Commit 7f184275 authored by Huang Ying's avatar Huang Ying Committed by Len Brown

lib, Make gen_pool memory allocator lockless

This version of the gen_pool memory allocator supports lockless
operation.

This makes it safe to use in NMI handlers and other special
unblockable contexts that could otherwise deadlock on locks.  This is
implemented by using atomic operations and retries on any conflicts.
The disadvantage is that there may be livelocks in extreme cases.  For
better scalability, one gen_pool allocator can be used for each CPU.

The lockless operation only works if there is enough memory available.
If new memory is added to the pool a lock has to be still taken.  So
any user relying on locklessness has to ensure that sufficient memory
is preallocated.

The basic atomic operation of this allocator is cmpxchg on long.  On
architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the
allocator can NOT be used in NMI handler.  So code uses the allocator
in NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG.
Signed-off-by: default avatarHuang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarAndi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLen Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
parent f49f23ab
......@@ -145,6 +145,7 @@ extern void bitmap_release_region(unsigned long *bitmap, int pos, int order);
extern int bitmap_allocate_region(unsigned long *bitmap, int pos, int order);
extern void bitmap_copy_le(void *dst, const unsigned long *src, int nbits);
#define BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start) (~0UL << ((start) % BITS_PER_LONG))
#define BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(nbits) \
( \
((nbits) % BITS_PER_LONG) ? \
......
/*
* Basic general purpose allocator for managing special purpose memory
* not managed by the regular kmalloc/kfree interface.
* Uses for this includes on-device special memory, uncached memory
* etc.
* Basic general purpose allocator for managing special purpose
* memory, for example, memory that is not managed by the regular
* kmalloc/kfree interface. Uses for this includes on-device special
* memory, uncached memory etc.
*
* It is safe to use the allocator in NMI handlers and other special
* unblockable contexts that could otherwise deadlock on locks. This
* is implemented by using atomic operations and retries on any
* conflicts. The disadvantage is that there may be livelocks in
* extreme cases. For better scalability, one allocator can be used
* for each CPU.
*
* The lockless operation only works if there is enough memory
* available. If new memory is added to the pool a lock has to be
* still taken. So any user relying on locklessness has to ensure
* that sufficient memory is preallocated.
*
* The basic atomic operation of this allocator is cmpxchg on long.
* On architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation,
* the allocator can NOT be used in NMI handler. So code uses the
* allocator in NMI handler should depend on
* CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG.
*
* This source code is licensed under the GNU General Public License,
* Version 2. See the file COPYING for more details.
......@@ -15,7 +33,7 @@
* General purpose special memory pool descriptor.
*/
struct gen_pool {
rwlock_t lock;
spinlock_t lock;
struct list_head chunks; /* list of chunks in this pool */
int min_alloc_order; /* minimum allocation order */
};
......@@ -24,8 +42,8 @@ struct gen_pool {
* General purpose special memory pool chunk descriptor.
*/
struct gen_pool_chunk {
spinlock_t lock;
struct list_head next_chunk; /* next chunk in pool */
atomic_t avail;
phys_addr_t phys_addr; /* physical starting address of memory chunk */
unsigned long start_addr; /* starting address of memory chunk */
unsigned long end_addr; /* ending address of memory chunk */
......@@ -56,4 +74,8 @@ static inline int gen_pool_add(struct gen_pool *pool, unsigned long addr,
extern void gen_pool_destroy(struct gen_pool *);
extern unsigned long gen_pool_alloc(struct gen_pool *, size_t);
extern void gen_pool_free(struct gen_pool *, unsigned long, size_t);
extern void gen_pool_for_each_chunk(struct gen_pool *,
void (*)(struct gen_pool *, struct gen_pool_chunk *, void *), void *);
extern size_t gen_pool_avail(struct gen_pool *);
extern size_t gen_pool_size(struct gen_pool *);
#endif /* __GENALLOC_H__ */
......@@ -271,8 +271,6 @@ int __bitmap_weight(const unsigned long *bitmap, int bits)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bitmap_weight);
#define BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start) (~0UL << ((start) % BITS_PER_LONG))
void bitmap_set(unsigned long *map, int start, int nr)
{
unsigned long *p = map + BIT_WORD(start);
......
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