Commit db2aa7fd authored by Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike)'s avatar Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike) Committed by Linus Torvalds

initramfs: allow again choice of the embedded initram compression algorithm

Choosing the appropriate compression option when using an embedded
initramfs can result in significant size differences in the resulting
data.

This is caused by avoiding double compression of the initramfs contents.
For example on my tests, choosing CONFIG_INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_NONE when
compressing the kernel using XZ) results in up to 500KiB differences
(9MiB to 8.5MiB) in the kernel size as the dictionary will not get
polluted with uncomprensible data and may reuse kernel data too.

Despite embedding an uncompressed initramfs, a user may want to allow
for a compressed extra initramfs to be passed using the rd system, for
example to boot a recovery system.  9ba4bcb6 ("initramfs: read
CONFIG_RD_ variables for initramfs compression") broke that behavior by
making the choice based on CONFIG_RD_* instead of adding
CONFIG_INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZ4.  Saddly, CONFIG_RD_* is also used to
choose the supported RD compression algorithms by the kernel and a user
may want to support more than one.

This patch also reverts commit 3e4e0f0a ("initramfs: remove
"compression mode" choice") restoring back the "compression mode" choice
and includes the CONFIG_INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZ4 option which was never
added.

As a result the following options are added or readed affecting the embedded
initramfs compression:
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_NONE Do no compression
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_GZIP Compress using gzip
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_BZIP2 Compress using bzip2
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZMA Compress using lzma
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_XZ Compress using xz
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZO Compress using lzo
  INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZ4 Compress using lz4

These depend on the corresponding CONFIG_RD_* option being set (except
NONE which has no dependencies).

This patch depends on the previous one (the previous version didn't) to
simplify the way in which the algorithm is chosen and keep backwards
compatibility with the behaviour introduced by 9ba4bcb6
("initramfs: read CONFIG_RD_ variables for initramfs compression").

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/57EAD77B.7090607@klondike.esSigned-off-by: 's avatarFrancisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike) <klondike@klondike.es>
Cc: P J P <ppandit@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 35e669e1
......@@ -99,8 +99,125 @@ config RD_LZ4
Support loading of a LZ4 encoded initial ramdisk or cpio buffer
If unsure, say N.
choice
prompt "Built-in initramfs compression mode"
depends on INITRAMFS_SOURCE!=""
optional
help
This option allows you to decide by which algorithm the builtin
initramfs will be compressed. Several compression algorithms are
available, which differ in efficiency, compression and
decompression speed. Compression speed is only relevant
when building a kernel. Decompression speed is relevant at
each boot. Also the memory usage during decompression may become
relevant on memory constrained systems. This is usually based on the
dictionary size of the algorithm with algorithms like XZ and LZMA
featuring large dictionary sizes.
High compression options are mostly useful for users who are
low on RAM, since it reduces the memory consumption during
boot.
Keep in mind that your build system needs to provide the appropriate
compression tool to compress the generated initram cpio file for
embedding.
If in doubt, select 'None'
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_NONE
bool "None"
help
Do not compress the built-in initramfs at all. This may sound wasteful
in space, but, you should be aware that the built-in initramfs will be
compressed at a later stage anyways along with the rest of the kernel,
on those architectures that support this. However, not compressing the
initramfs may lead to slightly higher memory consumption during a
short time at boot, while both the cpio image and the unpacked
filesystem image will be present in memory simultaneously
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_GZIP
bool "Gzip"
depends on RD_GZIP
help
Use the old and well tested gzip compression algorithm. Gzip provides
a good balance between compression ratio and decompression speed and
has a reasonable compression speed. It is also more likely to be
supported by your build system as the gzip tool is present by default
on most distros.
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_BZIP2
bool "Bzip2"
depends on RD_BZIP2
help
It's compression ratio and speed is intermediate. Decompression speed
is slowest among the choices. The initramfs size is about 10% smaller
with bzip2, in comparison to gzip. Bzip2 uses a large amount of
memory. For modern kernels you will need at least 8MB RAM or more for
booting.
If you choose this, keep in mind that you need to have the bzip2 tool
available to be able to compress the initram.
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZMA
bool "LZMA"
depends on RD_LZMA
help
This algorithm's compression ratio is best but has a large dictionary
size which might cause issues in memory constrained systems.
Decompression speed is between the other choices. Compression is
slowest. The initramfs size is about 33% smaller with LZMA in
comparison to gzip.
If you choose this, keep in mind that you may need to install the xz
or lzma tools to be able to compress the initram.
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_XZ
bool "XZ"
depends on RD_XZ
help
XZ uses the LZMA2 algorithm and has a large dictionary which may cause
problems on memory constrained systems. The initramfs size is about
30% smaller with XZ in comparison to gzip. Decompression speed is
better than that of bzip2 but worse than gzip and LZO. Compression is
slow.
If you choose this, keep in mind that you may need to install the xz
tool to be able to compress the initram.
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZO
bool "LZO"
depends on RD_LZO
help
It's compression ratio is the second poorest amongst the choices. The
kernel size is about 10% bigger than gzip. Despite that, it's
decompression speed is the second fastest and it's compression speed
is quite fast too.
If you choose this, keep in mind that you may need to install the lzop
tool to be able to compress the initram.
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZ4
bool "LZ4"
depends on RD_LZ4
help
It's compression ratio is the poorest amongst the choices. The kernel
size is about 15% bigger than gzip; however its decompression speed
is the fastest.
If you choose this, keep in mind that most distros don't provide lz4
by default which could cause a build failure.
endchoice
config INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION
string
default "" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_NONE
default ".gz" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_GZIP
default ".bz2" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_BZIP2
default ".lzma" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZMA
default ".xz" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_XZ
default ".lzo" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZO
default ".lz4" if INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_LZ4
default ".gz" if RD_GZIP
default ".lz4" if RD_LZ4
default ".lzo" if RD_LZO
......
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