1. 15 May, 2018 1 commit
  2. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  3. 20 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  4. 15 Dec, 2016 1 commit
    • Joe Stringer's avatar
      samples/bpf: Make samples more libbpf-centric · d40fc181
      Joe Stringer authored
      Switch all of the sample code to use the function names from
      tools/lib/bpf so that they're consistent with that, and to declare their
      own log buffers. This allow the next commit to be purely devoted to
      getting rid of the duplicate library in samples/bpf.
      
      Committer notes:
      
      Testing it:
      
      On a fedora rawhide container, with clang/llvm 3.9, sharing the host
      linux kernel git tree:
      
        # make O=/tmp/build/linux/ headers_install
        # make O=/tmp/build/linux -C samples/bpf/
      
      Since I forgot to make it privileged, just tested it outside the
      container, using what it generated:
      
        # uname -a
        Linux jouet 4.9.0-rc8+ #1 SMP Mon Dec 12 11:20:49 BRT 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
        # cd /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/mnt/c43e09a53ff56c86a07baf79847f00e2cc2a17a1e2220e1adbf8cbc62734feda/rootfs/tmp/build/linux/samples/bpf/
        # ls -la offwaketime
        -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 24200 Dec 15 12:19 offwaketime
        # file offwaketime
        offwaketime: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=c940d3f127d5e66cdd680e42d885cb0b64f8a0e4, not stripped
        # readelf -SW offwaketime_kern.o  | grep PROGBITS
        [ 2] .text             PROGBITS        0000000000000000 000040 000000 00  AX  0   0  4
        [ 3] kprobe/try_to_wake_up PROGBITS        0000000000000000 000040 0000d8 00  AX  0   0  8
        [ 5] tracepoint/sched/sched_switch PROGBITS        0000000000000000 000118 000318 00  AX  0   0  8
        [ 7] maps              PROGBITS        0000000000000000 000430 000050 00  WA  0   0  4
        [ 8] license           PROGBITS        0000000000000000 000480 000004 00  WA  0   0  1
        [ 9] version           PROGBITS        0000000000000000 000484 000004 00  WA  0   0  4
        # ./offwaketime | head -5
        swapper/1;start_secondary;cpu_startup_entry;schedule_preempt_disabled;schedule;__schedule;-;---;; 106
        CPU 0/KVM;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;sys_ioctl;do_vfs_ioctl;kvm_vcpu_ioctl;kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run;kvm_vcpu_block;schedule;__schedule;-;try_to_wake_up;swake_up_locked;swake_up;apic_timer_expired;apic_timer_fn;__hrtimer_run_queues;hrtimer_interrupt;local_apic_timer_interrupt;smp_apic_timer_interrupt;__irqentry_text_start;cpuidle_enter;call_cpuidle;cpu_startup_entry;start_secondary;;swapper/3 2
        Compositor;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;sys_futex;do_futex;futex_wait;futex_wait_queue_me;schedule;__schedule;-;try_to_wake_up;futex_requeue;do_futex;sys_futex;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;;SoftwareVsyncTh 5
        firefox;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;sys_poll;do_sys_poll;poll_schedule_timeout;schedule_hrtimeout_range;schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock;schedule;__schedule;-;try_to_wake_up;pollwake;__wake_up_common;__wake_up_sync_key;pipe_write;__vfs_write;vfs_write;sys_write;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;;Timer 13
        JS Helper;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;sys_futex;do_futex;futex_wait;futex_wait_queue_me;schedule;__schedule;-;try_to_wake_up;do_futex;sys_futex;entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath;;firefox 2
        #
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJoe Stringer <joe@ovn.org>
      Tested-by: default avatarArnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
      Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>
      Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
      Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
      Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161214224342.12858-2-joe@ovn.orgSigned-off-by: default avatarArnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
      d40fc181
  5. 25 Jun, 2016 1 commit
  6. 16 Mar, 2015 1 commit
  7. 06 Dec, 2014 2 commits
    • Alexei Starovoitov's avatar
      samples: bpf: large eBPF program in C · fbe33108
      Alexei Starovoitov authored
      sockex2_kern.c is purposefully large eBPF program in C.
      llvm compiles ~200 lines of C code into ~300 eBPF instructions.
      
      It's similar to __skb_flow_dissect() to demonstrate that complex packet parsing
      can be done by eBPF.
      Then it uses (struct flow_keys)->dst IP address (or hash of ipv6 dst) to keep
      stats of number of packets per IP.
      User space loads eBPF program, attaches it to loopback interface and prints
      dest_ip->#packets stats every second.
      
      Usage:
      $sudo samples/bpf/sockex2
      ip 127.0.0.1 count 19
      ip 127.0.0.1 count 178115
      ip 127.0.0.1 count 369437
      ip 127.0.0.1 count 559841
      ip 127.0.0.1 count 750539
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      fbe33108
    • Alexei Starovoitov's avatar
      samples: bpf: trivial eBPF program in C · a8085782
      Alexei Starovoitov authored
      this example does the same task as previous socket example
      in assembler, but this one does it in C.
      
      eBPF program in kernel does:
          /* assume that packet is IPv4, load one byte of IP->proto */
          int index = load_byte(skb, ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, protocol));
          long *value;
      
          value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &index);
          if (value)
              __sync_fetch_and_add(value, 1);
      
      Corresponding user space reads map[tcp], map[udp], map[icmp]
      and prints protocol stats every second
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      a8085782