1. 02 Apr, 2018 1 commit
  2. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  3. 10 Oct, 2017 1 commit
  4. 17 Apr, 2017 1 commit
  5. 24 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  6. 26 May, 2016 1 commit
  7. 02 May, 2016 3 commits
  8. 24 Apr, 2016 1 commit
    • Theodore Ts'o's avatar
      ext4: allow readdir()'s of large empty directories to be interrupted · 1f60fbe7
      Theodore Ts'o authored
      If a directory has a large number of empty blocks, iterating over all
      of them can take a long time, leading to scheduler warnings and users
      getting irritated when they can't kill a process in the middle of one
      of these long-running readdir operations.  Fix this by adding checks to
      ext4_readdir() and ext4_htree_fill_tree().
      
      This was reverted earlier due to a typo in the original commit where I
      experimented with using signal_pending() instead of
      fatal_signal_pending().  The test was in the wrong place if we were
      going to return signal_pending() since we would end up returning
      duplicant entries.  See 9f2394c9 for a more detailed explanation.
      
      Added fix as suggested by Linus to check for signal_pending() in
      in the filldir() functions.
      Reported-by: 's avatarBenjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
      Google-Bug-Id: 27880676
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
      1f60fbe7
  9. 22 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      wrappers for ->i_mutex access · 5955102c
      Al Viro authored
      parallel to mutex_{lock,unlock,trylock,is_locked,lock_nested},
      inode_foo(inode) being mutex_foo(&inode->i_mutex).
      
      Please, use those for access to ->i_mutex; over the coming cycle
      ->i_mutex will become rwsem, with ->lookup() done with it held
      only shared.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      5955102c
  10. 31 Oct, 2014 1 commit
  11. 04 Jun, 2014 1 commit
  12. 25 Oct, 2013 1 commit
  13. 29 Jun, 2013 4 commits
  14. 23 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  15. 27 Sep, 2012 1 commit
  16. 30 May, 2012 1 commit
  17. 29 Feb, 2012 1 commit
  18. 10 Aug, 2010 1 commit
    • Kevin Winchester's avatar
      vfs: fix warning: 'dirent' is used uninitialized in this function · 85c9fe8f
      Kevin Winchester authored
      Using:
      
      	gcc (GCC) 4.5.0 20100610 (prerelease)
      
      The following warnings appear:
      
      	fs/readdir.c: In function `filldir64':
      	fs/readdir.c:240:15: warning: `dirent' is used uninitialized in this function
      	fs/readdir.c: In function `filldir':
      	fs/readdir.c:155:15: warning: `dirent' is used uninitialized in this function
      	fs/compat.c: In function `compat_filldir64':
      	fs/compat.c:1071:11: warning: `dirent' is used uninitialized in this function
      	fs/compat.c: In function `compat_filldir':
      	fs/compat.c:984:15: warning: `dirent' is used uninitialized in this function
      
      The warnings are related to the use of the NAME_OFFSET() macro.  Luckily,
      it appears as though the standard offsetof() macro is what is being
      implemented by NAME_OFFSET(), thus we can fix the warning and use a more
      standard code construct at the same time.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKevin Winchester <kjwinchester@gmail.com>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      85c9fe8f
  19. 14 Jan, 2009 3 commits
  20. 23 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  21. 25 Aug, 2008 1 commit
  22. 06 Dec, 2007 1 commit
  23. 08 May, 2007 2 commits
  24. 08 Dec, 2006 1 commit
  25. 03 Oct, 2006 1 commit
    • David Howells's avatar
      [PATCH] VFS: Make filldir_t and struct kstat deal in 64-bit inode numbers · afefdbb2
      David Howells authored
      These patches make the kernel pass 64-bit inode numbers internally when
      communicating to userspace, even on a 32-bit system.  They are required
      because some filesystems have intrinsic 64-bit inode numbers: NFS3+ and XFS
      for example.  The 64-bit inode numbers are then propagated to userspace
      automatically where the arch supports it.
      
      Problems have been seen with userspace (eg: ld.so) using the 64-bit inode
      number returned by stat64() or getdents64() to differentiate files, and
      failing because the 64-bit inode number space was compressed to 32-bits, and
      so overlaps occur.
      
      This patch:
      
      Make filldir_t take a 64-bit inode number and struct kstat carry a 64-bit
      inode number so that 64-bit inode numbers can be passed back to userspace.
      
      The stat functions then returns the full 64-bit inode number where
      available and where possible.  If it is not possible to represent the inode
      number supplied by the filesystem in the field provided by userspace, then
      error EOVERFLOW will be issued.
      
      Similarly, the getdents/readdir functions now pass the full 64-bit inode
      number to userspace where possible, returning EOVERFLOW instead when a
      directory entry is encountered that can't be properly represented.
      
      Note that this means that some inodes will not be stat'able on a 32-bit
      system with old libraries where they were before - but it does mean that
      there will be no ambiguity over what a 32-bit inode number refers to.
      
      Note similarly that directory scans may be cut short with an error on a
      32-bit system with old libraries where the scan would work before for the
      same reasons.
      
      It is judged unlikely that this situation will occur because modern glibc
      uses 64-bit capable versions of stat and getdents class functions
      exclusively, and that older systems are unlikely to encounter
      unrepresentable inode numbers anyway.
      
      [akpm: alpha build fix]
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      afefdbb2
  26. 09 Jan, 2006 1 commit
  27. 16 Apr, 2005 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Linux-2.6.12-rc2 · 1da177e4
      Linus Torvalds authored
      Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
      even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
      archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
      3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
      git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
      infrastructure for it.
      
      Let it rip!
      1da177e4