Commit cffb78b0 authored by Kyungsik Lee's avatar Kyungsik Lee Committed by Linus Torvalds

decompressor: add LZ4 decompressor module

Add support for LZ4 decompression in the Linux Kernel.  LZ4 Decompression
APIs for kernel are based on LZ4 implementation by Yann Collet.

Benchmark Results(PATCH v3)
Compiler: Linaro ARM gcc 4.6.2

1. ARMv7, 1.5GHz based board
   Kernel: linux 3.4
   Uncompressed Kernel Size: 14MB
        Compressed Size  Decompression Speed
   LZO  6.7MB            20.1MB/s, 25.2MB/s(UA)
   LZ4  7.3MB            29.1MB/s, 45.6MB/s(UA)

2. ARMv7, 1.7GHz based board
   Kernel: linux 3.7
   Uncompressed Kernel Size: 14MB
        Compressed Size  Decompression Speed
   LZO  6.0MB            34.1MB/s, 52.2MB/s(UA)
   LZ4  6.5MB            86.7MB/s
- UA: Unaligned memory Access support
- Latest patch set for LZO applied

This patch set is for adding support for LZ4-compressed Kernel.  LZ4 is a
very fast lossless compression algorithm and it also features an extremely
fast decoder [1].

But we have five of decompressors already and one question which does
arise, however, is that of where do we stop adding new ones?  This issue
had been discussed and came to the conclusion [2].

Russell King said that we should have:

 - one decompressor which is the fastest
 - one decompressor for the highest compression ratio
 - one popular decompressor (eg conventional gzip)

If we have a replacement one for one of these, then it should do exactly
that: replace it.

The benchmark shows that an 8% increase in image size vs a 66% increase
in decompression speed compared to LZO(which has been known as the
fastest decompressor in the Kernel).  Therefore the "fast but may not be
small" compression title has clearly been taken by LZ4 [3].

[1] http://code.google.com/p/lz4/
[2] http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kbuild.devel/9157
[3] http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kbuild.devel/9347

LZ4 homepage: http://fastcompression.blogspot.com/p/lz4.html
LZ4 source repository: http://code.google.com/p/lz4/Signed-off-by: 's avatarKyungsik Lee <kyungsik.lee@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarYann Collet <yann.collet.73@gmail.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Florian Fainelli <florian@openwrt.org>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 4df87bb7
#ifndef __LZ4_H__
#define __LZ4_H__
/*
* LZ4 Kernel Interface
*
* Copyright (C) 2013, LG Electronics, Kyungsik Lee <kyungsik.lee@lge.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
/*
* lz4_compressbound()
* Provides the maximum size that LZ4 may output in a "worst case" scenario
* (input data not compressible)
*/
static inline size_t lz4_compressbound(size_t isize)
{
return isize + (isize / 255) + 16;
}
/*
* lz4_decompress()
* src : source address of the compressed data
* src_len : is the input size, whcih is returned after decompress done
* dest : output buffer address of the decompressed data
* actual_dest_len: is the size of uncompressed data, supposing it's known
* return : Success if return 0
* Error if return (< 0)
* note : Destination buffer must be already allocated.
* slightly faster than lz4_decompress_unknownoutputsize()
*/
int lz4_decompress(const char *src, size_t *src_len, char *dest,
size_t actual_dest_len);
/*
* lz4_decompress_unknownoutputsize()
* src : source address of the compressed data
* src_len : is the input size, therefore the compressed size
* dest : output buffer address of the decompressed data
* dest_len: is the max size of the destination buffer, which is
* returned with actual size of decompressed data after
* decompress done
* return : Success if return 0
* Error if return (< 0)
* note : Destination buffer must be already allocated.
*/
int lz4_decompress_unknownoutputsize(const char *src, size_t src_len,
char *dest, size_t *dest_len);
#endif
/*
* LZ4 Decompressor for Linux kernel
*
* Copyright (C) 2013 LG Electronics Co., Ltd. (http://www.lge.com/)
*
* Based on LZ4 implementation by Yann Collet.
*
* LZ4 - Fast LZ compression algorithm
* Copyright (C) 2011-2012, Yann Collet.
* BSD 2-Clause License (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php)
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
* met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
* copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
* in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
* distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
* "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
* A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
* OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
* SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
* DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
* THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
* (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
* OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* You can contact the author at :
* - LZ4 homepage : http://fastcompression.blogspot.com/p/lz4.html
* - LZ4 source repository : http://code.google.com/p/lz4/
*/
#ifndef STATIC
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#endif
#include <linux/lz4.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
#include "lz4defs.h"
static int lz4_uncompress(const char *source, char *dest, int osize)
{
const BYTE *ip = (const BYTE *) source;
const BYTE *ref;
BYTE *op = (BYTE *) dest;
BYTE * const oend = op + osize;
BYTE *cpy;
unsigned token;
size_t length;
size_t dec32table[] = {0, 3, 2, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0};
#if LZ4_ARCH64
size_t dec64table[] = {0, 0, 0, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3};
#endif
while (1) {
/* get runlength */
token = *ip++;
length = (token >> ML_BITS);
if (length == RUN_MASK) {
size_t len;
len = *ip++;
for (; len == 255; length += 255)
len = *ip++;
length += len;
}
/* copy literals */
cpy = op + length;
if (unlikely(cpy > oend - COPYLENGTH)) {
/*
* Error: not enough place for another match
* (min 4) + 5 literals
*/
if (cpy != oend)
goto _output_error;
memcpy(op, ip, length);
ip += length;
break; /* EOF */
}
LZ4_WILDCOPY(ip, op, cpy);
ip -= (op - cpy);
op = cpy;
/* get offset */
LZ4_READ_LITTLEENDIAN_16(ref, cpy, ip);
ip += 2;
/* Error: offset create reference outside destination buffer */
if (unlikely(ref < (BYTE *const) dest))
goto _output_error;
/* get matchlength */
length = token & ML_MASK;
if (length == ML_MASK) {
for (; *ip == 255; length += 255)
ip++;
length += *ip++;
}
/* copy repeated sequence */
if (unlikely((op - ref) < STEPSIZE)) {
#if LZ4_ARCH64
size_t dec64 = dec64table[op - ref];
#else
const int dec64 = 0;
#endif
op[0] = ref[0];
op[1] = ref[1];
op[2] = ref[2];
op[3] = ref[3];
op += 4;
ref += 4;
ref -= dec32table[op-ref];
PUT4(ref, op);
op += STEPSIZE - 4;
ref -= dec64;
} else {
LZ4_COPYSTEP(ref, op);
}
cpy = op + length - (STEPSIZE - 4);
if (cpy > (oend - COPYLENGTH)) {
/* Error: request to write beyond destination buffer */
if (cpy > oend)
goto _output_error;
LZ4_SECURECOPY(ref, op, (oend - COPYLENGTH));
while (op < cpy)
*op++ = *ref++;
op = cpy;
/*
* Check EOF (should never happen, since last 5 bytes
* are supposed to be literals)
*/
if (op == oend)
goto _output_error;
continue;
}
LZ4_SECURECOPY(ref, op, cpy);
op = cpy; /* correction */
}
/* end of decoding */
return (int) (((char *)ip) - source);
/* write overflow error detected */
_output_error:
return (int) (-(((char *)ip) - source));
}
static int lz4_uncompress_unknownoutputsize(const char *source, char *dest,
int isize, size_t maxoutputsize)
{
const BYTE *ip = (const BYTE *) source;
const BYTE *const iend = ip + isize;
const BYTE *ref;
BYTE *op = (BYTE *) dest;
BYTE * const oend = op + maxoutputsize;
BYTE *cpy;
size_t dec32table[] = {0, 3, 2, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0};
#if LZ4_ARCH64
size_t dec64table[] = {0, 0, 0, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3};
#endif
/* Main Loop */
while (ip < iend) {
unsigned token;
size_t length;
/* get runlength */
token = *ip++;
length = (token >> ML_BITS);
if (length == RUN_MASK) {
int s = 255;
while ((ip < iend) && (s == 255)) {
s = *ip++;
length += s;
}
}
/* copy literals */
cpy = op + length;
if ((cpy > oend - COPYLENGTH) ||
(ip + length > iend - COPYLENGTH)) {
if (cpy > oend)
goto _output_error;/* writes beyond buffer */
if (ip + length != iend)
goto _output_error;/*
* Error: LZ4 format requires
* to consume all input
* at this stage
*/
memcpy(op, ip, length);
op += length;
break;/* Necessarily EOF, due to parsing restrictions */
}
LZ4_WILDCOPY(ip, op, cpy);
ip -= (op - cpy);
op = cpy;
/* get offset */
LZ4_READ_LITTLEENDIAN_16(ref, cpy, ip);
ip += 2;
if (ref < (BYTE * const) dest)
goto _output_error;
/*
* Error : offset creates reference
* outside of destination buffer
*/
/* get matchlength */
length = (token & ML_MASK);
if (length == ML_MASK) {
while (ip < iend) {
int s = *ip++;
length += s;
if (s == 255)
continue;
break;
}
}
/* copy repeated sequence */
if (unlikely((op - ref) < STEPSIZE)) {
#if LZ4_ARCH64
size_t dec64 = dec64table[op - ref];
#else
const int dec64 = 0;
#endif
op[0] = ref[0];
op[1] = ref[1];
op[2] = ref[2];
op[3] = ref[3];
op += 4;
ref += 4;
ref -= dec32table[op - ref];
PUT4(ref, op);
op += STEPSIZE - 4;
ref -= dec64;
} else {
LZ4_COPYSTEP(ref, op);
}
cpy = op + length - (STEPSIZE-4);
if (cpy > oend - COPYLENGTH) {
if (cpy > oend)
goto _output_error; /* write outside of buf */
LZ4_SECURECOPY(ref, op, (oend - COPYLENGTH));
while (op < cpy)
*op++ = *ref++;
op = cpy;
/*
* Check EOF (should never happen, since last 5 bytes
* are supposed to be literals)
*/
if (op == oend)
goto _output_error;
continue;
}
LZ4_SECURECOPY(ref, op, cpy);
op = cpy; /* correction */
}
/* end of decoding */
return (int) (((char *) op) - dest);
/* write overflow error detected */
_output_error:
return (int) (-(((char *) ip) - source));
}
int lz4_decompress(const char *src, size_t *src_len, char *dest,
size_t actual_dest_len)
{
int ret = -1;
int input_len = 0;
input_len = lz4_uncompress(src, dest, actual_dest_len);
if (input_len < 0)
goto exit_0;
*src_len = input_len;
return 0;
exit_0:
return ret;
}
#ifndef STATIC
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lz4_decompress);
#endif
int lz4_decompress_unknownoutputsize(const char *src, size_t src_len,
char *dest, size_t *dest_len)
{
int ret = -1;
int out_len = 0;
out_len = lz4_uncompress_unknownoutputsize(src, dest, src_len,
*dest_len);
if (out_len < 0)
goto exit_0;
*dest_len = out_len;
return 0;
exit_0:
return ret;
}
#ifndef STATIC
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lz4_decompress_unknownoutputsize);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("LZ4 Decompressor");
#endif
/*
* lz4defs.h -- architecture specific defines
*
* Copyright (C) 2013, LG Electronics, Kyungsik Lee <kyungsik.lee@lge.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
/*
* Detects 64 bits mode
*/
#if (defined(__x86_64__) || defined(__x86_64) || defined(__amd64__) \
|| defined(__ppc64__) || defined(__LP64__))
#define LZ4_ARCH64 1
#else
#define LZ4_ARCH64 0
#endif
/*
* Architecture-specific macros
*/
#define BYTE u8
#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) \
|| defined(CONFIG_ARM) && __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ >= 6 \
&& defined(ARM_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS)
typedef struct _U32_S { u32 v; } U32_S;
typedef struct _U64_S { u64 v; } U64_S;
#define A32(x) (((U32_S *)(x))->v)
#define A64(x) (((U64_S *)(x))->v)
#define PUT4(s, d) (A32(d) = A32(s))
#define PUT8(s, d) (A64(d) = A64(s))
#else /* CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS */
#define PUT4(s, d) \
put_unaligned(get_unaligned((const u32 *) s), (u32 *) d)
#define PUT8(s, d) \
put_unaligned(get_unaligned((const u64 *) s), (u64 *) d)
#endif
#define COPYLENGTH 8
#define ML_BITS 4
#define ML_MASK ((1U << ML_BITS) - 1)
#define RUN_BITS (8 - ML_BITS)
#define RUN_MASK ((1U << RUN_BITS) - 1)
#if LZ4_ARCH64/* 64-bit */
#define STEPSIZE 8
#define LZ4_COPYSTEP(s, d) \
do { \
PUT8(s, d); \
d += 8; \
s += 8; \
} while (0)
#define LZ4_COPYPACKET(s, d) LZ4_COPYSTEP(s, d)
#define LZ4_SECURECOPY(s, d, e) \
do { \
if (d < e) { \
LZ4_WILDCOPY(s, d, e); \
} \
} while (0)
#else /* 32-bit */
#define STEPSIZE 4
#define LZ4_COPYSTEP(s, d) \
do { \
PUT4(s, d); \
d += 4; \
s += 4; \
} while (0)
#define LZ4_COPYPACKET(s, d) \
do { \
LZ4_COPYSTEP(s, d); \
LZ4_COPYSTEP(s, d); \
} while (0)
#define LZ4_SECURECOPY LZ4_WILDCOPY
#endif
#define LZ4_READ_LITTLEENDIAN_16(d, s, p) \
(d = s - get_unaligned_le16(p))
#define LZ4_WILDCOPY(s, d, e) \
do { \
LZ4_COPYPACKET(s, d); \
} while (d < e)
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