1. 08 Jun, 2018 2 commits
  2. 12 May, 2018 1 commit
  3. 06 Apr, 2018 1 commit
    • Pavel Tatashin's avatar
      mm/memory_hotplug: optimize memory hotplug · d0dc12e8
      Pavel Tatashin authored
      During memory hotplugging we traverse struct pages three times:
      
      1. memset(0) in sparse_add_one_section()
      2. loop in __add_section() to set do: set_page_node(page, nid); and
         SetPageReserved(page);
      3. loop in memmap_init_zone() to call __init_single_pfn()
      
      This patch removes the first two loops, and leaves only loop 3.  All
      struct pages are initialized in one place, the same as it is done during
      boot.
      
      The benefits:
      
       - We improve memory hotplug performance because we are not evicting the
         cache several times and also reduce loop branching overhead.
      
       - Remove condition from hotpath in __init_single_pfn(), that was added
         in order to fix the problem that was reported by Bharata in the above
         email thread, thus also improve performance during normal boot.
      
       - Make memory hotplug more similar to the boot memory initialization
         path because we zero and initialize struct pages only in one
         function.
      
       - Simplifies memory hotplug struct page initialization code, and thus
         enables future improvements, such as multi-threading the
         initialization of struct pages in order to improve hotplug
         performance even further on larger machines.
      
      [pasha.tatashin@oracle.com: v5]
        Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180228030308.1116-7-pasha.tatashin@oracle.com
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180215165920.8570-7-pasha.tatashin@oracle.comSigned-off-by: default avatarPavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
      Cc: Bharata B Rao <bharata@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
      Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
      Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
      Cc: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      d0dc12e8
  4. 27 Mar, 2018 1 commit
  5. 16 Mar, 2018 1 commit
  6. 01 Feb, 2018 1 commit
  7. 08 Jan, 2018 2 commits
  8. 05 Jan, 2018 1 commit
  9. 16 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Pavel Tatashin's avatar
      mm: stop zeroing memory during allocation in vmemmap · f7f99100
      Pavel Tatashin authored
      vmemmap_alloc_block() will no longer zero the block, so zero memory at
      its call sites for everything except struct pages.  Struct page memory
      is zero'd by struct page initialization.
      
      Replace allocators in sparse-vmemmap to use the non-zeroing version.
      So, we will get the performance improvement by zeroing the memory in
      parallel when struct pages are zeroed.
      
      Add struct page zeroing as a part of initialization of other fields in
      __init_single_page().
      
      This single thread performance collected on: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E7-8895
      v3 @ 2.60GHz with 1T of memory (268400646 pages in 8 nodes):
      
                               BASE            FIX
      sparse_init     11.244671836s   0.007199623s
      zone_sizes_init  4.879775891s   8.355182299s
                        --------------------------
      Total           16.124447727s   8.362381922s
      
      sparse_init is where memory for struct pages is zeroed, and the zeroing
      part is moved later in this patch into __init_single_page(), which is
      called from zone_sizes_init().
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make vmemmap_alloc_block_zero() private to sparse-vmemmap.c]
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171013173214.27300-10-pasha.tatashin@oracle.comSigned-off-by: default avatarPavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarSteven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarDaniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarBob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
      Tested-by: default avatarBob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
      Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
      Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
      Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
      Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
      Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
      Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
      Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      f7f99100
  10. 07 Nov, 2017 1 commit
  11. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  12. 20 Oct, 2017 1 commit
  13. 09 Sep, 2017 1 commit
  14. 07 Sep, 2017 1 commit
  15. 06 Jul, 2017 3 commits
    • Michal Hocko's avatar
      mm, memory_hotplug: do not associate hotadded memory to zones until online · f1dd2cd1
      Michal Hocko authored
      The current memory hotplug implementation relies on having all the
      struct pages associate with a zone/node during the physical hotplug
      phase (arch_add_memory->__add_pages->__add_section->__add_zone).  In the
      vast majority of cases this means that they are added to ZONE_NORMAL.
      This has been so since 9d99aaa3 ("[PATCH] x86_64: Support memory
      hotadd without sparsemem") and it wasn't a big deal back then because
      movable onlining didn't exist yet.
      
      Much later memory hotplug wanted to (ab)use ZONE_MOVABLE for movable
      onlining 511c2aba ("mm, memory-hotplug: dynamic configure movable
      memory and portion memory") and then things got more complicated.
      Rather than reconsidering the zone association which was no longer
      needed (because the memory hotplug already depended on SPARSEMEM) a
      convoluted semantic of zone shifting has been developed.  Only the
      currently last memblock or the one adjacent to the zone_movable can be
      onlined movable.  This essentially means that the online type changes as
      the new memblocks are added.
      
      Let's simulate memory hot online manually
        $ echo 0x100000000 > /sys/devices/system/memory/probe
        $ grep . /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones
        Normal Movable
      
        $ echo $((0x100000000+(128<<20))) > /sys/devices/system/memory/probe
        $ grep . /sys/devices/system/memory/memory3?/valid_zones
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
      
        $ echo $((0x100000000+2*(128<<20))) > /sys/devices/system/memory/probe
        $ grep . /sys/devices/system/memory/memory3?/valid_zones
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Normal Movable
      
        $ echo online_movable > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/state
        $ grep . /sys/devices/system/memory/memory3?/valid_zones
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Movable Normal
      
      This is an awkward semantic because an udev event is sent as soon as the
      block is onlined and an udev handler might want to online it based on
      some policy (e.g.  association with a node) but it will inherently race
      with new blocks showing up.
      
      This patch changes the physical online phase to not associate pages with
      any zone at all.  All the pages are just marked reserved and wait for
      the onlining phase to be associated with the zone as per the online
      request.  There are only two requirements
      
      	- existing ZONE_NORMAL and ZONE_MOVABLE cannot overlap
      
      	- ZONE_NORMAL precedes ZONE_MOVABLE in physical addresses
      
      the latter one is not an inherent requirement and can be changed in the
      future.  It preserves the current behavior and made the code slightly
      simpler.  This is subject to change in future.
      
      This means that the same physical online steps as above will lead to the
      following state: Normal Movable
      
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal Movable
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
      
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal Movable
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Normal Movable
      
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal Movable
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
        /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Movable
      
      Implementation:
      The current move_pfn_range is reimplemented to check the above
      requirements (allow_online_pfn_range) and then updates the respective
      zone (move_pfn_range_to_zone), the pgdat and links all the pages in the
      pfn range with the zone/node.  __add_pages is updated to not require the
      zone and only initializes sections in the range.  This allowed to
      simplify the arch_add_memory code (s390 could get rid of quite some of
      code).
      
      devm_memremap_pages is the only user of arch_add_memory which relies on
      the zone association because it only hooks into the memory hotplug only
      half way.  It uses it to associate the new memory with ZONE_DEVICE but
      doesn't allow it to be {on,off}lined via sysfs.  This means that this
      particular code path has to call move_pfn_range_to_zone explicitly.
      
      The original zone shifting code is kept in place and will be removed in
      the follow up patch for an easier review.
      
      Please note that this patch also changes the original behavior when
      offlining a memory block adjacent to another zone (Normal vs.  Movable)
      used to allow to change its movable type.  This will be handled later.
      
      [richard.weiyang@gmail.com: simplify zone_intersects()]
        Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170616092335.5177-1-richard.weiyang@gmail.com
      [richard.weiyang@gmail.com: remove duplicate call for set_page_links]
        Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170616092335.5177-2-richard.weiyang@gmail.com
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unused local `i']
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170515085827.16474-12-mhocko@kernel.orgSigned-off-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarWei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com>
      Tested-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
      Tested-by: default avatarReza Arbab <arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> # For s390 bits
      Acked-by: default avatarVlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
      Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
      Cc: Daniel Kiper <daniel.kiper@oracle.com>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: Igor Mammedov <imammedo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
      Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
      Cc: Tobias Regnery <tobias.regnery@gmail.com>
      Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com>
      Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
      Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      f1dd2cd1
    • Michal Hocko's avatar
      mm: consider zone which is not fully populated to have holes · 2d070eab
      Michal Hocko authored
      __pageblock_pfn_to_page has two users currently, set_zone_contiguous
      which checks whether the given zone contains holes and
      pageblock_pfn_to_page which then carefully returns a first valid page
      from the given pfn range for the given zone.  This doesn't handle zones
      which are not fully populated though.  Memory pageblocks can be offlined
      or might not have been onlined yet.  In such a case the zone should be
      considered to have holes otherwise pfn walkers can touch and play with
      offline pages.
      
      Current callers of pageblock_pfn_to_page in compaction seem to work
      properly right now because they only isolate PageBuddy
      (isolate_freepages_block) or PageLRU resp.  __PageMovable
      (isolate_migratepages_block) which will be always false for these pages.
      It would be safer to skip these pages altogether, though.
      
      In order to do this patch adds a new memory section state
      (SECTION_IS_ONLINE) which is set in memory_present (during boot time) or
      in online_pages_range during the memory hotplug.  Similarly
      offline_mem_sections clears the bit and it is called when the memory
      range is offlined.
      
      pfn_to_online_page helper is then added which check the mem section and
      only returns a page if it is onlined already.
      
      Use the new helper in __pageblock_pfn_to_page and skip the whole page
      block in such a case.
      
      [mhocko@suse.com: check valid section number in pfn_to_online_page (Vlastimil),
       mark sections online after all struct pages are initialized in
       online_pages_range (Vlastimil)]
        Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170518164210.GD18333@dhcp22.suse.cz
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170515085827.16474-8-mhocko@kernel.orgSigned-off-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarVlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
      Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
      Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
      Cc: Daniel Kiper <daniel.kiper@oracle.com>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: Igor Mammedov <imammedo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
      Cc: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
      Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
      Cc: Reza Arbab <arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Tobias Regnery <tobias.regnery@gmail.com>
      Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com>
      Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
      Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      2d070eab
    • Dave Hansen's avatar
      mm, sparsemem: break out of loops early · c4e1be9e
      Dave Hansen authored
      There are a number of times that we loop over NR_MEM_SECTIONS, looking
      for section_present() on each section.  But, when we have very large
      physical address spaces (large MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS), NR_MEM_SECTIONS
      becomes very large, making the loops quite long.
      
      With MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS=46 and a section size of 128MB, the current loops
      are 512k iterations, which we barely notice on modern hardware.  But,
      raising MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS higher (like we will see on systems that
      support 5-level paging) makes this 64x longer and we start to notice,
      especially on slower systems like simulators.  A 10-second delay for
      512k iterations is annoying.  But, a 640- second delay is crippling.
      
      This does not help if we have extremely sparse physical address spaces,
      but those are quite rare.  We expect that most of the "slow" systems
      where this matters will also be quite small and non-sparse.
      
      To fix this, we track the highest section we've ever encountered.  This
      lets us know when we will *never* see another section_present(), and
      lets us break out of the loops earlier.
      
      Doing the whole for_each_present_section_nr() macro is probably
      overkill, but it will ensure that any future loop iterations that we
      grow are more likely to be correct.
      
      Kirrill said "It shaved almost 40 seconds from boot time in qemu with
      5-level paging enabled for me".
      
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170504174434.C45A4735@viggo.jf.intel.comSigned-off-by: default avatarDave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
      Tested-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      c4e1be9e
  16. 03 May, 2017 1 commit
  17. 23 Feb, 2017 2 commits
    • Yasuaki Ishimatsu's avatar
      mm/memory_hotplug: set magic number to page->freelist instead of page->lru.next · ddffe98d
      Yasuaki Ishimatsu authored
      To identify that pages of page table are allocated from bootmem
      allocator, magic number sets to page->lru.next.
      
      But page->lru list is initialized in reserve_bootmem_region().  So when
      calling free_pagetable(), the function cannot find the magic number of
      pages.  And free_pagetable() frees the pages by free_reserved_page() not
      put_page_bootmem().
      
      But if the pages are allocated from bootmem allocator and used as page
      table, the pages have private flag.  So before freeing the pages, we
      should clear the private flag by put_page_bootmem().
      
      Before applying the commit 7bfec6f4 ("mm, page_alloc: check multiple
      page fields with a single branch"), we could find the following visible
      issue:
      
        BUG: Bad page state in process kworker/u1024:1
        page:ffffea103cfd8040 count:0 mapcount:0 mappi
        flags: 0x6fffff80000800(private)
        page dumped because: PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_FREE flag(s) set
        bad because of flags: 0x800(private)
        <snip>
        Call Trace:
        [...] dump_stack+0x63/0x87
        [...] bad_page+0x114/0x130
        [...] free_pages_prepare+0x299/0x2d0
        [...] free_hot_cold_page+0x31/0x150
        [...] __free_pages+0x25/0x30
        [...] free_pagetable+0x6f/0xb4
        [...] remove_pagetable+0x379/0x7ff
        [...] vmemmap_free+0x10/0x20
        [...] sparse_remove_one_section+0x149/0x180
        [...] __remove_pages+0x2e9/0x4f0
        [...] arch_remove_memory+0x63/0xc0
        [...] remove_memory+0x8c/0xc0
        [...] acpi_memory_device_remove+0x79/0xa5
        [...] acpi_bus_trim+0x5a/0x8d
        [...] acpi_bus_trim+0x38/0x8d
        [...] acpi_device_hotplug+0x1b7/0x418
        [...] acpi_hotplug_work_fn+0x1e/0x29
        [...] process_one_work+0x152/0x400
        [...] worker_thread+0x125/0x4b0
        [...] kthread+0xd8/0xf0
        [...] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x40
      
      And the issue still silently occurs.
      
      Until freeing the pages of page table allocated from bootmem allocator,
      the page->freelist is never used.  So the patch sets magic number to
      page->freelist instead of page->lru.next.
      
      [isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com: fix merge issue]
        Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/722b1cc4-93ac-dd8b-2be2-7a7e313b3b0b@gmail.com
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/2c29bd9f-5b67-02d0-18a3-8828e78bbb6f@gmail.comSigned-off-by: default avatarYasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
      Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      ddffe98d
    • Yasuaki Ishimatsu's avatar
      mm/sparse: use page_private() to get page->private value · 857e522a
      Yasuaki Ishimatsu authored
      free_map_bootmem() uses page->private directly to set
      removing_section_nr argument.  But to get page->private value,
      page_private() has been prepared.
      
      So free_map_bootmem() should use page_private() instead of
      page->private.
      
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1d34eaa5-a506-8b7a-6471-490c345deef8@gmail.comSigned-off-by: default avatarYasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
      Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
      Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      857e522a
  18. 02 Aug, 2016 1 commit
  19. 28 Jul, 2016 1 commit
  20. 17 Mar, 2016 2 commits
  21. 16 Jan, 2016 1 commit
  22. 07 Apr, 2014 1 commit
  23. 02 Apr, 2014 1 commit
  24. 22 Jan, 2014 1 commit
    • Santosh Shilimkar's avatar
      mm/sparse: use memblock apis for early memory allocations · bb016b84
      Santosh Shilimkar authored
      Switch to memblock interfaces for early memory allocator instead of
      bootmem allocator.  No functional change in beahvior than what it is in
      current code from bootmem users points of view.
      
      Archs already converted to NO_BOOTMEM now directly use memblock
      interfaces instead of bootmem wrappers build on top of memblock.  And
      the archs which still uses bootmem, these new apis just fallback to
      exiting bootmem APIs.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSantosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar@ti.com>
      Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
      Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      Cc: Grygorii Strashko <grygorii.strashko@ti.com>
      Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
      Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul@pwsan.com>
      Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
      Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com>
      Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      bb016b84
  25. 13 Nov, 2013 2 commits
    • Zhang Yanfei's avatar
      mm/sparsemem: fix a bug in free_map_bootmem when CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP · 81556b02
      Zhang Yanfei authored
      We pass the number of pages which hold page structs of a memory section
      to free_map_bootmem().  This is right when !CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP but
      wrong when CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP.  When CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP, we
      should pass the number of pages of a memory section to free_map_bootmem.
      
      So the fix is removing the nr_pages parameter.  When
      CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP, we directly use the prefined marco
      PAGES_PER_SECTION in free_map_bootmem.  When !CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP,
      we calculate page numbers needed to hold the page structs for a memory
      section and use the value in free_map_bootmem().
      
      This was found by reading the code.  And I have no machine that support
      memory hot-remove to test the bug now.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarZhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarWanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
      Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      81556b02
    • Zhang Yanfei's avatar
      mm/sparsemem: use PAGES_PER_SECTION to remove redundant nr_pages parameter · 85b35fea
      Zhang Yanfei authored
      For below functions,
      
      - sparse_add_one_section()
      - kmalloc_section_memmap()
      - __kmalloc_section_memmap()
      - __kfree_section_memmap()
      
      they are always invoked to operate on one memory section, so it is
      redundant to always pass a nr_pages parameter, which is the page numbers
      in one section.  So we can directly use predefined macro PAGES_PER_SECTION
      instead of passing the parameter.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarZhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
      Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      85b35fea
  26. 11 Sep, 2013 1 commit
    • Wanpeng Li's avatar
      mm/sparse: introduce alloc_usemap_and_memmap · 18732093
      Wanpeng Li authored
      After commit 9bdac914 ("sparsemem: Put mem map for one node
      together."), vmemmap for one node will be allocated together, its logic
      is similar as memory allocation for pageblock flags.  This patch
      introduces alloc_usemap_and_memmap to extract the same logic of memory
      alloction for pageblock flags and vmemmap.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarWanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
      Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
      Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
      Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
      Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      18732093
  27. 09 Jul, 2013 1 commit
  28. 03 Jul, 2013 1 commit
  29. 28 May, 2013 1 commit
  30. 29 Apr, 2013 2 commits
    • David Rientjes's avatar
      mm, hotplug: avoid compiling memory hotremove functions when disabled · 4edd7cef
      David Rientjes authored
      __remove_pages() is only necessary for CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE.  PowerPC
      pseries will return -EOPNOTSUPP if unsupported.
      
      Adding an #ifdef causes several other functions it depends on to also
      become unnecessary, which saves in .text when disabled (it's disabled in
      most defconfigs besides powerpc, including x86).  remove_memory_block()
      becomes static since it is not referenced outside of
      drivers/base/memory.c.
      
      Build tested on x86 and powerpc with CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE both enabled
      and disabled.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarToshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
      Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
      Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
      Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      4edd7cef
    • Johannes Weiner's avatar
      sparse-vmemmap: specify vmemmap population range in bytes · 0aad818b
      Johannes Weiner authored
      The sparse code, when asking the architecture to populate the vmemmap,
      specifies the section range as a starting page and a number of pages.
      
      This is an awkward interface, because none of the arch-specific code
      actually thinks of the range in terms of 'struct page' units and always
      translates it to bytes first.
      
      In addition, later patches mix huge page and regular page backing for
      the vmemmap.  For this, they need to call vmemmap_populate_basepages()
      on sub-section ranges with PAGE_SIZE and PMD_SIZE in mind.  But these
      are not necessarily multiples of the 'struct page' size and so this unit
      is too coarse.
      
      Just translate the section range into bytes once in the generic sparse
      code, then pass byte ranges down the stack.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Cc: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
      Cc: Bernhard Schmidt <Bernhard.Schmidt@lrz.de>
      Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
      Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
      Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      Tested-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      0aad818b
  31. 24 Feb, 2013 2 commits
    • Xishi Qiu's avatar
      memory-failure: use num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages · 293c07e3
      Xishi Qiu authored
      Since MCE is an x86 concept, and this code is in mm/, it would be better
      to use the name num_poisoned_pages instead of mce_bad_pages.
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/sparse.c]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarXishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
      Suggested-by: default avatarBorislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarWanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      293c07e3
    • Wen Congyang's avatar
      memory-hotplug: consider compound pages when free memmap · 8a356ce3
      Wen Congyang authored
      usemap could also be allocated as compound pages.  Should also consider
      compound pages when freeing memmap.
      
      If we don't fix it, there could be problems when we free vmemmap
      pagetables which are stored in compound pages.  The old pagetables will
      not be freed properly, and when we add the memory again, no new
      pagetable will be created.  And the old pagetable entry is used, than
      the kernel will panic.
      
      The call trace is like the following:
      
        BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffffea0040000000
        IP: [<ffffffff816a483f>] sparse_add_one_section+0xef/0x166
        PGD 7ff7d4067 PUD 78e035067 PMD 78e11d067 PTE 0
        Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP
        Modules linked in: ip6table_filter ip6_tables ebtable_nat ebtables nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 xt_state nf_conntrack ipt_REJECT xt_CHECKSUM iptable_mangle iptable_filter ip_tables bridge stp llc sunrpc binfmt_misc dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod vhost_net macvtap macvlan tun uinput iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support coretemp kvm_intel kvm crc32c_intel microcode pcspkr sg lpc_ich mfd_core i2c_i801 i2c_core i7core_edac edac_core ioatdma e1000e igb dca ptp pps_core sd_mod crc_t10dif megaraid_sas mptsas mptscsih mptbase scsi_transport_sas scsi_mod
        CPU 0
        Pid: 4, comm: kworker/0:0 Tainted: G        W 3.8.0-rc3-phy-hot-remove+ #3 FUJITSU-SV PRIMEQUEST 1800E/SB
        RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff816a483f>]  [<ffffffff816a483f>] sparse_add_one_section+0xef/0x166
        RSP: 0018:ffff8807bdcb35d8  EFLAGS: 00010006
        RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000200 RCX: 0000000000200000
        RDX: ffff88078df01148 RSI: 0000000000000282 RDI: ffffea0040000000
        RBP: ffff8807bdcb3618 R08: 4cf05005b019467a R09: 0cd98fa09631467a
        R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000030e20 R12: 0000000000008000
        R13: ffffea0040000000 R14: ffff88078df66248 R15: ffff88078ea13b10
        FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8807c1a00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
        CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
        CR2: ffffea0040000000 CR3: 0000000001c0c000 CR4: 00000000000007f0
        DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
        DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
        Process kworker/0:0 (pid: 4, threadinfo ffff8807bdcb2000, task ffff8807bde18000)
        Call Trace:
          __add_pages+0x85/0x120
          arch_add_memory+0x71/0xf0
          add_memory+0xd6/0x1f0
          acpi_memory_device_add+0x170/0x20c
          acpi_device_probe+0x50/0x18a
          really_probe+0x6c/0x320
          driver_probe_device+0x47/0xa0
          __device_attach+0x53/0x60
          bus_for_each_drv+0x6c/0xa0
          device_attach+0xa8/0xc0
          bus_probe_device+0xb0/0xe0
          device_add+0x301/0x570
          device_register+0x1e/0x30
          acpi_device_register+0x1d8/0x27c
          acpi_add_single_object+0x1df/0x2b9
          acpi_bus_check_add+0x112/0x18f
          acpi_ns_walk_namespace+0x105/0x255
          acpi_walk_namespace+0xcf/0x118
          acpi_bus_scan+0x5b/0x7c
          acpi_bus_add+0x2a/0x2c
          container_notify_cb+0x112/0x1a9
          acpi_ev_notify_dispatch+0x46/0x61
          acpi_os_execute_deferred+0x27/0x34
          process_one_work+0x20e/0x5c0
          worker_thread+0x12e/0x370
          kthread+0xee/0x100
          ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
        Code: 00 00 48 89 df 48 89 45 c8 e8 3e 71 b1 ff 48 89 c2 48 8b 75 c8 b8 ef ff ff ff f6 02 01 75 4b 49 63 cc 31 c0 4c 89 ef 48 c1 e1 06 <f3> aa 48 8b 02 48 83 c8 01 48 85 d2 48 89 02 74 29 a8 01 74 25
        RIP  [<ffffffff816a483f>] sparse_add_one_section+0xef/0x166
         RSP <ffff8807bdcb35d8>
        CR2: ffffea0040000000
        ---[ end trace e7f94e3a34c442d4 ]---
        Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
      Signed-off-by: default avatarWen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
      Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
      Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      8a356ce3