Commit def9b71e authored by Petr Tesarik's avatar Petr Tesarik Committed by Linus Torvalds

include/linux/mmzone.h: fix explanation of lower bits in the SPARSEMEM mem_map pointer

The comment is confusing.  On the one hand, it refers to 32-bit
alignment (struct page alignment on 32-bit platforms), but this would
only guarantee that the 2 lowest bits must be zero.  On the other hand,
it claims that at least 3 bits are available, and 3 bits are actually

This is not broken, because there is a stronger alignment guarantee,
just less obvious.  Let's fix the comment to make it clear how many bits
are available and why.

Although memmap arrays are allocated in various places, the resulting
pointer is encoded eventually, so I am adding a BUG_ON() here to enforce
at runtime that all expected bits are indeed available.

I have also added a BUILD_BUG_ON to check that PFN_SECTION_SHIFT is
sufficient, because this part of the calculation can be easily checked
at build time.

[ v2]
Link: default avatarPetr Tesarik <>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <>
Cc: Mel Gorman <>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <>
Cc: Kemi Wang <>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 112d2d29
......@@ -1166,8 +1166,16 @@ extern unsigned long usemap_size(void);
* We use the lower bits of the mem_map pointer to store
* a little bit of information. There should be at least
* 3 bits here due to 32-bit alignment.
* a little bit of information. The pointer is calculated
* as mem_map - section_nr_to_pfn(pnum). The result is
* aligned to the minimum alignment of the two values:
* 1. All mem_map arrays are page-aligned.
* 2. section_nr_to_pfn() always clears PFN_SECTION_SHIFT
* lowest bits. PFN_SECTION_SHIFT is arch-specific
* (equal SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT), and the
* worst combination is powerpc with 256k pages,
* which results in PFN_SECTION_SHIFT equal 6.
* To sum it up, at least 6 bits are available.
#define SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP (1UL<<1)
......@@ -264,7 +264,11 @@ unsigned long __init node_memmap_size_bytes(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
static unsigned long sparse_encode_mem_map(struct page *mem_map, unsigned long pnum)
return (unsigned long)(mem_map - (section_nr_to_pfn(pnum)));
unsigned long coded_mem_map =
(unsigned long)(mem_map - (section_nr_to_pfn(pnum)));
BUG_ON(coded_mem_map & ~SECTION_MAP_MASK);
return coded_mem_map;
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