Commit b5cdae32 authored by David S. Miller's avatar David S. Miller

net: Generic XDP

This provides a generic SKB based non-optimized XDP path which is used
if either the driver lacks a specific XDP implementation, or the user
requests it via a new IFLA_XDP_FLAGS value named XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE.

It is arguable that perhaps I should have required something like
this as part of the initial XDP feature merge.

I believe this is critical for two reasons:

1) Accessibility.  More people can play with XDP with less
   dependencies.  Yes I know we have XDP support in virtio_net, but
   that just creates another depedency for learning how to use this
   facility.

   I wrote this to make life easier for the XDP newbies.

2) As a model for what the expected semantics are.  If there is a pure
   generic core implementation, it serves as a semantic example for
   driver folks adding XDP support.

One thing I have not tried to address here is the issue of
XDP_PACKET_HEADROOM, thanks to Daniel for spotting that.  It seems
incredibly expensive to do a skb_cow(skb, XDP_PACKET_HEADROOM) or
whatever even if the XDP program doesn't try to push headers at all.
I think we really need the verifier to somehow propagate whether
certain XDP helpers are used or not.

v5:
 - Handle both negative and positive offset after running prog
 - Fix mac length in XDP_TX case (Alexei)
 - Use rcu_dereference_protected() in free_netdev (kbuild test robot)

v4:
 - Fix MAC header adjustmnet before calling prog (David Ahern)
 - Disable LRO when generic XDP is installed (Michael Chan)
 - Bypass qdisc et al. on XDP_TX and record the event (Alexei)
 - Do not perform generic XDP on reinjected packets (DaveM)

v3:
 - Make sure XDP program sees packet at MAC header, push back MAC
   header if we do XDP_TX.  (Alexei)
 - Elide GRO when generic XDP is in use.  (Alexei)
 - Add XDP_FLAG_SKB_MODE flag which the user can use to request generic
   XDP even if the driver has an XDP implementation.  (Alexei)
 - Report whether SKB mode is in use in rtnl_xdp_fill() via XDP_FLAGS
   attribute.  (Daniel)

v2:
 - Add some "fall through" comments in switch statements based
   upon feedback from Andrew Lunn
 - Use RCU for generic xdp_prog, thanks to Johannes Berg.
Tested-by: default avatarAndy Gospodarek <andy@greyhouse.net>
Tested-by: default avatarJesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Tested-by: default avatarDavid Ahern <dsa@cumulusnetworks.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 2f7878c0
......@@ -1905,9 +1905,17 @@ struct net_device {
struct lock_class_key *qdisc_tx_busylock;
struct lock_class_key *qdisc_running_key;
bool proto_down;
struct bpf_prog __rcu *xdp_prog;
};
#define to_net_dev(d) container_of(d, struct net_device, dev)
static inline bool netif_elide_gro(const struct net_device *dev)
{
if (!(dev->features & NETIF_F_GRO) || dev->xdp_prog)
return true;
return false;
}
#define NETDEV_ALIGN 32
static inline
......
......@@ -887,7 +887,9 @@ enum {
/* XDP section */
#define XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST (1U << 0)
#define XDP_FLAGS_MASK (XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST)
#define XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE (2U << 0)
#define XDP_FLAGS_MASK (XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST | \
XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE)
enum {
IFLA_XDP_UNSPEC,
......
......@@ -95,6 +95,7 @@
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/bpf.h>
#include <linux/bpf_trace.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/busy_poll.h>
......@@ -4251,6 +4252,125 @@ static int __netif_receive_skb(struct sk_buff *skb)
return ret;
}
static struct static_key generic_xdp_needed __read_mostly;
static int generic_xdp_install(struct net_device *dev, struct netdev_xdp *xdp)
{
struct bpf_prog *new = xdp->prog;
int ret = 0;
switch (xdp->command) {
case XDP_SETUP_PROG: {
struct bpf_prog *old = rtnl_dereference(dev->xdp_prog);
rcu_assign_pointer(dev->xdp_prog, new);
if (old)
bpf_prog_put(old);
if (old && !new) {
static_key_slow_dec(&generic_xdp_needed);
} else if (new && !old) {
static_key_slow_inc(&generic_xdp_needed);
dev_disable_lro(dev);
}
break;
}
case XDP_QUERY_PROG:
xdp->prog_attached = !!rcu_access_pointer(dev->xdp_prog);
break;
default:
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
return ret;
}
static u32 netif_receive_generic_xdp(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog)
{
struct xdp_buff xdp;
u32 act = XDP_DROP;
void *orig_data;
int hlen, off;
u32 mac_len;
/* Reinjected packets coming from act_mirred or similar should
* not get XDP generic processing.
*/
if (skb_cloned(skb))
return XDP_PASS;
if (skb_linearize(skb))
goto do_drop;
/* The XDP program wants to see the packet starting at the MAC
* header.
*/
mac_len = skb->data - skb_mac_header(skb);
hlen = skb_headlen(skb) + mac_len;
xdp.data = skb->data - mac_len;
xdp.data_end = xdp.data + hlen;
xdp.data_hard_start = skb->data - skb_headroom(skb);
orig_data = xdp.data;
act = bpf_prog_run_xdp(xdp_prog, &xdp);
off = xdp.data - orig_data;
if (off > 0)
__skb_pull(skb, off);
else if (off < 0)
__skb_push(skb, -off);
switch (act) {
case XDP_TX:
__skb_push(skb, mac_len);
/* fall through */
case XDP_PASS:
break;
default:
bpf_warn_invalid_xdp_action(act);
/* fall through */
case XDP_ABORTED:
trace_xdp_exception(skb->dev, xdp_prog, act);
/* fall through */
case XDP_DROP:
do_drop:
kfree_skb(skb);
break;
}
return act;
}
/* When doing generic XDP we have to bypass the qdisc layer and the
* network taps in order to match in-driver-XDP behavior.
*/
static void generic_xdp_tx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog)
{
struct net_device *dev = skb->dev;
struct netdev_queue *txq;
bool free_skb = true;
int cpu, rc;
txq = netdev_pick_tx(dev, skb, NULL);
cpu = smp_processor_id();
HARD_TX_LOCK(dev, txq, cpu);
if (!netif_xmit_stopped(txq)) {
rc = netdev_start_xmit(skb, dev, txq, 0);
if (dev_xmit_complete(rc))
free_skb = false;
}
HARD_TX_UNLOCK(dev, txq);
if (free_skb) {
trace_xdp_exception(dev, xdp_prog, XDP_TX);
kfree_skb(skb);
}
}
static int netif_receive_skb_internal(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
int ret;
......@@ -4262,6 +4382,21 @@ static int netif_receive_skb_internal(struct sk_buff *skb)
rcu_read_lock();
if (static_key_false(&generic_xdp_needed)) {
struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog = rcu_dereference(skb->dev->xdp_prog);
if (xdp_prog) {
u32 act = netif_receive_generic_xdp(skb, xdp_prog);
if (act != XDP_PASS) {
rcu_read_unlock();
if (act == XDP_TX)
generic_xdp_tx(skb, xdp_prog);
return NET_RX_DROP;
}
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_RPS
if (static_key_false(&rps_needed)) {
struct rps_dev_flow voidflow, *rflow = &voidflow;
......@@ -4494,7 +4629,7 @@ static enum gro_result dev_gro_receive(struct napi_struct *napi, struct sk_buff
enum gro_result ret;
int grow;
if (!(skb->dev->features & NETIF_F_GRO))
if (netif_elide_gro(skb->dev))
goto normal;
if (skb->csum_bad)
......@@ -6723,6 +6858,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_change_proto_down);
*/
int dev_change_xdp_fd(struct net_device *dev, int fd, u32 flags)
{
int (*xdp_op)(struct net_device *dev, struct netdev_xdp *xdp);
const struct net_device_ops *ops = dev->netdev_ops;
struct bpf_prog *prog = NULL;
struct netdev_xdp xdp;
......@@ -6730,14 +6866,16 @@ int dev_change_xdp_fd(struct net_device *dev, int fd, u32 flags)
ASSERT_RTNL();
if (!ops->ndo_xdp)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
xdp_op = ops->ndo_xdp;
if (!xdp_op || (flags & XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE))
xdp_op = generic_xdp_install;
if (fd >= 0) {
if (flags & XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST) {
memset(&xdp, 0, sizeof(xdp));
xdp.command = XDP_QUERY_PROG;
err = ops->ndo_xdp(dev, &xdp);
err = xdp_op(dev, &xdp);
if (err < 0)
return err;
if (xdp.prog_attached)
......@@ -6753,7 +6891,7 @@ int dev_change_xdp_fd(struct net_device *dev, int fd, u32 flags)
xdp.command = XDP_SETUP_PROG;
xdp.prog = prog;
err = ops->ndo_xdp(dev, &xdp);
err = xdp_op(dev, &xdp);
if (err < 0 && prog)
bpf_prog_put(prog);
......@@ -7793,6 +7931,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_netdev_mqs);
void free_netdev(struct net_device *dev)
{
struct napi_struct *p, *n;
struct bpf_prog *prog;
might_sleep();
netif_free_tx_queues(dev);
......@@ -7811,6 +7950,12 @@ void free_netdev(struct net_device *dev)
free_percpu(dev->pcpu_refcnt);
dev->pcpu_refcnt = NULL;
prog = rcu_dereference_protected(dev->xdp_prog, 1);
if (prog) {
bpf_prog_put(prog);
static_key_slow_dec(&generic_xdp_needed);
}
/* Compatibility with error handling in drivers */
if (dev->reg_state == NETREG_UNINITIALIZED) {
netdev_freemem(dev);
......
......@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ int gro_cells_receive(struct gro_cells *gcells, struct sk_buff *skb)
struct net_device *dev = skb->dev;
struct gro_cell *cell;
if (!gcells->cells || skb_cloned(skb) || !(dev->features & NETIF_F_GRO))
if (!gcells->cells || skb_cloned(skb) || netif_elide_gro(dev))
return netif_rx(skb);
cell = this_cpu_ptr(gcells->cells);
......
......@@ -896,15 +896,13 @@ static size_t rtnl_port_size(const struct net_device *dev,
return port_self_size;
}
static size_t rtnl_xdp_size(const struct net_device *dev)
static size_t rtnl_xdp_size(void)
{
size_t xdp_size = nla_total_size(0) + /* nest IFLA_XDP */
nla_total_size(1); /* XDP_ATTACHED */
nla_total_size(1) + /* XDP_ATTACHED */
nla_total_size(4); /* XDP_FLAGS */
if (!dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp)
return 0;
else
return xdp_size;
return xdp_size;
}
static noinline size_t if_nlmsg_size(const struct net_device *dev,
......@@ -943,7 +941,7 @@ static noinline size_t if_nlmsg_size(const struct net_device *dev,
+ nla_total_size(MAX_PHYS_ITEM_ID_LEN) /* IFLA_PHYS_PORT_ID */
+ nla_total_size(MAX_PHYS_ITEM_ID_LEN) /* IFLA_PHYS_SWITCH_ID */
+ nla_total_size(IFNAMSIZ) /* IFLA_PHYS_PORT_NAME */
+ rtnl_xdp_size(dev) /* IFLA_XDP */
+ rtnl_xdp_size() /* IFLA_XDP */
+ nla_total_size(1); /* IFLA_PROTO_DOWN */
}
......@@ -1251,23 +1249,35 @@ static int rtnl_fill_link_ifmap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
static int rtnl_xdp_fill(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
struct netdev_xdp xdp_op = {};
struct nlattr *xdp;
u32 xdp_flags = 0;
u8 val = 0;
int err;
if (!dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp)
return 0;
xdp = nla_nest_start(skb, IFLA_XDP);
if (!xdp)
return -EMSGSIZE;
xdp_op.command = XDP_QUERY_PROG;
err = dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp(dev, &xdp_op);
if (err)
goto err_cancel;
err = nla_put_u8(skb, IFLA_XDP_ATTACHED, xdp_op.prog_attached);
if (rcu_access_pointer(dev->xdp_prog)) {
xdp_flags = XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE;
val = 1;
} else if (dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp) {
struct netdev_xdp xdp_op = {};
xdp_op.command = XDP_QUERY_PROG;
err = dev->netdev_ops->ndo_xdp(dev, &xdp_op);
if (err)
goto err_cancel;
val = xdp_op.prog_attached;
}
err = nla_put_u8(skb, IFLA_XDP_ATTACHED, val);
if (err)
goto err_cancel;
if (xdp_flags) {
err = nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_XDP_FLAGS, xdp_flags);
if (err)
goto err_cancel;
}
nla_nest_end(skb, xdp);
return 0;
......
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