Commit a2f48706 authored by Theodore Ts'o's avatar Theodore Ts'o

fs: make sure the timestamps for lazytime inodes eventually get written

Jan Kara pointed out that if there is an inode which is constantly
getting dirtied with I_DIRTY_PAGES, an inode with an updated timestamp
will never be written since inode->dirtied_when is constantly getting
updated.  We fix this by adding an extra field to the inode,
dirtied_time_when, so inodes with a stale dirtytime can get detected
and handled.

In addition, if we have a dirtytime inode caused by an atime update,
and there is no write activity on the file system, we need to have a
secondary system to make sure these inodes get written out.  We do
this by setting up a second delayed work structure which wakes up the
CPU much more rarely compared to writeback_expire_centisecs.
Signed-off-by: default avatarTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
parent 13a7a6ac
......@@ -53,6 +53,18 @@ struct wb_writeback_work {
struct completion *done; /* set if the caller waits */
};
/*
* If an inode is constantly having its pages dirtied, but then the
* updates stop dirtytime_expire_interval seconds in the past, it's
* possible for the worst case time between when an inode has its
* timestamps updated and when they finally get written out to be two
* dirtytime_expire_intervals. We set the default to 12 hours (in
* seconds), which means most of the time inodes will have their
* timestamps written to disk after 12 hours, but in the worst case a
* few inodes might not their timestamps updated for 24 hours.
*/
unsigned int dirtytime_expire_interval = 12 * 60 * 60;
/**
* writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress
* @bdi: the device's backing_dev_info structure.
......@@ -275,8 +287,8 @@ static int move_expired_inodes(struct list_head *delaying_queue,
if ((flags & EXPIRE_DIRTY_ATIME) == 0)
older_than_this = work->older_than_this;
else if ((work->reason == WB_REASON_SYNC) == 0) {
expire_time = jiffies - (HZ * 86400);
else if (!work->for_sync) {
expire_time = jiffies - (dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ);
older_than_this = &expire_time;
}
while (!list_empty(delaying_queue)) {
......@@ -458,6 +470,7 @@ static void requeue_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
*/
redirty_tail(inode, wb);
} else if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME) {
inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &wb->b_dirty_time);
} else {
/* The inode is clean. Remove from writeback lists. */
......@@ -505,12 +518,17 @@ __writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
dirty = inode->i_state & I_DIRTY;
if (((dirty & (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC)) &&
(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME)) ||
(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED)) {
dirty |= I_DIRTY_TIME | I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED;
trace_writeback_lazytime(inode);
}
if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME) {
if ((dirty & (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC)) ||
unlikely(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED) ||
unlikely(time_after(jiffies,
(inode->dirtied_time_when +
dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ)))) {
dirty |= I_DIRTY_TIME | I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED;
trace_writeback_lazytime(inode);
}
} else
inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY_TIME_EXPIRED;
inode->i_state &= ~dirty;
/*
......@@ -1131,6 +1149,45 @@ void wakeup_flusher_threads(long nr_pages, enum wb_reason reason)
rcu_read_unlock();
}
/*
* Wake up bdi's periodically to make sure dirtytime inodes gets
* written back periodically. We deliberately do *not* check the
* b_dirtytime list in wb_has_dirty_io(), since this would cause the
* kernel to be constantly waking up once there are any dirtytime
* inodes on the system. So instead we define a separate delayed work
* function which gets called much more rarely. (By default, only
* once every 12 hours.)
*
* If there is any other write activity going on in the file system,
* this function won't be necessary. But if the only thing that has
* happened on the file system is a dirtytime inode caused by an atime
* update, we need this infrastructure below to make sure that inode
* eventually gets pushed out to disk.
*/
static void wakeup_dirtytime_writeback(struct work_struct *w);
static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(dirtytime_work, wakeup_dirtytime_writeback);
static void wakeup_dirtytime_writeback(struct work_struct *w)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(bdi, &bdi_list, bdi_list) {
if (list_empty(&bdi->wb.b_dirty_time))
continue;
bdi_wakeup_thread(bdi);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
schedule_delayed_work(&dirtytime_work, dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ);
}
static int __init start_dirtytime_writeback(void)
{
schedule_delayed_work(&dirtytime_work, dirtytime_expire_interval * HZ);
return 0;
}
__initcall(start_dirtytime_writeback);
static noinline void block_dump___mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode)
{
if (inode->i_ino || strcmp(inode->i_sb->s_id, "bdev")) {
......@@ -1269,8 +1326,13 @@ void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode, int flags)
}
inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, dirtytime ?
&bdi->wb.b_dirty_time : &bdi->wb.b_dirty);
if (dirtytime)
inode->dirtied_time_when = jiffies;
if (inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES))
list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &bdi->wb.b_dirty);
else
list_move(&inode->i_wb_list,
&bdi->wb.b_dirty_time);
spin_unlock(&bdi->wb.list_lock);
trace_writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue(inode);
......
......@@ -604,6 +604,7 @@ struct inode {
struct mutex i_mutex;
unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */
unsigned long dirtied_time_when;
struct hlist_node i_hash;
struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev IO list */
......
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment