Commit d79a40ca authored by Toshi Kani's avatar Toshi Kani Committed by Ingo Molnar

x86/mm/pat: Use 7th PAT MSR slot for Write-Through PAT type

Assign Write-Through type to the PA7 slot in the PAT MSR when
the processor is not affected by PAT errata. The PA7 slot is
chosen to improve robustness in the presence of errata that
might cause the high PAT bit to be ignored. This way a buggy PA7
slot access will hit the PA3 slot, which is UC, so at worst we
lose performance without causing a correctness issue.

The following Intel processors are affected by the PAT errata.

  Errata               CPUID
  ----------------------------------------------------
  Pentium 2, A52       family 0x6, model 0x5
  Pentium 3, E27       family 0x6, model 0x7, 0x8
  Pentium 3 Xenon, G26 family 0x6, model 0x7, 0x8, 0xa
  Pentium M, Y26       family 0x6, model 0x9
  Pentium M 90nm, X9   family 0x6, model 0xd
  Pentium 4, N46       family 0xf, model 0x0

Instead of making sharp boundary checks, we remain conservative
and exclude all Pentium 2, 3, M and 4 family processors. For
those, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT is redirected to UC- per the default
setup in __cachemode2pte_tbl[].
Signed-off-by: default avatarToshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarBorislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Elliott@hp.com
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: arnd@arndb.de
Cc: hch@lst.de
Cc: hmh@hmh.eng.br
Cc: jgross@suse.com
Cc: konrad.wilk@oracle.com
Cc: linux-mm <linux-mm@kvack.org>
Cc: linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org
Cc: stefan.bader@canonical.com
Cc: yigal@plexistor.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1433187393-22688-2-git-send-email-toshi.kani@hp.comSigned-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
parent 7202fdb1
......@@ -235,6 +235,7 @@ static void pat_ap_init(u64 pat)
void pat_init(void)
{
u64 pat;
struct cpuinfo_x86 *c = &boot_cpu_data;
if (!pat_enabled()) {
/*
......@@ -244,7 +245,7 @@ void pat_init(void)
* has PAT but the "nopat" boot option has been specified. This
* emulated PAT table is used when MSR_IA32_CR_PAT returns 0.
*
* PTE encoding used:
* PTE encoding:
*
* PCD
* |PWT PAT
......@@ -259,21 +260,61 @@ void pat_init(void)
*/
pat = PAT(0, WB) | PAT(1, WT) | PAT(2, UC_MINUS) | PAT(3, UC) |
PAT(4, WB) | PAT(5, WT) | PAT(6, UC_MINUS) | PAT(7, UC);
} else {
} else if ((c->x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_INTEL) &&
(((c->x86 == 0x6) && (c->x86_model <= 0xd)) ||
((c->x86 == 0xf) && (c->x86_model <= 0x6)))) {
/*
* PTE encoding used in Linux:
* PAT support with the lower four entries. Intel Pentium 2,
* 3, M, and 4 are affected by PAT errata, which makes the
* upper four entries unusable. To be on the safe side, we don't
* use those.
*
* PTE encoding:
* PAT
* |PCD
* ||PWT
* |||
* 000 WB _PAGE_CACHE_WB
* 001 WC _PAGE_CACHE_WC
* 010 UC- _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS
* 011 UC _PAGE_CACHE_UC
* ||PWT PAT
* ||| slot
* 000 0 WB : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB
* 001 1 WC : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC
* 010 2 UC-: _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS
* 011 3 UC : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC
* PAT bit unused
*
* NOTE: When WT or WP is used, it is redirected to UC- per
* the default setup in __cachemode2pte_tbl[].
*/
pat = PAT(0, WB) | PAT(1, WC) | PAT(2, UC_MINUS) | PAT(3, UC) |
PAT(4, WB) | PAT(5, WC) | PAT(6, UC_MINUS) | PAT(7, UC);
} else {
/*
* Full PAT support. We put WT in slot 7 to improve
* robustness in the presence of errata that might cause
* the high PAT bit to be ignored. This way, a buggy slot 7
* access will hit slot 3, and slot 3 is UC, so at worst
* we lose performance without causing a correctness issue.
* Pentium 4 erratum N46 is an example for such an erratum,
* although we try not to use PAT at all on affected CPUs.
*
* PTE encoding:
* PAT
* |PCD
* ||PWT PAT
* ||| slot
* 000 0 WB : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB
* 001 1 WC : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC
* 010 2 UC-: _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS
* 011 3 UC : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC
* 100 4 WB : Reserved
* 101 5 WC : Reserved
* 110 6 UC-: Reserved
* 111 7 WT : _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT
*
* The reserved slots are unused, but mapped to their
* corresponding types in the presence of PAT errata.
*/
pat = PAT(0, WB) | PAT(1, WC) | PAT(2, UC_MINUS) | PAT(3, UC) |
PAT(4, WB) | PAT(5, WC) | PAT(6, UC_MINUS) | PAT(7, WT);
}
if (!boot_cpu_done) {
......
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