Commit 31f1de46 authored by KOSAKI Motohiro's avatar KOSAKI Motohiro Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mempolicy: silently restrict nodemask to allowed nodes

Kosaki Motohito noted that "numactl --interleave=all ..." failed in the
presence of memoryless nodes.  This patch attempts to fix that problem.

Some background:

numactl --interleave=all calls set_mempolicy(2) with a fully populated
[out to MAXNUMNODES] nodemask.  set_mempolicy() [in do_set_mempolicy()]
calls contextualize_policy() which requires that the nodemask be a
subset of the current task's mems_allowed; else EINVAL will be returned.

A task's mems_allowed will always be a subset of node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY]
i.e., nodes with memory.  So, a fully populated nodemask will be
declared invalid if it includes memoryless nodes.

  NOTE:  the same thing will occur when running in a cpuset
         with restricted mem_allowed--for the same reason:
         node mask contains dis-allowed nodes.

mbind(2), on the other hand, just masks off any nodes in the nodemask
that are not included in the caller's mems_allowed.

In each case [mbind() and set_mempolicy()], mpol_check_policy() will
complain [again, resulting in EINVAL] if the nodemask contains any
memoryless nodes.  This is somewhat redundant as mpol_new() will remove
memoryless nodes for interleave policy, as will bind_zonelist()--called
by mpol_new() for BIND policy.

Proposed fix:

1) modify contextualize_policy logic to:
   a) remember whether the incoming node mask is empty.
   b) if not, restrict the nodemask to allowed nodes, as is
      currently done in-line for mbind().  This guarantees
      that the resulting mask includes only nodes with memory.

      NOTE:  this is a [benign, IMO] change in behavior for
             set_mempolicy().  Dis-allowed nodes will be
             silently ignored, rather than returning an error.

   c) fold this code into mpol_check_policy(), replace 2 calls to
      contextualize_policy() to call mpol_check_policy() directly
      and remove contextualize_policy().

2) In existing mpol_check_policy() logic, after "contextualization":
   a) MPOL_DEFAULT:  require that in coming mask "was_empty"
   b) MPOL_{BIND|INTERLEAVE}:  require that contextualized nodemask
      contains at least one node.
   c) add a case for MPOL_PREFERRED:  if in coming was not empty
      and resulting mask IS empty, user specified invalid nodes.
      Return EINVAL.
   c) remove the now redundant check for memoryless nodes

3) remove the now redundant masking of policy nodes for interleave
   policy from mpol_new().

4) Now that mpol_check_policy() contextualizes the nodemask, remove
   the in-line nodes_and() from sys_mbind().  I believe that this
   restores mbind() to the behavior before the memoryless-nodes
   patch series.  E.g., we'll no longer treat an invalid nodemask
   with MPOL_PREFERRED as local allocation.

[ Patch history:

  v1 -> v2:
   - Communicate whether or not incoming node mask was empty to
     mpol_check_policy() for better error checking.
   - As suggested by David Rientjes, remove the now unused
     cpuset_nodes_subset_current_mems_allowed() from cpuset.h

  v2 -> v3:
   - As suggested by Kosaki Motohito, fold the "contextualization"
     of policy nodemask into mpol_check_policy().  Looks a little
     cleaner. ]
Signed-off-by: default avatarLee Schermerhorn <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarKOSAKI Motohiro <>
Tested-by: default avatarKOSAKI Motohiro <>
Acked-by: default avatarDavid Rientjes <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 1a510089
......@@ -26,8 +26,6 @@ extern nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p);
#define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (current->mems_allowed)
void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void);
void cpuset_update_task_memory_state(void);
#define cpuset_nodes_subset_current_mems_allowed(nodes) \
nodes_subset((nodes), current->mems_allowed)
int cpuset_zonelist_valid_mems_allowed(struct zonelist *zl);
extern int __cpuset_zone_allowed_softwall(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask);
......@@ -103,7 +101,6 @@ static inline nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p)
#define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY])
static inline void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) {}
static inline void cpuset_update_task_memory_state(void) {}
#define cpuset_nodes_subset_current_mems_allowed(nodes) (1)
static inline int cpuset_zonelist_valid_mems_allowed(struct zonelist *zl)
......@@ -116,22 +116,51 @@ static void mpol_rebind_policy(struct mempolicy *pol,
/* Do sanity checking on a policy */
static int mpol_check_policy(int mode, nodemask_t *nodes)
int empty = nodes_empty(*nodes);
int was_empty, is_empty;
if (!nodes)
return 0;
* "Contextualize" the in-coming nodemast for cpusets:
* Remember whether in-coming nodemask was empty, If not,
* restrict the nodes to the allowed nodes in the cpuset.
* This is guaranteed to be a subset of nodes with memory.
is_empty = was_empty = nodes_empty(*nodes);
if (!was_empty) {
nodes_and(*nodes, *nodes, cpuset_current_mems_allowed);
is_empty = nodes_empty(*nodes); /* after "contextualization" */
switch (mode) {
if (!empty)
* require caller to specify an empty nodemask
* before "contextualization"
if (!was_empty)
return -EINVAL;
/* Preferred will only use the first bit, but allow
more for now. */
if (empty)
* require at least 1 valid node after "contextualization"
if (is_empty)
return -EINVAL;
* Did caller specify invalid nodes?
* Don't silently accept this as "local allocation".
if (!was_empty && is_empty)
return -EINVAL;
return nodes_subset(*nodes, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY]) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
return 0;
/* Generate a custom zonelist for the BIND policy. */
......@@ -188,8 +217,6 @@ static struct mempolicy *mpol_new(int mode, nodemask_t *nodes)
switch (mode) {
policy->v.nodes = *nodes;
nodes_and(policy->v.nodes, policy->v.nodes,
if (nodes_weight(policy->v.nodes) == 0) {
kmem_cache_free(policy_cache, policy);
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
......@@ -421,18 +448,6 @@ static int mbind_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
return err;
static int contextualize_policy(int mode, nodemask_t *nodes)
if (!nodes)
return 0;
if (!cpuset_nodes_subset_current_mems_allowed(*nodes))
return -EINVAL;
return mpol_check_policy(mode, nodes);
* Update task->flags PF_MEMPOLICY bit: set iff non-default
* mempolicy. Allows more rapid checking of this (combined perhaps
......@@ -468,7 +483,7 @@ static long do_set_mempolicy(int mode, nodemask_t *nodes)
struct mempolicy *new;
if (contextualize_policy(mode, nodes))
if (mpol_check_policy(mode, nodes))
return -EINVAL;
new = mpol_new(mode, nodes);
if (IS_ERR(new))
......@@ -915,10 +930,6 @@ asmlinkage long sys_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len,
err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode);
if (err)
return err;
/* Restrict the nodes to the allowed nodes in the cpuset */
nodes_and(nodes, nodes, current->mems_allowed);
return do_mbind(start, len, mode, &nodes, flags);
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