io-png.c 24.8 KB
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/* -*- Mode: C; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 8 -*- */
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/* GdkPixbuf library - PNG image loader
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 *
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 * Copyright (C) 1999 Mark Crichton
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 * Copyright (C) 1999 The Free Software Foundation
 *
 * Authors: Mark Crichton <crichton@gimp.org>
 *          Federico Mena-Quintero <federico@gimp.org>
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 *
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 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with this library; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
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 */
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#include <config.h>
#include <stdio.h>
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#include <stdlib.h>
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#include <png.h>
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#include "gdk-pixbuf-private.h"
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#include "gdk-pixbuf-io.h"
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static void
setup_png_transformations(png_structp png_read_ptr, png_infop png_info_ptr,
                          gboolean *fatal_error_occurred,
                          png_uint_32* width_p, png_uint_32* height_p,
                          int* color_type_p)
{
        png_uint_32 width, height;
        int bit_depth, color_type, interlace_type, compression_type, filter_type;
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#ifndef G_DISABLE_CHECKS
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        int channels;
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#endif
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        /* Get the image info */

        png_get_IHDR (png_read_ptr, png_info_ptr,
                      &width, &height,
                      &bit_depth,
                      &color_type,
                      &interlace_type,
                      &compression_type,
                      &filter_type);

        /* set_expand() basically needs to be called unless
           we are already in RGB/RGBA mode
        */
        if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_PALETTE &&
            bit_depth <= 8) {

                /* Convert indexed images to RGB */
                png_set_expand (png_read_ptr);

        } else if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY &&
                   bit_depth < 8) {

                /* Convert grayscale to RGB */
                png_set_expand (png_read_ptr);

        } else if (png_get_valid (png_read_ptr, 
                                  png_info_ptr, PNG_INFO_tRNS)) {

                /* If we have transparency header, convert it to alpha
                   channel */
                png_set_expand(png_read_ptr);
                
        } else if (bit_depth < 8) {

                /* If we have < 8 scale it up to 8 */
                png_set_expand(png_read_ptr);


                /* Conceivably, png_set_packing() is a better idea;
                 * God only knows how libpng works
                 */
        }

        /* If we are 16-bit, convert to 8-bit */
        if (bit_depth == 16) {
                png_set_strip_16(png_read_ptr);
        }

        /* If gray scale, convert to RGB */
        if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY ||
            color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY_ALPHA) {
                png_set_gray_to_rgb(png_read_ptr);
        }
        
        /* If interlaced, handle that */
        if (interlace_type != PNG_INTERLACE_NONE) {
                png_set_interlace_handling(png_read_ptr);
        }
        
        /* Update the info the reflect our transformations */
        png_read_update_info(png_read_ptr, png_info_ptr);
        
        png_get_IHDR (png_read_ptr, png_info_ptr,
                      &width, &height,
                      &bit_depth,
                      &color_type,
                      &interlace_type,
                      &compression_type,
                      &filter_type);

        *width_p = width;
        *height_p = height;
        *color_type_p = color_type;
        
#ifndef G_DISABLE_CHECKS
        /* Check that the new info is what we want */
        
        if (bit_depth != 8) {
                g_warning("Bits per channel of transformed PNG is %d, not 8.", bit_depth);
                *fatal_error_occurred = TRUE;
                return;
        }

        if ( ! (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB ||
                color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB_ALPHA) ) {
                g_warning("Transformed PNG not RGB or RGBA.");
                *fatal_error_occurred = TRUE;
                return;
        }

        channels = png_get_channels(png_read_ptr, png_info_ptr);
        if ( ! (channels == 3 || channels == 4) ) {
                g_warning("Transformed PNG has %d channels, must be 3 or 4.", channels);
                *fatal_error_occurred = TRUE;
                return;
        }
#endif
}

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static void
png_simple_error_callback(png_structp png_save_ptr,
                          png_const_charp error_msg)
{
        GError **error;
        
        error = png_get_error_ptr(png_save_ptr);

        /* I don't trust libpng to call the error callback only once,
         * so check for already-set error
         */
        if (error && *error == NULL) {
                g_set_error (error,
                             GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR,
                             GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR_FAILED,
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                             _("Fatal error in PNG image file: %s"),
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                             error_msg);
        }
}

static void
png_simple_warning_callback(png_structp png_save_ptr,
                            png_const_charp warning_msg)
{
        /* Don't print anything; we should not be dumping junk to
         * stderr, since that may be bad for some apps. If it's
         * important enough to display, we need to add a GError
         * **warning return location wherever we have an error return
         * location.
         */
}

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/* Destroy notification function for the pixbuf */
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static void
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free_buffer (guchar *pixels, gpointer data)
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{
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	g_free (pixels);
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}
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/* Shared library entry point */
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static GdkPixbuf *
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gdk_pixbuf__png_image_load (FILE *f, GError **error)
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{
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	png_structp png_ptr;
	png_infop info_ptr, end_info;
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        gboolean failed = FALSE;
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	gint i, ctype, bpp;
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	png_uint_32 w, h;
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	png_bytepp rows;
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	guchar *pixels;
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	png_ptr = png_create_read_struct (PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING,
                                          error,
                                          png_simple_error_callback,
                                          png_simple_warning_callback);
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	if (!png_ptr)
		return NULL;

	info_ptr = png_create_info_struct (png_ptr);
	if (!info_ptr) {
		png_destroy_read_struct (&png_ptr, NULL, NULL);
		return NULL;
	}

	end_info = png_create_info_struct (png_ptr);
	if (!end_info) {
		png_destroy_read_struct (&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
		return NULL;
	}

	if (setjmp (png_ptr->jmpbuf)) {
		png_destroy_read_struct (&png_ptr, &info_ptr, &end_info);
		return NULL;
	}

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	png_init_io (png_ptr, f);
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	png_read_info (png_ptr, info_ptr);
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        setup_png_transformations(png_ptr, info_ptr, &failed, &w, &h, &ctype);
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        if (failed) {
                png_destroy_read_struct (&png_ptr, &info_ptr, &end_info);
                return NULL;
        }
        
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	if (ctype & PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA)
		bpp = 4;
	else
		bpp = 3;

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	pixels = g_try_malloc (w * h * bpp);
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	if (!pixels) {
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                /* Check error NULL, normally this would be broken,
                 * but libpng makes me want to code defensively.
                 */
                if (error && *error == NULL) {
                        g_set_error (error,
                                     GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR,
                                     GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_MEMORY,
                                     _("Insufficient memory to load PNG file"));
                }
                
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		png_destroy_read_struct (&png_ptr, &info_ptr, &end_info);
		return NULL;
	}
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	rows = g_new (png_bytep, h);
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	for (i = 0; i < h; i++)
		rows[i] = pixels + i * w * bpp;
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	png_read_image (png_ptr, rows);
	png_destroy_read_struct (&png_ptr, &info_ptr, &end_info);
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	g_free (rows);
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	if (ctype & PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA)
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		return gdk_pixbuf_new_from_data (pixels, GDK_COLORSPACE_RGB, TRUE, 8,
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						 w, h, w * 4,
						 free_buffer, NULL);
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	else
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		return gdk_pixbuf_new_from_data (pixels, GDK_COLORSPACE_RGB, FALSE, 8,
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						 w, h, w * 3,
						 free_buffer, NULL);
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}
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/* I wish these avoided the setjmp()/longjmp() crap in libpng instead
   just allow you to change the error reporting. */
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static void png_error_callback  (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                                 png_const_charp error_msg);

static void png_warning_callback(png_structp png_read_ptr,
                                 png_const_charp warning_msg);

/* Called at the start of the progressive load */
static void png_info_callback   (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                                 png_infop   png_info_ptr);

/* Called for each row; note that you will get duplicate row numbers
   for interlaced PNGs */
static void png_row_callback   (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                                png_bytep   new_row,
                                png_uint_32 row_num,
                                int pass_num);

/* Called after reading the entire image */
static void png_end_callback   (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                                png_infop   png_info_ptr);

typedef struct _LoadContext LoadContext;

struct _LoadContext {
        png_structp png_read_ptr;
        png_infop   png_info_ptr;

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        ModulePreparedNotifyFunc prepare_func;
        ModuleUpdatedNotifyFunc update_func;
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        gpointer notify_user_data;

        GdkPixbuf* pixbuf;
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        /* row number of first row seen, or -1 if none yet seen */

        gint first_row_seen_in_chunk;

        /* pass number for the first row seen */

        gint first_pass_seen_in_chunk;
        
        /* row number of last row seen */
        gint last_row_seen_in_chunk;

        gint last_pass_seen_in_chunk;

        /* highest row number seen */
        gint max_row_seen_in_chunk;
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        guint fatal_error_occurred : 1;

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        GError **error;
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};

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static gpointer
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gdk_pixbuf__png_image_begin_load (ModulePreparedNotifyFunc prepare_func,
				  ModuleUpdatedNotifyFunc update_func,
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				  gpointer user_data,
                                  GError **error)
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{
        LoadContext* lc;
        
        lc = g_new0(LoadContext, 1);
        
        lc->fatal_error_occurred = FALSE;

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        lc->prepare_func = prepare_func;
        lc->update_func = update_func;
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        lc->notify_user_data = user_data;

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        lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->last_row_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->first_pass_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->last_pass_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->max_row_seen_in_chunk = -1;
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        lc->error = error;
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        /* Create the main PNG context struct */

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        lc->png_read_ptr = png_create_read_struct(PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING,
                                                  lc, /* error/warning callback data */
                                                  png_error_callback,
                                                  png_warning_callback);

        if (lc->png_read_ptr == NULL) {
                g_free(lc);
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                /* error callback should have set the error */
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                return NULL;
        }
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	if (setjmp (lc->png_read_ptr->jmpbuf)) {
		if (lc->png_info_ptr)
			png_destroy_read_struct(&lc->png_read_ptr, NULL, NULL);
                g_free(lc);
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                /* error callback should have set the error */
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                return NULL;
	}

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        /* Create the auxiliary context struct */
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        lc->png_info_ptr = png_create_info_struct(lc->png_read_ptr);

        if (lc->png_info_ptr == NULL) {
                png_destroy_read_struct(&lc->png_read_ptr, NULL, NULL);
                g_free(lc);
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                /* error callback should have set the error */
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                return NULL;
        }

        png_set_progressive_read_fn(lc->png_read_ptr,
                                    lc, /* callback data */
                                    png_info_callback,
                                    png_row_callback,
                                    png_end_callback);
        

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        /* We don't want to keep modifying error after returning here,
         * it may no longer be valid.
         */
        lc->error = NULL;
        
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        return lc;
}

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static gboolean
gdk_pixbuf__png_image_stop_load (gpointer context, GError **error)
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{
        LoadContext* lc = context;

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        g_return_val_if_fail(lc != NULL, TRUE);
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        /* FIXME this thing needs to report errors if
         * we have unused image data
         */
        
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        if (lc->pixbuf)
                gdk_pixbuf_unref (lc->pixbuf);
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        png_destroy_read_struct(&lc->png_read_ptr, NULL, NULL);
        g_free(lc);
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        return TRUE;
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}

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static gboolean
gdk_pixbuf__png_image_load_increment(gpointer context,
                                     const guchar *buf, guint size,
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                                     GError **error)
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{
        LoadContext* lc = context;

        g_return_val_if_fail(lc != NULL, FALSE);

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        /* reset */
        lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->last_row_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->first_pass_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->last_pass_seen_in_chunk = -1;
        lc->max_row_seen_in_chunk = -1;
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        lc->error = error;
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        /* Invokes our callbacks as needed */
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	if (setjmp (lc->png_read_ptr->jmpbuf)) {
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                lc->error = NULL;
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		return FALSE;
	} else {
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		png_process_data(lc->png_read_ptr, lc->png_info_ptr,
                                 (guchar*) buf, size);
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	}
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        if (lc->fatal_error_occurred) {
                lc->error = NULL;
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                return FALSE;
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        } else {
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                if (lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk >= 0) {
                        /* We saw at least one row */
                        gint pass_diff = lc->last_pass_seen_in_chunk - lc->first_pass_seen_in_chunk;
                        
                        g_assert(pass_diff >= 0);
                        
                        if (pass_diff == 0) {
                                /* start and end row were in the same pass */
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                                (lc->update_func)(lc->pixbuf, 0,
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                                                  lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk,
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                                                  lc->pixbuf->width,
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                                                  (lc->last_row_seen_in_chunk -
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                                                   lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk) + 1,
						  lc->notify_user_data);
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                        } else if (pass_diff == 1) {
                                /* We have from the first row seen to
                                   the end of the image (max row
                                   seen), then from the top of the
                                   image to the last row seen */
                                /* first row to end */
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                                (lc->update_func)(lc->pixbuf, 0,
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                                                  lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk,
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                                                  lc->pixbuf->width,
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                                                  (lc->max_row_seen_in_chunk -
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                                                   lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk) + 1,
						  lc->notify_user_data);
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                                /* top to last row */
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                                (lc->update_func)(lc->pixbuf,
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                                                  0, 0, 
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                                                  lc->pixbuf->width,
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                                                  lc->last_row_seen_in_chunk + 1,
						  lc->notify_user_data);
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                        } else {
                                /* We made at least one entire pass, so update the
                                   whole image */
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                                (lc->update_func)(lc->pixbuf,
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                                                  0, 0, 
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                                                  lc->pixbuf->width,
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                                                  lc->max_row_seen_in_chunk + 1,
						  lc->notify_user_data);
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                        }
                }
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                lc->error = NULL;
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                return TRUE;
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        }
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}

/* Called at the start of the progressive load, once we have image info */
static void
png_info_callback   (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                     png_infop   png_info_ptr)
{
        LoadContext* lc;
        png_uint_32 width, height;
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        int color_type;
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        gboolean have_alpha = FALSE;
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        gboolean failed = FALSE;
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        lc = png_get_progressive_ptr(png_read_ptr);

        if (lc->fatal_error_occurred)
                return;

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        setup_png_transformations(lc->png_read_ptr,
                                  lc->png_info_ptr,
                                  &failed,
                                  &width, &height, &color_type);
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        if (failed) {
                lc->fatal_error_occurred = TRUE;
                return;
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        }

        /* If we have alpha, set a flag */
        if (color_type & PNG_COLOR_MASK_ALPHA)
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                have_alpha = TRUE;
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        lc->pixbuf = gdk_pixbuf_new(GDK_COLORSPACE_RGB, have_alpha, 8, width, height);
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        if (lc->pixbuf == NULL) {
                /* Failed to allocate memory */
                lc->fatal_error_occurred = TRUE;
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                if (lc->error && *lc->error == NULL) {
                        g_set_error (lc->error,
                                     GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR,
                                     GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_MEMORY,
                                     _("Insufficient memory to store a %ld by %ld image; try exiting some applications to reduce memory usage"),
                                     width, height);
                }
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                return;
        }
        
        /* Notify the client that we are ready to go */

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        if (lc->prepare_func)
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                (* lc->prepare_func) (lc->pixbuf, NULL, lc->notify_user_data);
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        return;
}

/* Called for each row; note that you will get duplicate row numbers
   for interlaced PNGs */
static void
png_row_callback   (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                    png_bytep   new_row,
                    png_uint_32 row_num,
                    int pass_num)
{
        LoadContext* lc;
        guchar* old_row = NULL;
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        lc = png_get_progressive_ptr(png_read_ptr);

        if (lc->fatal_error_occurred)
                return;
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        if (lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk < 0) {
                lc->first_row_seen_in_chunk = row_num;
                lc->first_pass_seen_in_chunk = pass_num;
        }

        lc->max_row_seen_in_chunk = MAX(lc->max_row_seen_in_chunk, ((gint)row_num));
        lc->last_row_seen_in_chunk = row_num;
        lc->last_pass_seen_in_chunk = pass_num;
        
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        old_row = lc->pixbuf->pixels + (row_num * lc->pixbuf->rowstride);
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        png_progressive_combine_row(lc->png_read_ptr, old_row, new_row);
}

/* Called after reading the entire image */
static void
png_end_callback   (png_structp png_read_ptr,
                    png_infop   png_info_ptr)
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{
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        LoadContext* lc;

        lc = png_get_progressive_ptr(png_read_ptr);

        if (lc->fatal_error_occurred)
                return;
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}
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static void
png_error_callback(png_structp png_read_ptr,
                   png_const_charp error_msg)
{
        LoadContext* lc;
        
        lc = png_get_error_ptr(png_read_ptr);
        
        lc->fatal_error_occurred = TRUE;
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        /* I don't trust libpng to call the error callback only once,
         * so check for already-set error
         */
        if (lc->error && *lc->error == NULL) {
                g_set_error (lc->error,
                             GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR,
                             GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR_CORRUPT_IMAGE,
                             _("Fatal error reading PNG image file: %s"),
                             error_msg);
        }
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        longjmp (png_read_ptr->jmpbuf, 1);
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}

static void
png_warning_callback(png_structp png_read_ptr,
                     png_const_charp warning_msg)
{
        LoadContext* lc;
        
        lc = png_get_error_ptr(png_read_ptr);
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        /* Don't print anything; we should not be dumping junk to
         * stderr, since that may be bad for some apps. If it's
         * important enough to display, we need to add a GError
         * **warning return location wherever we have an error return
         * location.
         */
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}
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/* Save */
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static gboolean
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gdk_pixbuf__png_image_save (FILE          *f, 
                            GdkPixbuf     *pixbuf, 
                            gchar        **keys,
                            gchar        **values,
                            GError       **error)
{
       png_structp png_ptr;
       png_infop info_ptr;
       guchar *ptr;
       guchar *pixels;
       int x, y, j;
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       png_bytep row_ptr;
       png_bytep data;
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       png_color_8 sig_bit;
       int w, h, rowstride;
       int has_alpha;
       int bpc;

       if (keys && *keys) {
               g_warning ("Bad option name '%s' passed to PNG saver",
                          *keys);
               return FALSE;
#if 0
               gchar **kiter = keys;
               gchar **viter = values;

               
               while (*kiter) {
                       
                       ++kiter;
                       ++viter;
               }
#endif
       }
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       data = NULL;
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       bpc = gdk_pixbuf_get_bits_per_sample (pixbuf);
       w = gdk_pixbuf_get_width (pixbuf);
       h = gdk_pixbuf_get_height (pixbuf);
       rowstride = gdk_pixbuf_get_rowstride (pixbuf);
       has_alpha = gdk_pixbuf_get_has_alpha (pixbuf);
       pixels = gdk_pixbuf_get_pixels (pixbuf);

       png_ptr = png_create_write_struct (PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING,
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                                          error,
                                          png_simple_error_callback,
                                          png_simple_warning_callback);
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       g_return_val_if_fail (png_ptr != NULL, FALSE);

       info_ptr = png_create_info_struct (png_ptr);
       if (info_ptr == NULL) {
               png_destroy_write_struct (&png_ptr, (png_infopp) NULL);
               return FALSE;
       }
       if (setjmp (png_ptr->jmpbuf)) {
               png_destroy_write_struct (&png_ptr, (png_infopp) NULL);
               return FALSE;
       }
       png_init_io (png_ptr, f);
       if (has_alpha) {
               png_set_IHDR (png_ptr, info_ptr, w, h, bpc,
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                             PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB_ALPHA, PNG_INTERLACE_NONE,
                             PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE, PNG_FILTER_TYPE_BASE);
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#ifdef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
               png_set_swap_alpha (png_ptr);
#else
               png_set_bgr (png_ptr);
#endif
       } else {
               png_set_IHDR (png_ptr, info_ptr, w, h, bpc,
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                             PNG_COLOR_TYPE_RGB, PNG_INTERLACE_NONE,
                             PNG_COMPRESSION_TYPE_BASE, PNG_FILTER_TYPE_BASE);
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               data = g_try_malloc (w * 3 * sizeof (char));
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               if (data == NULL) {
                       /* Check error NULL, normally this would be broken,
                        * but libpng makes me want to code defensively.
                        */
                       if (error && *error == NULL) {
                               g_set_error (error,
                                            GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR,
                                            GDK_PIXBUF_ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_MEMORY,
                                            _("Insufficient memory to save PNG file"));
                       }
                       png_destroy_write_struct (&png_ptr, (png_infopp) NULL);
                       return FALSE;
               }
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       }
       sig_bit.red = bpc;
       sig_bit.green = bpc;
       sig_bit.blue = bpc;
       sig_bit.alpha = bpc;
       png_set_sBIT (png_ptr, info_ptr, &sig_bit);
       png_write_info (png_ptr, info_ptr);
       png_set_shift (png_ptr, &sig_bit);
       png_set_packing (png_ptr);

       ptr = pixels;
       for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
               if (has_alpha)
                       row_ptr = (png_bytep)ptr;
               else {
                       for (j = 0, x = 0; x < w; x++)
                               memcpy (&(data[x*3]), &(ptr[x*3]), 3);

                       row_ptr = (png_bytep)data;
               }
               png_write_rows (png_ptr, &row_ptr, 1);
               ptr += rowstride;
       }

       if (data)
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               g_free (data);
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       png_write_end (png_ptr, info_ptr);
       png_destroy_write_struct (&png_ptr, (png_infopp) NULL);

       return TRUE;
}

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void
gdk_pixbuf__png_fill_vtable (GdkPixbufModule *module)
{
  module->load = gdk_pixbuf__png_image_load;
  module->begin_load = gdk_pixbuf__png_image_begin_load;
  module->stop_load = gdk_pixbuf__png_image_stop_load;
  module->load_increment = gdk_pixbuf__png_image_load_increment;
  module->save = gdk_pixbuf__png_image_save;
}