Commit f28f0868 authored by Paul E. McKenney's avatar Paul E. McKenney Committed by Ingo Molnar

locking/memory-barriers: De-emphasize smp_read_barrier_depends() some more

This commit makes further changes to memory-barrier.txt to further
de-emphasize smp_read_barrier_depends(), but leaving some discussion
for historical purposes.
Signed-off-by: default avatarPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: akiyks@gmail.com
Cc: boqun.feng@gmail.com
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com
Cc: j.alglave@ucl.ac.uk
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
Cc: luc.maranget@inria.fr
Cc: npiggin@gmail.com
Cc: parri.andrea@gmail.com
Cc: stern@rowland.harvard.edu
Cc: will.deacon@arm.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1520443660-16858-1-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.comSigned-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
parent d88f1f1f
......@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ CONTENTS
- Varieties of memory barrier.
- What may not be assumed about memory barriers?
- Data dependency barriers.
- Data dependency barriers (historical).
- Control dependencies.
- SMP barrier pairing.
- Examples of memory barrier sequences.
......@@ -554,8 +554,15 @@ There are certain things that the Linux kernel memory barriers do not guarantee:
Documentation/DMA-API.txt
DATA DEPENDENCY BARRIERS
------------------------
DATA DEPENDENCY BARRIERS (HISTORICAL)
-------------------------------------
As of v4.15 of the Linux kernel, an smp_read_barrier_depends() was
added to READ_ONCE(), which means that about the only people who
need to pay attention to this section are those working on DEC Alpha
architecture-specific code and those working on READ_ONCE() itself.
For those who need it, and for those who are interested in the history,
here is the story of data-dependency barriers.
The usage requirements of data dependency barriers are a little subtle, and
it's not always obvious that they're needed. To illustrate, consider the
......@@ -2843,8 +2850,9 @@ as that committed on CPU 1.
To intervene, we need to interpolate a data dependency barrier or a read
barrier between the loads. This will force the cache to commit its coherency
queue before processing any further requests:
barrier between the loads (which as of v4.15 is supplied unconditionally
by the READ_ONCE() macro). This will force the cache to commit its
coherency queue before processing any further requests:
CPU 1 CPU 2 COMMENT
=============== =============== =======================================
......@@ -2873,8 +2881,8 @@ Other CPUs may also have split caches, but must coordinate between the various
cachelets for normal memory accesses. The semantics of the Alpha removes the
need for hardware coordination in the absence of memory barriers, which
permitted Alpha to sport higher CPU clock rates back in the day. However,
please note that smp_read_barrier_depends() should not be used except in
Alpha arch-specific code and within the READ_ONCE() macro.
please note that (again, as of v4.15) smp_read_barrier_depends() should not
be used except in Alpha arch-specific code and within the READ_ONCE() macro.
CACHE COHERENCY VS DMA
......@@ -3039,7 +3047,9 @@ the data dependency barrier really becomes necessary as this synchronises both
caches with the memory coherence system, thus making it seem like pointer
changes vs new data occur in the right order.
The Alpha defines the Linux kernel's memory barrier model.
The Alpha defines the Linux kernel's memory model, although as of v4.15
the Linux kernel's addition of smp_read_barrier_depends() to READ_ONCE()
greatly reduced Alpha's impact on the memory model.
See the subsection on "Cache Coherency" above.
......
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