Commit 7e784422 authored by Michal Hocko's avatar Michal Hocko Committed by Linus Torvalds

lockdep: allow to disable reclaim lockup detection

The current implementation of the reclaim lockup detection can lead to
false positives and those even happen and usually lead to tweak the code
to silence the lockdep by using GFP_NOFS even though the context can use
__GFP_FS just fine.

See

  http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160512080321.GA18496@dastard

as an example.

  =================================
  [ INFO: inconsistent lock state ]
  4.5.0-rc2+ #4 Tainted: G           O
  ---------------------------------
  inconsistent {RECLAIM_FS-ON-R} -> {IN-RECLAIM_FS-W} usage.
  kswapd0/543 [HC0[0]:SC0[0]:HE1:SE1] takes:

  (&xfs_nondir_ilock_class){++++-+}, at: xfs_ilock+0x177/0x200 [xfs]

  {RECLAIM_FS-ON-R} state was registered at:
    mark_held_locks+0x79/0xa0
    lockdep_trace_alloc+0xb3/0x100
    kmem_cache_alloc+0x33/0x230
    kmem_zone_alloc+0x81/0x120 [xfs]
    xfs_refcountbt_init_cursor+0x3e/0xa0 [xfs]
    __xfs_refcount_find_shared+0x75/0x580 [xfs]
    xfs_refcount_find_shared+0x84/0xb0 [xfs]
    xfs_getbmap+0x608/0x8c0 [xfs]
    xfs_vn_fiemap+0xab/0xc0 [xfs]
    do_vfs_ioctl+0x498/0x670
    SyS_ioctl+0x79/0x90
    entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x6f

         CPU0
         ----
    lock(&xfs_nondir_ilock_class);
    <Interrupt>
      lock(&xfs_nondir_ilock_class);

   *** DEADLOCK ***

  3 locks held by kswapd0/543:

  stack backtrace:
  CPU: 0 PID: 543 Comm: kswapd0 Tainted: G           O    4.5.0-rc2+ #4
  Call Trace:
   lock_acquire+0xd8/0x1e0
   down_write_nested+0x5e/0xc0
   xfs_ilock+0x177/0x200 [xfs]
   xfs_reflink_cancel_cow_range+0x150/0x300 [xfs]
   xfs_fs_evict_inode+0xdc/0x1e0 [xfs]
   evict+0xc5/0x190
   dispose_list+0x39/0x60
   prune_icache_sb+0x4b/0x60
   super_cache_scan+0x14f/0x1a0
   shrink_slab.part.63.constprop.79+0x1e9/0x4e0
   shrink_zone+0x15e/0x170
   kswapd+0x4f1/0xa80
   kthread+0xf2/0x110
   ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70

To quote Dave:
 "Ignoring whether reflink should be doing anything or not, that's a
  "xfs_refcountbt_init_cursor() gets called both outside and inside
  transactions" lockdep false positive case. The problem here is lockdep
  has seen this allocation from within a transaction, hence a GFP_NOFS
  allocation, and now it's seeing it in a GFP_KERNEL context. Also note
  that we have an active reference to this inode.

  So, because the reclaim annotations overload the interrupt level
  detections and it's seen the inode ilock been taken in reclaim
  ("interrupt") context, this triggers a reclaim context warning where
  it thinks it is unsafe to do this allocation in GFP_KERNEL context
  holding the inode ilock..."

This sounds like a fundamental problem of the reclaim lock detection.
It is really impossible to annotate such a special usecase IMHO unless
the reclaim lockup detection is reworked completely.  Until then it is
much better to provide a way to add "I know what I am doing flag" and
mark problematic places.  This would prevent from abusing GFP_NOFS flag
which has a runtime effect even on configurations which have lockdep
disabled.

Introduce __GFP_NOLOCKDEP flag which tells the lockdep gfp tracking to
skip the current allocation request.

While we are at it also make sure that the radix tree doesn't
accidentaly override tags stored in the upper part of the gfp_mask.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170306131408.9828-3-mhocko@kernel.orgSigned-off-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Suggested-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: default avatarVlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>
Cc: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.cz>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Brian Foster <bfoster@redhat.com>
Cc: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: Nikolay Borisov <nborisov@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 6d7225f0
......@@ -40,6 +40,11 @@ struct vm_area_struct;
#define ___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM 0x400000u
#define ___GFP_WRITE 0x800000u
#define ___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM 0x1000000u
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
#define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0x4000000u
#else
#define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0
#endif
/* If the above are modified, __GFP_BITS_SHIFT may need updating */
/*
......@@ -179,8 +184,11 @@ struct vm_area_struct;
#define __GFP_NOTRACK ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOTRACK)
#define __GFP_NOTRACK_FALSE_POSITIVE (__GFP_NOTRACK)
/* Disable lockdep for GFP context tracking */
#define __GFP_NOLOCKDEP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOLOCKDEP)
/* Room for N __GFP_FOO bits */
#define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT 25
#define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT (25 + IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LOCKDEP))
#define __GFP_BITS_MASK ((__force gfp_t)((1 << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) - 1))
/*
......
......@@ -2897,6 +2897,10 @@ static void __lockdep_trace_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long flags)
if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(irqs_disabled_flags(flags)))
return;
/* Disable lockdep if explicitly requested */
if (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOLOCKDEP)
return;
mark_held_locks(curr, RECLAIM_FS);
}
......
......@@ -2284,6 +2284,8 @@ static int radix_tree_cpu_dead(unsigned int cpu)
void __init radix_tree_init(void)
{
int ret;
BUILD_BUG_ON(RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS + __GFP_BITS_SHIFT > 32);
radix_tree_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("radix_tree_node",
sizeof(struct radix_tree_node), 0,
SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT,
......
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