Commit 8c6c2ecb authored by Naoya Horiguchi's avatar Naoya Horiguchi Committed by Andi Kleen

HWPOSION, hugetlb: recover from free hugepage error when !MF_COUNT_INCREASED

Currently error recovery for free hugepage works only for MF_COUNT_INCREASED.
This patch enables !MF_COUNT_INCREASED case.

Free hugepages can be handled directly by alloc_huge_page() and
dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page(), and both of them are protected
by hugetlb_lock, so there is no race between them.

Note that this patch defines the refcount of HWPoisoned hugepage
dequeued from freelist is 1, deviated from present 0, thereby we
can avoid race between unpoison and memory failure on free hugepage.
This is reasonable because unlikely to free buddy pages, free hugepage
is governed by hugetlbfs even after error handling finishes.
And it also makes unpoison code added in the later patch cleaner.
Signed-off-by: default avatarNaoya Horiguchi <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJun'ichi Nomura <>
Acked-by: default avatarMel Gorman <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndi Kleen <>
parent a9869b83
......@@ -2974,6 +2974,7 @@ int dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page(struct page *hpage)
if (is_hugepage_on_freelist(hpage)) {
ret = 0;
......@@ -983,7 +983,10 @@ int __memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno, int flags)
* We need/can do nothing about count=0 pages.
* 1) it's a free page, and therefore in safe hand:
* prep_new_page() will be the gate keeper.
* 2) it's part of a non-compound high order page.
* 2) it's a free hugepage, which is also safe:
* an affected hugepage will be dequeued from hugepage freelist,
* so there's no concern about reusing it ever after.
* 3) it's part of a non-compound high order page.
* Implies some kernel user: cannot stop them from
* R/W the page; let's pray that the page has been
* used and will be freed some time later.
......@@ -995,6 +998,24 @@ int __memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno, int flags)
if (is_free_buddy_page(p)) {
action_result(pfn, "free buddy", DELAYED);
return 0;
} else if (PageHuge(hpage)) {
* Check "just unpoisoned", "filter hit", and
* "race with other subpage."
if (!PageHWPoison(hpage)
|| (hwpoison_filter(p) && TestClearPageHWPoison(p))
|| (p != hpage && TestSetPageHWPoison(hpage))) {
atomic_long_sub(nr_pages, &mce_bad_pages);
return 0;
res = dequeue_hwpoisoned_huge_page(hpage);
action_result(pfn, "free huge",
return res;
} else {
action_result(pfn, "high order kernel", IGNORED);
return -EBUSY;
......@@ -1156,6 +1177,16 @@ int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn)
nr_pages = 1 << compound_order(page);
if (!get_page_unless_zero(page)) {
* Since HWPoisoned hugepage should have non-zero refcount,
* race between memory failure and unpoison seems to happen.
* In such case unpoison fails and memory failure runs
* to the end.
if (PageHuge(page)) {
pr_debug("MCE: Memory failure is now running on free hugepage %#lx\n", pfn);
return 0;
if (TestClearPageHWPoison(p))
atomic_long_sub(nr_pages, &mce_bad_pages);
pr_debug("MCE: Software-unpoisoned free page %#lx\n", pfn);
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