Commit d46db3d5 authored by Wu Fengguang's avatar Wu Fengguang

writeback: make writeback_control.nr_to_write straight

Pass struct wb_writeback_work all the way down to writeback_sb_inodes(),
and initialize the struct writeback_control there.

struct writeback_control is basically designed to control writeback of a
single file, but we keep abuse it for writing multiple files in
writeback_sb_inodes() and its callers.

It immediately clean things up, e.g. suddenly wbc.nr_to_write vs
work->nr_pages starts to make sense, and instead of saving and restoring
pages_skipped in writeback_sb_inodes it can always start with a clean
zero value.

It also makes a neat IO pattern change: large dirty files are now
written in the full 4MB writeback chunk size, rather than whatever
remained quota in wbc->nr_to_write.
Acked-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Proposed-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarWu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
parent 36715cef
......@@ -2551,7 +2551,6 @@ int extent_write_full_page(struct extent_io_tree *tree, struct page *page,
};
struct writeback_control wbc_writepages = {
.sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.nr_to_write = 64,
.range_start = page_offset(page) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
.range_end = (loff_t)-1,
......@@ -2584,7 +2583,6 @@ int extent_write_locked_range(struct extent_io_tree *tree, struct inode *inode,
};
struct writeback_control wbc_writepages = {
.sync_mode = mode,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.nr_to_write = nr_pages * 2,
.range_start = start,
.range_end = end + 1,
......
......@@ -29,12 +29,22 @@
#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
#include "internal.h"
/*
* The maximum number of pages to writeout in a single bdi flush/kupdate
* operation. We do this so we don't hold I_SYNC against an inode for
* enormous amounts of time, which would block a userspace task which has
* been forced to throttle against that inode. Also, the code reevaluates
* the dirty each time it has written this many pages.
*/
#define MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES 1024L
/*
* Passed into wb_writeback(), essentially a subset of writeback_control
*/
struct wb_writeback_work {
long nr_pages;
struct super_block *sb;
unsigned long *older_than_this;
enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode;
unsigned int tagged_writepages:1;
unsigned int for_kupdate:1;
......@@ -472,7 +482,6 @@ writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
* No need to add it back to the LRU.
*/
list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list);
wbc->inodes_written++;
}
}
inode_sync_complete(inode);
......@@ -506,6 +515,31 @@ static bool pin_sb_for_writeback(struct super_block *sb)
return false;
}
static long writeback_chunk_size(struct wb_writeback_work *work)
{
long pages;
/*
* WB_SYNC_ALL mode does livelock avoidance by syncing dirty
* inodes/pages in one big loop. Setting wbc.nr_to_write=LONG_MAX
* here avoids calling into writeback_inodes_wb() more than once.
*
* The intended call sequence for WB_SYNC_ALL writeback is:
*
* wb_writeback()
* writeback_sb_inodes() <== called only once
* write_cache_pages() <== called once for each inode
* (quickly) tag currently dirty pages
* (maybe slowly) sync all tagged pages
*/
if (work->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || work->tagged_writepages)
pages = LONG_MAX;
else
pages = min(MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES, work->nr_pages);
return pages;
}
/*
* Write a portion of b_io inodes which belong to @sb.
*
......@@ -513,18 +547,30 @@ static bool pin_sb_for_writeback(struct super_block *sb)
* inodes. Otherwise write only ones which go sequentially
* in reverse order.
*
* Return 1, if the caller writeback routine should be
* interrupted. Otherwise return 0.
* Return the number of pages and/or inodes written.
*/
static int writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct writeback_control *wbc, bool only_this_sb)
static long writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct wb_writeback_work *work)
{
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = work->sync_mode,
.tagged_writepages = work->tagged_writepages,
.for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate,
.for_background = work->for_background,
.range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic,
.range_start = 0,
.range_end = LLONG_MAX,
};
unsigned long start_time = jiffies;
long write_chunk;
long wrote = 0; /* count both pages and inodes */
while (!list_empty(&wb->b_io)) {
long pages_skipped;
struct inode *inode = wb_inode(wb->b_io.prev);
if (inode->i_sb != sb) {
if (only_this_sb) {
if (work->sb) {
/*
* We only want to write back data for this
* superblock, move all inodes not belonging
......@@ -539,7 +585,7 @@ static int writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
* Bounce back to the caller to unpin this and
* pin the next superblock.
*/
return 0;
break;
}
/*
......@@ -553,12 +599,18 @@ static int writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
requeue_io(inode, wb);
continue;
}
__iget(inode);
write_chunk = writeback_chunk_size(work);
wbc.nr_to_write = write_chunk;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, &wbc);
pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped;
writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, wbc);
if (wbc->pages_skipped != pages_skipped) {
work->nr_pages -= write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
wrote += write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY))
wrote++;
if (wbc.pages_skipped) {
/*
* writeback is not making progress due to locked
* buffers. Skip this inode for now.
......@@ -570,17 +622,25 @@ static int writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
iput(inode);
cond_resched();
spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
if (wbc->nr_to_write <= 0)
return 1;
/*
* bail out to wb_writeback() often enough to check
* background threshold and other termination conditions.
*/
if (wrote) {
if (time_is_before_jiffies(start_time + HZ / 10UL))
break;
if (work->nr_pages <= 0)
break;
}
}
/* b_io is empty */
return 1;
return wrote;
}
static void __writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
static long __writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct wb_writeback_work *work)
{
int ret = 0;
unsigned long start_time = jiffies;
long wrote = 0;
while (!list_empty(&wb->b_io)) {
struct inode *inode = wb_inode(wb->b_io.prev);
......@@ -590,33 +650,37 @@ static void __writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
requeue_io(inode, wb);
continue;
}
ret = writeback_sb_inodes(sb, wb, wbc, false);
wrote += writeback_sb_inodes(sb, wb, work);
drop_super(sb);
if (ret)
break;
/* refer to the same tests at the end of writeback_sb_inodes */
if (wrote) {
if (time_is_before_jiffies(start_time + HZ / 10UL))
break;
if (work->nr_pages <= 0)
break;
}
}
/* Leave any unwritten inodes on b_io */
return wrote;
}
void writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
long writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages)
{
struct wb_writeback_work work = {
.nr_pages = nr_pages,
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
.range_cyclic = 1,
};
spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
if (list_empty(&wb->b_io))
queue_io(wb, wbc->older_than_this);
__writeback_inodes_wb(wb, wbc);
queue_io(wb, NULL);
__writeback_inodes_wb(wb, &work);
spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
}
/*
* The maximum number of pages to writeout in a single bdi flush/kupdate
* operation. We do this so we don't hold I_SYNC against an inode for
* enormous amounts of time, which would block a userspace task which has
* been forced to throttle against that inode. Also, the code reevaluates
* the dirty each time it has written this many pages.
*/
#define MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES 1024
return nr_pages - work.nr_pages;
}
static inline bool over_bground_thresh(void)
{
......@@ -646,42 +710,13 @@ static inline bool over_bground_thresh(void)
static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct wb_writeback_work *work)
{
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = work->sync_mode,
.tagged_writepages = work->tagged_writepages,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate,
.for_background = work->for_background,
.range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic,
};
long nr_pages = work->nr_pages;
unsigned long oldest_jif;
long wrote = 0;
long write_chunk = MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
struct inode *inode;
if (!wbc.range_cyclic) {
wbc.range_start = 0;
wbc.range_end = LLONG_MAX;
}
/*
* WB_SYNC_ALL mode does livelock avoidance by syncing dirty
* inodes/pages in one big loop. Setting wbc.nr_to_write=LONG_MAX
* here avoids calling into writeback_inodes_wb() more than once.
*
* The intended call sequence for WB_SYNC_ALL writeback is:
*
* wb_writeback()
* writeback_sb_inodes() <== called only once
* write_cache_pages() <== called once for each inode
* (quickly) tag currently dirty pages
* (maybe slowly) sync all tagged pages
*/
if (wbc.sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc.tagged_writepages)
write_chunk = LONG_MAX;
long progress;
oldest_jif = jiffies;
wbc.older_than_this = &oldest_jif;
work->older_than_this = &oldest_jif;
spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
for (;;) {
......@@ -711,24 +746,17 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
if (work->for_kupdate) {
oldest_jif = jiffies -
msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_expire_interval * 10);
wbc.older_than_this = &oldest_jif;
work->older_than_this = &oldest_jif;
}
wbc.nr_to_write = write_chunk;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
wbc.inodes_written = 0;
trace_wbc_writeback_start(&wbc, wb->bdi);
trace_writeback_start(wb->bdi, work);
if (list_empty(&wb->b_io))
queue_io(wb, wbc.older_than_this);
queue_io(wb, work->older_than_this);
if (work->sb)
writeback_sb_inodes(work->sb, wb, &wbc, true);
progress = writeback_sb_inodes(work->sb, wb, work);
else
__writeback_inodes_wb(wb, &wbc);
trace_wbc_writeback_written(&wbc, wb->bdi);
work->nr_pages -= write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
wrote += write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
progress = __writeback_inodes_wb(wb, work);
trace_writeback_written(wb->bdi, work);
/*
* Did we write something? Try for more
......@@ -738,9 +766,7 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
* mean the overall work is done. So we keep looping as long
* as made some progress on cleaning pages or inodes.
*/
if (wbc.nr_to_write < write_chunk)
continue;
if (wbc.inodes_written)
if (progress)
continue;
/*
* No more inodes for IO, bail
......@@ -753,8 +779,8 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
* we'll just busyloop.
*/
if (!list_empty(&wb->b_more_io)) {
trace_writeback_wait(wb->bdi, work);
inode = wb_inode(wb->b_more_io.prev);
trace_wbc_writeback_wait(&wbc, wb->bdi);
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
inode_wait_for_writeback(inode, wb);
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
......@@ -762,7 +788,7 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
}
spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
return wrote;
return nr_pages - work->nr_pages;
}
/*
......
......@@ -24,12 +24,9 @@ enum writeback_sync_modes {
*/
struct writeback_control {
enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode;
unsigned long *older_than_this; /* If !NULL, only write back inodes
older than this */
long nr_to_write; /* Write this many pages, and decrement
this for each page written */
long pages_skipped; /* Pages which were not written */
long inodes_written; /* # of inodes written (at least) */
/*
* For a_ops->writepages(): is start or end are non-zero then this is
......@@ -56,8 +53,7 @@ void writeback_inodes_sb_nr(struct super_block *, unsigned long nr);
int writeback_inodes_sb_if_idle(struct super_block *);
int writeback_inodes_sb_nr_if_idle(struct super_block *, unsigned long nr);
void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *);
void writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
struct writeback_control *wbc);
long writeback_inodes_wb(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages);
long wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, int force_wait);
void wakeup_flusher_threads(long nr_pages);
......
......@@ -62,6 +62,9 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_work_class, name, \
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_nothread);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_queue);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_exec);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_start);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_written);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_wait);
TRACE_EVENT(writeback_pages_written,
TP_PROTO(long pages_written),
......@@ -101,6 +104,30 @@ DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_bdi_register);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_bdi_unregister);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_thread_start);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_thread_stop);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(balance_dirty_start);
DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(balance_dirty_wait);
TRACE_EVENT(balance_dirty_written,
TP_PROTO(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int written),
TP_ARGS(bdi, written),
TP_STRUCT__entry(
__array(char, name, 32)
__field(int, written)
),
TP_fast_assign(
strncpy(__entry->name, dev_name(bdi->dev), 32);
__entry->written = written;
),
TP_printk("bdi %s written %d",
__entry->name,
__entry->written
)
);
DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class,
TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi),
......@@ -114,7 +141,6 @@ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class,
__field(int, for_background)
__field(int, for_reclaim)
__field(int, range_cyclic)
__field(unsigned long, older_than_this)
__field(long, range_start)
__field(long, range_end)
),
......@@ -128,14 +154,12 @@ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class,
__entry->for_background = wbc->for_background;
__entry->for_reclaim = wbc->for_reclaim;
__entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic;
__entry->older_than_this = wbc->older_than_this ?
*wbc->older_than_this : 0;
__entry->range_start = (long)wbc->range_start;
__entry->range_end = (long)wbc->range_end;
),
TP_printk("bdi %s: towrt=%ld skip=%ld mode=%d kupd=%d "
"bgrd=%d reclm=%d cyclic=%d older=0x%lx "
"bgrd=%d reclm=%d cyclic=%d "
"start=0x%lx end=0x%lx",
__entry->name,
__entry->nr_to_write,
......@@ -145,7 +169,6 @@ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class,
__entry->for_background,
__entry->for_reclaim,
__entry->range_cyclic,
__entry->older_than_this,
__entry->range_start,
__entry->range_end)
)
......@@ -154,12 +177,6 @@ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class,
DEFINE_EVENT(wbc_class, name, \
TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), \
TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi))
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writeback_start);
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writeback_written);
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writeback_wait);
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_balance_dirty_start);
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_balance_dirty_written);
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_balance_dirty_wait);
DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writepage);
TRACE_EVENT(writeback_queue_io,
......
......@@ -260,18 +260,6 @@ int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
return wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb);
}
static void bdi_flush_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.range_cyclic = 1,
.nr_to_write = 1024,
};
writeback_inodes_wb(&bdi->wb, &wbc);
}
/*
* kupdated() used to do this. We cannot do it from the bdi_forker_thread()
* or we risk deadlocking on ->s_umount. The longer term solution would be
......@@ -457,9 +445,10 @@ static int bdi_forker_thread(void *ptr)
if (IS_ERR(task)) {
/*
* If thread creation fails, force writeout of
* the bdi from the thread.
* the bdi from the thread. Hopefully 1024 is
* large enough for efficient IO.
*/
bdi_flush_io(bdi);
writeback_inodes_wb(&bdi->wb, 1024);
} else {
/*
* The spinlock makes sure we do not lose
......
......@@ -491,13 +491,6 @@ static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = mapping->backing_dev_info;
for (;;) {
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.nr_to_write = write_chunk,
.range_cyclic = 1,
};
nr_reclaimable = global_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY) +
global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS);
nr_writeback = global_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK);
......@@ -559,17 +552,17 @@ static void balance_dirty_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
* threshold otherwise wait until the disk writes catch
* up.
*/
trace_wbc_balance_dirty_start(&wbc, bdi);
trace_balance_dirty_start(bdi);
if (bdi_nr_reclaimable > bdi_thresh) {
writeback_inodes_wb(&bdi->wb, &wbc);
pages_written += write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
trace_wbc_balance_dirty_written(&wbc, bdi);
pages_written += writeback_inodes_wb(&bdi->wb,
write_chunk);
trace_balance_dirty_written(bdi, pages_written);
if (pages_written >= write_chunk)
break; /* We've done our duty */
}
trace_wbc_balance_dirty_wait(&wbc, bdi);
__set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
io_schedule_timeout(pause);
trace_balance_dirty_wait(bdi);
/*
* Increase the delay for each loop, up to our previous
......
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