Commit f682a97a authored by Alexander Duyck's avatar Alexander Duyck Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: provide kernel parameter to allow disabling page init poisoning

Patch series "Address issues slowing persistent memory initialization", v5.

The main thing this patch set achieves is that it allows us to initialize
each node worth of persistent memory independently.  As a result we reduce
page init time by about 2 minutes because instead of taking 30 to 40
seconds per node and going through each node one at a time, we process all
4 nodes in parallel in the case of a 12TB persistent memory setup spread
evenly over 4 nodes.

This patch (of 3):

On systems with a large amount of memory it can take a significant amount
of time to initialize all of the page structs with the PAGE_POISON_PATTERN
value.  I have seen it take over 2 minutes to initialize a system with
over 12TB of RAM.

In order to work around the issue I had to disable CONFIG_DEBUG_VM and
then the boot time returned to something much more reasonable as the
arch_add_memory call completed in milliseconds versus seconds.  However in
doing that I had to disable all of the other VM debugging on the system.

In order to work around a kernel that might have CONFIG_DEBUG_VM enabled
on a system that has a large amount of memory I have added a new kernel
parameter named "vm_debug" that can be set to "-" in order to disable it.

Link: default avatarPavel Tatashin <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexander Duyck <>
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Cc: Michal Hocko <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 85cfb245
......@@ -4839,6 +4839,18 @@
This is actually a boot loader parameter; the value is
passed to the kernel using a special protocol.
vm_debug[=options] [KNL] Available with CONFIG_DEBUG_VM=y.
May slow down system boot speed, especially when
enabled on systems with a large amount of memory.
All options are enabled by default, and this
interface is meant to allow for selectively
enabling or disabling specific virtual memory
debugging features.
Available options are:
P Enable page structure init time poisoning
- Disable all of the above options
vmalloc=nn[KMG] [KNL,BOOT] Forces the vmalloc area to have an exact
size of <nn>. This can be used to increase the
minimum size (128MB on x86). It can also be used to
......@@ -163,6 +163,14 @@ static inline int PagePoisoned(const struct page *page)
return page->flags == PAGE_POISON_PATTERN;
void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size);
static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size)
* Page flags policies wrt compound pages
......@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <trace/events/mmflags.h>
#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include <linux/page_owner.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include "internal.h"
......@@ -175,4 +176,49 @@ void dump_mm(const struct mm_struct *mm)
static bool page_init_poisoning __read_mostly = true;
static int __init setup_vm_debug(char *str)
bool __page_init_poisoning = true;
* Calling vm_debug with no arguments is equivalent to requesting
* to enable all debugging options we can control.
if (*str++ != '=' || !*str)
goto out;
__page_init_poisoning = false;
if (*str == '-')
goto out;
while (*str) {
switch (tolower(*str)) {
__page_init_poisoning = true;
pr_err("vm_debug option '%c' unknown. skipped\n",
if (page_init_poisoning && !__page_init_poisoning)
pr_warn("Page struct poisoning disabled by kernel command line option 'vm_debug'\n");
page_init_poisoning = __page_init_poisoning;
return 1;
__setup("vm_debug", setup_vm_debug);
void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size)
if (page_init_poisoning)
memset(page, PAGE_POISON_PATTERN, size);
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_VM */
......@@ -1444,10 +1444,9 @@ void * __init memblock_virt_alloc_try_nid_raw(
ptr = memblock_virt_alloc_internal(size, align,
min_addr, max_addr, nid);
if (ptr && size > 0)
memset(ptr, PAGE_POISON_PATTERN, size);
page_init_poison(ptr, size);
return ptr;
......@@ -696,13 +696,11 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
goto out;
* Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
* combinations.
memset(memmap, PAGE_POISON_PATTERN, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usemap);
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