ansi_cprng.c 10.9 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85
/*
 * PRNG: Pseudo Random Number Generator
 *       Based on NIST Recommended PRNG From ANSI X9.31 Appendix A.2.4 using
 *       AES 128 cipher
 *
 *  (C) Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 *  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
 *  Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
 *  any later version.
 *
 *
 */

#include <crypto/internal/rng.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/string.h>

#include "internal.h"

#define DEFAULT_PRNG_KEY "0123456789abcdef"
#define DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ 16
#define DEFAULT_BLK_SZ 16
#define DEFAULT_V_SEED "zaybxcwdveuftgsh"

/*
 * Flags for the prng_context flags field
 */

#define PRNG_FIXED_SIZE 0x1
#define PRNG_NEED_RESET 0x2

/*
 * Note: DT is our counter value
 *	 I is our intermediate value
 *	 V is our seed vector
 * See http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cavp/documents/rng/931rngext.pdf
 * for implementation details
 */


struct prng_context {
	spinlock_t prng_lock;
	unsigned char rand_data[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
	unsigned char last_rand_data[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
	unsigned char DT[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
	unsigned char I[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
	unsigned char V[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
	u32 rand_data_valid;
	struct crypto_cipher *tfm;
	u32 flags;
};

static int dbg;

static void hexdump(char *note, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int len)
{
	if (dbg) {
		printk(KERN_CRIT "%s", note);
		print_hex_dump(KERN_CONT, "", DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET,
				16, 1,
				buf, len, false);
	}
}

#define dbgprint(format, args...) do {\
if (dbg)\
	printk(format, ##args);\
} while (0)

static void xor_vectors(unsigned char *in1, unsigned char *in2,
			unsigned char *out, unsigned int size)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
		out[i] = in1[i] ^ in2[i];

}
/*
 * Returns DEFAULT_BLK_SZ bytes of random data per call
86
 * returns 0 if generation succeeded, <0 if something went wrong
87
 */
88
static int _get_more_prng_bytes(struct prng_context *ctx, int cont_test)
89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134
{
	int i;
	unsigned char tmp[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
	unsigned char *output = NULL;


	dbgprint(KERN_CRIT "Calling _get_more_prng_bytes for context %p\n",
		ctx);

	hexdump("Input DT: ", ctx->DT, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	hexdump("Input I: ", ctx->I, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	hexdump("Input V: ", ctx->V, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);

	/*
	 * This algorithm is a 3 stage state machine
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {

		switch (i) {
		case 0:
			/*
			 * Start by encrypting the counter value
			 * This gives us an intermediate value I
			 */
			memcpy(tmp, ctx->DT, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
			output = ctx->I;
			hexdump("tmp stage 0: ", tmp, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
			break;
		case 1:

			/*
			 * Next xor I with our secret vector V
			 * encrypt that result to obtain our
			 * pseudo random data which we output
			 */
			xor_vectors(ctx->I, ctx->V, tmp, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
			hexdump("tmp stage 1: ", tmp, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
			output = ctx->rand_data;
			break;
		case 2:
			/*
			 * First check that we didn't produce the same
			 * random data that we did last time around through this
			 */
			if (!memcmp(ctx->rand_data, ctx->last_rand_data,
					DEFAULT_BLK_SZ)) {
135
				if (cont_test) {
136 137 138 139
					panic("cprng %p Failed repetition check!\n",
						ctx);
				}

140 141 142
				printk(KERN_ERR
					"ctx %p Failed repetition check!\n",
					ctx);
143

144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169
				ctx->flags |= PRNG_NEED_RESET;
				return -EINVAL;
			}
			memcpy(ctx->last_rand_data, ctx->rand_data,
				DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);

			/*
			 * Lastly xor the random data with I
			 * and encrypt that to obtain a new secret vector V
			 */
			xor_vectors(ctx->rand_data, ctx->I, tmp,
				DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
			output = ctx->V;
			hexdump("tmp stage 2: ", tmp, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
			break;
		}


		/* do the encryption */
		crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(ctx->tfm, output, tmp);

	}

	/*
	 * Now update our DT value
	 */
170
	for (i = DEFAULT_BLK_SZ - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187
		ctx->DT[i] += 1;
		if (ctx->DT[i] != 0)
			break;
	}

	dbgprint("Returning new block for context %p\n", ctx);
	ctx->rand_data_valid = 0;

	hexdump("Output DT: ", ctx->DT, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	hexdump("Output I: ", ctx->I, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	hexdump("Output V: ", ctx->V, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	hexdump("New Random Data: ", ctx->rand_data, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);

	return 0;
}

/* Our exported functions */
188 189
static int get_prng_bytes(char *buf, size_t nbytes, struct prng_context *ctx,
				int do_cont_test)
190 191 192 193 194 195
{
	unsigned char *ptr = buf;
	unsigned int byte_count = (unsigned int)nbytes;
	int err;


196
	spin_lock_bh(&ctx->prng_lock);
197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220

	err = -EINVAL;
	if (ctx->flags & PRNG_NEED_RESET)
		goto done;

	/*
	 * If the FIXED_SIZE flag is on, only return whole blocks of
	 * pseudo random data
	 */
	err = -EINVAL;
	if (ctx->flags & PRNG_FIXED_SIZE) {
		if (nbytes < DEFAULT_BLK_SZ)
			goto done;
		byte_count = DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;
	}

	err = byte_count;

	dbgprint(KERN_CRIT "getting %d random bytes for context %p\n",
		byte_count, ctx);


remainder:
	if (ctx->rand_data_valid == DEFAULT_BLK_SZ) {
221
		if (_get_more_prng_bytes(ctx, do_cont_test) < 0) {
222 223 224 225 226 227 228
			memset(buf, 0, nbytes);
			err = -EINVAL;
			goto done;
		}
	}

	/*
229
	 * Copy any data less than an entire block
230 231
	 */
	if (byte_count < DEFAULT_BLK_SZ) {
232
empty_rbuf:
233
		while (ctx->rand_data_valid < DEFAULT_BLK_SZ) {
234 235 236
			*ptr = ctx->rand_data[ctx->rand_data_valid];
			ptr++;
			byte_count--;
237
			ctx->rand_data_valid++;
238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246
			if (byte_count == 0)
				goto done;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Now copy whole blocks
	 */
	for (; byte_count >= DEFAULT_BLK_SZ; byte_count -= DEFAULT_BLK_SZ) {
247
		if (ctx->rand_data_valid == DEFAULT_BLK_SZ) {
248
			if (_get_more_prng_bytes(ctx, do_cont_test) < 0) {
249 250 251 252
				memset(buf, 0, nbytes);
				err = -EINVAL;
				goto done;
			}
253
		}
254 255
		if (ctx->rand_data_valid > 0)
			goto empty_rbuf;
256 257 258 259 260 261
		memcpy(ptr, ctx->rand_data, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
		ctx->rand_data_valid += DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;
		ptr += DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;
	}

	/*
262
	 * Now go back and get any remaining partial block
263 264 265 266 267
	 */
	if (byte_count)
		goto remainder;

done:
268
	spin_unlock_bh(&ctx->prng_lock);
269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285
	dbgprint(KERN_CRIT "returning %d from get_prng_bytes in context %p\n",
		err, ctx);
	return err;
}

static void free_prng_context(struct prng_context *ctx)
{
	crypto_free_cipher(ctx->tfm);
}

static int reset_prng_context(struct prng_context *ctx,
			      unsigned char *key, size_t klen,
			      unsigned char *V, unsigned char *DT)
{
	int ret;
	unsigned char *prng_key;

286
	spin_lock_bh(&ctx->prng_lock);
287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315
	ctx->flags |= PRNG_NEED_RESET;

	prng_key = (key != NULL) ? key : (unsigned char *)DEFAULT_PRNG_KEY;

	if (!key)
		klen = DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ;

	if (V)
		memcpy(ctx->V, V, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	else
		memcpy(ctx->V, DEFAULT_V_SEED, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);

	if (DT)
		memcpy(ctx->DT, DT, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	else
		memset(ctx->DT, 0, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);

	memset(ctx->rand_data, 0, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);
	memset(ctx->last_rand_data, 0, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ);

	ctx->rand_data_valid = DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;

	ret = crypto_cipher_setkey(ctx->tfm, prng_key, klen);
	if (ret) {
		dbgprint(KERN_CRIT "PRNG: setkey() failed flags=%x\n",
			crypto_cipher_get_flags(ctx->tfm));
		goto out;
	}

316
	ret = 0;
317 318
	ctx->flags &= ~PRNG_NEED_RESET;
out:
319
	spin_unlock_bh(&ctx->prng_lock);
320
	return ret;
321 322 323 324 325 326 327
}

static int cprng_init(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
{
	struct prng_context *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);

	spin_lock_init(&ctx->prng_lock);
328 329 330 331 332 333
	ctx->tfm = crypto_alloc_cipher("aes", 0, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(ctx->tfm)) {
		dbgprint(KERN_CRIT "Failed to alloc tfm for context %p\n",
				ctx);
		return PTR_ERR(ctx->tfm);
	}
334

335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344
	if (reset_prng_context(ctx, NULL, DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ, NULL, NULL) < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	/*
	 * after allocation, we should always force the user to reset
	 * so they don't inadvertently use the insecure default values
	 * without specifying them intentially
	 */
	ctx->flags |= PRNG_NEED_RESET;
	return 0;
345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356
}

static void cprng_exit(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
{
	free_prng_context(crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm));
}

static int cprng_get_random(struct crypto_rng *tfm, u8 *rdata,
			    unsigned int dlen)
{
	struct prng_context *prng = crypto_rng_ctx(tfm);

357 358 359
	return get_prng_bytes(rdata, dlen, prng, 0);
}

360 361 362 363 364 365
/*
 *  This is the cprng_registered reset method the seed value is
 *  interpreted as the tuple { V KEY DT}
 *  V and KEY are required during reset, and DT is optional, detected
 *  as being present by testing the length of the seed
 */
366 367 368
static int cprng_reset(struct crypto_rng *tfm, u8 *seed, unsigned int slen)
{
	struct prng_context *prng = crypto_rng_ctx(tfm);
369 370
	u8 *key = seed + DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;
	u8 *dt = NULL;
371 372 373 374

	if (slen < DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ + DEFAULT_BLK_SZ)
		return -EINVAL;

375 376 377 378
	if (slen >= (2 * DEFAULT_BLK_SZ + DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ))
		dt = key + DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ;

	reset_prng_context(prng, key, DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ, seed, dt);
379 380 381 382 383 384

	if (prng->flags & PRNG_NEED_RESET)
		return -EINVAL;
	return 0;
}

385
#ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_FIPS
386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396
static int fips_cprng_get_random(struct crypto_rng *tfm, u8 *rdata,
			    unsigned int dlen)
{
	struct prng_context *prng = crypto_rng_ctx(tfm);

	return get_prng_bytes(rdata, dlen, prng, 1);
}

static int fips_cprng_reset(struct crypto_rng *tfm, u8 *seed, unsigned int slen)
{
	u8 rdata[DEFAULT_BLK_SZ];
397
	u8 *key = seed + DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;
398 399 400 401
	int rc;

	struct prng_context *prng = crypto_rng_ctx(tfm);

402 403 404 405 406 407 408
	if (slen < DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ + DEFAULT_BLK_SZ)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* fips strictly requires seed != key */
	if (!memcmp(seed, key, DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ))
		return -EINVAL;

409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420
	rc = cprng_reset(tfm, seed, slen);

	if (!rc)
		goto out;

	/* this primes our continuity test */
	rc = get_prng_bytes(rdata, DEFAULT_BLK_SZ, prng, 0);
	prng->rand_data_valid = DEFAULT_BLK_SZ;

out:
	return rc;
}
421
#endif
422

423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441
static struct crypto_alg rng_algs[] = { {
	.cra_name		= "stdrng",
	.cra_driver_name	= "ansi_cprng",
	.cra_priority		= 100,
	.cra_flags		= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_RNG,
	.cra_ctxsize		= sizeof(struct prng_context),
	.cra_type		= &crypto_rng_type,
	.cra_module		= THIS_MODULE,
	.cra_init		= cprng_init,
	.cra_exit		= cprng_exit,
	.cra_u			= {
		.rng = {
			.rng_make_random	= cprng_get_random,
			.rng_reset		= cprng_reset,
			.seedsize = DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ + 2*DEFAULT_BLK_SZ,
		}
	}
#ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_FIPS
}, {
442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458
	.cra_name		= "fips(ansi_cprng)",
	.cra_driver_name	= "fips_ansi_cprng",
	.cra_priority		= 300,
	.cra_flags		= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_RNG,
	.cra_ctxsize		= sizeof(struct prng_context),
	.cra_type		= &crypto_rng_type,
	.cra_module		= THIS_MODULE,
	.cra_init		= cprng_init,
	.cra_exit		= cprng_exit,
	.cra_u			= {
		.rng = {
			.rng_make_random	= fips_cprng_get_random,
			.rng_reset		= fips_cprng_reset,
			.seedsize = DEFAULT_PRNG_KSZ + 2*DEFAULT_BLK_SZ,
		}
	}
#endif
459
} };
460 461 462 463

/* Module initalization */
static int __init prng_mod_init(void)
{
464
	return crypto_register_algs(rng_algs, ARRAY_SIZE(rng_algs));
465 466 467 468
}

static void __exit prng_mod_fini(void)
{
469
	crypto_unregister_algs(rng_algs, ARRAY_SIZE(rng_algs));
470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478
}

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Software Pseudo Random Number Generator");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com>");
module_param(dbg, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(dbg, "Boolean to enable debugging (0/1 == off/on)");
module_init(prng_mod_init);
module_exit(prng_mod_fini);
479
MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO("stdrng");
480
MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO("ansi_cprng");