1. 30 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking... · 5a0e3ad6
      Tejun Heo authored
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h
      
      percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
      included when building most .c files.  percpu.h includes slab.h which
      in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
      universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.
      
      percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed.  Prepare for
      this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
      headers directly instead of assuming availability.  As this conversion
      needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
      used as the basis of conversion.
      
        http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py
      
      The script does the followings.
      
      * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
        only the necessary includes are there.  ie. if only gfp is used,
        gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.
      
      * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
        blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
        to its surrounding.  It's put in the include block which contains
        core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
        alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
        doesn't seem to be any matching order.
      
      * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
        because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
        an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the
        file.
      
      The conversion was done in the following steps.
      
      1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
         over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
         and ~3000 slab.h inclusions.  The script emitted errors for ~400
         files.
      
      2. Each error was manually checked.  Some didn't need the inclusion,
         some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
         embedding .c file was more appropriate for others.  This step added
         inclusions to around 150 files.
      
      3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
         from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.
      
      4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
         e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
         APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.
      
      5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
         editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
         files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell.  Most gfp.h
         inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
         wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros.  Each
         slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as
         necessary.
      
      6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.
      
      7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
         were fixed.  CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
         distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
         more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
         build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).
      
         * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
         * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * ia64 SMP allmodconfig
         * s390 SMP allmodconfig
         * alpha SMP allmodconfig
         * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig
      
      8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
         a separate patch and serve as bisection point.
      
      Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
      6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
      If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
      headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
      the specific arch.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Guess-its-ok-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
      5a0e3ad6
  2. 16 Jun, 2009 1 commit
  3. 09 Jun, 2009 1 commit
    • Li Zefan's avatar
      tracing/events: convert block trace points to TRACE_EVENT() · 55782138
      Li Zefan authored
      TRACE_EVENT is a more generic way to define tracepoints. Doing so adds
      these new capabilities to this tracepoint:
      
        - zero-copy and per-cpu splice() tracing
        - binary tracing without printf overhead
        - structured logging records exposed under /debug/tracing/events
        - trace events embedded in function tracer output and other plugins
        - user-defined, per tracepoint filter expressions
        ...
      
      Cons:
      
        - no dev_t info for the output of plug, unplug_timer and unplug_io events.
          no dev_t info for getrq and sleeprq events if bio == NULL.
          no dev_t info for rq_abort,...,rq_requeue events if rq->rq_disk == NULL.
      
          This is mainly because we can't get the deivce from a request queue.
          But this may change in the future.
      
        - A packet command is converted to a string in TP_assign, not TP_print.
          While blktrace do the convertion just before output.
      
          Since pc requests should be rather rare, this is not a big issue.
      
        - In blktrace, an event can have 2 different print formats, but a TRACE_EVENT
          has a unique format, which means we have some unused data in a trace entry.
      
          The overhead is minimized by using __dynamic_array() instead of __array().
      
      I've benchmarked the ioctl blktrace vs the splice based TRACE_EVENT tracing:
      
            dd                   dd + ioctl blktrace       dd + TRACE_EVENT (splice)
      1     7.36s, 42.7 MB/s     7.50s, 42.0 MB/s          7.41s, 42.5 MB/s
      2     7.43s, 42.3 MB/s     7.48s, 42.1 MB/s          7.43s, 42.4 MB/s
      3     7.38s, 42.6 MB/s     7.45s, 42.2 MB/s          7.41s, 42.5 MB/s
      
      So the overhead of tracing is very small, and no regression when using
      those trace events vs blktrace.
      
      And the binary output of TRACE_EVENT is much smaller than blktrace:
      
       # ls -l -h
       -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 8.8M 06-09 13:24 sda.blktrace.0
       -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 195K 06-09 13:24 sda.blktrace.1
       -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.7M 06-09 13:25 trace_splice.out
      
      Following are some comparisons between TRACE_EVENT and blktrace:
      
      plug:
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.084981: block_plug: [kjournald]
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.084981:   8,0    P   N [kjournald]
      
      unplug_io:
        kblockd/0-118   [000]   300.052973: block_unplug_io: [kblockd/0] 1
        kblockd/0-118   [000]   300.052974:   8,0    U   N [kblockd/0] 1
      
      remap:
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.085042: block_remap: 8,0 W 102736992 + 8 <- (8,8) 33384
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.085043:   8,0    A   W 102736992 + 8 <- (8,8) 33384
      
      bio_backmerge:
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.085086: block_bio_backmerge: 8,0 W 102737032 + 8 [kjournald]
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.085086:   8,0    M   W 102737032 + 8 [kjournald]
      
      getrq:
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.084974: block_getrq: 8,0 W 102736984 + 8 [kjournald]
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.084975:   8,0    G   W 102736984 + 8 [kjournald]
      
        bash-2066  [001]  1072.953770:   8,0    G   N [bash]
        bash-2066  [001]  1072.953773: block_getrq: 0,0 N 0 + 0 [bash]
      
      rq_complete:
        konsole-2065  [001]   300.053184: block_rq_complete: 8,0 W () 103669040 + 16 [0]
        konsole-2065  [001]   300.053191:   8,0    C   W 103669040 + 16 [0]
      
        ksoftirqd/1-7   [001]  1072.953811:   8,0    C   N (5a 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 24 00) [0]
        ksoftirqd/1-7   [001]  1072.953813: block_rq_complete: 0,0 N (5a 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 24 00) 0 + 0 [0]
      
      rq_insert:
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.084985: block_rq_insert: 8,0 W 0 () 102736984 + 8 [kjournald]
        kjournald-480   [000]   303.084986:   8,0    I   W 102736984 + 8 [kjournald]
      
      Changelog from v2 -> v3:
      
      - use the newly introduced __dynamic_array().
      
      Changelog from v1 -> v2:
      
      - use __string() instead of __array() to minimize the memory required
        to store hex dump of rq->cmd().
      
      - support large pc requests.
      
      - add missing blk_fill_rwbs_rq() in block_rq_requeue TRACE_EVENT.
      
      - some cleanups.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLi Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
      LKML-Reference: <4A2DF669.5070905@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
      55782138
  4. 22 May, 2009 1 commit
  5. 29 Dec, 2008 1 commit
  6. 26 Nov, 2008 2 commits
  7. 09 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  8. 16 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  9. 10 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  10. 24 Jul, 2007 1 commit
  11. 27 Mar, 2007 1 commit
    • Vasily Tarasov's avatar
      block: blk_max_pfn is somtimes wrong · f772b3d9
      Vasily Tarasov authored
      There is a small problem in handling page bounce.
      
      At the moment blk_max_pfn equals max_pfn, which is in fact not maximum
      possible _number_ of a page frame, but the _amount_ of page frames.  For
      example for the 32bit x86 node with 4Gb RAM, max_pfn = 0x100000, but not
      0xFFFF.
      
      request_queue structure has a member q->bounce_pfn and queue needs bounce
      pages for the pages _above_ this limit.  This routine is handled by
      blk_queue_bounce(), where the following check is produced:
      
      	if (q->bounce_pfn >= blk_max_pfn)
      		return;
      
      Assume, that a driver has set q->bounce_pfn to 0xFFFF, but blk_max_pfn
      equals 0x10000.  In such situation the check above fails and for each bio
      we always fall down for iterating over pages tied to the bio.
      
      I want to notice, that for quite a big range of device drivers (ide, md,
      ...) such problem doesn't happen because they use BLK_BOUNCE_ANY for
      bounce_pfn.  BLK_BOUNCE_ANY is defined as blk_max_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, and
      then the check above doesn't fail.  But for other drivers, which obtain
      reuired value from drivers, it fails.  For example sata_nv uses
      ATA_DMA_MASK or dev->dma_mask.
      
      I propose to use (max_pfn - 1) for blk_max_pfn.  And the same for
      blk_max_low_pfn.  The patch also cleanses some checks related with
      bounce_pfn.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarVasily Tarasov <vtaras@openvz.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
      f772b3d9
  12. 12 Jan, 2007 1 commit
  13. 30 Sep, 2006 1 commit