Commit 6326c71f authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds

vfs: be even more careful about dentry RCU name lookups

Miklos Szeredi points out that we need to also worry about memory
odering when doing the dentry name comparison asynchronously with RCU.

In particular, doing a rename can do a memcpy() of one dentry name over
another, and we want to make sure that any unlocked reader will always
see the proper terminating NUL character, so that it won't ever run off
the allocation.

Rather than having to be extra careful with the name copy or at lookup
time for each character, this resolves the issue by making sure that all
names that are inlined in the dentry always have a NUL character at the
end of the name allocation.  If we do that at dentry allocation time, we
know that no future name copy will ever change that final NUL to
anything else, so there are no memory ordering issues.

So even if a concurrent rename ends up overwriting the NUL character
that terminates the original name, we always know that there is one
final NUL at the end, and there is no worry about the lockless RCU
lookup traversing the name too far.

The out-of-line allocations are never copied over, so we can just make
sure that we write the name (with terminating NULL) and do a write
barrier before we expose the name to anything else by setting it in the
Reported-by: default avatarMiklos Szeredi <>
Cc: Al Viro <>
Cc: Nick Piggin <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent a70b52ec
......@@ -192,6 +192,7 @@ static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char
static inline int dentry_cmp(const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount)
const unsigned char *cs;
* Be careful about RCU walk racing with rename:
* use ACCESS_ONCE to fetch the name pointer.
......@@ -208,7 +209,9 @@ static inline int dentry_cmp(const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char *c
* early because the data cannot match (there can
* be no NUL in the ct/tcount data)
return dentry_string_cmp(ACCESS_ONCE(dentry->, ct, tcount);
cs = ACCESS_ONCE(dentry->;
return dentry_string_cmp(cs, ct, tcount);
static void __d_free(struct rcu_head *head)
......@@ -1271,6 +1274,13 @@ struct dentry *__d_alloc(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name)
if (!dentry)
return NULL;
* We guarantee that the inline name is always NUL-terminated.
* This way the memcpy() done by the name switching in rename
* will still always have a NUL at the end, even if we might
* be overwriting an internal NUL character
dentry->d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1] = 0;
if (name->len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1) {
dname = kmalloc(name->len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dname) {
......@@ -1280,13 +1290,16 @@ struct dentry *__d_alloc(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name)
} else {
dname = dentry->d_iname;
dentry-> = dname;
dentry->d_name.len = name->len;
dentry->d_name.hash = name->hash;
memcpy(dname, name->name, name->len);
dname[name->len] = 0;
/* Make sure we always see the terminating NUL character */
dentry-> = dname;
dentry->d_count = 1;
dentry->d_flags = 0;
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