Commit d9101fca authored by Cornelia Huck's avatar Cornelia Huck

KVM: s390: diagnose call documentation

Add some further documentation on the DIAGNOSE calls we support.
Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Huth <thuth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarCornelia Huck <cornelia.huck@de.ibm.com>
parent d6d63b51
......@@ -17,6 +17,9 @@ S390:
S390 uses diagnose instruction as hypercall (0x500) along with hypercall
number in R1.
For further information on the S390 diagnose call as supported by KVM,
refer to Documentation/virtual/kvm/s390-diag.txt.
PowerPC:
It uses R3-R10 and hypercall number in R11. R4-R11 are used as output registers.
Return value is placed in R3.
......
The s390 DIAGNOSE call on KVM
=============================
KVM on s390 supports the DIAGNOSE call for making hypercalls, both for
native hypercalls and for selected hypercalls found on other s390
hypervisors.
Note that bits are numbered as by the usual s390 convention (most significant
bit on the left).
General remarks
---------------
DIAGNOSE calls by the guest cause a mandatory intercept. This implies
all supported DIAGNOSE calls need to be handled by either KVM or its
userspace.
All DIAGNOSE calls supported by KVM use the RS-a format:
--------------------------------------
| '83' | R1 | R3 | B2 | D2 |
--------------------------------------
0 8 12 16 20 31
The second-operand address (obtained by the base/displacement calculation)
is not used to address data. Instead, bits 48-63 of this address specify
the function code, and bits 0-47 are ignored.
The supported DIAGNOSE function codes vary by the userspace used. For
DIAGNOSE function codes not specific to KVM, please refer to the
documentation for the s390 hypervisors defining them.
DIAGNOSE function code 'X'500' - KVM virtio functions
-----------------------------------------------------
If the function code specifies 0x500, various virtio-related functions
are performed.
General register 1 contains the virtio subfunction code. Supported
virtio subfunctions depend on KVM's userspace. Generally, userspace
provides either s390-virtio (subcodes 0-2) or virtio-ccw (subcode 3).
Upon completion of the DIAGNOSE instruction, general register 2 contains
the function's return code, which is either a return code or a subcode
specific value.
Subcode 0 - s390-virtio notification and early console printk
Handled by userspace.
Subcode 1 - s390-virtio reset
Handled by userspace.
Subcode 2 - s390-virtio set status
Handled by userspace.
Subcode 3 - virtio-ccw notification
Handled by either userspace or KVM (ioeventfd case).
General register 2 contains a subchannel-identification word denoting
the subchannel of the virtio-ccw proxy device to be notified.
General register 3 contains the number of the virtqueue to be notified.
General register 4 contains a 64bit identifier for KVM usage (the
kvm_io_bus cookie). If general register 4 does not contain a valid
identifier, it is ignored.
After completion of the DIAGNOSE call, general register 2 may contain
a 64bit identifier (in the kvm_io_bus cookie case).
See also the virtio standard for a discussion of this hypercall.
DIAGNOSE function code 'X'501 - KVM breakpoint
----------------------------------------------
If the function code specifies 0x501, breakpoint functions may be performed.
This function code is handled by userspace.
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