1. 01 Feb, 2018 1 commit
  2. 29 Jan, 2018 1 commit
  3. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: 's avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  4. 05 Jul, 2017 1 commit
  5. 28 Sep, 2016 1 commit
  6. 29 May, 2016 1 commit
  7. 02 May, 2016 2 commits
    • Al Viro's avatar
      simple local filesystems: switch to ->iterate_shared() · 3b0a3c1a
      Al Viro authored
      no changes needed (XFS isn't simple, but it has the same parallelism
      in the interesting parts exercised from CXFS).
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      3b0a3c1a
    • Al Viro's avatar
      make ext2_get_page() and friends work without external serialization · be5b82db
      Al Viro authored
      Right now ext2_get_page() (and its analogues in a bunch of other filesystems)
      relies upon the directory being locked - the way it sets and tests Checked and
      Error bits would be racy without that.  Switch to a slightly different scheme,
      _not_ setting Checked in case of failure.  That way the logics becomes
      	if Checked => OK
      	else if Error => fail
      	else if !validate => fail
      	else => OK
      with validation setting Checked or Error on success and failure resp. and
      returning which one had happened.  Equivalent to the current logics, but unlike
      the current logics not sensitive to the order of set_bit, test_bit getting
      reordered by CPU, etc.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      be5b82db
  8. 04 Apr, 2016 1 commit
    • Kirill A. Shutemov's avatar
      mm, fs: get rid of PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} macros · 09cbfeaf
      Kirill A. Shutemov authored
      PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} macros were introduced *long* time
      ago with promise that one day it will be possible to implement page
      cache with bigger chunks than PAGE_SIZE.
      
      This promise never materialized.  And unlikely will.
      
      We have many places where PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumed to be equal to
      PAGE_SIZE.  And it's constant source of confusion on whether
      PAGE_CACHE_* or PAGE_* constant should be used in a particular case,
      especially on the border between fs and mm.
      
      Global switching to PAGE_CACHE_SIZE != PAGE_SIZE would cause to much
      breakage to be doable.
      
      Let's stop pretending that pages in page cache are special.  They are
      not.
      
      The changes are pretty straight-forward:
      
       - <foo> << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>;
      
       - <foo> >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>;
      
       - PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} -> PAGE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN};
      
       - page_cache_get() -> get_page();
      
       - page_cache_release() -> put_page();
      
      This patch contains automated changes generated with coccinelle using
      script below.  For some reason, coccinelle doesn't patch header files.
      I've called spatch for them manually.
      
      The only adjustment after coccinelle is revert of changes to
      PAGE_CAHCE_ALIGN definition: we are going to drop it later.
      
      There are few places in the code where coccinelle didn't reach.  I'll
      fix them manually in a separate patch.  Comments and documentation also
      will be addressed with the separate patch.
      
      virtual patch
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - E << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
      + E
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - E >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
      + E
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT
      + PAGE_SHIFT
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_SIZE
      + PAGE_SIZE
      
      @@
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_MASK
      + PAGE_MASK
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - PAGE_CACHE_ALIGN(E)
      + PAGE_ALIGN(E)
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - page_cache_get(E)
      + get_page(E)
      
      @@
      expression E;
      @@
      - page_cache_release(E)
      + put_page(E)
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Acked-by: 's avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      09cbfeaf
  9. 23 Jun, 2015 1 commit
  10. 16 Jun, 2015 1 commit
  11. 15 Apr, 2015 1 commit
  12. 29 Jun, 2013 1 commit
  13. 23 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  14. 09 Aug, 2010 1 commit
    • Christoph Hellwig's avatar
      clean up write_begin usage for directories in pagecache · f4e420dc
      Christoph Hellwig authored
      For filesystem that implement directories in pagecache we call
      block_write_begin with an already allocated page for this code, while the
      normal regular file write path uses the default block_write_begin behaviour.
      
      Get rid of the __foofs_write_begin helper and opencode the normal write_begin
      call in foofs_write_begin, while adding a new foofs_prepare_chunk helper for
      the directory code.  The added benefit is that foofs_prepare_chunk has
      a much saner calling convention.
      
      Note that the interruptible flag passed into block_write_begin is always
      ignored if we already pass in a page (see next patch for details), and
      we never were doing truncations of exessive blocks for this case either so we
      can switch directly to block_write_begin_newtrunc.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      f4e420dc
  15. 28 May, 2010 1 commit
    • Christoph Hellwig's avatar
      rename the generic fsync implementations · 1b061d92
      Christoph Hellwig authored
      We don't name our generic fsync implementations very well currently.
      The no-op implementation for in-memory filesystems currently is called
      simple_sync_file which doesn't make too much sense to start with,
      the the generic one for simple filesystems is called simple_fsync
      which can lead to some confusion.
      
      This patch renames the generic file fsync method to generic_file_fsync
      to match the other generic_file_* routines it is supposed to be used
      with, and the no-op implementation to noop_fsync to make it obvious
      what to expect.  In addition add some documentation for both methods.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      1b061d92
  16. 03 Mar, 2010 1 commit
  17. 16 Dec, 2009 1 commit
  18. 12 Jun, 2009 1 commit
  19. 09 May, 2009 1 commit
  20. 23 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  21. 28 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  22. 08 Feb, 2008 1 commit
  23. 05 Dec, 2007 1 commit
  24. 17 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  25. 16 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  26. 08 May, 2007 1 commit
  27. 07 May, 2007 1 commit
  28. 14 Feb, 2007 1 commit
    • Tim Schmielau's avatar
      [PATCH] remove many unneeded #includes of sched.h · cd354f1a
      Tim Schmielau authored
      After Al Viro (finally) succeeded in removing the sched.h #include in module.h
      recently, it makes sense again to remove other superfluous sched.h includes.
      There are quite a lot of files which include it but don't actually need
      anything defined in there.  Presumably these includes were once needed for
      macros that used to live in sched.h, but moved to other header files in the
      course of cleaning it up.
      
      To ease the pain, this time I did not fiddle with any header files and only
      removed #includes from .c-files, which tend to cause less trouble.
      
      Compile tested against 2.6.20-rc2 and 2.6.20-rc2-mm2 (with offsets) on alpha,
      arm, i386, ia64, mips, powerpc, and x86_64 with allnoconfig, defconfig,
      allmodconfig, and allyesconfig as well as a few randconfigs on x86_64 and all
      configs in arch/arm/configs on arm.  I also checked that no new warnings were
      introduced by the patch (actually, some warnings are removed that were emitted
      by unnecessarily included header files).
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarTim Schmielau <tim@physik3.uni-rostock.de>
      Acked-by: 's avatarRussell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      cd354f1a
  29. 09 Feb, 2007 1 commit
    • Evgeniy Dushistov's avatar
      [PATCH] ufs: restore back support of openstep · f336953b
      Evgeniy Dushistov authored
      This is a fix of regression, which triggered by ~2.6.16.
      
      Patch with name ufs-directory-and-page-cache-from-blocks-to-pages.patch: in
      additional to conversation from block to page cache mechanism added new
      checks of directory integrity, one of them that directory entry do not
      across directory chunks.
      
      But some kinds of UFS: OpenStep UFS and Apple UFS (looks like these are the
      same filesystems) have different directory chunk size, then common
      UFSes(BSD and Solaris UFS).
      
      So this patch adds ability to works with variable size of directory chunks,
      and set it for ufstype=openstep to right size.
      
      Tested on darwin ufs.
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarEvgeniy Dushistov <dushistov@mail.ru>
      Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      f336953b
  30. 08 Dec, 2006 1 commit
  31. 25 Jun, 2006 3 commits
  32. 28 Mar, 2006 1 commit
  33. 06 Jan, 2006 1 commit
  34. 16 Apr, 2005 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Linux-2.6.12-rc2 · 1da177e4
      Linus Torvalds authored
      Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
      even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
      archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
      3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
      git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
      infrastructure for it.
      
      Let it rip!
      1da177e4