Commit 327f5a75 authored by Mauro Carvalho Chehab's avatar Mauro Carvalho Chehab Committed by Jonathan Corbet

parse-headers.pl: add documentation for this script

Provide a man page for parse-headers.pl, describing
how to use it.

The documentation on ReST format was generated via pod2rst:
	http://search.cpan.org/~dowens/Pod-POM-View-Restructured-0.02/bin/pod2rstSigned-off-by: default avatarMauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
parent 1dc4bbf0
......@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ How to write kernel documentation
sphinx.rst
kernel-doc.rst
parse-headers.rst
docbook.rst
.. only:: subproject and html
......
================
parse_headers.pl
================
****
NAME
****
parse_headers.pl - parse a C file, in order to identify functions, structs,
enums and defines and create cross-references to a Sphinx book.
********
SYNOPSIS
********
\ **parse_headers.pl**\ [<options>] <C_FILE> <OUT_FILE> [<EXCEPTIONS_FILE>]
Where <options> can be: --debug, --help or --man.
*******
OPTIONS
*******
\ **--debug**\
Put the script in verbose mode, useful for debugging.
\ **--help**\
Prints a brief help message and exits.
\ **--man**\
Prints the manual page and exits.
***********
DESCRIPTION
***********
Convert a C header or source file (C_FILE), into a ReStructured Text
included via ..parsed-literal block with cross-references for the
documentation files that describe the API. It accepts an optional
EXCEPTIONS_FILE with describes what elements will be either ignored or
be pointed to a non-default reference.
The output is written at the (OUT_FILE).
It is capable of identifying defines, functions, structs, typedefs,
enums and enum symbols and create cross-references for all of them.
It is also capable of distinguish #define used for specifying a Linux
ioctl.
The EXCEPTIONS_FILE contain two types of statements: \ **ignore**\ or \ **replace**\ .
The syntax for the ignore tag is:
ignore \ **type**\ \ **name**\
The \ **ignore**\ means that it won't generate cross references for a
\ **name**\ symbol of type \ **type**\ .
The syntax for the replace tag is:
replace \ **type**\ \ **name**\ \ **new_value**\
The \ **replace**\ means that it will generate cross references for a
\ **name**\ symbol of type \ **type**\ , but, instead of using the default
replacement rule, it will use \ **new_value**\ .
For both statements, \ **type**\ can be either one of the following:
\ **ioctl**\
The ignore or replace statement will apply to ioctl definitions like:
#define VIDIOC_DBG_S_REGISTER _IOW('V', 79, struct v4l2_dbg_register)
\ **define**\
The ignore or replace statement will apply to any other #define found
at C_FILE.
\ **typedef**\
The ignore or replace statement will apply to typedef statements at C_FILE.
\ **struct**\
The ignore or replace statement will apply to the name of struct statements
at C_FILE.
\ **enum**\
The ignore or replace statement will apply to the name of enum statements
at C_FILE.
\ **symbol**\
The ignore or replace statement will apply to the name of enum statements
at C_FILE.
For replace statements, \ **new_value**\ will automatically use :c:type:
references for \ **typedef**\ , \ **enum**\ and \ **struct**\ types. It will use :ref:
for \ **ioctl**\ , \ **define**\ and \ **symbol**\ types. The type of reference can
also be explicitly defined at the replace statement.
********
EXAMPLES
********
ignore define _VIDEODEV2_H
Ignore a #define _VIDEODEV2_H at the C_FILE.
ignore symbol PRIVATE
On a struct like:
enum foo { BAR1, BAR2, PRIVATE };
It won't generate cross-references for \ **PRIVATE**\ .
replace symbol BAR1 :c:type:\`foo\`
replace symbol BAR2 :c:type:\`foo\`
On a struct like:
enum foo { BAR1, BAR2, PRIVATE };
It will make the BAR1 and BAR2 enum symbols to cross reference the foo
symbol at the C domain.
****
BUGS
****
Report bugs to Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>
*********
COPYRIGHT
*********
Copyright (c) 2016 by Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>.
License GPLv2: GNU GPL version 2 <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
#!/usr/bin/perl
use strict;
use Text::Tabs;
use Getopt::Long;
use Pod::Usage;
my $debug = 0;
my $debug;
my $help;
my $man;
while ($ARGV[0] =~ m/^-(.*)/) {
my $cmd = shift @ARGV;
if ($cmd eq "--debug") {
require Data::Dumper;
$debug = 1;
next;
}
die "argument $cmd unknown";
}
GetOptions(
"debug" => \$debug,
'help|?' => \$help,
man => \$man
) or pod2usage(2);
if (scalar @ARGV < 2 || scalar @ARGV > 3) {
die "Usage:\n\t$0 <file in> <file out> [<exceptions file>]\n";
}
pod2usage(1) if $help;
pod2usage(-exitstatus => 0, -verbose => 2) if $man;
pod2usage(2) if (scalar @ARGV < 2 || scalar @ARGV > 3);
my ($file_in, $file_out, $file_exceptions) = @ARGV;
......@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@ my %enums;
my %enum_symbols;
my %structs;
require Data::Dumper if ($debug);
#
# read the file and get identifiers
#
......@@ -330,3 +332,168 @@ print OUT "=" x length($title);
print OUT "\n\n.. parsed-literal::\n\n";
print OUT $data;
close OUT;
__END__
=head1 NAME
parse_headers.pl - parse a C file, in order to identify functions, structs,
enums and defines and create cross-references to a Sphinx book.
=head1 SYNOPSIS
B<parse_headers.pl> [<options>] <C_FILE> <OUT_FILE> [<EXCEPTIONS_FILE>]
Where <options> can be: --debug, --help or --man.
=head1 OPTIONS
=over 8
=item B<--debug>
Put the script in verbose mode, useful for debugging.
=item B<--help>
Prints a brief help message and exits.
=item B<--man>
Prints the manual page and exits.
=back
=head1 DESCRIPTION
Convert a C header or source file (C_FILE), into a ReStructured Text
included via ..parsed-literal block with cross-references for the
documentation files that describe the API. It accepts an optional
EXCEPTIONS_FILE with describes what elements will be either ignored or
be pointed to a non-default reference.
The output is written at the (OUT_FILE).
It is capable of identifying defines, functions, structs, typedefs,
enums and enum symbols and create cross-references for all of them.
It is also capable of distinguish #define used for specifying a Linux
ioctl.
The EXCEPTIONS_FILE contain two types of statements: B<ignore> or B<replace>.
The syntax for the ignore tag is:
=over 8
ignore B<type> B<name>
=back
The B<ignore> means that it won't generate cross references for a
B<name> symbol of type B<type>.
The syntax for the replace tag is:
=over 8
replace B<type> B<name> B<new_value>
=back
The B<replace> means that it will generate cross references for a
B<name> symbol of type B<type>, but, instead of using the default
replacement rule, it will use B<new_value>.
For both statements, B<type> can be either one of the following:
=over 8
=item B<ioctl>
The ignore or replace statement will apply to ioctl definitions like:
#define VIDIOC_DBG_S_REGISTER _IOW('V', 79, struct v4l2_dbg_register)
=item B<define>
The ignore or replace statement will apply to any other #define found
at C_FILE.
=item B<typedef>
The ignore or replace statement will apply to typedef statements at C_FILE.
=item B<struct>
The ignore or replace statement will apply to the name of struct statements
at C_FILE.
=item B<enum>
The ignore or replace statement will apply to the name of enum statements
at C_FILE.
=item B<symbol>
The ignore or replace statement will apply to the name of enum statements
at C_FILE.
For replace statements, B<new_value> will automatically use :c:type:
references for B<typedef>, B<enum> and B<struct> types. It will use :ref:
for B<ioctl>, B<define> and B<symbol> types. The type of reference can
also be explicitly defined at the replace statement.
=back
=head1 EXAMPLES
ignore define _VIDEODEV2_H
=over 8
Ignore a #define _VIDEODEV2_H at the C_FILE.
=back
ignore symbol PRIVATE
=over 8
On a struct like:
enum foo { BAR1, BAR2, PRIVATE };
It won't generate cross-references for B<PRIVATE>.
=back
replace symbol BAR1 :c:type:`foo`
replace symbol BAR2 :c:type:`foo`
=over 8
On a struct like:
enum foo { BAR1, BAR2, PRIVATE };
It will make the BAR1 and BAR2 enum symbols to cross reference the foo
symbol at the C domain.
=back
=head1 BUGS
Report bugs to Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>
=head1 COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 2016 by Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>.
License GPLv2: GNU GPL version 2 <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
=cut
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