sched_clock.c 5.59 KB
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/*
 * sched_clock for unstable cpu clocks
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra <pzijlstr@redhat.com>
 *
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 *  Updates and enhancements:
 *    Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc. Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
 *
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 * Based on code by:
 *   Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
 *   Guillaume Chazarain <guichaz@gmail.com>
 *
 * Create a semi stable clock from a mixture of other events, including:
 *  - gtod
 *  - sched_clock()
 *  - explicit idle events
 *
 * We use gtod as base and the unstable clock deltas. The deltas are filtered,
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 * making it monotonic and keeping it within an expected window.
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 *
 * Furthermore, explicit sleep and wakeup hooks allow us to account for time
 * that is otherwise invisible (TSC gets stopped).
 *
 * The clock: sched_clock_cpu() is monotonic per cpu, and should be somewhat
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 * consistent between cpus (never more than 2 jiffies difference).
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 */
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
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#include <linux/hardirq.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
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/*
 * Scheduler clock - returns current time in nanosec units.
 * This is default implementation.
 * Architectures and sub-architectures can override this.
 */
unsigned long long __attribute__((weak)) sched_clock(void)
{
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	return (unsigned long long)(jiffies - INITIAL_JIFFIES)
					* (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ);
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}
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static __read_mostly int sched_clock_running;

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#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK
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__read_mostly int sched_clock_stable;
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struct sched_clock_data {
	u64			tick_raw;
	u64			tick_gtod;
	u64			clock;
};

static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct sched_clock_data, sched_clock_data);

static inline struct sched_clock_data *this_scd(void)
{
	return &__get_cpu_var(sched_clock_data);
}

static inline struct sched_clock_data *cpu_sdc(int cpu)
{
	return &per_cpu(sched_clock_data, cpu);
}

void sched_clock_init(void)
{
	u64 ktime_now = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get());
	int cpu;

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
		struct sched_clock_data *scd = cpu_sdc(cpu);

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		scd->tick_raw = 0;
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		scd->tick_gtod = ktime_now;
		scd->clock = ktime_now;
	}
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	sched_clock_running = 1;
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}

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/*
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 * min, max except they take wrapping into account
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 */

static inline u64 wrap_min(u64 x, u64 y)
{
	return (s64)(x - y) < 0 ? x : y;
}

static inline u64 wrap_max(u64 x, u64 y)
{
	return (s64)(x - y) > 0 ? x : y;
}

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/*
 * update the percpu scd from the raw @now value
 *
 *  - filter out backward motion
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 *  - use the GTOD tick value to create a window to filter crazy TSC values
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 */
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static u64 sched_clock_local(struct sched_clock_data *scd)
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{
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	u64 now, clock, old_clock, min_clock, max_clock;
	s64 delta;
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again:
	now = sched_clock();
	delta = now - scd->tick_raw;
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	if (unlikely(delta < 0))
		delta = 0;
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	old_clock = scd->clock;

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	/*
	 * scd->clock = clamp(scd->tick_gtod + delta,
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	 *		      max(scd->tick_gtod, scd->clock),
	 *		      scd->tick_gtod + TICK_NSEC);
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	 */
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	clock = scd->tick_gtod + delta;
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	min_clock = wrap_max(scd->tick_gtod, old_clock);
	max_clock = wrap_max(old_clock, scd->tick_gtod + TICK_NSEC);
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	clock = wrap_max(clock, min_clock);
	clock = wrap_min(clock, max_clock);
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	if (cmpxchg64(&scd->clock, old_clock, clock) != old_clock)
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		goto again;
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	return clock;
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}

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static u64 sched_clock_remote(struct sched_clock_data *scd)
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{
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	struct sched_clock_data *my_scd = this_scd();
	u64 this_clock, remote_clock;
	u64 *ptr, old_val, val;

	sched_clock_local(my_scd);
again:
	this_clock = my_scd->clock;
	remote_clock = scd->clock;

	/*
	 * Use the opportunity that we have both locks
	 * taken to couple the two clocks: we take the
	 * larger time as the latest time for both
	 * runqueues. (this creates monotonic movement)
	 */
	if (likely((s64)(remote_clock - this_clock) < 0)) {
		ptr = &scd->clock;
		old_val = remote_clock;
		val = this_clock;
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	} else {
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		/*
		 * Should be rare, but possible:
		 */
		ptr = &my_scd->clock;
		old_val = this_clock;
		val = remote_clock;
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	}
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	if (cmpxchg64(ptr, old_val, val) != old_val)
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		goto again;

	return val;
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}

u64 sched_clock_cpu(int cpu)
{
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	struct sched_clock_data *scd;
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	u64 clock;

	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
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	if (sched_clock_stable)
		return sched_clock();
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	if (unlikely(!sched_clock_running))
		return 0ull;

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	scd = cpu_sdc(cpu);
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	if (cpu != smp_processor_id())
		clock = sched_clock_remote(scd);
	else
		clock = sched_clock_local(scd);
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	return clock;
}

void sched_clock_tick(void)
{
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	struct sched_clock_data *scd;
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	u64 now, now_gtod;

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	if (sched_clock_stable)
		return;

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	if (unlikely(!sched_clock_running))
		return;

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	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());

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	scd = this_scd();
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	now_gtod = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get());
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	now = sched_clock();
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	scd->tick_raw = now;
	scd->tick_gtod = now_gtod;
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	sched_clock_local(scd);
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}

/*
 * We are going deep-idle (irqs are disabled):
 */
void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void)
{
	sched_clock_cpu(smp_processor_id());
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_clock_idle_sleep_event);

/*
 * We just idled delta nanoseconds (called with irqs disabled):
 */
void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(u64 delta_ns)
{
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	if (timekeeping_suspended)
		return;

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	sched_clock_tick();
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	touch_softlockup_watchdog();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event);

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unsigned long long cpu_clock(int cpu)
{
	unsigned long long clock;
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	clock = sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
	local_irq_restore(flags);

	return clock;
}

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#else /* CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK */

void sched_clock_init(void)
{
	sched_clock_running = 1;
}

u64 sched_clock_cpu(int cpu)
{
	if (unlikely(!sched_clock_running))
		return 0;

	return sched_clock();
}

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unsigned long long cpu_clock(int cpu)
{
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	return sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
}
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#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK */
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpu_clock);