namei_msdos.c 16.7 KB
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/*
 *  linux/fs/msdos/namei.c
 *
 *  Written 1992,1993 by Werner Almesberger
 *  Hidden files 1995 by Albert Cahalan <albert@ccs.neu.edu> <adc@coe.neu.edu>
 *  Rewritten for constant inumbers 1999 by Al Viro
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
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#include "fat.h"
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/* Characters that are undesirable in an MS-DOS file name */
static unsigned char bad_chars[] = "*?<>|\"";
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static unsigned char bad_if_strict[] = "+=,; ";
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/***** Formats an MS-DOS file name. Rejects invalid names. */
static int msdos_format_name(const unsigned char *name, int len,
			     unsigned char *res, struct fat_mount_options *opts)
	/*
	 * name is the proposed name, len is its length, res is
	 * the resulting name, opts->name_check is either (r)elaxed,
	 * (n)ormal or (s)trict, opts->dotsOK allows dots at the
	 * beginning of name (for hidden files)
	 */
{
	unsigned char *walk;
	unsigned char c;
	int space;

	if (name[0] == '.') {	/* dotfile because . and .. already done */
		if (opts->dotsOK) {
			/* Get rid of dot - test for it elsewhere */
			name++;
			len--;
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		} else
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			return -EINVAL;
	}
	/*
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	 * disallow names that _really_ start with a dot
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	 */
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	space = 1;
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	c = 0;
	for (walk = res; len && walk - res < 8; walk++) {
		c = *name++;
		len--;
		if (opts->name_check != 'r' && strchr(bad_chars, c))
			return -EINVAL;
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		if (opts->name_check == 's' && strchr(bad_if_strict, c))
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			return -EINVAL;
		if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z' && opts->name_check == 's')
			return -EINVAL;
		if (c < ' ' || c == ':' || c == '\\')
			return -EINVAL;
	/*
	 * 0xE5 is legal as a first character, but we must substitute
	 * 0x05 because 0xE5 marks deleted files.  Yes, DOS really
	 * does this.
	 * It seems that Microsoft hacked DOS to support non-US
	 * characters after the 0xE5 character was already in use to
	 * mark deleted files.
	 */
		if ((res == walk) && (c == 0xE5))
			c = 0x05;
		if (c == '.')
			break;
		space = (c == ' ');
		*walk = (!opts->nocase && c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') ? c - 32 : c;
	}
	if (space)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (opts->name_check == 's' && len && c != '.') {
		c = *name++;
		len--;
		if (c != '.')
			return -EINVAL;
	}
	while (c != '.' && len--)
		c = *name++;
	if (c == '.') {
		while (walk - res < 8)
			*walk++ = ' ';
		while (len > 0 && walk - res < MSDOS_NAME) {
			c = *name++;
			len--;
			if (opts->name_check != 'r' && strchr(bad_chars, c))
				return -EINVAL;
			if (opts->name_check == 's' &&
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			    strchr(bad_if_strict, c))
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				return -EINVAL;
			if (c < ' ' || c == ':' || c == '\\')
				return -EINVAL;
			if (c == '.') {
				if (opts->name_check == 's')
					return -EINVAL;
				break;
			}
			if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z' && opts->name_check == 's')
				return -EINVAL;
			space = c == ' ';
			if (!opts->nocase && c >= 'a' && c <= 'z')
				*walk++ = c - 32;
			else
				*walk++ = c;
		}
		if (space)
			return -EINVAL;
		if (opts->name_check == 's' && len)
			return -EINVAL;
	}
	while (walk - res < MSDOS_NAME)
		*walk++ = ' ';
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	return 0;
}

/***** Locates a directory entry.  Uses unformatted name. */
static int msdos_find(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, int len,
		      struct fat_slot_info *sinfo)
{
	struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(dir->i_sb);
	unsigned char msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME];
	int err;

	err = msdos_format_name(name, len, msdos_name, &sbi->options);
	if (err)
		return -ENOENT;

	err = fat_scan(dir, msdos_name, sinfo);
	if (!err && sbi->options.dotsOK) {
		if (name[0] == '.') {
			if (!(sinfo->de->attr & ATTR_HIDDEN))
				err = -ENOENT;
		} else {
			if (sinfo->de->attr & ATTR_HIDDEN)
				err = -ENOENT;
		}
		if (err)
			brelse(sinfo->bh);
	}
	return err;
}

/*
 * Compute the hash for the msdos name corresponding to the dentry.
 * Note: if the name is invalid, we leave the hash code unchanged so
 * that the existing dentry can be used. The msdos fs routines will
 * return ENOENT or EINVAL as appropriate.
 */
static int msdos_hash(struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *qstr)
{
	struct fat_mount_options *options = &MSDOS_SB(dentry->d_sb)->options;
	unsigned char msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME];
	int error;

	error = msdos_format_name(qstr->name, qstr->len, msdos_name, options);
	if (!error)
		qstr->hash = full_name_hash(msdos_name, MSDOS_NAME);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Compare two msdos names. If either of the names are invalid,
 * we fall back to doing the standard name comparison.
 */
static int msdos_cmp(struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *a, struct qstr *b)
{
	struct fat_mount_options *options = &MSDOS_SB(dentry->d_sb)->options;
	unsigned char a_msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME], b_msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME];
	int error;

	error = msdos_format_name(a->name, a->len, a_msdos_name, options);
	if (error)
		goto old_compare;
	error = msdos_format_name(b->name, b->len, b_msdos_name, options);
	if (error)
		goto old_compare;
	error = memcmp(a_msdos_name, b_msdos_name, MSDOS_NAME);
out:
	return error;

old_compare:
	error = 1;
	if (a->len == b->len)
		error = memcmp(a->name, b->name, a->len);
	goto out;
}

static struct dentry_operations msdos_dentry_operations = {
	.d_hash		= msdos_hash,
	.d_compare	= msdos_cmp,
};

/*
 * AV. Wrappers for FAT sb operations. Is it wise?
 */

/***** Get inode using directory and name */
static struct dentry *msdos_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
				   struct nameidata *nd)
{
	struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
	struct fat_slot_info sinfo;
	struct inode *inode = NULL;
	int res;

	dentry->d_op = &msdos_dentry_operations;

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	lock_super(sb);
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	res = msdos_find(dir, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len, &sinfo);
	if (res == -ENOENT)
		goto add;
	if (res < 0)
		goto out;
	inode = fat_build_inode(sb, sinfo.de, sinfo.i_pos);
	brelse(sinfo.bh);
	if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
		res = PTR_ERR(inode);
		goto out;
	}
add:
	res = 0;
	dentry = d_splice_alias(inode, dentry);
	if (dentry)
		dentry->d_op = &msdos_dentry_operations;
out:
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	unlock_super(sb);
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	if (!res)
		return dentry;
	return ERR_PTR(res);
}

/***** Creates a directory entry (name is already formatted). */
static int msdos_add_entry(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name,
			   int is_dir, int is_hid, int cluster,
			   struct timespec *ts, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo)
{
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	struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(dir->i_sb);
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	struct msdos_dir_entry de;
	__le16 time, date;
	int err;

	memcpy(de.name, name, MSDOS_NAME);
	de.attr = is_dir ? ATTR_DIR : ATTR_ARCH;
	if (is_hid)
		de.attr |= ATTR_HIDDEN;
	de.lcase = 0;
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	fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, ts, &time, &date, NULL);
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	de.cdate = de.adate = 0;
	de.ctime = 0;
	de.ctime_cs = 0;
	de.time = time;
	de.date = date;
	de.start = cpu_to_le16(cluster);
	de.starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16);
	de.size = 0;

	err = fat_add_entries(dir, &de, 1, sinfo);
	if (err)
		return err;

	dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = *ts;
	if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir))
		(void)fat_sync_inode(dir);
	else
		mark_inode_dirty(dir);

	return 0;
}

/***** Create a file */
static int msdos_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode,
			struct nameidata *nd)
{
	struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
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	struct inode *inode = NULL;
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	struct fat_slot_info sinfo;
	struct timespec ts;
	unsigned char msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME];
	int err, is_hid;

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	lock_super(sb);
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	err = msdos_format_name(dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len,
				msdos_name, &MSDOS_SB(sb)->options);
	if (err)
		goto out;
	is_hid = (dentry->d_name.name[0] == '.') && (msdos_name[0] != '.');
	/* Have to do it due to foo vs. .foo conflicts */
	if (!fat_scan(dir, msdos_name, &sinfo)) {
		brelse(sinfo.bh);
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}

	ts = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
	err = msdos_add_entry(dir, msdos_name, 0, is_hid, 0, &ts, &sinfo);
	if (err)
		goto out;
	inode = fat_build_inode(sb, sinfo.de, sinfo.i_pos);
	brelse(sinfo.bh);
	if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
		err = PTR_ERR(inode);
		goto out;
	}
	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = ts;
	/* timestamp is already written, so mark_inode_dirty() is unneeded. */

	d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
out:
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	unlock_super(sb);
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	if (!err)
		err = fat_flush_inodes(sb, dir, inode);
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	return err;
}

/***** Remove a directory */
static int msdos_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
{
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	struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
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	struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
	struct fat_slot_info sinfo;
	int err;

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	lock_super(sb);
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	/*
	 * Check whether the directory is not in use, then check
	 * whether it is empty.
	 */
	err = fat_dir_empty(inode);
	if (err)
		goto out;
	err = msdos_find(dir, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len, &sinfo);
	if (err)
		goto out;

	err = fat_remove_entries(dir, &sinfo);	/* and releases bh */
	if (err)
		goto out;
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	drop_nlink(dir);
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	clear_nlink(inode);
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	inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
	fat_detach(inode);
out:
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	unlock_super(sb);
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	if (!err)
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		err = fat_flush_inodes(sb, dir, inode);
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	return err;
}

/***** Make a directory */
static int msdos_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode)
{
	struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
	struct fat_slot_info sinfo;
	struct inode *inode;
	unsigned char msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME];
	struct timespec ts;
	int err, is_hid, cluster;

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	lock_super(sb);
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	err = msdos_format_name(dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len,
				msdos_name, &MSDOS_SB(sb)->options);
	if (err)
		goto out;
	is_hid = (dentry->d_name.name[0] == '.') && (msdos_name[0] != '.');
	/* foo vs .foo situation */
	if (!fat_scan(dir, msdos_name, &sinfo)) {
		brelse(sinfo.bh);
		err = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}

	ts = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
	cluster = fat_alloc_new_dir(dir, &ts);
	if (cluster < 0) {
		err = cluster;
		goto out;
	}
	err = msdos_add_entry(dir, msdos_name, 1, is_hid, cluster, &ts, &sinfo);
	if (err)
		goto out_free;
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	inc_nlink(dir);
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	inode = fat_build_inode(sb, sinfo.de, sinfo.i_pos);
	brelse(sinfo.bh);
	if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
		err = PTR_ERR(inode);
		/* the directory was completed, just return a error */
		goto out;
	}
	inode->i_nlink = 2;
	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = ts;
	/* timestamp is already written, so mark_inode_dirty() is unneeded. */

	d_instantiate(dentry, inode);

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	unlock_super(sb);
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	fat_flush_inodes(sb, dir, inode);
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	return 0;

out_free:
	fat_free_clusters(dir, cluster);
out:
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	unlock_super(sb);
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	return err;
}

/***** Unlink a file */
static int msdos_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
{
	struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
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	struct super_block *sb= inode->i_sb;
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	struct fat_slot_info sinfo;
	int err;

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	lock_super(sb);
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	err = msdos_find(dir, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len, &sinfo);
	if (err)
		goto out;

	err = fat_remove_entries(dir, &sinfo);	/* and releases bh */
	if (err)
		goto out;
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	clear_nlink(inode);
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	inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
	fat_detach(inode);
out:
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	unlock_super(sb);
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	if (!err)
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		err = fat_flush_inodes(sb, dir, inode);
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	return err;
}

static int do_msdos_rename(struct inode *old_dir, unsigned char *old_name,
			   struct dentry *old_dentry,
			   struct inode *new_dir, unsigned char *new_name,
			   struct dentry *new_dentry, int is_hid)
{
	struct buffer_head *dotdot_bh;
	struct msdos_dir_entry *dotdot_de;
	struct inode *old_inode, *new_inode;
	struct fat_slot_info old_sinfo, sinfo;
	struct timespec ts;
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	loff_t dotdot_i_pos, new_i_pos;
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	int err, old_attrs, is_dir, update_dotdot, corrupt = 0;

	old_sinfo.bh = sinfo.bh = dotdot_bh = NULL;
	old_inode = old_dentry->d_inode;
	new_inode = new_dentry->d_inode;

	err = fat_scan(old_dir, old_name, &old_sinfo);
	if (err) {
		err = -EIO;
		goto out;
	}

	is_dir = S_ISDIR(old_inode->i_mode);
	update_dotdot = (is_dir && old_dir != new_dir);
	if (update_dotdot) {
		if (fat_get_dotdot_entry(old_inode, &dotdot_bh, &dotdot_de,
					 &dotdot_i_pos) < 0) {
			err = -EIO;
			goto out;
		}
	}

	old_attrs = MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs;
	err = fat_scan(new_dir, new_name, &sinfo);
	if (!err) {
		if (!new_inode) {
			/* "foo" -> ".foo" case. just change the ATTR_HIDDEN */
			if (sinfo.de != old_sinfo.de) {
				err = -EINVAL;
				goto out;
			}
			if (is_hid)
				MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs |= ATTR_HIDDEN;
			else
				MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs &= ~ATTR_HIDDEN;
			if (IS_DIRSYNC(old_dir)) {
				err = fat_sync_inode(old_inode);
				if (err) {
					MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs = old_attrs;
					goto out;
				}
			} else
				mark_inode_dirty(old_inode);

			old_dir->i_version++;
			old_dir->i_ctime = old_dir->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
			if (IS_DIRSYNC(old_dir))
				(void)fat_sync_inode(old_dir);
			else
				mark_inode_dirty(old_dir);
			goto out;
		}
	}

	ts = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
	if (new_inode) {
		if (err)
			goto out;
		if (is_dir) {
			err = fat_dir_empty(new_inode);
			if (err)
				goto out;
		}
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		new_i_pos = MSDOS_I(new_inode)->i_pos;
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		fat_detach(new_inode);
	} else {
		err = msdos_add_entry(new_dir, new_name, is_dir, is_hid, 0,
				      &ts, &sinfo);
		if (err)
			goto out;
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		new_i_pos = sinfo.i_pos;
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	}
	new_dir->i_version++;

	fat_detach(old_inode);
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	fat_attach(old_inode, new_i_pos);
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	if (is_hid)
		MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs |= ATTR_HIDDEN;
	else
		MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs &= ~ATTR_HIDDEN;
	if (IS_DIRSYNC(new_dir)) {
		err = fat_sync_inode(old_inode);
		if (err)
			goto error_inode;
	} else
		mark_inode_dirty(old_inode);

	if (update_dotdot) {
		int start = MSDOS_I(new_dir)->i_logstart;
		dotdot_de->start = cpu_to_le16(start);
		dotdot_de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(start >> 16);
		mark_buffer_dirty(dotdot_bh);
		if (IS_DIRSYNC(new_dir)) {
			err = sync_dirty_buffer(dotdot_bh);
			if (err)
				goto error_dotdot;
		}
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		drop_nlink(old_dir);
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		if (!new_inode)
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			inc_nlink(new_dir);
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	}

	err = fat_remove_entries(old_dir, &old_sinfo);	/* and releases bh */
	old_sinfo.bh = NULL;
	if (err)
		goto error_dotdot;
	old_dir->i_version++;
	old_dir->i_ctime = old_dir->i_mtime = ts;
	if (IS_DIRSYNC(old_dir))
		(void)fat_sync_inode(old_dir);
	else
		mark_inode_dirty(old_dir);

	if (new_inode) {
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		drop_nlink(new_inode);
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		if (is_dir)
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			drop_nlink(new_inode);
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		new_inode->i_ctime = ts;
	}
out:
	brelse(sinfo.bh);
	brelse(dotdot_bh);
	brelse(old_sinfo.bh);
	return err;

error_dotdot:
	/* data cluster is shared, serious corruption */
	corrupt = 1;

	if (update_dotdot) {
		int start = MSDOS_I(old_dir)->i_logstart;
		dotdot_de->start = cpu_to_le16(start);
		dotdot_de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(start >> 16);
		mark_buffer_dirty(dotdot_bh);
		corrupt |= sync_dirty_buffer(dotdot_bh);
	}
error_inode:
	fat_detach(old_inode);
	fat_attach(old_inode, old_sinfo.i_pos);
	MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_attrs = old_attrs;
	if (new_inode) {
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		fat_attach(new_inode, new_i_pos);
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		if (corrupt)
			corrupt |= fat_sync_inode(new_inode);
	} else {
		/*
		 * If new entry was not sharing the data cluster, it
		 * shouldn't be serious corruption.
		 */
		int err2 = fat_remove_entries(new_dir, &sinfo);
		if (corrupt)
			corrupt |= err2;
		sinfo.bh = NULL;
	}
	if (corrupt < 0) {
		fat_fs_panic(new_dir->i_sb,
			     "%s: Filesystem corrupted (i_pos %lld)",
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			     __func__, sinfo.i_pos);
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	}
	goto out;
}

/***** Rename, a wrapper for rename_same_dir & rename_diff_dir */
static int msdos_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
			struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry)
{
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	struct super_block *sb = old_dir->i_sb;
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	unsigned char old_msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME], new_msdos_name[MSDOS_NAME];
	int err, is_hid;

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	lock_super(sb);
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	err = msdos_format_name(old_dentry->d_name.name,
				old_dentry->d_name.len, old_msdos_name,
				&MSDOS_SB(old_dir->i_sb)->options);
	if (err)
		goto out;
	err = msdos_format_name(new_dentry->d_name.name,
				new_dentry->d_name.len, new_msdos_name,
				&MSDOS_SB(new_dir->i_sb)->options);
	if (err)
		goto out;

	is_hid =
	     (new_dentry->d_name.name[0] == '.') && (new_msdos_name[0] != '.');

	err = do_msdos_rename(old_dir, old_msdos_name, old_dentry,
			      new_dir, new_msdos_name, new_dentry, is_hid);
out:
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	unlock_super(sb);
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	if (!err)
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		err = fat_flush_inodes(sb, old_dir, new_dir);
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	return err;
}

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static const struct inode_operations msdos_dir_inode_operations = {
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	.create		= msdos_create,
	.lookup		= msdos_lookup,
	.unlink		= msdos_unlink,
	.mkdir		= msdos_mkdir,
	.rmdir		= msdos_rmdir,
	.rename		= msdos_rename,
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	.setattr	= fat_setattr,
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	.getattr	= fat_getattr,
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};

static int msdos_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
{
	int res;

	res = fat_fill_super(sb, data, silent, &msdos_dir_inode_operations, 0);
	if (res)
		return res;

	sb->s_flags |= MS_NOATIME;
	sb->s_root->d_op = &msdos_dentry_operations;
	return 0;
}

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static int msdos_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
			int flags, const char *dev_name,
			void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
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{
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	return get_sb_bdev(fs_type, flags, dev_name, data, msdos_fill_super,
			   mnt);
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}

static struct file_system_type msdos_fs_type = {
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.name		= "msdos",
	.get_sb		= msdos_get_sb,
	.kill_sb	= kill_block_super,
	.fs_flags	= FS_REQUIRES_DEV,
};

static int __init init_msdos_fs(void)
{
	return register_filesystem(&msdos_fs_type);
}

static void __exit exit_msdos_fs(void)
{
	unregister_filesystem(&msdos_fs_type);
}

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Werner Almesberger");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("MS-DOS filesystem support");

module_init(init_msdos_fs)
module_exit(exit_msdos_fs)