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    • H. Peter Anvin's avatar
      x86-64, espfix: Don't leak bits 31:16 of %esp returning to 16-bit stack · 3891a04a
      H. Peter Anvin authored
      The IRET instruction, when returning to a 16-bit segment, only
      restores the bottom 16 bits of the user space stack pointer.  This
      causes some 16-bit software to break, but it also leaks kernel state
      to user space.  We have a software workaround for that ("espfix") for
      the 32-bit kernel, but it relies on a nonzero stack segment base which
      is not available in 64-bit mode.
      
      In checkin:
      
          b3b42ac2
      
       x86-64, modify_ldt: Ban 16-bit segments on 64-bit kernels
      
      we "solved" this by forbidding 16-bit segments on 64-bit kernels, with
      the logic that 16-bit support is crippled on 64-bit kernels anyway (no
      V86 support), but it turns out that people are doing stuff like
      running old Win16 binaries under Wine and expect it to work.
      
      This works around this by creating percpu "ministacks", each of which
      is mapped 2^16 times 64K apart.  When we detect that the return SS is
      on the LDT, we copy the IRET frame to the ministack and use the
      relevant alias to return to userspace.  The ministacks are mapped
      readonly, so if IRET faults we promote #GP to #DF which is an IST
      vector and thus has its own stack; we then do the fixup in the #DF
      handler.
      
      (Making #GP an IST exception would make the msr_safe functions unsafe
      in NMI/MC context, and quite possibly have other effects.)
      
      Special thanks to:
      
      - Andy Lutomirski, for the suggestion of using very small stack slots
        and copy (as opposed to map) the IRET frame there, and for the
        suggestion to mark them readonly and let the fault promote to #DF.
      - Konrad Wilk for paravirt fixup and testing.
      - Borislav Petkov for testing help and useful comments.
      Reported-by: default avatarBrian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1398816946-3351-1-git-send-email-hpa@linux.intel.com
      Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
      Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
      Cc: Andrew Lutomriski <amluto@gmail.com>
      Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Dirk Hohndel <dirk@hohndel.org>
      Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan.van.de.ven@intel.com>
      Cc: comex <comexk@gmail.com>
      Cc: Alexander van Heukelum <heukelum@fastmail.fm>
      Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
      Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # consider after upstream merge
      3891a04a
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