 authored by Tetsuo Handa's avatar Tetsuo Handa Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm,writeback: don't use memory reserves for wb_start_writeback

When writeback operation cannot make forward progress because memory
allocation requests needed for doing I/O cannot be satisfied (e.g.
under OOM-livelock situation), we can observe flood of order-0 page
allocation failure messages caused by complete depletion of memory
reserves.

This is caused by unconditionally allocating "struct wb_writeback_work"
objects using GFP_ATOMIC from PF_MEMALLOC context.

__alloc_pages_nodemask() {
  __alloc_pages_slowpath() {
    __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim() {
      __perform_reclaim() {
        current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
        try_to_free_pages() {
          do_try_to_free_pages() {
            wakeup_flusher_threads() {
              wb_start_writeback() {
                kzalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC) {
                  /* ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS via PF_MEMALLOC */
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
        current->flags &= ~PF_MEMALLOC;
      }
    }
  }
}

Since I/O is stalling, allocating writeback requests forever shall
deplete memory reserves.  Fortunately, since wb_start_writeback() can
fall back to wb_wakeup() when allocating "struct wb_writeback_work"
failed, we don't need to allow wb_start_writeback() to use memory
reserves.

  Mem-Info:
  active_anon:289393 inactive_anon:2093 isolated_anon:29
   active_file:10838 inactive_file:113013 isolated_file:859
   unevictable:0 dirty:108531 writeback:5308 unstable:0
   slab_reclaimable:5526 slab_unreclaimable:7077
   mapped:9970 shmem:2159 pagetables:2387 bounce:0
   free:3042 free_pcp:0 free_cma:0
  Node 0 DMA free:6968kB min:44kB low:52kB high:64kB active_anon:6056kB inactive_anon:176kB active_file:712kB inactive_file:744kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB present:15988kB managed:15904kB mlocked:0kB dirty:756kB writeback:0kB mapped:736kB shmem:184kB slab_reclaimable:48kB slab_unreclaimable:208kB kernel_stack:160kB pagetables:144kB unstable:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:9708 all_unreclaimable? yes
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 1732 1732 1732
  Node 0 DMA32 free:5200kB min:5200kB low:6500kB high:7800kB active_anon:1151516kB inactive_anon:8196kB active_file:42640kB inactive_file:451076kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):116kB isolated(file):3564kB present:2080640kB managed:1775332kB mlocked:0kB dirty:433368kB writeback:21232kB mapped:39144kB shmem:8452kB slab_reclaimable:22056kB slab_unreclaimable:28100kB kernel_stack:20976kB pagetables:9404kB unstable:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:120kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:2701604 all_unreclaimable? no
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0
  Node 0 DMA: 25*4kB (UME) 16*8kB (UME) 3*16kB (UE) 5*32kB (UME) 2*64kB (UM) 2*128kB (ME) 2*256kB (ME) 1*512kB (E) 1*1024kB (E) 2*2048kB (ME) 0*4096kB = 6964kB
  Node 0 DMA32: 925*4kB (UME) 140*8kB (UME) 5*16kB (ME) 5*32kB (M) 0*64kB 0*128kB 0*256kB 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 5060kB
  Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=1048576kB
  Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB
  126847 total pagecache pages
  0 pages in swap cache
  Swap cache stats: add 0, delete 0, find 0/0
  Free swap  = 0kB
  Total swap = 0kB
  524157 pages RAM
  0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
  76348 pages reserved
  0 pages hwpoisoned
  Out of memory: Kill process 4450 (file_io.00) score 998 or sacrifice child
  Killed process 4450 (file_io.00) total-vm:4308kB, anon-rss:100kB, file-rss:1184kB, shmem-rss:0kB
  kthreadd: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x2200020
  file_io.00: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x2200020
  CPU: 0 PID: 4457 Comm: file_io.00 Not tainted 4.5.0-rc7+ #45
  Hardware name: VMware, Inc. VMware Virtual Platform/440BX Desktop Reference Platform, BIOS 6.00 07/31/2013
  Call Trace:
    warn_alloc_failed+0xf7/0x150
    __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x23f/0xa60
    alloc_pages_current+0x87/0x110
    new_slab+0x3a1/0x440
    ___slab_alloc+0x3cf/0x590
    __slab_alloc.isra.64+0x18/0x1d
    kmem_cache_alloc+0x11c/0x150
    wb_start_writeback+0x39/0x90
    wakeup_flusher_threads+0x7f/0xf0
    do_try_to_free_pages+0x1f9/0x410
    try_to_free_pages+0x94/0xc0
    __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x566/0xa60
    alloc_pages_current+0x87/0x110
    __page_cache_alloc+0xaf/0xc0
    pagecache_get_page+0x88/0x260
    grab_cache_page_write_begin+0x21/0x40
    xfs_vm_write_begin+0x2f/0xf0
    generic_perform_write+0xca/0x1c0
    xfs_file_buffered_aio_write+0xcc/0x1f0
    xfs_file_write_iter+0x84/0x140
    __vfs_write+0xc7/0x100
    vfs_write+0x9d/0x190
    SyS_write+0x50/0xc0
    entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
  Mem-Info:
  active_anon:293335 inactive_anon:2093 isolated_anon:0
   active_file:10829 inactive_file:110045 isolated_file:32
   unevictable:0 dirty:109275 writeback:822 unstable:0
   slab_reclaimable:5489 slab_unreclaimable:10070
   mapped:9999 shmem:2159 pagetables:2420 bounce:0
   free:3 free_pcp:0 free_cma:0
  Node 0 DMA free:12kB min:44kB low:52kB high:64kB active_anon:6060kB inactive_anon:176kB active_file:708kB inactive_file:756kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB present:15988kB managed:15904kB mlocked:0kB dirty:756kB writeback:0kB mapped:736kB shmem:184kB slab_reclaimable:48kB slab_unreclaimable:7160kB kernel_stack:160kB pagetables:144kB unstable:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:9844 all_unreclaimable? yes
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 1732 1732 1732
  Node 0 DMA32 free:0kB min:5200kB low:6500kB high:7800kB active_anon:1167280kB inactive_anon:8196kB active_file:42608kB inactive_file:439424kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):128kB present:2080640kB managed:1775332kB mlocked:0kB dirty:436344kB writeback:3288kB mapped:39260kB shmem:8452kB slab_reclaimable:21908kB slab_unreclaimable:33120kB kernel_stack:20976kB pagetables:9536kB unstable:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:11073180 all_unreclaimable? yes
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0
  Node 0 DMA: 0*4kB 0*8kB 0*16kB 0*32kB 0*64kB 0*128kB 0*256kB 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 0kB
  Node 0 DMA32: 0*4kB 0*8kB 0*16kB 0*32kB 0*64kB 0*128kB 0*256kB 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 0kB
  Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=1048576kB
  Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB
  123086 total pagecache pages
  0 pages in swap cache
  Swap cache stats: add 0, delete 0, find 0/0
  Free swap  = 0kB
  Total swap = 0kB
  524157 pages RAM
  0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
  76348 pages reserved
  0 pages hwpoisoned
  SLUB: Unable to allocate memory on node -1 (gfp=0x2088020)
    cache: kmalloc-64, object size: 64, buffer size: 64, default order: 0, min order: 0
    node 0: slabs: 3218, objs: 205952, free: 0
  file_io.00: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x2200020
  CPU: 0 PID: 4457 Comm: file_io.00 Not tainted 4.5.0-rc7+ #45

Assuming that somebody will find a better solution, let's apply this
patch for now to stop bleeding, for this problem frequently prevents me
from testing OOM livelock condition.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160318131136.GE7152@quack.suse.czSigned-off-by: default avatarTetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 89474d50
......@@ -931,7 +931,8 @@ void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,
* This is WB_SYNC_NONE writeback, so if allocation fails just
* wakeup the thread for old dirty data writeback
*/
work = kzalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC);
work = kzalloc(sizeof(*work),
GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!work) {
trace_writeback_nowork(wb);
wb_wakeup(wb);
......
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