Commit bef3efbe authored by Luck, Tony's avatar Luck, Tony Committed by Linus Torvalds
Browse files

efivarfs: Limit the rate for non-root to read files

Each read from a file in efivarfs results in two calls to EFI
(one to get the file size, another to get the actual data).

On X86 these EFI calls result in broadcast system management
interrupts (SMI) which affect performance of the whole system.
A malicious user can loop performing reads from efivarfs bringing
the system to its knees.

Linus suggested per-user rate limit to solve this.

So we add a ratelimit structure to "user_struct" and initialize
it for the root user for no limit. When allocating user_struct for
other users we set the limit to 100 per second. This could be used
for other places that want to limit the rate of some detrimental
user action.

In efivarfs if the limit is exceeded when reading, we take an
interruptible nap for 50ms and check the rate limit again.
Signed-off-by: default avatarTony Luck <>
Acked-by: default avatarArd Biesheuvel <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 28128c61
......@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
......@@ -74,6 +75,11 @@ static ssize_t efivarfs_file_read(struct file *file, char __user *userbuf,
ssize_t size = 0;
int err;
while (!__ratelimit(&file->f_cred->user->ratelimit)) {
if (!msleep_interruptible(50))
return -EINTR;
err = efivar_entry_size(var, &datasize);
......@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
#include <linux/uidgid.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
struct key;
......@@ -41,6 +42,9 @@ struct user_struct {
atomic_long_t locked_vm;
/* Miscellaneous per-user rate limit */
struct ratelimit_state ratelimit;
extern int uids_sysfs_init(void);
......@@ -101,6 +101,7 @@ struct user_struct root_user = {
.sigpending = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
.locked_shm = 0,
.ratelimit = RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT(root_user.ratelimit, 0, 0),
......@@ -191,6 +192,8 @@ struct user_struct *alloc_uid(kuid_t uid)
new->uid = uid;
atomic_set(&new->__count, 1);
ratelimit_state_init(&new->ratelimit, HZ, 100);
ratelimit_set_flags(&new->ratelimit, RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE);
* Before adding this, check whether we raced
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